Hugh of Cluny
|Saint Hugh of Cluny|
Semur-en-Brionnais, Brionnais (now Saône-et-Loire), France
|Died||28 April 1109
Cluny, Brionnais (now Saône-et-Loire), France
|Venerated in||Roman Catholic Church|
|Canonized||6 January 1120 by Pope Callixtus II|
Hugh of Cluny (May 13, 1024 – April 28, 1109) was an Abbot of Cluny, who is sometimes referred to as "Hugh the Great" or "Hugh of Semur". He was one of the most influential leaders of one of the most influential monastic orders of the Middle Ages.
Abbot Hugh built the third abbey church at Cluny, the largest structure in Europe for many centuries, with funds provided by Ferdinand I of León. He was the driving force behind the Cluniac monastic movement during the last quarter of the 11th century, which had priories throughout Southern France and northern Spain. Hugh's relationship to Ferdinand I and Alphonso VI of León and Castile, as well as his influence upon Pope Urban II, who had been prior at Cluny under Hugh, made Hugh one of the most powerful and influential figures of the late 11th century. As the godfather of the Holy Roman Emperor, Henry IV, he also played a role as a mediator during the conflict between Pope Gregory VII and Henry IV, though he was not successful.
His feast day is April 29.
- Catholic Encyclopedia: St. Hugh the Great
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