Huis ten Bosch palace
|Huis ten Bosch|
Huis ten Bosch in 2012
Location of Huis ten Bosch in the Netherlands
|Architectural style||Dutch Baroque|
|Location||The Hague, Netherlands|
|Address||Haagse Bos 10|
|Current tenants||Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands|
|Groundbreaking||2 September 1645|
|Client||Amalia of Solms-Braunfels|
|Owner||Government of the Netherlands|
|Design and construction|
Huis ten Bosch (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈɦœy̯s tɛm bɔs]; English: "House in the Woods") is a royal palace in The Hague in the Netherlands. It is one of three official residences of the Dutch Royal Family, the other two being Noordeinde Palace in The Hague and the Royal Palace in Amsterdam.
Huis ten Bosch was the home of former Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands from 1981 to 2014; the current King Willem-Alexander and his family have announced plans to move into the palace in the near future. A replica of the palace was built in Sasebo, Japan, in a theme park bearing the same name.
17th and 18th century
Construction of Huis ten Bosch began on 2 September 1645, under the direction of Bartholomeus Drijffhout, and to a design by Pieter Post and Jacob van Campen. It was commissioned by Amalia von Solms, the wife of stadtholder Frederick Henry, on a parcel of land granted to her by the States General (Loonstra 1983, Slothouwer 1945). The first stone was laid by Elizabeth of Bohemia.
After her husband's death in 1647, Amalia dedicated the palace to him. Led by the Catholic architect-painters Jacob van Campen and Pieter Post, other major Catholic artists of the day such as Gerard van Honthorst, Jacob Jordaens, Thomas Willeboirts Bosschaert, Theodoor van Thulden, Caesar van Everdingen, Salomon de Bray, Pieter Soutman, Gonzales Coques, Pieter de Grebber, Adriaen Hanneman and Jan Lievens filled the Oranjezaal ("Orange Hall" ) with paintings glorifying the late prince. The dining room was designed by Daniel Marot.
Over the next century and a half, the palace would change possession from the Nassau family, the king of Prussia, and many stadtholders until the French invaded in 1795. They gave the palace to the Batavian (Dutch) people who still own it to this day.
19th and 20th century
The National Art Gallery, predecessor of the Rijksmuseum, was housed in the building from 1800 to 1805. Napoleon Bonaparte's brother, Louis, king of Holland, briefly lived in the palace between 1805 and 1807.
When William I was proclaimed King of the Netherlands, he made Huis ten Bosch one of his official residences. It became a favourite location for many members of the Royal Family, and during World War I it became the primary residence of Queen Wilhelmina.
The Queen and her family were forced to evacuate the palace for Britain (from which the Queen's family, but not the Queen herself, would move on to Canada) when the German army invaded the Netherlands during World War II. The Nazi administration planned to demolish the palace, but the controller convinced them otherwise. However, the palace was damaged beyond habitation.
Between 1950 and 1956, the palace was restored and once again became a Royal residence. It became the prime residence once more in 1981.
The palace has undergone major reconstructions since it was built. Currently, it consists of a central part with two long wings, spanning approximately 110 m from end to end.
- Stenvert, R. et al. (2004). Monumenten in Nederland: Zuid-Holland, p. 227–228. Zwolle: Waanders Uitgevers. ISBN 90-400-9034-3.
|Dutch Rijksmonument 17517|