Hugh Verity

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Hugh Verity
Hugh Verity groupe 161.jpg
Hugh Verity – a late-wartime or postwar photograph
Born (1918-04-06)6 April 1918
The Rectory, Halfway Tree, Jamaica
Died 14 November 2001(2001-11-14) (aged 83)
Hounslow, England
Allegiance United Kingdom
Service/branch Royal Air Force
Years of service 1938–1965
Rank Group Captain
Service number 72507
Unit No. 608 Squadron RAF
No. 252 Squadron RAF
No. 29 Squadron RAF
No. 161 Squadron RAF
Commands held No. 541 Squadron RAF
No. 96 Squadron RAF
Battles/wars Second World War
Awards Distinguished Service Order & Bar
Distinguished Flying Cross
Officer of the Legion of Honour (France)
Croix de guerre (France)
Spouse(s) Audrey (née Stokes)

Hugh Verity, DSO & Bar, DFC (6 April 1918 – 14 November 2001) was a Royal Air Force fighter pilot and later a "special duties" squadron pilot working with Special Operations Executive landing in occupied France to insert and extract agents. He was decorated for gallantry five times.

Early life[edit]

Verity was born in Jamaica the son of Dorothy and the Reverend George Beresford Verity. Pre-war he was a frequent traveler by sea between England, Kingston, Jamaica, Bermuda and South America where he spent some time and learned to speak Spanish. He was educated at Cheltenham College and Queen’s College, Oxford where he joined Oxford University Air Squadron. After graduation he taught in schools in Northern Ireland. He joined the Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve and was commissioned pilot officer on 8 November 1938.[1]

Royal Air Force[edit]

A Beaufighter Mk IF (B-RO) of No. 29 Squadron.

On 8 May 1940 he was promoted flying officer, [2] and in September 1940 was serving with No. 608 Squadron RAF flying Avro Ansons and Blackburn Bothas primarily in a general reconnaissance role. He joined No. 252 Squadron RAF in February 1941 as it reequipped with Bristol Beaufighters and served on Malta. In late 1941 returning to England in very poor weather he had to force land on Eire and was interned by the Irish, being held until freed by British Military Intelligence MI9.[3] Promoted flight lieutenant on 6 November 1941 he served with No. 29 Squadron RAF at the end of 1941 flying night fighter operations before becoming Staff Officer (Night Operations) at No. 11 Group RAF and then Staff Officer (Night Operations) at HQ RAF Fighter Command.[4]

Special Operations[edit]

Westland Lysander Mk III (SD), the type used for special missions into occupied France during World War II.

Verity was promoted temporary squadron leader on 1 June 1942.[5] In his role as Night Operations Officer he learned of the use of the Westland Lysander in the Royal Air Force Special Duty Service. He arranged an interview with P. Charles "Pick" Pickard, the new commanding officer of No. 161 Squadron RAF. In October 1942 he was given command of A-Flight, which used the Lysander aircraft for SOE missions into occupied France, inserting and extracting agents, resistance members and Allied prisoners. One of Verity's pilots was Jim McCairns.[6]

His first flight for SOE was on 23 December 1942 in a Lysander. The mission was to France, but he had to return empty handed due to heavy fog in the landing area. Verity undertook at least 29 and possibly as many as 36 night flights into France, perhaps the most of any RAF pilot. His role was to drop off and pick up resistance workers, SOE agents and other figures at secret locations inside France.[7][8] Records from the Imperial War Museum indicate Verity flew Westland Lysander Mark IIIA (SD), (serial number "V9673" with squadron fuselage codes 'MA-J') bearing the nose-art of 'Jiminy Cricket' for twenty operations to occupied France while serving with No. 161 Squadron at RAF Tempsford, Bedfordshire.[9][10]

Verity was instrumental in introducing the larger Lockheed Hudson into pick-up operations. With Pickard, he worked out the operating procedures that enabled this twin-engined aircraft to operate from French occupied fields, giving them the ability to carry in and bring out more people in one mission.[11]

Jim McCairns, Hugh Verity, Percy Pickard, Peter Vaughan-Fowler and Bunny Rymills with Verity's Lysander in 1943.

On 25 May 1943 he was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross,[12] and on 31 August 1943 the Distinguished Service Order.[13] His record of successful operations continued to grow. Most of his flights were in Lysanders, but he worked out with Pickard the use of the Hudson for the same purpose.[14] Though larger and heavier, the Hudson could carry more passengers.[15] Among his passengers were Jean Moulin, Nicolas Bodington, Jean de Lattre de Tassigny and François Mitterrand. His last special operation was on the night of 16–17 November 1943.[16] On 14 January 1944 he was awarded a Bar the Distinguished Service Order,[17] and promoted Squadron leader on 14 March 1944.[18]

Later in the war he performed the role of SOE air operations manager for western Europe and Scandinavia, coordinating the SOE requirement for air support with the available pilots and aircraft of primarily No. 138 Squadron RAF and No. 161 Squadron. In late 1944 Verity was commanding SOE air operations in South East Asia and following the end of hostilities served with the Recovery of Allied Prisoner-of-War and Internees Organisation.[19][20]

Postwar service[edit]

Gloster Meteor jet fighters

Verity was granted a permanent commission as squadron leader on 25 March 1947. [21] Verity served on Staff at the Army Staff College, Quetta until being invalided home with polio. From 1948 to 1949 he commanded No. 541 Squadron RAF flying the Supermarine Spitfire Mark XIX photo reconnaissance variant and then served as wing commander (weapons) at the Central Fighter Establishment 1949 to 1951. He was promoted full wing commander on 1 July 1951, [22] serving at Joint Services Staff College until appointed wing commander (flying) at RAF Wahn from 1954 to 1955. Verity commanded No. 96 Squadron RAF flying Gloster Meteor jet night fighters in 1955 and was appointed group captain on 1 July 1958 ready for a series of postings as Staff Officer (Bomber Operations) at the Air Ministry, a posting to Turkey and commanding RAF Akrotiri in Cyprus and then Staff Officer (Special Duties) back at the Air Ministry.[23] [24] Verity requested retirement and was released from the service on 2 June 1965 to take up a position with the RAF Industrial Training Board. In 1978, Verity's history of all the RAF's secret landings in France, 1940–1944, was published as We landed by moonlight (Shepperton: Ian Allan Ltd, 1978). A revised edition appeared in 1995 (Airdata Pubns Ltd) and this was later updated (Manchester: Crecy Publishing, 2000, ISBN 0-947554-75-0).

Awards[edit]

Notes[edit]

Verity flew a number of his SOE operations from RAF Tangmere where the museum has unveiled a bust of him.[32]

Verity married on 27 August 1940 at All Saint's Church, Bisley to Audrey Geraldine Northcliffe Stokes, they had 3 daughters and 2 sons.[33]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "No. 34568". The London Gazette. 8 November 1938. p. 6994. 
  2. ^ "No. 34870". The London Gazette. 11 June 1940. p. 3522. 
  3. ^ Telegraph Obituary – Hugh Verity
  4. ^ Hearns (2011), p. 375
  5. ^ "No. 35643". The London Gazette (Supplement). 21 July 1942. p. 3242. 
  6. ^ Verity (2002), various
  7. ^ Telegraph Obituary – Hugh Verity
  8. ^ WW2 Awards – H B Verity
  9. ^ Imperial War Museum – Hugh Verity's aircraft
  10. ^ BBC The People's War – Hugh Verity tribute
  11. ^ Coxon, David (19 May 2016). "Brave Percy was the Wartime Pick of the RAF Bunch". Bognar Regis Observer. Retrieved 1 August 2017. 
  12. ^ "No. 36027". The London Gazette (Supplement). 21 May 1943. p. 2319. 
  13. ^ "No. 36152". The London Gazette (Supplement). 27 August 1943. p. 3869. 
  14. ^ Legasee interview – Hugh Verity
  15. ^ Orchard, Adrian Group Captain Percy Charles “Pick” Pickard DSO**, DFC 1915 - 1944 February 2006
  16. ^ YouTube – Hugh Verity – secret missions
  17. ^ "No. 36329". The London Gazette (Supplement). 11 January 1944. p. 285. 
  18. ^ "No. 36530". The London Gazette (Supplement). 23 May 1944. p. 2429. 
  19. ^ Hearns (2011), p. 376
  20. ^ The Times – 3 November 2011 – Hugh Verity
  21. ^ "No. 37914". The London Gazette (Supplement). 21 March 1947. p. 1383. 
  22. ^ "No. 39271". The London Gazette (Supplement). 26 June 1951. p. 3543. 
  23. ^ Telegraph Obituary – Hugh Verity
  24. ^ Hearns (2011), p. 375-376
  25. ^ "No. 36152". The London Gazette (Supplement). 27 August 1943. p. 3869. 
  26. ^ "No. 36329". The London Gazette (Supplement). 11 January 1944. p. 285. 
  27. ^ "No. 36027". The London Gazette (Supplement). 21 May 1943. p. 2319. 
  28. ^ Verity (2013), titlepage
  29. ^ Telegraph Obituary – Hugh Verity
  30. ^ Verity (2013), titlepage
  31. ^ WW2 awards website – Hugh Verity
  32. ^ Tangmere Air Museum – HB Verity
  33. ^ England and Wales, Marriages, Registry, September Quarter 1940

Bibliography[edit]

  • Hunt, Leslie (1992). Twenty-one Squadrons: the history of the Royal Auxiliary Air Force. London: Crecy. ISBN 0947554262. 
  • Verity, Hugh (2013). We Landed by Moonlight. Crecy Publishing. ISBN 9780947554750. 
  • M. R. D. Foot (2006). SOE in France. Routledge. ISBN 0415408008. 
  • Hearns, Doug (2011). The Distinguished Service Order 1920–2006. Uckfield: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1781519633.