Hugh Linaker

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Hugh Linaker (1872–1938) was a gardener and landscape gardener, who worked on various local and state government projects in the State of Victoria, Australia.[1]

Pioneer Women's Memorial Garden (Melbourne)

Originally hailing from Ballarat,[2] he was appointed as the Curator of Parks and Gardens for Ararat 1901 where he landscaped the Ararat Botanic Gardens, today better known as Alexandra Park.[3] He applied, and was successful in 1912, to become the 'landscape gardener, Hospital for the Insane,' a position he held until 1937.[4][5]

It is in this role, that Linaker produced multiple designs for the government, and is particularly well known for his landscape planning associated with psychiatric hospitals.

Grounds designed by Linaker for the government include Alexandra Park, Ararat.,[3] Aradale Asylum,[4] Buchan Caves,[6] Maroondah Reservoir Park,[7] May Day Hills/Beechworth Asylum,[5] Mont Park,[8] Pioneer Women's Memorial Garden[9][10] within the King's Domain,[11] Sunbury Asylum,[12] Yarra Bend Park,[13] and the SEC company town of Yallourn[2]

He also was involved in the design of private gardens, the best-known of which is Burnham Beeches in Sherbrooke, Dandenong Ranges.[14]

Photograph of the dam wall of the Maroondah Reservoir park, with ornamental trees in front of it.
Linaker's style of using vertical trees is evident in his plantings, such as at the Maroondah Reservoir Park.


  1. ^ (, Informit - RMIT Training PTY LTD (April 2009). "Hugh Linaker, landscape gardener to the Lunacy Department: a unique position". Australian Garden History. 20 (4). {{cite journal}}: External link in |last= (help)
  2. ^ a b "MR. HUGH LINAKER". Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957). 11 October 1938. p. 2. Retrieved 11 November 2017.
  3. ^ a b Design, UBC Web. "Hugh Linaker | Monument Australia". Retrieved 11 November 2017.
  4. ^ a b "Aradale Mental Hospital Garden". Victorian Heritage Database Report. Retrieved 11 November 2017.
  5. ^ a b "Farms & gardens in Victorian Mental Health Institutions". Museums Victoria Collections. Retrieved 11 November 2017.
  6. ^ "Buchan Caves Reserve - Australian E-Heritage". Retrieved 11 November 2017.
  7. ^ "Maroondah Reservoir Park | PROV". Retrieved 11 November 2017.
  8. ^ "Mont Park". National Trust. Retrieved 11 November 2017.
  9. ^ "A violet begets violence". The Weekly Review. 19 July 2013. Retrieved 11 November 2017.
  10. ^ Melbourne, School of Historical Studies, Department of History, The University of. "Pioneer Women's Memorial - Cultural Artefact - eMelbourne - The Encyclopedia of Melbourne Online". Retrieved 11 November 2017.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  11. ^ Domain Parklands Master Plan (PDF). City of Melbourne. 1997.
  12. ^ "VHD". Retrieved 11 November 2017.
  13. ^ "Plan, layout, and planting [cartographic material] : Yarra Bend National Park / H. Linaker ; photo-lithographed at the Department of Lands and Survey, Melbourne, 3.6.30. - Version details". Trove. Retrieved 11 November 2017.
  14. ^ Saniga, Andrew (2012). Making Landscape Architecture in Australia. UNSW Press. ISBN 9781742246079.