Hugh Mackintosh

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The grave of Hugh Ross Mackintosh, Morningside Cemetery, Edinburgh

Prof Hugh Ross Mackintosh (1870-1936) was a Scottish theologian, and parish minister who served as Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland in 1932.


He was born in Paisley on 31 October 1870, where his father held the Free Church Gaelic charge. He attended Edinburgh University, before proceeding to New College, Edinburgh to study divinity. He also took sessions at Freiburg, Halle and Marburg, where he became a particular friend of Wilhelm Herrmann.

His major theological work was his major study addressing the Person of Christ. He arrived at a kenotic doctrine of incarnation following his fellow Scot P. T. Forsyth. His other influential work was the 'Christian Experience of Forgiveness' which attempted to creatively restate the Protestant doctrines of justification and atonement. He argued that justification was forgiveness and that the cross was the cost of forgiveness to God. He also taught T. F. Torrance dogmatics - (systematic theology).

He was a Free Church minister at Tayport (1897-1901) and Beechgrove, Aberdeen (U.F. Church) (1901-1904), before becoming professor of divinity at New College (1904-1936).

The Church of Scotland and the United Free Church of Scotland united in 1929. Mackintosh was elected Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland in 1932.

He died on 8 June 1936 and is buried with his wife, Jessie Air (1877-1951), in Morningside Cemetery, Edinburgh, towards the south-east.


  • Nigel M. de S. et al., Dictionary of Scottish Church History and Theology, pp.693–698. T & T Clark, Edinburgh 1993. ISBN 0-567-09650-5

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