Hugo Award for Best Novel

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Hugo Award for Best Novel
Awarded forBest science fiction or fantasy story of 40,000 words or more published in the prior calendar year
Presented byWorld Science Fiction Society
First awarded1953
Most recent winnerN. K. Jemisin (The Stone Sky)
Websitethehugoawards.org

The Hugo Award for Best Novel is one of the Hugo Awards given each year for science fiction or fantasy stories published or translated into English during the previous calendar year. The novel award is available for works of fiction of 40,000 words or more; awards are also given out in the short story, novelette, and novella categories. The Hugo Awards have been described as "a fine showcase for speculative fiction" and "the best known literary award for science fiction writing".[1][2]

The Hugo Award for Best Novel has been awarded annually by the World Science Fiction Society since 1953, except in 1954 and 1957. In addition to the regular Hugo awards, beginning in 1996 Retrospective Hugo Awards, or "Retro Hugos", have been available to be awarded for 50, 75, or 100 years prior. Retro Hugos may only be awarded for years in which a World Science Fiction Convention, or Worldcon, was hosted, but no awards were originally given.[3] To date, Retro Hugo awards have been given for novels for 1939, 1941, 1943, 1946, 1951, and 1954.[4]

Hugo Award nominees and winners are chosen by supporting or attending members of the annual Worldcon, and the presentation evening constitutes its central event. The selection process is defined in the World Science Fiction Society Constitution as instant-runoff voting with six nominees, except in the case of a tie. The novels on the ballot are the six most-nominated by members that year, with no limit on the number of stories that can be nominated. The 1953, 1955, and 1958 awards did not include any recognition of runner-up novels, but since 1959 all final candidates have been recorded.[3] Initial nominations are made by members in January through March, while voting on the ballot of six nominations is performed roughly in April through July, subject to change depending on when that year's Worldcon is held.[5] Prior to 2017, the final ballot was five works; it was changed that year to six, with each initial nominator limited to five nominations.[6] Worldcons are generally held in August or early September, and are held in a different city around the world each year.[7][8]

During the 70 nomination years, 145 authors have had works nominated; 48 of these have won, including co-authors, ties, and Retro Hugos. One translator has been noted along with the author whose works he translated. Robert A. Heinlein has received the most Hugos for Best Novel as well as the most nominations, with six wins (including two Retro Hugos) and twelve nominations. Lois McMaster Bujold has received four Hugos on ten nominations; the only other authors to win more than twice are Isaac Asimov (including one Retro Hugo), N. K. Jemisin, Connie Willis, and Vernor Vinge, who have each won three times. Nine other authors have won the award twice. The next-most nominations by a winning author are held by Robert J. Sawyer and Larry Niven, who have been nominated nine and eight times, respectively, and each have only won once, while Robert Silverberg has the greatest number of nominations without winning at nine. Three authors have won the award in consecutive years: Orson Scott Card (1986, 1987), Lois McMaster Bujold (1991, 1992), and N. K. Jemisin (2016, 2017, and 2018).

Winners and nominees[edit]

In the following table, the years correspond to the date of the ceremony, rather than when the novel was first published. Each year links to the corresponding "year in literature". Entries with a blue background have won the award; those with a white background are the nominees on the short-list.

  *   Winners and joint winners

Year Author(s) Novel Publisher or publication Ref.
1953 Alfred Bester* The Demolished Man Galaxy Science Fiction [9]
1955 Mark Clifton* They'd Rather Be Right (also known as The Forever Machine) Astounding Science-Fiction [10]
Frank Riley*
1956 Robert A. Heinlein* Double Star Astounding Science-Fiction [11]
Eric Frank Russell Call Him Dead (also known as Three to Conquer) Astounding Science-Fiction [11]
Isaac Asimov The End of Eternity Doubleday [11]
Cyril M. Kornbluth Not This August Doubleday [11]
Leigh Brackett The Long Tomorrow Doubleday [11]
1958 Fritz Leiber* The Big Time Galaxy Science Fiction [12]
1959 James Blish* A Case of Conscience Ballantine Books [13]
Poul Anderson We Have Fed Our Sea (also known as The Enemy Stars) Astounding Science-Fiction [13]
Algis Budrys Who? Pyramid Books [13]
Robert A. Heinlein Have Space Suit — Will Travel The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [13]
Robert Sheckley Time Killer (also known as Immortality, Inc.) Galaxy Science Fiction [13]
1960 Robert A. Heinlein* Starship Troopers The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [14]
Gordon R. Dickson Dorsai! (also known as The Genetic General) Astounding Science-Fiction [14]
Murray Leinster The Pirates of Ersatz (also known as The Pirates of Zan) Astounding Science-Fiction [14]
Mark Phillips That Sweet Little Old Lady (also known as Brain Twister) Astounding Science-Fiction [14]
Kurt Vonnegut The Sirens of Titan Dell Publishing [14]
1961 Walter M. Miller, Jr.* A Canticle for Leibowitz J. B. Lippincott & Co. [15]
Poul Anderson The High Crusade Astounding Science-Fiction [15]
Algis Budrys Rogue Moon The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [15]
Harry Harrison Deathworld Astounding Science-Fiction [15]
Theodore Sturgeon Venus Plus X Pyramid Books [15]
1962 Robert A. Heinlein* Stranger in a Strange Land Putnam Publishing Group [16]
Daniel F. Galouye Dark Universe Bantam Books [16]
Harry Harrison Planet of the Damned (also known as Sense of Obligation) Analog Science Fact & Fiction [16]
Clifford D. Simak The Fisherman (also known as Time is the Simplest Thing) Analog Science Fact & Fiction [16]
James White Second Ending Fantastic [16]
1963 Philip K. Dick* The Man in the High Castle Putnam Publishing Group [17]
Marion Zimmer Bradley The Sword of Aldones Ace Books [17]
Arthur C. Clarke A Fall of Moondust Harcourt Trade Publishers [17]
H. Beam Piper Little Fuzzy Avon Publications [17]
Jean Bruller Sylva Putnam Publishing Group [17]
1964 Clifford D. Simak* Here Gather the Stars (also known as Way Station) Galaxy Science Fiction [18]
Robert A. Heinlein Glory Road The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [18]
Andre Norton Witch World Ace Books [18]
Frank Herbert Dune World[a] Analog Science Fact & Fiction [18]
Kurt Vonnegut Cat's Cradle Holt, Rinehart and Winston [18]
1965 Fritz Leiber* The Wanderer Ballantine Books [20]
John Brunner The Whole Man Ballantine Books [20]
Edgar Pangborn Davy Ballantine Books [20]
Cordwainer Smith The Planet Buyer (also known as The Boy Who Bought Old Earth) Pyramid Books [20]
1966 Frank Herbert* Dune Chilton Company [21]
Roger Zelazny* ...And Call Me Conrad (also known as This Immortal) The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [21]
John Brunner The Squares of the City Ballantine Books [21]
Robert A. Heinlein The Moon Is a Harsh Mistress[b] If [21]
Edward E. Smith Skylark DuQuesne If [21]
1967 Robert A. Heinlein* The Moon Is a Harsh Mistress[b] If [22]
Samuel R. Delany Babel-17 Ace Books [22]
Randall Garrett Too Many Magicians Analog Science Fact & Fiction [22]
Daniel Keyes Flowers for Algernon Harcourt Trade Publishers [22]
James H. Schmitz The Witches of Karres Chilton Company [22]
Thomas Burnett Swann Day of the Minotaur Ace Books [22]
1968 Roger Zelazny* Lord of Light Doubleday [23]
Samuel R. Delany The Einstein Intersection Ace Books [23]
Piers Anthony Chthon Ballantine Books [23]
Chester Anderson The Butterfly Kid Pyramid Books [23]
Robert Silverberg Thorns Ballantine Books [23]
1969 John Brunner* Stand on Zanzibar Doubleday [24]
Alexei Panshin Rite of Passage Ace Books [24]
Samuel R. Delany Nova Doubleday [24]
R. A. Lafferty Past Master Ace Books [24]
Clifford D. Simak The Goblin Reservation Galaxy Science Fiction [24]
1970 Ursula K. Le Guin* The Left Hand of Darkness Ace Books [25]
Robert Silverberg Up the Line Ballantine Books [25]
Piers Anthony Macroscope Avon Publications [25]
Kurt Vonnegut Slaughterhouse-Five Delacorte Press [25]
Norman Spinrad Bug Jack Barron Avon Publications [25]
1971 Larry Niven* Ringworld Ballantine Books [26]
Poul Anderson Tau Zero Doubleday [26]
Robert Silverberg Tower of Glass Charles Scribner's Sons [26]
Wilson Tucker The Year of the Quiet Sun Ace Books [26]
Hal Clement Star Light Analog Science Fact & Fiction [26]
1972 Philip José Farmer* To Your Scattered Bodies Go Putnam Publishing Group [27]
Ursula K. Le Guin The Lathe of Heaven Amazing Stories [27]
Anne McCaffrey Dragonquest Ballantine Books [27]
Roger Zelazny Jack of Shadows The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [27]
Robert Silverberg A Time of Changes Galaxy Science Fiction [27]
1973 Isaac Asimov* The Gods Themselves Galaxy Science Fiction [28]
David Gerrold When HARLIE Was One Ballantine Books [28]
Poul Anderson There Will Be Time Signet Books [28]
Robert Silverberg The Book of Skulls Charles Scribner's Sons [28]
Robert Silverberg Dying Inside Galaxy Science Fiction [28]
Clifford D. Simak A Choice of Gods Putnam Publishing Group [28]
1974 Arthur C. Clarke* Rendezvous with Rama Galaxy Science Fiction [29]
Robert A. Heinlein Time Enough for Love Putnam Publishing Group [29]
Larry Niven Protector Ballantine Books [29]
Poul Anderson The People of the Wind Analog Science Fact & Fiction [29]
David Gerrold The Man Who Folded Himself Random House [29]
1975 Ursula K. Le Guin* The Dispossessed Harper & Row [30]
Poul Anderson Fire Time Doubleday [30]
Philip K. Dick Flow My Tears, the Policeman Said Doubleday [30]
Larry Niven The Mote in God's Eye Simon & Schuster [30]
Jerry Pournelle
Christopher Priest Inverted World Galaxy Science Fiction [30]
1976 Joe Haldeman* The Forever War St. Martin's Press [31]
Roger Zelazny Doorways in the Sand Analog Science Fact & Fiction [31]
Larry Niven Inferno Galaxy Science Fiction [31]
Jerry Pournelle
Alfred Bester The Computer Connection (also known as The Indian Giver) Berkley Putnam [31]
Robert Silverberg The Stochastic Man Harper & Row [31]
1977 Kate Wilhelm* Where Late the Sweet Birds Sang Harper & Row [32]
Joe Haldeman Mindbridge St. Martin's Press [32]
Frank Herbert Children of Dune Analog Science Fact & Fiction [32]
Frederik Pohl Man Plus The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [32]
Robert Silverberg Shadrach in the Furnace Analog Science Fact & Fiction [32]
1978 Frederik Pohl* Gateway Galaxy Science Fiction [33]
Marion Zimmer Bradley The Forbidden Tower DAW Books [33]
Larry Niven Lucifer's Hammer Playboy Press [33]
Jerry Pournelle
Gordon R. Dickson Time Storm St. Martin's Press [33]
George R. R. Martin Dying of the Light Analog Science Fact & Fiction [33]
1979 Vonda N. McIntyre* Dreamsnake Houghton Mifflin [34]
Anne McCaffrey The White Dragon Del Rey Books [34]
C. J. Cherryh The Faded Sun: Kesrith Galaxy Science Fiction [34]
Tom Reamy Blind Voices Berkley Putnam [34]
1980 Arthur C. Clarke* The Fountains of Paradise Victor Gollancz Ltd [35]
John Varley Titan Berkley Putnam [35]
Frederik Pohl Jem St. Martin's Press [35]
Patricia A. McKillip Harpist in the Wind Atheneum Books [35]
Thomas Disch On Wings of Song The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [35]
1981 Joan D. Vinge* The Snow Queen Dial Press [36]
Robert Silverberg Lord Valentine's Castle The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction [36]
Larry Niven The Ringworld Engineers Galileo Magazine of Science & Fiction [36]
Frederik Pohl Beyond the Blue Event Horizon Del Rey Books [36]
John Varley Wizard Berkley Putnam [36]
1982 C. J. Cherryh* Downbelow Station DAW Books [37]
Gene Wolfe The Claw of the Conciliator Timescape Books [37]
Julian May The Many-Colored Land Houghton Mifflin [37]
Clifford D. Simak Project Pope Del Rey Books [37]
John Crowley Little, Big Bantam Books [37]
1983 Isaac Asimov* Foundation's Edge Doubleday [38]
C. J. Cherryh The Pride of Chanur DAW Books [38]
Arthur C. Clarke 2010: Odyssey Two Del Rey Books [38]
Robert A. Heinlein Friday Holt, Rinehart and Winston [38]
Donald Kingsbury Courtship Rite Timescape [38]
Gene Wolfe The Sword of the Lictor Timescape [38]
1984 David Brin* Startide Rising Bantam Books [39]
R. A. MacAvoy Tea with the Black Dragon Bantam Books [39]
John Varley Millennium Berkley Books [39]
Anne McCaffrey Moreta: Dragonlady of Pern Del Rey Books [39]
Isaac Asimov The Robots of Dawn Doubleday [39]
1985 William Gibson* Neuromancer Ace Books [40]
David R. Palmer Emergence Bantam Books [40]
Vernor Vinge The Peace War Bluejay Books [40]
Robert A. Heinlein Job: A Comedy of Justice Del Rey Books [40]
Larry Niven The Integral Trees Del Rey Books [40]
1986 Orson Scott Card* Ender's Game Tor Books [41]
C. J. Cherryh Cuckoo's Egg DAW Books [41]
David Brin The Postman Bantam Spectra [41]
Larry Niven Footfall Del Rey Books [41]
Jerry Pournelle
Greg Bear Blood Music Arbor House [41]
1987 Orson Scott Card* Speaker for the Dead Tor Books [42]
Bob Shaw The Ragged Astronauts Victor Gollancz Ltd [42]
William Gibson Count Zero Asimov's Science Fiction [42]
Vernor Vinge Marooned in Realtime Analog Science Fact & Fiction [42]
L. Ron Hubbard Black Genesis Bridge Publications [42]
1988 David Brin* The Uplift War Bantam Spectra [43]
George Alec Effinger When Gravity Fails Arbor House [43]
Orson Scott Card Seventh Son Tor Books [43]
Greg Bear The Forge of God Tor Books [43]
Gene Wolfe The Urth of the New Sun Tor Books [43]
1989 C. J. Cherryh* Cyteen Warner Books [44]
Orson Scott Card Red Prophet Tor Books [44]
Lois McMaster Bujold Falling Free Analog Science Fact & Fiction [44]
Bruce Sterling Islands in the Net Arbor House [44]
William Gibson Mona Lisa Overdrive Victor Gollancz Ltd [44]
1990 Dan Simmons* Hyperion Doubleday [45]
George Alec Effinger A Fire in the Sun Doubleday [45]
Orson Scott Card Prentice Alvin Tor Books [45]
Poul Anderson The Boat of a Million Years Tor Books [45]
Sheri S. Tepper Grass Doubleday [45]
1991 Lois McMaster Bujold* The Vor Game Baen Books [46]
David Brin Earth Bantam Spectra [46]
Dan Simmons The Fall of Hyperion Doubleday [46]
Michael P. Kube-McDowell The Quiet Pools Ace Books [46]
Greg Bear Queen of Angels Warner Questar [46]
1992 Lois McMaster Bujold* Barrayar Analog Science Fact & Fiction [47]
Emma Bull Bone Dance Ace Books [47]
Anne McCaffrey All the Weyrs of Pern Del Rey Books [47]
Joan D. Vinge The Summer Queen Warner Questar [47]
Orson Scott Card Xenocide Tor Books [47]
Michael Swanwick Stations of the Tide Asimov's Science Fiction [47]
1993 Vernor Vinge* A Fire Upon the Deep Tor Books [48]
Connie Willis* Doomsday Book Bantam Spectra [48]
Kim Stanley Robinson Red Mars HarperCollins [48]
Maureen F. McHugh China Mountain Zhang Tor Books [48]
John Varley Steel Beach Ace Books/Putnam Publishing Group [48]
1994 Kim Stanley Robinson* Green Mars HarperCollins [49]
Greg Bear Moving Mars Tor Books [49]
Nancy Kress Beggars in Spain Morrow AvoNova [49]
David Brin Glory Season Bantam Spectra [49]
William Gibson Virtual Light Bantam Spectra [49]
1995 Lois McMaster Bujold* Mirror Dance Baen Books [50]
John Barnes Mother of Storms Tor Books [50]
Nancy Kress Beggars and Choosers Tor Books [50]
Michael Bishop Brittle Innings Bantam Books [50]
James K. Morrow Towing Jehovah Harcourt Brace [50]
1996 Neal Stephenson* The Diamond Age Bantam Spectra [51]
Stephen Baxter The Time Ships HarperPrism [51]
David Brin Brightness Reef Bantam Books [51]
Robert J. Sawyer The Terminal Experiment (also known as Hobson's Choice) Analog Science Fiction and Fact [51]
Connie Willis Remake Bantam Spectra [51]
1997 Kim Stanley Robinson* Blue Mars HarperCollins Voyager [52]
Lois McMaster Bujold Memory Baen Books [52]
Elizabeth Moon Remnant Population Baen Books [52]
Robert J. Sawyer Starplex Analog Science Fiction and Fact [52]
Bruce Sterling Holy Fire Bantam Spectra [52]
1998 Joe Haldeman* Forever Peace Ace Books [53]
Walter Jon Williams City on Fire HarperPrism [53]
Dan Simmons The Rise of Endymion Bantam Spectra [53]
Robert J. Sawyer Frameshift Tor Books [53]
Michael Swanwick Jack Faust Avon Publications [53]
1999 Connie Willis* To Say Nothing of the Dog Bantam Spectra [54]
Mary Doria Russell Children of God Villard Books [54]
Robert Charles Wilson Darwinia Tor Books [54]
Bruce Sterling Distraction Bantam Spectra [54]
Robert J. Sawyer Factoring Humanity Tor Books [54]
2000 Vernor Vinge* A Deepness in the Sky Tor Books [55]
Lois McMaster Bujold A Civil Campaign Baen Books [55]
Neal Stephenson Cryptonomicon Avon Publications [55]
Greg Bear Darwin's Radio HarperCollins [55]
J. K. Rowling Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban Bloomsbury Publishing [55]
2001 J. K. Rowling* Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire Bloomsbury Publishing [56]
George R. R. Martin A Storm of Swords HarperCollins Voyager [56]
Robert J. Sawyer Calculating God Tor Books [56]
Ken MacLeod The Sky Road Tor Books [56]
Nalo Hopkinson Midnight Robber Warner Aspect [56]
2002 Neil Gaiman* American Gods William Morrow and Company [57]
Lois McMaster Bujold The Curse of Chalion Eos [57]
Connie Willis Passage Bantam Books [57]
China Miéville Perdido Street Station Macmillan Publishers [57]
Robert Charles Wilson The Chronoliths Tor Books [57]
Ken MacLeod Cosmonaut Keep Orbit Books [57]
2003 Robert J. Sawyer* Hominids Analog Science Fiction and Fact [58]
David Brin Kiln People (also known as Kil'n People) Tor Books [58]
Michael Swanwick Bones of the Earth Eos [58]
China Miéville The Scar Del Rey Books [58]
Kim Stanley Robinson The Years of Rice and Salt Bantam Books [58]
2004 Lois McMaster Bujold* Paladin of Souls Eos [59]
Dan Simmons Ilium Eos [59]
Charles Stross Singularity Sky Ace Books [59]
Robert Charles Wilson Blind Lake Tor Books [59]
Robert J. Sawyer Humans Tor Books [59]
2005 Susanna Clarke* Jonathan Strange & Mr Norrell Bloomsbury Publishing [60]
Ian McDonald River of Gods Simon & Schuster [60]
Iain M. Banks The Algebraist Orbit Books [60]
Charles Stross Iron Sunrise Ace Books [60]
China Miéville Iron Council Del Rey Books [60]
2006 Robert Charles Wilson* Spin Tor Books [61]
Ken MacLeod Learning the World Orbit Books [61]
George R. R. Martin A Feast for Crows Voyager Books [61]
John Scalzi Old Man's War Tor Books [61]
Charles Stross Accelerando Ace Books [61]
2007 Vernor Vinge* Rainbows End Tor Books [62]
Charles Stross Glasshouse Ace Books [62]
Naomi Novik His Majesty's Dragon Voyager Books [62]
Michael F. Flynn Eifelheim Tor Books [62]
Peter Watts Blindsight Tor Books [62]
2008 Michael Chabon* The Yiddish Policemen's Union HarperCollins [63]
John Scalzi The Last Colony Tor Books [63]
Charles Stross Halting State Ace Books [63]
Robert J. Sawyer Rollback Tor Books [63]
Ian McDonald Brasyl Pyr [63]
2009 Neil Gaiman* The Graveyard Book HarperCollins [64]
Cory Doctorow Little Brother Tor Books [64]
Neal Stephenson Anathem Morrow [64]
Charles Stross Saturn's Children Ace Books [64]
John Scalzi Zoe's Tale Tor Books [64]
2010 Paolo Bacigalupi* The Windup Girl Night Shade Books [65]
China Miéville* The City & the City Del Rey Books [65]
Cherie Priest Boneshaker Tor Books [65]
Robert J. Sawyer Wake Ace Books [65]
Catherynne M. Valente Palimpsest Bantam Spectra [65]
Robert Charles Wilson Julian Comstock: A Story of 22nd-Century America Tor Books [65]
2011 Connie Willis* Blackout/All Clear Spectra Books [66]
Lois McMaster Bujold Cryoburn Baen Books [66]
Ian McDonald The Dervish House Gollancz / Pyr [66]
Mira Grant Feed Orbit Books [66]
N. K. Jemisin The Hundred Thousand Kingdoms Orbit Books [66]
2012 Jo Walton* Among Others Tor Books [67]
George R. R. Martin A Dance with Dragons Bantam Spectra [67]
Mira Grant Deadline Orbit Books [67]
China Miéville Embassytown Macmillan Publishers / Del Rey Books [67]
James S. A. Corey Leviathan Wakes Orbit Books [67]
2013 John Scalzi* Redshirts Tor Books [68]
Kim Stanley Robinson 2312 Orbit Books [68]
Mira Grant Blackout Orbit Books [68]
Lois McMaster Bujold Captain Vorpatril's Alliance Baen Books [68]
Saladin Ahmed Throne of the Crescent Moon DAW Books [68]
2014 Ann Leckie* Ancillary Justice Orbit Books [69]
Charles Stross Neptune's Brood Ace Books [69]
Mira Grant Parasite Orbit Books [69]
Larry Correia Warbound Baen Books [69]
Robert Jordan The Wheel of Time[c] Tor Books [69]
Brandon Sanderson
2015[d] Cixin Liu*[e] The Three-Body Problem Tor Books [71]
Ken Liu (translator)*[e]
Katherine Addison The Goblin Emperor Tor Books [71]
Kevin J. Anderson The Dark Between the Stars Tor Books [71]
Jim Butcher Skin Game Roc Books [71]
Ann Leckie Ancillary Sword Orbit Books [71]
2016 N. K. Jemisin* The Fifth Season Orbit Books [72]
Naomi Novik Uprooted Del Rey [72]
Ann Leckie Ancillary Mercy Orbit Books [72]
Neal Stephenson Seveneves William Morrow and Company [72]
Jim Butcher The Cinder Spires: The Aeronaut's Windlass Roc Books [72]
2017 N. K. Jemisin* The Obelisk Gate Orbit Books [73]
Charlie Jane Anders All the Birds in the Sky Tor Books [73]
Becky Chambers A Closed and Common Orbit Hodder & Stoughton [73]
Cixin Liu[e] Death's End Tor Books [73]
Ken Liu (translator)[e]
Yoon Ha Lee Ninefox Gambit Solaris Books [73]
Ada Palmer Too Like the Lightning Tor Books [73]
2018 N. K. Jemisin* The Stone Sky Orbit Books [74]
John Scalzi The Collapsing Empire Tor Books [74]
Kim Stanley Robinson New York 2140 Orbit Books [74]
Ann Leckie Provenance Orbit Books [74]
Yoon Ha Lee Raven Stratagem Solaris Books [74]
Mur Lafferty Six Wakes Orbit Books [74]

Retro Hugos[edit]

Beginning with the 1996 Worldcon, the World Science Fiction Society created the concept of "Retro Hugos", in which the Hugo award could be retroactively awarded for 50, 75, or 100 years prior. Retro Hugos may only be awarded for years in which a Worldcon was hosted, but no awards were originally given.[3][f] Retro Hugos have been awarded six times, for 1939, 1941, 1943, 1946, 1951, and 1954.

Year Year awarded Author(s) Novel Publisher or publication Ref.
1939 2014 T. H. White* The Sword in the Stone William Collins, Sons [75]
Edgar Rice Burroughs Carson of Venus Argosy [75]
E. E. Smith Galactic Patrol Astounding Stories [75]
Jack Williamson The Legion of Time Astounding Science-Fiction [75]
C. S. Lewis Out of the Silent Planet The Bodley Head [75]
1941 2016 A. E. van Vogt* Slan Astounding Science Fiction [76]
E. E. Smith Gray Lensman Astounding Science Fiction [76]
T. H. White The Ill-Made Knight William Collins, Sons [76]
Karin Boye Kallocain Bonnier Group [76]
Jack Williamson The Reign of Wizardry Unknown [76]
1943 2018 Robert A. Heinlein (as Anson MacDonald)* Beyond This Horizon Astounding Science Fiction [77]
Olaf Stapledon Darkness and the Light Methuen Publishing [77]
Curt Siodmak Donovan's Brain Black Mask [77]
Austin Tappan Wright Islandia Farrar & Rinehart [77]
E. E. Smith Second Stage Lensmen Astounding Science Fiction [77]
Dorothy Macardle The Uninvited Doubleday [77]
1946 1996 Isaac Asimov* The Mule Astounding Science-Fiction [78]
A. E. van Vogt The World of Null-A Astounding Science-Fiction [78]
C. S. Lewis That Hideous Strength (also known as The Tortured Planet) John Lane [78]
Fritz Leiber Destiny Times Three Astounding Science-Fiction [78]
Edmond Hamilton (as Brett Sterling) Red Sun of Danger (also known as Danger Planet) Startling Stories [78]
1951 2001 Robert A. Heinlein* Farmer in the Sky Boys' Life [79]
Isaac Asimov Pebble in the Sky Doubleday [79]
C. S. Lewis The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe Geoffrey Bles [79]
E. E. Smith First Lensman Fantasy Press [79]
Jack Vance The Dying Earth Hillman Periodicals [79]
1954 2004 Ray Bradbury* Fahrenheit 451 Ballantine Books [80]
Arthur C. Clarke Childhood's End Ballantine Books [80]
Hal Clement Mission of Gravity Astounding Science-Fiction [80]
Isaac Asimov The Caves of Steel Galaxy Science Fiction [80]
Theodore Sturgeon More Than Human Farrar, Straus and Giroux [80]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Dune World was the title of the 1964 serialized novel; when "Dune World" and its sequel, "The Prophet of Dune", were incorporated into the 1966 edition of Dune, the book edition was allowed to be nominated in 1966.[19]
  2. ^ a b The Moon Is a Harsh Mistress was serialized in 1965–66, and was allowed to be nominated for both years.
  3. ^ The entire Wheel of Time series of novels was nominated as a whole under an interpretation of the rules, confirmed by the World Science Fiction Society, which permit multi-part works to be nominated as long as no individual part (or book) had ever been on the shortlist.
  4. ^ Lines of Departure by Marko Kloos was initially nominated for Best Novel in 2015, but was withdrawn by the author after the nominees were announced in protest for being promoted by the Sad Puppies and Rabid Puppies nomination slates, the first time a nominee was withdrawn after announcement. It was replaced on the ballot by The Three-Body Problem by Cixin Liu, the eventual winner.[70]
  5. ^ a b c d Although translated works are eligible for the Hugo Awards (both when originally published and again upon translation into English), Cixin Liu's 2015 winner The Three-Body Problem and 2017 nominee Death's End are the only novels for which both the author and the translator (Ken Liu) were officially recognized
  6. ^ Although no "Best Novel" Hugo was awarded at the 1957 convention, Hugos were awarded in other categories, hence there was no "Retro Hugo" for 1957 awarded in 2007.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jordison, Sam (2008-08-07). "An International Contest We Can Win". The Guardian. London, England: The Guardian. Archived from the original on 2009-07-29. Retrieved 2010-04-21.
  2. ^ Cleaver, Emily (2010-04-20). "Hugo Awards Announced". Litro Magazine. London, England: Ocean Media. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-21.
  3. ^ a b c "The Hugo Awards: FAQ". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-20.
  4. ^ "The Locus index to SF Awards: About the Retro Hugo Awards". Locus. Oakland, California: Locus. Archived from the original on 2010-01-03. Retrieved 2010-04-21.
  5. ^ "The Hugo Awards: Introduction". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-20.
  6. ^ "Worldcon 75: 2017 Hugo report #2" (PDF). Worldcon 75. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2017-08-15. Retrieved 2017-08-15.
  7. ^ "The Locus index to SF Awards: About the Hugo Awards". Locus. Oakland, California: Locus. Archived from the original on 2010-01-03. Retrieved 2010-04-21.
  8. ^ "World Science Fiction Society / Worldcon". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2009-04-14. Retrieved 2010-04-20.
  9. ^ "1953 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  10. ^ "1955 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  11. ^ a b c d e "1956 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2017-09-18. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  12. ^ "1958 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  13. ^ a b c d e "1959 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
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External links[edit]