Hugh Martin

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Hugh Martin
Birth nameHugh Martin
Born(1914-08-11)August 11, 1914
Birmingham, Alabama, U.S.
DiedMarch 11, 2011(2011-03-11) (aged 96)
GenresMusical theater
Occupation(s)Composer, vocal coach, playwright
Years active1941–2011
Associated actsRalph Blane, Judy Garland

Hugh Martin (August 11, 1914 – March 11, 2011) was an American musical theater and film composer, arranger, vocal coach, and playwright. He was best known for his score for the 1944 MGM musical Meet Me in St. Louis, in which Judy Garland sang three Martin songs, "The Boy Next Door," "The Trolley Song," and "Have Yourself a Merry Little Christmas." The last of these has become a Christmas season standard in the United States and around the English-speaking world. Martin became a close friend of Garland and was her accompanist at many of her concert performances in the 1950s, including her appearances at the Palace Theater.

Early life[edit]

Martin was born in Birmingham, Alabama, the son of Ellie Gordon (Robinson) and Hugh Martin, Sr., an architect.[1] He attended Birmingham-Southern College where he studied music.[2]

He was a member of the Beta Beta Chapter of the Alpha Tau Omega fraternity.[citation needed]

Career[edit]

Martin wrote the music, and in some cases the lyrics, for five Broadway musicals: Best Foot Forward (1941); Look Ma, I'm Dancin'! (1948);[3] Make a Wish (1951);[4] High Spirits (1964) (music and lyrics, with Timothy Gray); and Meet Me In St. Louis (1989), a stage version of the film with an expanded score by Martin and Ralph Blane.[5] He composed the songs for the West End musical Love from Judy (1952).[6][7][8]

Martin's first Broadway credit was as an arranger for the 1937 musical Hooray for What![9] and was a vocal or choral arranger for such later Broadway musicals as The Boys From Syracuse (1938–39), Too Many Girls (1939–40), DuBarry Was a Lady (1939–40), Cabin in the Sky (1940–41), and Gentlemen Prefer Blondes (1949–51), Top Banana (1951–52), and Lorelei (1974). He was a vocal arranger for Sugar Babies (1979–82).[8][5]

As a performer, Martin appeared on Broadway in Hooray for What! (1937),[9] Where Do We Go From Here (1938), and Louisiana Purchase (1940–41).[5]

Ralph Blane was Martin's songwriting partner for most of his work, and the two recorded an album of their songs entitled Martin and Blane Sing Martin and Blane with the Ralph Burns Orchestra in 1956. Martin and Blane were twice nominated for the Academy Award for Best Song, for "The Trolley Song" in 1944, and for "Pass That Peace Pipe" (co-written by Roger Edens) from Good News in 1947.[10]

Martin received four Tony Award nominations, three for High Spirits (Best Musical, Best Book Author of a Musical, Best Composer and Lyricist) and one for the 1990 Meet Me in St. Louis (Best Original Score).[5]

Martin's other film work included songs for the films Athena (1954) starring Jane Powell, Debbie Reynolds, and Vic Damone, and The Girl Most Likely (1957) starring Jane Powell as well as the film version of his Broadway hit Best Foot Forward (1943) which starred Lucille Ball.[10][11]

Martin collaborated with vocalist Michael Feinstein for a 1995 CD Michael Feinstein Sings The Hugh Martin Songbook, an album on which the then 80-year-old songwriter accompanied Feinstein on piano and sang a duet.[12] On an earlier CD Feinstein recorded the Martin composition, "On Such a Night as This". In 2006, Martin released an album of his music called Hugh Sings Martin on the record label PS Classics, which drew from his catalog as a composer, lyricist, arranger and singer. The album was released in conjunction with the Library of Congress.[13]

Martin, a Seventh-day Adventist, spent much of the 1980s as an accompanist for gospel female vocalist Del Delker on her revival tours and in 2001 rewrote his most famous song (with the assistance of Garland biographer John Fricke) as a more specifically religious number, "Have Yourself A Blessed Little Christmas",[14] [10] [8] which was recorded that year by Delker with the 86-year-old songwriter playing piano on the recording.

Songwriting collaboration controversy[edit]

Although Ralph Blane is credited with writing the music for many of Martin's songs, Martin claimed in his autobiography that he wrote both music and lyrics to all of the songs in Meet Me In St. Louis and that "all of the so-called Martin and Blane songs, (except for "Buckle Down, Winsocki" in Best Foot Forward), were written entirely by me (solo) without help from Ralph or anybody else."[15] His explanation for allowing Blane equal credit for the songs was explained, "I was reasonably content to let him receive equal screen credit, sheet music credit, ASCAP royalties, etc., mainly because this bizarre situation was caused by my naive and atrocious lack of business acumen."[16]

Other[edit]

Martin was the subject of a songbook collection, The Songs of Hugh Martin published by Hal Leonard Publishing in 2008.[17] His autobiography Hugh Martin - The Boy Next Door was published in October 2010.[17] Martin was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1983[18] and was a member of the Alabama Music Hall of Fame.[17]

Death[edit]

Martin died on March 11, 2011 in Encinitas, California at age ninety-six.[19][8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://obits.al.com/obituaries/birmingham/obituary.aspx?pid=171740370
  2. ^ Holden, Stephen. "Hugh Martin, Composer of Judy Garland Hits, Dies at 96". The New York Times. Retrieved 2011-12-16.
  3. ^ Look Ma, I'm Dancin'! ibdb.com, retrieved October 24, 2018
  4. ^ Make a Wish ibdb.com, retrieved October 24, 2018
  5. ^ a b c d "Hugh Martin Broadway" Playbill Vault, retrieved October 24, 2018
  6. ^ Love from Judy allmusic.com, retrieved October 24, 2018
  7. ^ Love from Judy guidetomusicaltheatre.com, retrieved October 24, 2018
  8. ^ a b c d Simonson, Robert. "Hugh Martin, Composer of 'Meet Me in St. Louis', Dies at 96" Playbill, March 12, 2011
  9. ^ a b Hooray for What! ibdb.com, retrieved October 24, 2018
  10. ^ a b c Bergan, Ronald. "Hugh Martin obituary" The Guardian, March 14, 2011
  11. ^ "Hugh Martin Overview and ilmography" tcm.com, retrieved October 24, 2018
  12. ^ Ruhlmann, William. "The Michael Feinstein Sings the Hugh Martin Songbook" allmusic.com, retrieved October 24, 2018
  13. ^ Ruhlmann, William. "Hugh Sings Martin" allmusic.com, retrieved October 24, 2018
  14. ^ Kellner, Mark A. "Adventist Hugh Martin, Composer and Del Delker’s Accompanist, Dies" Adventist Review, 2011, retrieved October 24, 2018
  15. ^ Martin, Hugh (2010). The Boy Next Door. Trolley Press. pp. 390–392. ISBN 978-0-615-36507-7.
  16. ^ Martin, Hugh (2010). The Boy Next Door. Trolley Press. pp. 390–392. ISBN 978-0-615-36507-7.
  17. ^ a b c "Hugh Martin" masterworksbroadway.com, retrieved October 23, 2018
  18. ^ "Hugh Martin Biography" songhall.org, retrieved October 25, 2018
  19. ^ Noland, Claire. "Hugh Martin Jr. dies at 96; 'Have Yourself a Merry Little Christmas' songwriter" Los Angeles Times, March 13, 2011

External links[edit]