Hugh Saunders

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Sir Hugh Saunders
Royal Air Force Fighter Command, 1939-1945. CH7956.jpg
Hugh Saunders as Air Officer Commanding No. 11 Group during the Second World War
Nickname(s)Dingbat[1]
Born(1894-08-24)24 August 1894
Germiston, South Africa
Died8 May 1987(1987-05-08) (aged 92)
Ringwood and Fordingbridge, England
AllegianceSouth Africa
United Kingdom
Service/branchSouth African Army (1914–17)
Royal Air Force (1917–53)
Years of service1914–53
RankAir Chief Marshal
Commands heldAir Forces Western Europe (1951–53)
Inspector-General of the RAF (1949–51)
Air Member for Personnel (1947–49)
Bomber Command (1947)
RAF Burma (1945–47)
No. 11 Group (1942–44)
Chief of the RNZAF Air Staff (1939–41)
No. 45 Squadron (1932–35)
Battles/warsFirst World War
Iraqi revolt
Second World War
AwardsKnight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire
Military Cross
Distinguished Flying Cross & Bar
Military Medal
Mentioned in Despatches
Commander's Cross with Star of the Order of Polonia Restituta (Poland)
Commander of the Legion of Merit (United States)[2]
Officer of the Legion of Honour (France)
Grand Cross of the Order of the Dannebrog (Denmark)[3]

Air Chief Marshal Sir Hugh William Lumsden Saunders, GCB, KBE, MC, DFC & Bar, MM (24 August 1894 – 8 May 1987) was a South African aviator who rose through the ranks to become a senior Royal Air Force commander.

RAF career[edit]

Air Marshal Sir Hugh Saunders (far right), Air Vice Marshal Adrian Cole (far left) as RAAF Liaison Officer to SEAC, with Air Chief Marshal Sir Keith Park (centre), near Penang, c. August 1945

Saunders enlisted with the Witwatersrand Rifles Regiment in 1914 at the start of the First World War and then served in the South African Rifles before becoming a pilot in No. 84 Squadron of the Royal Flying Corps, and sometimes flew as a wingman of fellow South African, RAF flying ace Andrew Beauchamp-Proctor.[4] He became a triple ace, with 15 victories credited to him.[5] He was promoted to squadron leader on 29 May 1929.[6] He was appointed Officer Commanding No. 45 Squadron in 1932.[4]

Saunders served in the Second World War, initially as Chief of Staff for the Royal New Zealand Air Force before becoming Air Officer Administration at Headquarters Fighter Command in February 1942 and then being made Air Officer Commanding No. 11 Group in November 1942.[4] He was made Director-General of Personnel at the Air Ministry in November 1944.[4]

At the end of the war, he was made Air Officer Commanding RAF Burma before becoming Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief Bomber Command in January 1947.[4] He went on to be Air Member for Personnel in October 1947, Inspector-General of the RAF in October 1949 and Commander-in-Chief at Headquarters Air Forces Western Europe in February 1951.[4] He was appointed Air Deputy to Supreme Allied Commander Europe and retired in September 1953.[4]

Post retirement[edit]

Following a series of fatal accidents in the newly established Royal Danish Air Force (RDAF), Sauders was invited to serve as a special advisor to the Minister of Defence of Denmark in 1954, in order to reorganise and, it was envisioned, bring the number of accidents in RDAF down. Saunders indeed reorganised the RDAF and, realising that most of the equipment/planes were of a tactical nature, established Tactical Air Command Denmark as the supreme HQ of RDAF. In addition, a number of specialist commands were established, training improved and gradually the accident rate fell. He served in Denmark until 1956 and received the Grand Cross of the Order of the Dannebrog for his service.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lanchbery, Edward (1955). Against the Sun: The Story of Wing Commander Roland Beamont. Cassell. p. 86.
  2. ^ "No. 38264". The London Gazette (Supplement). 16 April 1948. p. 2467.
  3. ^ "No. 40930". The London Gazette. 20 November 1956. p. 6577.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Air of Authority – A History of RAF Organisation – Air Chief Marshal Sir Hugh Saunders
  5. ^ Hugh Saunders The Aerodrome
  6. ^ "No. 33499". The London Gazette. 28 May 1929. p. 3520.
  7. ^ A., Schrøder, Hans (2004). Dansk militærflyvnings kulturhistorie. Danmark. Flyvevåbnet. Biblioteket ([1. oplag] ed.). [Ballerup]: Flyvevåbnets Bibliotek. ISBN 8798869159. OCLC 466830491.
Military offices
Preceded by
Ralph Cochrane
Chief of the Air Staff (RNZAF)
1939–1941
Succeeded by
Victor Goddard
Preceded by
Trafford Leigh-Mallory
Air Officer Commanding No. 11 Group
1942–1944
Succeeded by
John Cole-Hamilton
Preceded by
Sir Norman Bottomley
Commander-in-Chief Bomber Command
January – October 1947
Succeeded by
Sir Aubrey Ellwood
Preceded by
Sir John Slessor
Air Member for Personnel
1947–1949
Succeeded by
Sir Leslie Hollinghurst
Preceded by
Sir Leslie Hollinghurst
Inspector-General of the RAF
1949–1951
Succeeded by
Sir James Robb
New title
Command formed
Air Deputy to SACEUR
1951–1953
Succeeded by
Lauris Norstad