Hugh S. Legaré
|United States Secretary of State|
May 9, 1843 – June 20, 1843
|Preceded by||Daniel Webster|
|Succeeded by||William S. Derrick (Acting)|
|16th United States Attorney General|
September 13, 1841 – June 20, 1843
|Preceded by||John J. Crittenden|
|Succeeded by||John Nelson|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from South Carolina's 1st district
March 4, 1837 – March 3, 1839
|Preceded by||Henry L. Pinckney|
|Succeeded by||Isaac E. Holmes|
|United States Minister to Belgium|
September 25, 1832 – June 9, 1836
|Preceded by||Position established|
|Succeeded by||Virgil Maxcy|
|7th Attorney General of South Carolina|
November 27, 1830 – November 29, 1832
|Governor||James Hamilton Jr.|
|Preceded by||James L. Petigru|
|Succeeded by||Barnwell Smith|
Hugh Swinton Legaré|
January 2, 1797
Charleston, South Carolina, U.S.
June 20, 1843 (aged 46)|
Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
|Education||University of South Carolina, Columbia (BA)|
Life and career
Partly due to his inability to share in the amusements of his fellows as a result of a deformity due to a vaccine poisoning suffered before he was five (the poison permanently arresting the growth and development of his legs), Legaré was an eager student and was president of the Clariosophic Society at the College of South Carolina (now University of South Carolina at Columbia), from which he graduated in 1814 with the highest rank in his class and with a reputation for scholarship and eloquence.
After practicing for a time in Charleston, he became a member of the South Carolina House of Representatives, serving between 1820 and 1821 and then again between 1824 and 1830. He also founded and edited the Southern Review between 1828 and 1832.
From 1830 until 1832 he was the Attorney General of South Carolina, and he supported states' rights, he strongly opposed nullification. He was Attorney General until he was appointed chargé d'affaires to Brussels in 1832, serving there until 1836.
On his return he was elected to the 25th Congress as a Democrat, but failed in a re-election bid the following term. In 1841 President John Tyler named him Attorney General of the United States and he served in that office until his death. He also served as Secretary of State ad interim from May 8, 1843, until his death.
He died in Boston while attending ceremonies for the unveiling of the Bunker Hill Monument. He was first interred in Mount Auburn Cemetery in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and was later re-interred in Magnolia Cemetery in Charleston. The USCGC Legare, which is a medium endurance cutter, was named in his honor.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Legaré, Hugh Swinton". Encyclopædia Britannica. 16 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 373–374.
- This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov.
- The Writings of Hugh Swinton Legaré, South Carolina, 1846. (2 vols.)
- Hollis, Daniel Walker (1951) University of South Carolina, volume I: South Carolina College, Columbia: University of South Carolina Press.
- Hugh S. Legaré at the Database of Classical Scholars
- United States Congress. "Hugh S. Legaré (id: L000220)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- Hugh S. Legaré at Find a Grave
John J. Crittenden
| U.S. Attorney General
Served under: John Tyler
|U.S. House of Representatives|
Henry L. Pinckney
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from South Carolina's 1st congressional district
Isaac E. Holmes
| U.S. Chargé d'Affaires to Belgium