Huila Department

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Department of Huila
Departamento del Huila
Flag of Department of Huila
Coat of arms of Department of Huila
Anthem: Alma del Huila (Huila's soul)
Huila shown in red
Huila shown in red
Topography of the department
Topography of the department
Coordinates: 2°59′55″N 75°18′16″W / 2.99861°N 75.30444°W / 2.99861; -75.30444Coordinates: 2°59′55″N 75°18′16″W / 2.99861°N 75.30444°W / 2.99861; -75.30444
Country Colombia
RegionAndean Region
Established1905
CapitalNeiva
Government
 • GovernorLuis Enrique Dussan López
Area
 • Total19,890 km2 (7,680 sq mi)
Area rank26th
Population
 (2018)[1]
 • Total1,200,386
 • Rank15th
 • Density60/km2 (160/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-05
ISO 3166 codeCO-HUI
Provinces4
Municipalities37
HDI (2017)0.709[2]
high · 21st
Websitehttps://www.huila.gov.co/

Huila (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈwila]) is one of the departments of Colombia. It is located in the southwest of the country, and its capital is Neiva.[3]

Demography and Ethnography[edit]

Huila is a department that has a population of 1,122,622 inhabitants, of which 679,667 (60.54%) people live in municipal capitals and 442,955 (39.46%) in the rest of the Huilense territory.[4] This corresponds to 2.5% of the total Colombian population. The majority of the population is settled in the Magdalena valley, with epicenters in Neiva and Garzón due to the possibilities offered by the commercial-type agricultural economy, oil exploitation, the best provision of services and the road axes connected to the central axis that borders the Magdalena. The rest of the populations are located on the coffee belt, standing out Pitalito and La Plata, the North Subregion presents a decrease in its rural population, mainly attributable to the alterations of agricultural and oil activities on the landscape. The average population density in the Department is 59.88 inhabitants / km², with the highest densities in Neiva (223.72), Pitalito (200.1) and Garzón (162.45), and with the lowest in the municipalities of Colombia and Villavieja (7.83 and 10.91 respectively).[5]

Ethnography[edit]

According to DANE, the racial composition of Huila corresponds to: 98.43% is recognized as Whites and Mestizos while only 1.57% as an ethnic population (Amerindians and Afro/Mulattos) makes it one of the most Eurocentric and less diverse departments in terms of race or ethnicity in the country.[6]

Geography[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1973 467,651—    
1985 693,712+48.3%
1993 843,798+21.6%
2005 1,011,418+19.9%
2018 1,100,386+8.8%
Source:[7]

The south of the department is located in the Colombian Massif. The Cordillera Oriental is born in this place.

Colombia's third highest peak, the Nevado del Huila volcano, is located in the department of Huila.

The Magdalena River (also called Yuma River) is Colombia's largest river, begins in the department of Huila. Some of Huila's most important towns are located in the Magdalena River Valley. Betania is a dam located on the Magdalena river. A larger dam, El Quimbo, is planned for the same river.

Landscape near Gigante

Administrative divisions[edit]

Municipalities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "DANE". Archived from the original on November 13, 2009. Retrieved February 13, 2013.
  2. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  3. ^ "Generalidades del departamento". Gobernación del Huila. Retrieved 26 April 2013.
  4. ^ "Ficha de Caracterización - DPN 2020 Huila" (PDF).
  5. ^ "Población 2018". sirhuila.gov.co. Retrieved 2021-09-03.
  6. ^ https://www.dane.gov.co/index.php/estadisticas-por-tema/demografia-y-poblacion/censo-nacional-de-poblacion-y-vivenda-2018
  7. ^ "Reloj de Población". DANE. Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadísitica. Archived from the original on 16 January 2018. Retrieved 6 July 2017.

External links[edit]