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Huitaca (goddess)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Huitaca
Witchcraft, sexual liberation,
arts, dance, music and Moon
Member of Muisca religion
Huitaca was cursed by Bochica
and turned into a white owl
Other namesXubchasgagua
AffiliationChía
Bachué
Nencatacoa
Chaquén
AnimalsOwl
RegionAltiplano Cundiboyacense
Ethnic groupMuisca
Equivalents
Greek equivalentHecate
Roman equivalentMorta
Slavic equivalentMarzanna
Hindu equivalentMara

Huitaca or Xubchasgagua was a rebelling goddess in the religion of the Muisca.[1] The Muisca and their confederation were a civilization who inhabited the Altiplano Cundiboyacense in the Andes. Huitaca has been described by the chroniclers Juan de Castellanos in his Elegías de varones ilustres de Indias,[2] Lucas Fernández de Piedrahita[3] and Pedro Simón.[4]

Spellings and names[edit]

Description[edit]

Huitaca was the goddess of arts, dance and music,[5][6] witchcraft, sexual liberation and the Moon.[7] According to the Muisca legends Huitaca was a goddess of extreme beauty who praised a life full of joy, games, pleasure and drunkenness who was rebelling against the patriarchal Bochica upon which he turned her into a white owl.[1]

Some chroniclers state Huitaca was another name for Moon goddess Chía[8][9] or Bachué, mother goddess of the Muisca.[7]

Huitaca in modern art[edit]

Sculptor Julia Merizalde Price has made a sculpture honouring Huitaca, picturing her after the curse of Bochica.[10]
Photographer Carlos Saavedra has made an exposition showing different indigenous women of Colombia in his search for Huitaca.[11]

Named after Huitaca[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Ocampo López, 2013, Ch. 6, p.45
  2. ^ a b Ocampo López, 2013, Ch. 6, p.46
  3. ^ a b c Ocampo López, 2013, Ch. 6, p.47
  4. ^ a b Ocampo López, 2013, Ch. 6, p.48
  5. ^ Ocampo López, 2007, Ch.V, p.221
  6. ^ (in Spanish) 2012 - Huitaca, la diosa muisca en el Palacio Liévano - El Tiempo - accessed 28-04-2016
  7. ^ a b (in Spanish) 2015 - Huitaca y el arquetipo de la diosa rebelde desde la antiguedad hasta nuestros días - accessed 28-04-2016
  8. ^ (in Spanish) Chía: Moon goddess - Pueblos Originarios - accessed 28-04-2016
  9. ^ (in Spanish) Chía: mitos y leyendas - accessed 28-04-2016
  10. ^ (in Spanish) Sculpture Huitaca - accessed 28-04-2016
  11. ^ (in Spanish) 2012 - Las hijas de la diosa chibcha 'Huitaca' - accessed 28-04-2016
  12. ^ Data related to Huitaca at Wikispecies

Bibliography[edit]

  • Ocampo López, Javier (2013), Mitos y leyendas indígenas de Colombia - Indigenous myths and legends of Colombia (in Spanish), Bogotá, Colombia: Plaza & Janes Editores Colombia S.A., pp. 1–219, ISBN 978-958-14-1416-1
  • Ocampo López, Javier (2007), Grandes culturas indígenas de América - Great indigenous cultures of the Americas (in Spanish), Bogotá, Colombia: Plaza & Janes Editores Colombia S.A., pp. 1–238, ISBN 978-958-14-0368-4