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November 13, 1931 |
|Known for||Sailing single-handed across the Atlantic Ocean in two tiny sailboats.|
1968 transatlantic crossing
On March 29, 1968, Vihlen departed Casablanca, Morocco, in his 5-foot, 11-inch (1.8 m) sailboat April Fool. Over the course of 84 days he sailed some 4,100 miles (6,600 km) before his progress was thwarted by winds and currents. Vihlen was able to approach to within 6 miles (9.7 km) of Miami on the night of June 20 but he was pushed back to sea by offshore winds and the currents of the Gulf Stream. The United States Coast Guard launched a search for the sailor on the morning of June 21 at the request of his parents. He was first spotted by a party aboard the First Edition, a boat owned by Fort Lauderdale publisher Ted Gore who gave Vihlen food and water. Gore offered to tow Vihlen to shore but the sailor refused. Vihlen and April Fool eventually were taken aboard the United States Coast Guard Cutter Cape Shoalwater and then Vihlen transferred to the fishing boat Sea Wolf where his son and wife were waiting for him. At the time of the voyage, Vihlen was a co-pilot for Delta Air Lines living in Homestead, Florida.
The voyage is described in Vihlen's book April Fool, or, How I Sailed from Casablanca to Florida in a Six-foot Boat.
1993 transatlantic crossing
In 1993, he chose to leave from the U.S. coast and headed for England, crossing the North Atlantic in a boat, named Father's Day, that was just 5 feet 6 inches (1.68 m) long. The story of this four-month journey is told in Vihlen's book The Stormy Voyage of Father's Day (written with the help of Joanne Kimberlin).
Father's Day was originally built at 5 feet 6 inches long. On Vihlen's first attempt out of St. John's, Newfoundland, he met his rival and new found friend Tom McNally who was also pursuing the record of crossing the North Atlantic from West to East. Tom's boat the, Big C, was 1 and 1/2 inches smaller than the Father's Day. The first attempt out of Cape Cod was thwarted by the U.S. Coast Guard. Vihlen decided to leave from Canada where the distance was shorter, the currents were closer and the U.S. Coast Guard was absent. But he failed on his second attempt due to light and variable winds. That is when he went home and cut 2 inches off of his boat. In 1993 he set out again from St. John's, Newfoundland sailing to Falmouth, England in a 5-foot 4 inch sailboat taking 115 days.
- Date information sourced from Library of Congress Authorities (control number n 96102109). Retrieved on August 19, 2010.
- "American in 6-Foot Boat Crosses Atlantic in 84 Days". New York Times. June 22, 1968.
- Longyard, William (2003). A Speck on the Sea: Epic Voyages in the Most Improbable Vessels. Camden, Maine: International Marine/McGraw-Hill. p. 255. ISBN 0-07-141306-5.
- Vihlen, Hugo (1971). April Fool, or, How I Sailed from Casablanca to Florida in a Six-foot boat. Chicago: Follett. OCLC 146985.
- RECORD-SEEKING SAILOR CLOSE TO CROSSING ATLANTIC Newslibrary.com, published on August 31, 1993
- CAPE COD SAILOR PERSISTS IN BID TO MAKE OCEAN CROSSING WON'T LET COAST GUARD BAN STOP HIM Boston Globe, published on June 6, 1993
- "The Hugo Vihlen Interview". Small Craft Advisor (17): 26–30. Sep–Oct 2002.
- Maxtone-Graham, J. A. (May 3, 1971). "An Airline-pilot-turned-navigator Describes Crossing the Atlantic in a 6-foot Boat". Sports Illustrated.