|Allen and Albert Hughes|
Albert (left) and Allen (right) Hughes at the 2009 San Diego Comic-Con International
April 1, 1972 |
Detroit, Michigan, US
|Other names||The Hughes brothers|
|Occupation||Film directors, producers, writers|
Albert Hughes and Allen Hughes (born April 1, 1972), known together professionally as the Hughes brothers, are American film directors and producers. The pair, who are twins, are known for co-directing visceral, and often violent, movies such as Menace II Society, Dead Presidents, From Hell and The Book of Eli.
The Hughes brothers were born in Detroit, Michigan to an African American father, Albert Hughes, and an Armenian American mother, Aida, whose family were Iranian Armenians from Tehran. Albert is the older of the twins by nine minutes; although they originally believed themselves to be fraternal twins, they suspect they may be identical despite not having had a DNA test. Their parents divorced when they were two. The twins moved with their mother to Pomona, California, east of Los Angeles, when they were nine. The mother raised her sons alone while putting herself through school and starting her own business, a vocational center. Supportive of her sons' ambitions as filmmakers, she gave them a video camera when they were 12. As a result, the boys spent their free time making short films. When a teacher suggested that they make a "How To" film for an assignment, they complied with a short film entitled "How to Be a Burglar."
After Allen had a son at the age of 18, the twins dropped out of high school and soon began working on music videos as teenagers, directing for artists like Tone Loc and Tupac Shakur. Their first feature film, 1993's Menace II Society premiered at the Cannes Film Festival. Centering on black, disenfranchised youth, it was made on a budget of $3.5 million when they were 20 years old. Tyger Williams wrote the screenplay, and shared story credit with the brothers. It became a critical as well as a box office success and was nominated for an Independent Spirit Award for Best First Feature. Because of their previous experience in directing music videos, they became the first sibling duo since Jerry and David Zucker allowed a waiver by the Directors Guild of America to take co-credit as directors.
Their second film was Dead Presidents in 1995. Dealing with the black underclass society like their feature film debut, and also starring Larenz Tate, the film centered on war veterans during the racially charged Vietnam War era. The film, which was released at the New York Critics Film Festival, failed to make as much of a profit as their first film. They followed Dead Presidents with American Pimp, a feature-length documentary about the underground pimp culture and exploitation of women. It premiered at the 1999 Sundance Film Festival. They had originally set out to do an adaptation of Iceberg Slim's novel Pimp, but someone else acquired the rights. The brothers have stated that the film's perspective was partially shaped by being raised by their mother, who is a feminist. In between projects, they filmed several anti-handgun public service announcements.
In a departure from their previous material, the Hughes brothers co-directed From Hell, the 2001 film adaptation of Alan Moore's graphic novel of the same name about the Jack the Ripper murders in Victorian England, starring Johnny Depp and Heather Graham. Considered too violent and gory by some critics, the film had to be edited in order to avoid an NC-17 rating by the MPAA. As described by the film's star, there were sometimes disagreements between the twins regarding the direction of the film. For example, the amount of shown violence was a point of contention between the two; one brother thought the brutality should be shown, while the other believed implied violence would suffice.
After From Hell, the brothers separated duties on their next projects, although they stayed in close proximity to one another. Allen directed a few episodes of the American version of the TV series Touching Evil (for which his brother was an executive producer) as well as the 2005 television feature Knights of the South Bronx. In 2005, it was announced that Albert would direct a feature film, called Art Con, without Allen, although no further news was reported on its development. In 2009, Allen directed a segment of New York, I Love You, starring Drea De Matteo and Bradley Cooper.
Their first film since 2001's From Hell was the post-apocalyptic drama Book of Eli for Warner Bros., which was released in January 2010. They are attached to direct The Ice Man, a fact-based film about Richard Kuklinski, and a screen version of the classic TV series Kung Fu. It was announced in February 2010 that the brothers have been tapped to direct a live-action adaptation of the 1988 manga Akira. However, as of May 26, 2011 they are no longer involved in the project.
Allen Hughes' most recent project is Broken City, a crime thriller released January 18, 2013 starring Mark Wahlberg as Billy Taggart, Russell Crowe, Catherine Zeta-Jones, Barry Pepper, Kyle Chandler, and Jeffrey Wright.
As a team, Allen typically works with the actors while Albert handles the technical aspects of their films, stemming from Albert's experience of taking classes at Los Angeles City College's film school.
Known as much for their frank manner as for their films, the Hughes Brothers have been known to get into altercations. They took the rap artist Tupac Shakur to court in 1994, after he assaulted them during a music video shoot. Shakur had originally been slated to star in Menace II Society, but was replaced after the incident that apparently stemmed from Shakur's disliking the role they had chosen for him. He was later sentenced to 15 days in jail for the assault as well as another incident that occurred a day before his sentencing.
Allen has a son with singer/songwriter Stephanie "Stevvi" Alexander, Director/Editor, Eric Alexander-Hughes, and Albert, who has a daughter, has been living in the Czech Republic since 2004. According to Albert, the brothers "love each other", but are also "kind of in a weird dance right now".
- Menace II Society (1993)
- Dead Presidents (1995)
- American Pimp (1999) – documentary
- From Hell (2001)
- The Book of Eli (2010)
- Broken City (2013) – Allen Hughes only
- New York, I Love You (2009) – Allen Hughes only
- Knights of the South Bronx (2005) – Allen Hughes only
- Johnson, Quendrith (July–August 1995). "Born II Direct: The Hughes Brothers Interview" 20 (3). Archived from the original on June 27, 2007. Retrieved August 31, 2007.
- Smith, Krista (January 15, 2010). "The Hughes Brothers on The Book of Eli, Dethroning Avatar, and Tiger Woods". Vanity Fair. Retrieved February 3, 2010.
- Wloszczyna, Susan (October 18, 2001). "The brothers Hughes". USA Today. Retrieved August 31, 2007.
- "Nine Years Later, Hughes Brothers Picture Apocalypse (audio)". NPR. Retrieved January 23, 2010.
- Vartanian, Hrag (April 1, 2005). "Albert Hughes Forges His Own Art". Armenian General Benevolent Union. Retrieved August 31, 2007.
- Cagle, Jess (October 22, 2001). "Blood Brothers". Time. Retrieved August 31, 2007.
- "Sugar Daddies". Filmmaker Magazine. 1999. Retrieved August 31, 2007.
- Morales, Ed (April 2000). "Mack Daddy Maestros – Allen and Albert Hughes – Interview". Brant Publications, Inc. Retrieved August 31, 2007.[dead link]
- Donadoni, Serena (October 17, 2001). "Character studies: The Hughes Brothers". The Metro Times. Retrieved August 31, 2007.
- Schultz, Steve (November 16, 2001). "The Squeaky Reel: Brothers in Film". The San Francisco Gate. Retrieved August 31, 2007.
- Phillips, Michael (October 16, 2009). ""New York, I Love You" review: Movie stars Natalie Portman, Bradley Cooper, Shia LaBeouf, Julie Christie". Chicago Tribune.
- Fleming, Michael (May 21, 2001). "Hughes brothers set for 'Book of Eli'". Variety. Retrieved August 31, 2007.
- Fleming, Michael (November 1, 2006). "'Kung Fu' has brotherly love". Variety. Retrieved August 31, 2007.
- Westbrook, Logan (February 10, 2010). "Akira Movie to Be Directed By Hughes Brothers". The Escapist. Retrieved February 10, 2010.
- "'Akira' Soured By Warners Lack of Taste". Bloody Disgusting.
- "Mark Wahlberg Signed Onto Broken City". Retrieved December 1, 2011.
- "Russell Crowe to star opposite Mark Wahlberg in 'Broken City'". Retrieved December 1, 2011.
- "Catherine Zeta-Jones Joins Mark Wahlberg and Russell Crowe in BROKEN CITY". Retrieved December 1, 2011.
- "Barry Pepper Bags Supporting Roles in Two High-Profile Thrillers". Retrieved December 1, 2011.
- "Jeffrey Wright Boards 'Broken City'; Kit Harington Chosen for 'Arthur & Lancelot". Retrieved December 1, 2011.
- "Albert Hughes producing Crysis 3 video series". 3 News NZ. December 6, 2012.
- L'Official, Peter (October 13, 2004). ""And It Don't Stop" edited by Raquel Cepeda". Salon.com. Retrieved August 31, 2007.
- Randall Sullivan, Labyrinth: A Detective Investigates the Murders of Tupac Shakur and Notorious B.I.G... page 80
- "Black History Month, Albert and Allen Hughes: filmmakers". CNN.com. Archived from the original on June 20, 2007. Retrieved August 31, 2007.
- Ito, Robert (January 13, 2013). "Recalibrating A Directing Brotherhood". The New York Times.
- Albert Hughes at the Internet Movie Database
- Allen Hughes at the Internet Movie Database
- Armenian Dramatic Arts Alliance: Allen Hughes
- Armenian Dramatic Arts Alliance: Albert Hughes
- Hughes brothers at Library of Congress Authorities, with 3 catalog records