Hugh Percy (bishop)

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Hugh Percy
Bishop of Carlisle
Hugh Percy (Bishop).jpg
Hugh Percy
ChurchChurch of England
DioceseDiocese of Carlisle
Elected1827
Term ended1856 (death)
PredecessorSamuel Goodenough
SuccessorHenry Montagu Villiers
Other postsBishop of Rochester
1827
Dean of Canterbury
1825–1827
Orders
Consecration15 July 1827
Personal details
Born(1784-01-29)29 January 1784
London
Died5 February 1856(1856-02-05) (aged 72)
Cumbria
BuriedDalston, Cumbria
NationalityBritish
DenominationAnglican
ResidenceRose Castle, Cumbria
ParentsAlgernon, Earl of Beverley & Isabella, Countess of Beverley (née Burrell)
SpouseMary Manners-Sutton
m. 1806; d. 1831
Mary Johnstone
m. 1840
Children11 (8 daughters, 3 sons)
Alma materSt John's College, Cambridge

Hugh Percy (29 January 1784 – 5 February 1856) was an Anglican bishop who served as Bishop of Rochester (1827) and Bishop of Carlisle (1827-56).

Life[edit]

Percy was born in London, the third son of Algernon Percy, 1st Earl of Beverley by his wife, Isabella Susannah Burrell, second daughter of Peter Burrell and sister of Peter Burrell, 1st Baron Gwydyr. His mother was sister of Frances Julia Burrell, who married Hugh Percy, 2nd Duke of Northumberland, and of Elizabeth Hamilton, Duchess of Hamilton.

Percy was educated at Eton College and St John's College, Cambridge, where he graduated Cambridge Master of Arts (MA Cantab) in 1805 and Doctor of Divinity (DD) in 1825; he was admitted DD ad eundem at Oxford University in 1834.[1]

Having taken holy orders, Percy married, on 19 May 1806, Mary, the eldest daughter of Charles Manners-Sutton, Archbishop of Canterbury, by whom in 1809 he was collated to the benefices of Bishopsbourne and Ivychurch, Kent. In 1810 he was appointed chancellor and a prebendary of Exeter, appointments he held until 1816. On 21 December 1812 he was installed as Canon Chancellor of Salisbury Cathedral. In 1816 he was collated by his father-in-law to a prebendal stall at Canterbury Cathedral and in the same year he received the stall of Finsbury at St Paul's Cathedral, which he held until his death. In 1822 he was appointed Archdeacon of Canterbury, and in 1825, on the death of Gerrard Andrewes, he was promoted as Dean of Canterbury Cathedral. While Dean of Canterbury he set in motion the repair of the interior of the cathedral. Two years later (15 July 1827), on the death of Walker King, he was consecrated Bishop of Rochester; after a few months' tenure, he was translated, on the death of Samuel Goodenough, to Carlisle. This bishopric he held till his death.

In 1838 Percy established a clergy aid society, and in 1855 a diocesan education society. He found Rose Castle, the episcopal residence, much dilapidated; he called in the architect Thomas Rickman, and the house was entirely remodelled. The main cost was defrayed out of the episcopal revenues, but he spent his own money on the gardens, grounds, and outbuildings. A rosary was laid out by Sir Joseph Paxton, who also formed the terraced gardens. He was fond of farming, and on his journeys to and from London, to attend the House of Lords, he used to drive his four horses himself. He died at Rose Castle and was buried in the parish churchyard of Dalston.

Family[edit]

Percy's first wife, Mary Manners-Sutton, by whom he had three sons and eight daughters, died in September 1831. He married, secondly, in February 1840, Mary, the daughter of Vice-Admiral Sir William Hope Johnstone. His eldest son, Algernon, served as a major in the Shropshire Yeomanry and married Emily, daughter of Bishop Reginald Heber; she was heiress to her uncle, Richard Heber MP and, in 1847, he assumed by Royal Licence the additional surname of Heber, becoming Algernon Heber-Percy, after inheriting her family's estates at Hodnet and Airmyn.[2][self-published source] His second son, Henry Percy, was also an Anglican priest (Rector of Leasingham).[3][self-published source] One of his daughters, Gertrude, married William Amherst, 2nd Earl Amherst.[4][self-published source]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Dictionary of National Biography erroneously states he was at Trinity College, Cambridge. "Percy, the Hon. Hugh (PRCY802H)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  2. ^ The Peerage – Algernon Heber-Percy
  3. ^ The Peerage – Rt Revd Hon Hugh Percy
  4. ^ The Peerage – William Pitt Amherst, 2nd Earl Amherst of Arracan

External links[edit]

Church of England titles
Preceded by
Gerrard Andrewes
Dean of Canterbury
1825–1827
Succeeded by
Richard Bagot
Preceded by
Walker King
Bishop of Rochester
1827–1827
Succeeded by
George Murray
Preceded by
Samuel Goodenough
Bishop of Carlisle
1827–1856
Succeeded by
Henry Montagu Villiers