Huguang Province

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Huguang Province
CEM-36-Huguang-2433.jpg
Huguang in a 1682 Italian map of China
Traditional Chinese 湖廣
Simplified Chinese 湖广
Literal meaning The Lake Expanse
The Broad Lake Provinces

Huguang[a] was a province of China during the Yuan and Ming dynasties.[2] It was partitioned in the late Qing dynasty, becoming the provinces of Hubei and Hunan, which were administered by the viceroy of Lianghu ("The Two Lake Provinces").

Governors[edit]

Li Hongzhang was viceroy of Huguang from 1867 to 1870[citation needed].

Zhang Zhidong became the viceroy of Huguang in 1896, following the First Sino-Japanese War. He was notable for employing foreigners to train and equip the local military to the standards of a contemporary European army. The most elite of Zhang's forces were known as the "Wuchang Division".[3]

Following its partition, the separate provinces were administered by governors, while Lianghu or Huguang was collectively overseen by a viceroy.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Also formerly romanized as Hoo-kwang.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ EB (1878), Vol. V, "China".
  2. ^ "Modern Day Location of Huguang" (in Chinese). Retrieved December 1, 2010. 
  3. ^ Bonavia, David. China's Warlords. New York: Oxford University Press. 1995. ISBN 0-19-586179-5 p.30-31.