Hugh Seagrim

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Hugh Paul Seagrim
Nickname(s) Grandfather Longlegs
Born 24 March 1909
Highclere, Hampshire
Died 22 September 1944 (aged 35)
Rangoon, then Burma
Buried at Rangoon War Cemetery
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch  British Army
Years of service 1928-1944
Rank Major
Service number 49359
Unit British Indian Army
Battles/wars Second World War  
Awards UK George Cross ribbon.svg George Cross
Distinguished Service Order
Relations Derek Anthony Seagrim VC

Major Hugh Paul Seagrim GC DSO MBE (1909–1944), nicknamed "Grandfather Longlegs", was a famous leader of Karen rebels, fighting Japanese invaders in Burma during the Second World War.

His brother was Derek Anthony Seagrim VC. He and his brother have the distinction of being the only siblings awarded the Victoria Cross and the George Cross, both posthumously.[1]


Seagrim was born in Ashmansworth, Hampshire, England in 1909. He was educated at Norwich School, graduated from the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, and joined the British Indian Army, becoming an officer in the 19th Hyderabad Regiment. He was later seconded to the 20th Burma Rifles with the temporary rank of Major, becoming an expert in several Burmese languages. When the Japanese invaded Burma, he was given the task of raising irregular guerrilla forces from the Karens and other groups.[2]

The British were driven from Burma by May, 1942, and Seagrim and his force were isolated for a long time. Eventually, Force 136 dropped agents and wireless operators who made contact with his guerrillas in October, 1943.

Seagrim led Karens in a campaign of sabotage against the occupation. His force enjoyed much support from Karen civilians despite a series of brutal Japanese reprisal killings against Karen villages. His force was gradually wiped out by a concentrated Japanese manhunt. To prevent further bloodshed Seagrim surrendered himself to the Japanese forces on 15 March 1944.[3]

He and eight of his Karen companions were executed by the Japanese on 22 September in Rangoon. For gallantry under captivity, he was posthumously awarded the George Cross in 1946.[4]

George Cross citation[edit]

Seagrim's George Cross citation appeared in the London Gazette on 12 September 1946:

Awarded the George Cross for most conspicuous gallantry in carrying out hazardous work in a very brave manner. Major Seagrim was the leader of a party which included two other British and one Karen officer working in the Karen Hills of Burma. By the end of 1943 the Japanese had learned of this party who then commenced a campaign of arrests and torture to determine their whereabouts. In February 1944 the other two British officers were ambushed and killed but Major Seagrim and the Karen officer escaped. The Japanese then arrested 270 Karens and tortured and killed many of them but still they continued to support Major Seagrim. To end further suffering to the Karens, Seagrim surrendered himself to the Japanese on 15th March 1944. He was taken to Rangoon and together with eight others he was sentenced to death. He pleaded that the others were following his orders and as such they should be spared, but they were determined to die with him and were all executed.

— London Gazette


He was 6 foot 4 inches (1.93 m) tall, and sometimes referred to as "Grandfather Longlegs".


  1. ^ Brown, Gordon (2009). Wartime Courage: Stories of Extraordinary Courage by Exceptional Men and Women in World War Two. Bloomsbury Publishing. pp. 11, 141. ISBN 978-0747597414. 
  2. ^ "Karen Heritage". Retrieved 18 March 2013. 
  3. ^ Find A Grave
  4. ^ CWGC entry
  • Burma: The longest War, Louis Allen, Dent Paperbacks, ISBN 0-460-02474-4
  • Davis, Philip, England's Lost Warriors: Seagrim and Pagani of Burma

External links[edit]