Hugo Award for Best Professional Artist

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Hugo Award for Best Professional Artist
Awarded forThe best artist of works devoted primarily to science fiction or fantasy
Presented byWorld Science Fiction Society
First awarded1953
Most recent winnerSana Takeda
Websitethehugoawards.org

The Hugo Awards are given every year by the World Science Fiction Society for the best science fiction or fantasy works and achievements of the previous year. The award is named after Hugo Gernsback, the founder of the pioneering science fiction magazine Amazing Stories, and was once officially known as the Science Fiction Achievement Award.[1] The award has been described as "a fine showcase for speculative fiction" and "the best known literary award for science fiction writing".[2][3] The Hugo Award for Best Professional Artist is given each year for artists of works related to science fiction or fantasy released in the previous calendar year.[4]

The Professional Artist award has been given annually under several names since 1955, with the exception of 1957. The inaugural 1953 Hugo awards recognized "Best Interior Illustrator" and "Best Cover Artist" categories, awarded to Virgil Finlay and a tie between Hannes Bok and Ed Emshwiller, respectively. The Best Professional Artist award was simply named "Best Artist" in 1955 and 1956, was not awarded in 1957, and was named "Outstanding Artist" in 1958, finally changing to its current name the following year.[5] Beginning in 1996 Retrospective Hugo Awards, or "Retro Hugos", have been available to be awarded for years 50, 75, or 100 years prior in which no awards were given.[6] To date, Retro Hugo awards have been awarded for 1939, 1941, 1943, 1946, 1951, and 1954, and in each case an award for professional artist was given.[7]

Hugo Award nominees and winners are chosen by supporting or attending members of the annual World Science Fiction Convention, or Worldcon, and the presentation evening constitutes its central event. The selection process is defined in the World Science Fiction Society Constitution as instant-runoff voting with six nominees, except in the case of a tie. The works on the ballot are the six most-nominated by members that year, with no limit on the number of works that can be nominated.[6] The awards in 1955 and 1958 did not include any recognition of runner-up artists, but since 1959 all six candidates have been recorded.[6] Initial nominations are made by members in January through March, while voting on the ballot of six nominations is performed roughly in April through July, subject to change depending on when that year's Worldcon is held.[8] Prior to 2017, the final ballot was five works; it was changed that year to six, with each initial nominator limited to five nominations.[9] Worldcons are generally held near Labor Day, and in a different city around the world each year.[1][10]

During the 69 nomination years, 79 artists have been nominated; 23 of these have won, including co-winners and Retro Hugos. Michael Whelan has received the most awards, with 13 wins out of 24 nominations. Frank Kelly Freas has 11 wins and 28 nominations, the most nominations of any artist. Other artists with large numbers of wins or nominations include Bob Eggleton with 8 wins out of 23 nominations, Virgil Finlay with 4 out of 13, Ed Emshwiller with 4 out of 9, and Don Maitz with 2 out of 17. David A. Cherry and Thomas Canty are tied for the most nominations without an award at 10 each.

Winners and nominees[edit]

In the following tables, the years correspond to the date of the ceremony. Artists are eligible based on their work of the previous calendar year. Entries with a blue background and an asterisk (*) next to the artist's name have won the award; those with a white background are the nominees on the short-list.

  *   Winners

Year Artist(s) Ref.
1955 Frank Kelly Freas* [11]
1956 Frank Kelly Freas* [12]
Chesley Bonestell [12]
Ed Emshwiller [12]
Virgil Finlay [12]
Mel Hunter [12]
Edward Valigursky [12]
1958 Frank Kelly Freas* [13]
1959 Frank Kelly Freas* [14]
Ed Emshwiller [14]
Virgil Finlay [14]
H. R. Van Dongen [14]
Wally Wood [14]
1960 Ed Emshwiller* [15]
Virgil Finlay [15]
Frank Kelly Freas [15]
Mel Hunter [15]
Wally Wood [15]
1961 Ed Emshwiller* [16]
Virgil Finlay [16]
Frank Kelly Freas [16]
Mel Hunter [16]
1962 Ed Emshwiller* [17]
Virgil Finlay [17]
Mel Hunter [17]
John Schoenherr [17]
Alex Schomburg [17]
1963 Roy Krenkel* [18]
Ed Emshwiller [18]
Virgil Finlay [18]
Jack Gaughan [18]
John Schoenherr [18]
1964 Ed Emshwiller* [19]
Virgil Finlay [19]
Frank Frazetta [19]
Roy Krenkel [19]
John Schoenherr [19]
1965 John Schoenherr* [20]
Ed Emshwiller [20]
Frank Frazetta [20]
Jack Gaughan [20]
1966 Frank Frazetta* [21]
Frank Kelly Freas [21]
Jack Gaughan [21]
Gray Morrow [21]
John Schoenherr [21]
1967 Jack Gaughan* [22]
Frank Kelly Freas [22]
Gray Morrow [22]
John Schoenherr [22]
1968 Jack Gaughan* [23]
Chesley Bonestell [23]
Frank Frazetta [23]
Frank Kelly Freas [23]
Gray Morrow [23]
John Schoenherr [23]
1969 Jack Gaughan* [24]
Vaughn Bodé [24]
Leo Dillon and Diane Dillon [24]
Frank Kelly Freas [24]
1970 Frank Kelly Freas* [25]
Leo Dillon and Diane Dillon [25]
Jack Gaughan [25]
Eddie Jones [25]
Jeff Jones [25]
1971 Leo Dillon and Diane Dillon* [26]
Frank Kelly Freas [26]
Jack Gaughan [26]
Eddie Jones [26]
Jeff Jones [26]
1972 Frank Kelly Freas* [27]
Vincent Di Fate [27]
Jack Gaughan [27]
Jeff Jones [27]
John Schoenherr [27]
1973 Frank Kelly Freas* [28]
Vincent Di Fate [28]
Jack Gaughan [28]
Mike Hinge [28]
John Schoenherr [28]
1974 Frank Kelly Freas* [29]
Vincent Di Fate [29]
Frank Frazetta [29]
Jack Gaughan [29]
John Schoenherr [29]
1975 Frank Kelly Freas* [30]
Stephen Fabian [30]
Tim Kirk [30]
John Schoenherr [30]
Rick Sternbach [30]
1976 Frank Kelly Freas* [31]
George Barr [31]
Vincent Di Fate [31]
Stephen Fabian [31]
Rick Sternbach [31]
1977 Rick Sternbach* [32]
George Barr [32]
Vincent Di Fate [32]
Stephen Fabian [32]
1978 Rick Sternbach* [33]
Vincent Di Fate [33]
Stephen Fabian [33]
Frank Kelly Freas [33]
Michael Whelan [33]
1979 Vincent Di Fate* [34]
Stephen Fabian [34]
David A. Hardy [34]
Boris Vallejo [34]
Michael Whelan [34]
1980 Michael Whelan* [35]
Vincent Di Fate [35]
Stephen Fabian [35]
Paul Lehr [35]
Boris Vallejo [35]
1981 Michael Whelan* [36]
Vincent Di Fate [36]
Stephen Fabian [36]
Paul Lehr [36]
Don Maitz [36]
1982 Michael Whelan* [37]
Vincent Di Fate [37]
Carl Lundgren [37]
Don Maitz [37]
Rowena Morrill [37]
1983 Michael Whelan* [38]
Frank Kelly Freas [38]
Don Maitz [38]
Rowena Morrill [38]
Barclay Shaw [38]
Darrell K. Sweet [38]
1984 Michael Whelan* [39]
Val Lakey Lindahn [39]
Don Maitz [39]
Rowena Morrill [39]
Barclay Shaw [39]
1985 Michael Whelan* [40]
Vincent Di Fate [40]
Tom Kidd [40]
Val Lakey Lindahn [40]
Barclay Shaw [40]
1986 Michael Whelan* [41]
Frank Kelly Freas [41]
Don Maitz [41]
Rowena Morrill [41]
Barclay Shaw [41]
1987 Jim Burns* [42]
Frank Kelly Freas [42]
Tom Kidd [42]
Don Maitz [42]
J. K. Potter [42]
Barclay Shaw [42]
1988 Michael Whelan* [43]
David A. Cherry [43]
Bob Eggleton [43]
Tom Kidd [43]
Don Maitz [43]
J. K. Potter [43]
1989 Michael Whelan* [44]
Thomas Canty [44]
David A. Cherry [44]
Bob Eggleton [44]
Don Maitz [44]
Todd Cameron Hamilton [44]
1990 Don Maitz* [45]
Jim Burns [45]
Thomas Canty [45]
David A. Cherry [45]
James Gurney [45]
Tom Kidd [45]
Michael Whelan [45]
1991 Michael Whelan* [46]
Thomas Canty [46]
David A. Cherry [46]
Bob Eggleton [46]
Don Maitz [46]
1992 Michael Whelan* [47]
Thomas Canty [47]
David A. Cherry [47]
Bob Eggleton [47]
Don Maitz [47]
1993 Don Maitz* [48]
Thomas Canty [48]
David A. Cherry [48]
Bob Eggleton [48]
James Gurney [48]
1994 Bob Eggleton* [49]
Thomas Canty [49]
David A. Cherry [49]
Don Maitz [49]
Michael Whelan [49]
1995 Jim Burns* [50]
Thomas Canty [50]
Bob Eggleton [50]
Don Maitz [50]
Michael Whelan [50]
1996 Bob Eggleton* [51]
Jim Burns [51]
Thomas Canty [51]
Don Maitz [51]
Michael Whelan [51]
1997 Bob Eggleton* [52]
Thomas Canty [52]
David A. Cherry [52]
Don Maitz [52]
Michael Whelan [52]
1998 Bob Eggleton* [53]
Jim Burns [53]
Thomas Canty [53]
David A. Cherry [53]
Don Maitz [53]
Michael Whelan [53]
1999 Bob Eggleton* [54]
Jim Burns [54]
Donato Giancola [54]
Don Maitz [54]
Nick Stathopoulos [54]
Michael Whelan [54]
2000 Michael Whelan* [55]
Jim Burns [55]
Bob Eggleton [55]
Donato Giancola [55]
Don Maitz [55]
2001 Bob Eggleton* [56]
Jim Burns [56]
Frank Kelly Freas [56]
Donato Giancola [56]
Michael Whelan [56]
2002 Michael Whelan* [57]
Jim Burns [57]
Bob Eggleton [57]
Frank Kelly Freas [57]
Donato Giancola [57]
2003 Bob Eggleton* [58]
Jim Burns [58]
David A. Cherry [58]
Frank Kelly Freas [58]
Donato Giancola [58]
2004 Bob Eggleton* [59]
Jim Burns [59]
Frank Frazetta [59]
Frank Kelly Freas [59]
Donato Giancola [59]
2005 Jim Burns* [60]
Bob Eggleton [60]
Frank Kelly Freas [60]
Donato Giancola [60]
John Picacio [60]
2006 Donato Giancola* [61]
Jim Burns [61]
Bob Eggleton [61]
Stephan Martinière [61]
John Picacio [61]
Michael Whelan [61]
2007 Donato Giancola* [62]
Bob Eggleton [62]
Stephan Martinière [62]
John Jude Palencar [62]
John Picacio [62]
2008 Stephan Martinière* [63]
Phil Foglio [63]
John Harris [63]
John Picacio [63]
Shaun Tan [63]
2009 Donato Giancola* [64]
Daniel Dos Santos [64]
Bob Eggleton [64]
John Picacio [64]
Shaun Tan [64]
2010 Shaun Tan* [65]
Daniel Dos Santos [65]
Bob Eggleton [65]
Stephan Martinière [65]
John Picacio [65]
2011 Shaun Tan* [66]
Daniel Dos Santos [66]
Bob Eggleton [66]
Stephan Martinière [66]
John Picacio [66]
2012 John Picacio* [67]
Daniel Dos Santos [67]
Bob Eggleton [67]
Michael Komarck [67]
Stephan Martinière [67]
2013 John Picacio* [68]
Vincent Chong [68]
Julie Dillon [68]
Daniel Dos Santos [68]
Christian McGrath [68]
2014 Julie Dillon* [69]
Galen Dara [69]
Daniel Dos Santos [69]
John Harris [69]
John Picacio [69]
Fiona Staples [69]
2015 Julie Dillon* [70]
Kirk DouPonce [70]
Nick Greenwood [70]
Alan Pollack [70]
Carter Reid [70]
2016 Abigail Larson* [71]
Lars Braad Andersen [71]
Larry Elmore [71]
Michal Karcz [71]
Larry Rostant [71]
2017 Julie Dillon* [72]
Galen Dara [72]
Christian McGrath [72]
Victo Ngai [72]
John Picacio [72]
Sana Takeda [72]
2018 Sana Takeda* [73]
Galen Dara [73]
Kathleen Jennings [73]
Bastien Lecouffe-Deharme [73]
Victo Ngai [73]
John Picacio [73]

Retro Hugos[edit]

Beginning with the 1996 Worldcon, the World Science Fiction Society created the concept of "Retro Hugos", in which the Hugo award could be retroactively awarded for 50, 75, or 100 years prior. Retro Hugos may only be awarded for years in which a Worldcon was hosted, but no awards were originally given.[6][Note 1] Retro Hugos have been awarded six times, for 1939, 1941, 1943, 1946, 1951, and 1954. The 1939, 1941, and 1943 awards were given 75 years later; the other three awards were given 50 years later.[1]

Year Year awarded Artist Ref(s)
1939 2014 Virgil Finlay* [74]
Margaret Brundage [74]
Frank R. Paul [74]
Alex Schomburg [74]
H. W. "Wesso" Wessolowski [74]
1941 2016 Virgil Finlay* [75]
Hannes Bok [75]
Margaret Brundage [75]
Edd Cartier [75]
Frank R. Paul [75]
Hubert Rogers [75]
1943 2018 Virgil Finlay* [76]
Hannes Bok [76]
Margaret Brundage [76]
Edd Cartier [76]
Harold W. McCauley [76]
Hubert Rogers [76]
1946 1996 Virgil Finlay* [77]
Earle K. Bergey [77]
Hannes Bok [77]
Edd Cartier [77]
Frank R. Paul [77]
1951 2001 Frank Kelly Freas* [78]
Hannes Bok [78]
Chesley Bonestell [78]
Edd Cartier [78]
Virgil Finlay [78]
1954 2004 Chesley Bonestell* [79]
Ed Emshwiller [79]
Virgil Finlay [79]
Frank Kelly Freas [79]
Richard Powers [79]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Although no "Best Professional Artist" Hugo was awarded at the 1957 convention, Hugos were awarded in other categories, hence there was no "Retro Hugo" for 1957 awarded in 2007.[6]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]