Hugh Pughe Lloyd
|Sir Hugh Lloyd|
Air Vice Marshal Lloyd, AOC Mediterranean Allied Coastal Air Forces, stands beside the Bristol Beaufighter in which he flew to Britain, 18 March 1944
|Born||12 December 1894
|Died||14 July 1981|
|Service/branch||Royal Air Force|
|Years of service||1915–1953|
|Rank||Air Chief Marshal|
|Commands held||No. 9 Squadron
Northwest African Coastal Air Force
Mediterranean Allied Coastal Air Force
Far East Air Force
|Battles/wars||World War I
World War II
|Awards||Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire
Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath
Distinguished Flying Cross
Lloyd joined the Royal Engineers as a sapper in 1915 during World War I: he was wounded in action three times before enlisting as a cadet in the Royal Flying Corps in 1917 and joining No 52 Squadron, flying the RE.8 on army co-operation missions. After the war, he remained with the RFC (which became the Royal Air Force in 1918) on a permanent commission.
In January 1939 he became Officer Commanding No. 9 Squadron, equipped with Wellingtons. Later in 1939, with World War II under way, he was promoted to Group Captain and given command of RAF Marham. His stay at RAF Marham was brief and in November 1939 he was appointed to the staff of No. 3 Group and, in May 1940, he became Senior Air Staff Officer at No. 2 Group.
On 1 June 1941, he was appointed Air Officer Commanding in Malta, with the difficult task of protecting the island from German and Italian air attacks as well as attacking Axis shipping delivering supplies to Rommel's Afrika Korps in North Africa. However, his lack of knowledge of fighter tactics and the dominance of the Messerschmitt Bf 109F against the outdated Hawker Hurricane, prolonged the Siege of Malta. When Generalfeldmarschall Albert Kesselring was appointed to lead the Axis air-offensive from December 1940, RAF Command at last reacted. After installing a fighter control room similar to those in the UK, from April 1942 they assigned the island two squadrons of Supermarine Spitfires totaling 47 aircraft, which led later that year to the Allies moving to an offensive campaign.
He was assigned to RAF headquarters in the Middle East as Senior Air Staff Officer in 1942 and commanded the Northwest African Coastal Air Force and then the Mediterranean Allied Coastal Air Force in 1943. His role there was to carry out harrying of enemy transport by land and sea. In February 1945 he began planning and eventually took command of Tiger Force, a Commonwealth heavy bomber force which was intended to join the air offensive against Japan but was disbanded shortly after the nuclear bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki effectively ended the war.
After two years as senior instructor at the Imperial Defence College, he was made Air Officer Commanding Air Command Far East, later retitled Far East Air Force. He was made Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief Bomber Command in February 1950 before he retired in June 1953.
Honours and awards
- Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire - 1 June 1953 (KBE - 31 July 1942, CBE - 24 September 1941)
- Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath - 7 June 1951 (CB - 1 January 1942)
- Military Cross - 22 June 1918
- Distinguished Flying Cross - 8 February 1919
- Mentioned in Despatches - 8 May 1936
- Croix de Guerre with Palm and Star (France) - 21 September 1918
- Officer of the Legion of Honour (France) - 1944
- Officer of the Legion of Merit (United States) - 11 April 1944
- Hon Doctor of Law (University of Wales)
- Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation - Air Chf Marshal Sir Hugh Lloyd
- Northwest African Coastal Air Force
- Public Relations Release, No.23 Squadron, February 1944
- John Herington Australia in the War of 1939–1945. Series 3 — Air: Volume IV – Air Power Over Europe, 1944–1945 (1st edition, 1963); "Chapter 18 The Last Battles : The Way Home". (Australian War Memorial), p. 449
- "Our Former Presidents: London Welsh Centre". London Welsh Centre website. London Welsh Centre. 2010. Retrieved 4 February 2011.
- Lloyd, Sir Hugh, Briefed to attack: Malta's Part in African Victory (Hodder & Stoughton, 1949) (which inspired the film Malta Story)
Sir George Pirie
|AOC-in-C Air Command Far East
Redesignated AOC-in-C Far East Air Force from 1 June 1949 onwards
Sir Francis Fogarty
Sir Aubrey Ellwood
|Commander-in-Chief Bomber Command
Sir George Mills