Hugh Lennox Bond

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Hugh Bond
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit
In office
June 16, 1891 – October 24, 1893
Preceded by Seat established
Succeeded by Charles Simonton
Judge of the United States Circuit Court for the Fourth Circuit
In office
July 13, 1870 – June 16, 1891
Appointed by Ulysses Grant
Preceded by Seat established
Succeeded by Seat abolished
Personal details
Born (1828-12-16)December 16, 1828
Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.
Died October 24, 1893(1893-10-24) (aged 64)
Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.
Political party Republican
Education New York University (BA)

Hugh Lennox Bond (December 16, 1828 – October 24, 1893) was a United States federal judge.

Born in Baltimore, Maryland, Bond graduated from the University of the City of New York in 1848 and read law to enter the bar in 1851. He was in private practice in Baltimore, Maryland from 1851 to 1860, and was a leader of the local Know-Nothing party in the 1850s.[1][2] He was a judge on the Criminal Court of Maryland, Annapolis, Maryland from 1860 to 1867, thereafter returning to private practice in Baltimore until 1870.

During the Civil War, Bond’s letter of August 15, 1863, to Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton was published in newspapers.[3][4][5] Bond had been an abolitionist since before the Civil War; in his letter, he advocated the enlistment of slaves in the state of Maryland, even though they were not freed by the Emancipation Proclamation, which limited freedom to areas of rebellion. His advocacy soon became a reality.

In 1867, Bond lost the Maryland gubernatorial election against Oden Bowie.[6]

On April 6, 1870, Bond was nominated by President Ulysses Grant to a new seat on the United States circuit court for the Fourth Circuit created by 16 Stat. 44. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on July 13, 1870, and received his commission the same day. Bond served in that capacity until June 16, 1891, when he was reassigned by operation of law to the newly constituted United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit. Bond served in that capacity until his death, in 1893, in Baltimore.

Bond and George S. Bryan presided over the trial of Ku Klux Klan members in Columbia, South Carolina during December 1871.[7] The defendants were sentenced to five to three months incarceration with fines.[8]

In 1876, Bond decided the South Carolina Presidential Electoral case.[9]


  1. ^ "Mayor renames Mount Royal Avenue 'Orioles Way'". The Baltimore Sun. October 10, 2014. 
  2. ^ Vile, John R. (2003). Great American Judges: An Encyclopedia, Volume 1. ABC-CLIO. p. 102. ISBN 9781576079898. 
  3. ^ Bond, Hugh Lennox. "Enlisting Blacks in Maryland." New York Daily Tribune, September 5, 1863: 2.
  4. ^ Cleveland Morning Leader. "The Government's Claim upon Slaves." September 9, 1863: 1.
  5. ^ The Nashville Daily Union. "The Enlistment of Slaves." September 12, 1863: 1.
  6. ^ Maryland State Archives. Gubernatorial Elections in Maryland 1838-2010. November 5, 1867. (accessed December 5, 2012).
  7. ^ p. 5, United States Circuit Court (4th Circuit). Proceedings in the Ku Klux Trials at Columbia, S.C. in the United States Circuit Court. Edited by Benn Pitman and Louis Freeland Post. Columbia, SC: Republican Printing Company, 1872.
  8. ^ The New York Times. "Kuklux Trials - Sentence of the Prisoners." December 29, 1871.
  9. ^ The New York Times. "Obituary Judge Hugh L. Bond." October 25, 1893.


Legal offices
New seat Judge of the United States Circuit Court for the Fourth Circuit
Seat abolished
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit
Succeeded by
Charles Simonton