Hugo Award for Best Semiprozine

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Hugo Award for Best Semiprozine
Awarded for The best semi-professional magazine devoted primarily to science fiction or fantasy
Presented by World Science Fiction Society
First awarded 1984
Most recent winner Lightspeed (edited by John Joseph Adams, Stefan Rudnicki, Rich Horton, Wendy N. Wagner, and Christie Yant)
Official website thehugoawards.org
Stephen H. Segal accepting the 2009 Hugo Award for Best Semiprozine for Weird Tales

The Hugo Awards are given every year by the World Science Fiction Society for the best science fiction or fantasy works and achievements of the previous year. The award is named after Hugo Gernsback, the founder of the pioneering science fiction magazine Amazing Stories, and was once officially known as the Science Fiction Achievement Award.[1] The award has been described as "a fine showcase for speculative fiction" and "the best known literary award for science fiction writing".[2][3] The Hugo Award for Best Semiprozine was given each year for semi-professionally-edited magazines related to science fiction or fantasy, published in English and which had published four or more issues, with at least one issue appearing in the previous calendar year.[4] Awards were once also given out for professional magazines in the professional magazine category, and are still awarded for fan magazines in the fanzine category.

The award was first presented in 1984, and has been given annually since. A "semiprozine" is defined for the award as a magazine in the field that is not professional but that (unlike a fanzine) either pays its contributors in something other than copies, or is (generally) available only for payment.[5] In addition to the regular Hugo awards, beginning in 1996 Retrospective Hugo Awards, or "Retro Hugos", have been available to be awarded for years 50, 75, or 100 years prior in which no awards were given.[6] To date, Retro Hugo awards have been awarded for 1939, 1946, 1951, and 1954, but the category was only available for nominations for 1951 and 1954 and failed to receive enough to form a ballot either year.[7]

Hugo Award nominees and winners are chosen by supporting or attending members of the annual World Science Fiction Convention (Worldcon), and the presentation evening constitutes its central event. The selection process is defined in the World Science Fiction Society Constitution as instant-runoff voting with five nominees, except in the case of a tie. These five works on the ballot are the most-nominated by members that year, with no limit on the number of works that can be nominated. The 1953 through 1956 and 1958 awards did not include any recognition of runner-up magazines, but since 1959 all five candidates were recorded.[6] Initial nominations are made by members in January through March, while voting on the ballot of five nominations is performed roughly in April through July, subject to change depending on when that year's Worldcon is held.[8] Worldcons are generally held near the start of September, and are held in a different city around the world each year.[1][9] At the 2008 business meeting, an amendment to the World Science Fiction Society's Constitution was passed which would remove this category. The vote to ratify this amendment was held the following year; the ratification failed and the category remained. Instead, a committee was formed to recommend improvements to the category and related categories.[10]

During the 32 nomination years, 28 magazines run by 71 editors have been nominated. Of these, only seven magazines run by eighteen editors have won. Locus won 22 times and was nominated every year until a rules change in 2012 made it ineligible for the category. Science Fiction Chronicle, Clarkesworld Magazine, and Lightspeed are the only other magazines to win more than once, with 2 awards out of 18 nominations, 3 out of 4, and 2 out of 5, respectively, while Ansible has won 1 out of 7 nominations, Interzone has won 1 out of 28, and Weird Tales has won 1 out of its 3 nominations. As editor of Locus Charles N. Brown won 21 of 27 nominations, though he shared 5 of those awards with Kirsten Gong-Wong, 3 with Liza Groen Trombi and 2 with Jennifer A. Hall. The sole editor for Chronicle‍ '​s awards was Andrew I. Porter, while David Pringle earned Interzone‍ '​s, and Ann VanderMeer and Stephen H. Segal were the editors for Weird Tales‍ '​s victory. Lightspeed‍ '​s wins were under John Joseph Adams, Rich Horton, and Stefan Rudnicki, with Wendy N. Wagner and Christie Yant added for the second win, while David Langford was the editor when Ansible was awarded. Clarkesworld Magazine‍ '​s winning years were under Neil Clarke, Sean Wallace, and Kate Baker, with 2 of the three also under Cheryl Morgan and the other under Jason Heller. The New York Review of Science Fiction has received the most number of nominations without ever winning at 22, under the helm of David G. Hartwell, Kathryn Cramer, Kevin J. Maroney, and 8 other editors. The next highest number of nominations without winning is 7 for Speculations under Kent Brewster, Denise Lee, and Susan Fry.

Winners and nominees[edit]

In the following table, the years correspond to the date of the ceremony, rather than when the work was first published. Each date links to the "year in literature" article corresponding with when the work was eligible. Entries with a blue background won the award for that year; those with a white background are the other nominees on the short-list. Note that Thrust was renamed to Quantum and was nominated under both names; no other nominated magazine has undergone a name change during the period the award has been active.[11]

  *   Winners and joint winners

Year Work Editor(s) Ref.
1984 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown [12]
Fantasy Review Collins, Robert A.Robert A. Collins [12]
Science Fiction Chronicle Porter, Andrew I.Andrew I. Porter [12]
Science Fiction Review Geis, Richard E.Richard E. Geis [12]
Whispers Schiff, Stuart DavidStuart David Schiff [12]
1985 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown [13]
Fantasy Review Collins, Robert A.Robert A. Collins [13]
Science Fiction Chronicle Porter, Andrew I.Andrew I. Porter [13]
Science Fiction Review Geis, Richard E.Richard E. Geis [13]
Whispers Schiff, Stuart DavidStuart David Schiff [13]
1986 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown [14]
Fantasy Review Collins, Robert A.Robert A. Collins [14]
Interzone Ounsley, SimonSimon Ounsley and David Pringle [14]
Science Fiction Chronicle Porter, Andrew I.Andrew I. Porter [14]
Science Fiction Review Geis, Richard E.Richard E. Geis [14]
1987 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown [15]
Fantasy Review Collins, Robert A.Robert A. Collins [15]
Interzone Ounsley, SimonSimon Ounsley and David Pringle [15]
Science Fiction Review Geis, Richard E.Richard E. Geis [15]
Science Fiction Chronicle Porter, Andrew I.Andrew I. Porter [15]
1988 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown [16]
Aboriginal Science Fiction Ryan, Charles C.Charles C. Ryan [16]
Interzone Ounsley, SimonSimon Ounsley and David Pringle [16]
Science Fiction Chronicle Porter, Andrew I.Andrew I. Porter [16]
Thrust Fratz, DougDoug Fratz [16]
1989 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown [17]
Interzone Pringle, DavidDavid Pringle [17]
The New York Review of Science Fiction Hartwell, David G.David G. Hartwell, Patrick Nielsen Hayden, Teresa Nielsen Hayden, Susan Palwick, and Kathryn Cramer [17]
Science Fiction Chronicle Porter, Andrew I.Andrew I. Porter [17]
Thrust Fratz, DougDoug Fratz [17]
1990 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown [18]
Interzone Pringle, DavidDavid Pringle [18]
The New York Review of Science Fiction Hartwell, David G.David G. Hartwell, Patrick Nielsen Hayden, Teresa Nielsen Hayden, Susan Palwick, and Kathryn Cramer [18]
Science Fiction Chronicle Porter, Andrew I.Andrew I. Porter [18]
Thrust Fratz, DougDoug Fratz [18]
1991 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown [19]
Interzone Pringle, DavidDavid Pringle [19]
The New York Review of Science Fiction Cramer, KathrynKathryn Cramer, David G. Hartwell, and Gordon Van Gelder [19]
Quantum Fratz, DougDoug Fratz [19]
Science Fiction Chronicle Porter, Andrew I.Andrew I. Porter [19]
1992 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown [20]
Interzone Pringle, DavidDavid Pringle [20]
The New York Review of Science Fiction Cramer, KathrynKathryn Cramer, David G. Hartwell, and Gordon Van Gelder [20]
Pulphouse: The Hardback Magazine Rusch, Kristine KathrynKristine Kathryn Rusch and Dean Wesley Smith [20]
Science Fiction Chronicle Porter, Andrew I.Andrew I. Porter [20]
1993 Science Fiction Chronicle* Porter, Andrew I.Andrew I. Porter [21]
Interzone Pringle, DavidDavid Pringle [21]
Locus Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown [21]
The New York Review of Science Fiction Cramer, KathrynKathryn Cramer, David G. Hartwell, Ariel Haméon, and Tad Dembinski [21]
Pulphouse: The Hardback Magazine Smith, Dean WesleyDean Wesley Smith and Jonathan E. Bond [21]
1994 Science Fiction Chronicle* Porter, Andrew I.Andrew I. Porter [22]
Interzone Pringle, DavidDavid Pringle [22]
Locus Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown [22]
The New York Review of Science Fiction Cramer, KathrynKathryn Cramer, David G. Hartwell, Ariel Haméon, and Tad Dembinski [22]
Pulphouse: The Hardback Magazine Smith, Dean WesleyDean Wesley Smith and Jonathan E. Bond [22]
Tomorrow Speculative Fiction Budrys, AlgisAlgis Budrys [22]
1995 Interzone* Pringle, DavidDavid Pringle [23]
Locus Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown [23]
The New York Review of Science Fiction Cramer, KathrynKathryn Cramer, David G. Hartwell, Ariel Haméon, and Tad Dembinski [23]
Science Fiction Chronicle Porter, Andrew I.Andrew I. Porter [23]
Tomorrow Speculative Fiction Budrys, AlgisAlgis Budrys [23]
1996 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown [24]
Crank! Cholfin, BryanBryan Cholfin [24]
Interzone Pringle, DavidDavid Pringle [24]
The New York Review of Science Fiction Cramer, KathrynKathryn Cramer, David G. Hartwell, Ariel Haméon, and Tad Dembinski [24]
Science Fiction Chronicle Porter, Andrew I.Andrew I. Porter [24]
1997 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown [25]
Interzone Pringle, DavidDavid Pringle [25]
The New York Review of Science Fiction Cramer, KathrynKathryn Cramer, Tad Dembinski, Ariel Haméon, David G. Hartwell, and Kevin J. Maroney [25]
Science Fiction Chronicle Porter, Andrew I.Andrew I. Porter [25]
Speculations Brewster, KentKent Brewster [25]
1998 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown [26]
Interzone Pringle, DavidDavid Pringle [26]
The New York Review of Science Fiction Cramer, KathrynKathryn Cramer, Ariel Haméon, David G. Hartwell, and Kevin J. Maroney [26]
Science Fiction Chronicle Porter, Andrew I.Andrew I. Porter [26]
Speculations Brewster, KentKent Brewster [26]
1999 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown [27]
Interzone Pringle, DavidDavid Pringle [27]
The New York Review of Science Fiction Cramer, KathrynKathryn Cramer, Ariel Haméon, David G. Hartwell, and Kevin J. Maroney [27]
Science Fiction Chronicle Porter, Andrew I.Andrew I. Porter [27]
Speculations Brewster, KentKent Brewster [27]
2000 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown [28]
Interzone Pringle, DavidDavid Pringle [28]
The New York Review of Science Fiction Cramer, KathrynKathryn Cramer, Ariel Haméon, David G. Hartwell, and Kevin J. Maroney [28]
Science Fiction Chronicle Porter, Andrew I.Andrew I. Porter [28]
Speculations Brewster, KentKent Brewster [28]
2001 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown [29]
Interzone Pringle, DavidDavid Pringle [29]
The New York Review of Science Fiction Cramer, KathrynKathryn Cramer, Ariel Haméon, David G. Hartwell, and Kevin J. Maroney [29]
Science Fiction Chronicle Porter, Andrew I.Andrew I. Porter [29]
Speculations Lee, DeniseDenise Lee and Susan Fry [29]
2002 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown [30]
Absolute Magnitude Lapine, WarrenWarren Lapine [30]
Interzone Pringle, DavidDavid Pringle [30]
The New York Review of Science Fiction Cramer, KathrynKathryn Cramer, David G. Hartwell, and Kevin J. Maroney [30]
Speculations Fry, SusanSusan Fry and Kent Brewster [30]
2003 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown, Jennifer A. Hall, and Kirsten Gong-Wong [31]
Ansible Langford, DavidDavid Langford [31]
Interzone Pringle, DavidDavid Pringle [31]
The New York Review of Science Fiction Cramer, KathrynKathryn Cramer, David G. Hartwell, and Kevin J. Maroney [31]
Speculations Brewster, KentKent Brewster [31]
2004 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown, Jennifer A. Hall, and Kirsten Gong-Wong [32]
Ansible Langford, DavidDavid Langford [32]
Interzone Pringle, DavidDavid Pringle [32]
The New York Review of Science Fiction Cramer, KathrynKathryn Cramer, David G. Hartwell, and Kevin J. Maroney [32]
Third Alternative Cox, AndyAndy Cox [32]
2005 Ansible* Langford, DavidDavid Langford [33]
Interzone Pringle, DavidDavid Pringle and Andy Cox [33]
Locus Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown, Jennifer A. Hall, and Kirsten Gong-Wong [33]
The New York Review of Science Fiction Cramer, KathrynKathryn Cramer, David G. Hartwell, and Kevin J. Maroney [33]
Third Alternative Cox, AndyAndy Cox [33]
2006 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown, Kirsten Gong-Wong, and Liza Groen Trombi [34]
Ansible Langford, DavidDavid Langford [34]
Emerald City Morgan, CherylCheryl Morgan [34]
Interzone Cox, AndyAndy Cox [34]
The New York Review of Science Fiction Cramer, KathrynKathryn Cramer, David G. Hartwell, and Kevin J. Maroney [34]
2007 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown, Kirsten Gong-Wong, and Liza Groen Trombi [35]
Ansible Langford, DavidDavid Langford [35]
Interzone Cox, AndyAndy Cox [35]
Lady Churchill's Rosebud Wristlet Link, KellyKelly Link and Gavin Grant [35]
The New York Review of Science Fiction Cramer, KathrynKathryn Cramer, David G. Hartwell, and Kevin J. Maroney [35]
2008 Locus* Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown, Kirsten Gong-Wong, and Liza Groen Trombi [36]
Ansible Langford, DavidDavid Langford [36]
Helix SF Sanders, WilliamWilliam Sanders and Lawrence Watt-Evans [36]
Interzone Cox, AndyAndy Cox [36]
The New York Review of Science Fiction Cramer, KathrynKathryn Cramer, Kristine Dikeman, David G. Hartwell, and Kevin J. Maroney [36]
2009 Weird Tales* VanderMeer, AnnAnn VanderMeer and Stephen H. Segal [37]
Clarkesworld Magazine Clarke, NeilNeil Clarke, Nick Mamatas, and Sean Wallace [37]
Interzone Cox, AndyAndy Cox [37]
Locus Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown, Kirsten Gong-Wong, and Liza Groen Trombi [37]
The New York Review of Science Fiction Cramer, KathrynKathryn Cramer, Kristine Dikeman, David G. Hartwell, and Kevin J. Maroney [37]
2010 Clarkesworld Magazine* Clarke, NeilNeil Clarke, Sean Wallace, and Cheryl Morgan [38]
Ansible Langford, DavidDavid Langford [38]
Interzone Cox, AndyAndy Cox [38]
Locus Brown, Charles N.Charles N. Brown, Kirsten Gong-Wong, and Liza Groen Trombi [38]
Weird Tales VanderMeer, AnnAnn VanderMeer and Stephen H. Segal [38]
2011 Clarkesworld Magazine* Clarke, NeilNeil Clarke, Sean Wallace, and Cheryl Morgan; podcast directed by Kate Baker [39]
Interzone Cox, AndyAndy Cox [39]
Lightspeed Adams, John JosephJohn Joseph Adams [39]
Locus Trombi, Liza GroenLiza Groen Trombi and Kirsten Gong-Wong [39]
Weird Tales VanderMeer, AnnAnn VanderMeer and Stephen H. Segal [39]
2012 Locus* Trombi, Liza GroenLiza Groen Trombi and Kirsten Gong-Wong [40]
Apex Magazine Valente, Catherynne M.Catherynne M. Valente, Lynne M. Thomas, and Jason Sizemore [40]
Interzone Cox, AndyAndy Cox [40]
Lightspeed Adams, John JosephJohn Joseph Adams [40]
The New York Review of Science Fiction Hartwell, David G.David G. Hartwell, Kevin J. Maroney, Kris Dikeman, and Avram Grumer [40]
2013 Clarkesworld Magazine* Clarke, NeilNeil Clarke, Jason Heller, Sean Wallace, and Kate Baker [41]
Apex Magazine Thomas, Lynne M.Lynne M. Thomas, Jason Sizemore, and Michael Damian Thomas [41]
Beneath Ceaseless Skies Andrews, Scott H.Scott H. Andrews [41]
Lightspeed Adams, John JosephJohn Joseph Adams and Stefan Rudnicki [41]
Strange Horizons Harrison, NiallNiall Harrison, Jed Hartman, Brit Mandelo, An Owomoyela, Julia Rios, Abigail Nussbaum, Sonya Taaffe, Dave Nagdeman, and Rebecca Cross [41]
2014 Lightspeed* Adams, John JosephJohn Joseph Adams, Rich Horton and Stefan Rudnicki [42]
Apex Magazine Thomas, Lynne M.Lynne M. Thomas, Jason Sizemore, and Michael Damian Thomas [42]
Beneath Ceaseless Skies Andrews, Scott H.Scott H. Andrews [42]
Interzone Cox, AndyAndy Cox [42]
Strange Horizons Harrison, NiallNiall Harrison, Brit Mandelo, An Owomoyela, Julia Rios, Abigail Nussbaum, Sonya Taaffe, Rebecca Cross, Anaea Lay, and Shane Garvin [42]
2015 Lightspeed* Adams, John JosephJohn Joseph Adams, Stefan Rudnicki, Rich Horton, Wendy N. Wagner, and Christie Yant [43]
Abyss & Apex Magazine Delmater, Wendy S.Wendy S. Delmater [43]
Andromeda Spaceways In-Flight Magazine Kernot, DavidDavid Kernot and Sue Bursztynski [43]
Beneath Ceaseless Skies Andrews, Scott H.Scott H. Andrews [43]
Strange Horizons Harrison, NiallNiall Harrison [43]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]