Hugh Dawnay, 8th Viscount Downe
|The Viscount Downe|
Cigarette card of Viscount Downe produced during the Second Boer War
|Born||Hugh Richard Dawnay
20 July 1844
|Died||21 January 1924(aged 79)|
|Tenure||26 January 1857 – 21 January 1924|
|Other titles||Baron Dawnay|
|Wars and battles||Anglo-Zulu War
Second Boer War
|Predecessor||7th Viscount Downe|
|Successor||9th Viscount Downe|
|Spouse(s)||Lady Cecilia Maria Charlotte Molyneaux|
|Parents||William Dawnay, 7th Viscount Downe
Mary (née Bagot), Viscountess Downe
Background and family
Dawnay was the second son of William Dawnay, 7th Viscount Downe and his wife Mary Isabel Bagot, daughter of Richard Bagot, Bishop of Bath and Wells. His younger brother, Lewis Payn Dawnay, was MP for Thirsk.
Lord Downe married Lady Cecilia Maria Charlotte Molyneux (1838–1910), daughter of Charles Molyneux, 3rd Earl of Sefton. They had five children:
- John Dawnay, 9th Viscount Downe (1872–1931)
- Hon. Beryl Dawnay (1873–1950); married Sir Archibald Henry Campbell
- Hon. Norah Dawnay (1874–1947); unmarried
- Major Hon. Hugh Dawnay (1875–1914 †); married Lady Susan de la Poer Beresford, daughter of politician John Beresford, 5th Marquess of Waterford. They had four sons who are all career military officers, including Commandant of the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst and British Army general Maj-Gen Sir David Dawnay.
- Hon. Faith Dawnay (1877–1952); unmarried
After Lady Downe's death, he remarried Florence Faith Dening, who survived him.
Military and government career
Lord Downe was an officer in the 2nd Regiment of Life Guards, where he was promoted to captain on 25 June 1873. He fought in the Anglo-Zulu War in 1879, for which he was mentioned in despatches. He was Lieutenant-Colonel of the 10th Hussars between 1887 and 1892. From 1899 to 1900 he served as a staff officer in the Second Boer War in South Africa, where he was deputed to accompany the military attachés representing foreign powers. He was mentioned in dispatches twice, in a despatch dated 31 March 1900 the Commander-in-Chief Lord Roberts stated that he "discharged his duties with tact and discretion". In July 1901 he was promoted to the temporary rank of Brigadier general on the Staff to command the Cavalry Brigade at the Curragh, where training for fighting in South Africa took place. In December 1901 her received the local rank of major-general whilst so employed. He retired from the army on 30 July 1902, and was granted the honourable rank of major-general.
In March 1901 Lord Downe was asked by King Edward to take part in a special diplomatic mission to announce the King's accession to the governments of Belgium, Bavaria, Italy, Württemberg, and The Netherlands.
A cricketer he played for I Zingari and the MCC, playing in the Aborigines v MCC test at Lord's in 1868 in the first tour of England by an Australian team. He became President of the MCC in 1872
Downe was created Baron Dawnay, of Danby in the North Riding of the County of York, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, on 24 July 1897 and subsequently sat in the House of Lords. He was invested as a Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire (CIE) in 1886, a Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB) in 1900, a Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (CVO) in November 1902 and a Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (KCVO) in December 1902. His son, Major Hon. Hugh Dawnay, was killed in action in World War I near Ypres in November 1914.
- "No. 24001". The London Gazette. 25 July 1873. p. 3493.
- "No. 27282". The London Gazette. 8 February 1901. p. 844.
- "No. 27340". The London Gazette. 2 August 1901. p. 5128.
- "No. 27395". The London Gazette. 7 January 1902. p. 151.
- "No. 27467". The London Gazette. 22 August 1902. p. 5467.
- "No. 27470". The London Gazette. 2 September 1902. p. 5685.
- "The King – the special Embassies". The Times (36410). London. 23 March 1901. p. 12.
- State Library of New South Wales
- Wisden 1874
- CWGC entry
- "Greatest Individual Loss of the War". Dundee Evening Telegraph. 26 June 1922. Retrieved 6 January 2016. (Subscription required (. ))
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Viscount Downe
- King's College archives
- Lundy, Darryl. "p. 2490". The Peerage.
- Dawnay family of North Riding of Yorkshire – The National Archives
Lord Ralph Drury Kerr
|Colonel of the 10th Royal Hussars (Prince of Wales's Own)
The Lord Byng of Vimy
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
|New creation||Baron Dawnay
|Peerage of Ireland|