Hugh O'Donnell, 2nd Earl of Tyrconnell
Hugh O'Donnell, 2nd Earl of Tyrconnell (October 1606 – August/September 1642 ) (originally known in Irish as Aodh mac Rudhraighe Ó Domhnaill), was titular King of Tír Conaill, and son of Rory O'Donnell, 1st Earl of Tyrconnell whose title was however attainted.[a]
O'Donnell was three weeks shy of his first birthday when he sailed from Lough Swilly during the Flight of the Earls. He accompanied his father to Rome, where his father and uncle Cathbarr O'Donnell died of fervours. His aunt Rosa, the wife of Cathbarr, met and married Owen Roe O'Neill, and it is probable that O'Donnell was in her care, because both he and his cousin, also named Hugh O'Donnell, received a modest pension from Archduke Albert, governor of the Low Countries, from 1615,[c] and were raised in Leuven where they were educated by Franciscan colleagues of Archbishop Conry. He was a page to the Infanta Isabella, daughter of King Philip III of Spain. In time he joined the service of King Philip, and was commissioned colonel of a tercio in 1632. He was killed in action when his ship engaged a French vessel in August or September 1642 and caught fire.
O'Donnell left no immediate heirs, although the Earldom, were it not attainted in 1614, would have passed by remainder to his uncle Cathbarr O'Donnell, whose line was extinct by then, and thence, to his 1st cousin Donal Oge O'Donnell, according to the terms of the letters patent.
O'Donnell married Anna-Margaret, daughter of Maximilian de Hennin, Count de Bossut Knight of the Golden Fleece (died 8 December 1625) and Alexandrine Franeoise de Gavre; and a near kinswoman of the last eccentric Charles, Duke of Guise.[d]
O'Donnell family tree
- he was also equally styled Hugh-Albert or Albert-Hugh O'Donnell (Burke 1866, p. 410).
- Bridget was left behind in the haste of Tyrconnel's flight, and lived to marry Nicholas Barnewell, Lord Kingsland (Macneill 1911, p. 8).
- The "Conde de Tyrconnell" and Don Hugo O'Donnell were in the receipt of a modest pension from Archduke Albert. As both boys were called Hugh, Conde de Tyrconnell was given the additional name of Albert, after Archduke Albert, his protector, and who was in all likelihood his godfather in confirmation, which is the reason why Tyrconnell was known as Hugh-Albert or Albert-Hugh (Burke 1866, p. 410).
- Maximilian de Hennin, Baron of Liederkerke, Viscount of Brussels, Count of Bossut, etc., Knight of the Golden Fleece (Kilkenny and South-East of Ireland Archaeological Society 1866, p. 461).
- Burke, Sir Bernard (1866), A Genealogical History of the Dormant: Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire, Harrison, p. 410
- Campbell, Ian (2015), Renaissance Humanism and Ethnicity Before Race: The Irish and the English in the seventeenth century, Manchester University Press, p. 103, ISBN 978-1-5261-0264-5
- Kilkenny and South-East of Ireland Archaeological Society (11 April 1866), "Proceedings and Papers", The Journal of the Kilkenny and South-East of Ireland Archaeological Society, 5: 464
- Macneill, Ronald John (1911), "O'Donnel (family)", in Chisholm, Hugh, Encyclopædia Britannica, 20 (11th ed.), Cambridge University Press, pp. 6–8
- RIA (1830), "Section II Government, Constitution, Legislation etc.", The Transactions of the Royal Irish Academy, Academy, p. 314
- Ulwencreutz, Lars (2013), Ulwencreutz's The Royal Families in Europe V, Lulu.com, p. 136, ISBN 978-1-304-58135-8 "Hugh O'Donnell, 2nd Earl of Tyrconnell (1606-1642) Prince and Lord of Tryconnell.
- Bagwell, Richard (1895). "O'Donnell, Rory". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 41. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 446. — in passing
- "O'Donnell coat of arms and Family History", www.araltas.com - The Internet Heraldry Store, retrieved 15 January 2017
- Jennings, Brendan (1941), "The career of Hugh, sone of Rory o'Donnell, earl of Tyrconnell, in the Low Countries, 1607–42", Studies, xxx: 219–234
- O'Muraile, Nollaig, ed. (2003), Irish Leaders and Learning, Dublin: Paul Walsh, Four Courts Press, ISBN 1-85182-543-6
- Silke, John J. (May 2006) . "Hugh Albert O'Donnell, styled second earl of Tyrconnell (1606–1642)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/74430. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
Rudhraighe Ó Domhnaill
|King of Tir Conaill
Rudhraighe Ó Domhnaill
|Earl of Tyrconnell
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