Vipera aspis hugyi

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Vipera aspis hugyi
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Viperidae
Genus: Vipera
Species: V. aspis
Subspecies: V. a. hugyi
Trinomial name
Vipera aspis hugyi
Schinz, 1833
  • Vipera Hugyi Schinz, 1833
  • Vipera Hugyii Schinz, 1833
  • Vipera Heegeri Schreiber, 1875
  • V[ipera]. Hugii F. Müller, 1880
  • Vipera aspis var. hugii
    De Betta, 1883
  • Vipera aspis var. hugyi
    — Schreiber, 1912
  • Vipera latastei var. hugyi
    Calabresi, 1924
  • Vipera aspis forma trans. rudolphi-italica
    A.F. Reuss, 1924
  • Vipera aspis hugyi
    Mertens & L. Müller, 1928
  • Rhinaspis (Latasteopara) ocellata hugii
    — A.F. Reuss, 1935
  • Vipera ammodytes hugyi
    Schwarz, 1936
  • Vipera aspis montecristi Mertens, 1956
  • Vipera (Rhinaspis) aspis hugyi Obst, 1983
  • Vipera (Rhinaspis) aspis montecristi — Obst, 1983[1]
Common names: Southern Italian asp,[2] South-Italian asp viper,[3] more.

Vipera aspis hugyi is a venomous viper subspecies[4] endemic to southern Italy.[5]


Usually, it is marked with a fused zigzag stripe and has a distinctly raised snout. Specimens from Montecristo Island, sometimes referred to as V. a. montecristi, are similar, but with a reduced tendency for the dorsal markings to fuse.[6]

Common names[edit]

The species is also known as the Southern Italian asp,[2] the South-Italian asp viper,[3] or Hugy's viper.[7] Previously, several other common names were used to describe a subspecies that is now part of the synonymy of this form, the Monte Cristo viper[2] or Monte Cristo asp viper[3] for Vipera aspis montecristi.

Geographic range[edit]

It is found in Italy in Apulia, Basilicata, Calabria, Sicily and Montecristo Island.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, Volume 1. Washington, District of Columbia: Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
  2. ^ a b c Mehrtens JM. 1987. Living Snakes of the World in Color. New York: Sterling Publishers. 480 pp. ISBN 0-8069-6460-X.
  3. ^ a b c Steward JW. 1971. The Snakes of Europe. Cranbury, New Jersey: Associated University Press (Fairleigh Dickinson University Press). 238 pp. LCCCN 77-163307. ISBN 0-8386-1023-4.
  4. ^ "Vipera aspis hugyi". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 15 August 2006. 
  5. ^ a b Vipera aspis at the Reptile Database. Accessed 12 December 2007.
  6. ^ Mallow D, Ludwig D, Nilson G. 2003. True Vipers: Natural History and Toxinology of Old World Vipers. Malabar, Florida: Krieger Publishing Company. 359 pp. ISBN 0-89464-877-2.
  7. ^ Brown JH. 1973. Toxicology and Pharmacology of Venoms from Poisonous Snakes. Springfield, Illinois: Charles C. Thomas. 184 pp. LCCCN 73-229. ISBN 0-398-02808-7.

Further reading[edit]

  • Schinz HR. 1833. Naturgeschichte und Abbildungen der Reptilien. Schaffhausen, Switzerland: Brodtmann. iv + 240 pp. + 102 plates. ("Vipera Hugyi", p. 179.)