Huizhou

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Huizhou
惠州市
Prefecture-level city
Top:Hejiang Attic, Huizhou West Lake, Middle:Jiangbei skyline, Huicheng District at night Bottom:Shuangyue Bay
Motto(s): A city to benefit people (惠民之州)
Location of Huizhou in Guangdong
Location of Huizhou in Guangdong
Huizhou is located in China
Huizhou
Huizhou
Location in China
Coordinates (Huizhou government): 23°06′43″N 114°24′58″E / 23.112°N 114.416°E / 23.112; 114.416Coordinates: 23°06′43″N 114°24′58″E / 23.112°N 114.416°E / 23.112; 114.416
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceGuangdong
City1988
Municipal seatHuicheng District
Government
 • CPC SecretaryLi Yiwei (李贻伟)
 • MayorLiu Ji (刘吉)
Area
 • Prefecture-level city10,922 km2 (4,217 sq mi)
 • Urban2,672 km2 (1,032 sq mi)
 • Coastline223.6 km2 (86.3 sq mi)
Elevation15 m (49 ft)
Population (2010 census[1])
 • Prefecture-level city4,598,402
 • Density420/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
 • Urban2,344,634
 • Urban density880/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
 • Metro44,778,513
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code516000
Area code(s)0752
ISO 3166 codeCN-GD-13
GDP¥383.1 billion (2017)
$57 billion($0.11 trillion, PPP)
GDP per capita¥80,222 (2017)
$11,882($22,862, PPP)
Licence Plate粤L
Websitewww.huizhou.gov.cn

Huìzhōu (Chinese: 惠州) is a city in southeast Guangdong Province, China. It forms part of the Pearl River Delta megalopolis. Huizhou borders the provincial capital of Guangzhou to the west, Shenzhen and Dongguan to the southwest, Shaoguan to the north, Heyuan to the northeast, Shanwei to the east, and Daya Bay of the South China Sea to the south. The city has about 4.6 million inhabitants and is administered as a prefecture-level city.

In April 2018, the China Daily announced that the world's first automatic rail road was currently under construction between Dongguan and Huizhou. As a pilot project, it would contain ten railway stations, driverless trains and robotic assistance for passengers with luggage and tickets.[2]

History[edit]

During the Song dynasty, Huizhou was already a prefectural capital of the Huiyang prefecture, and it was also the cultural centre of the region.[3]

The West Lake in Huizhou, formerly known as The Feng Lake. At the age of 59, Su Dongbo was taken to Huizhou by the imperial government. When he came to visit the Feng Lake in Huizhou, he found it located in the west of the city and was as beautiful as West Lake in Hangzhou. Therefore, he renamed it as the West Lake. In order to solve the traffic problems on both sides of the West Lake, he invested to help build two bridges. Later generations named bridges as the bridge Su Di to commemorate his achievements. And the two bridges in the West Lake becomes one of the eight scenic spots in the West Lake, called "Su Di Play Moon".[4]

Huizhou used to be a prosperous region, specialised in commerce and trading; this changed during the 20th century due to wars.[5] After the 1980s, Huizhou followed the path of nearby Shenzhen and Dongguan and developed as a manufacturing base.

Economy[edit]

TCL, a major TV and multinational consumer electronics company is headquartered in Huizhou.

Development zones[edit]

Huizhou Dayawan Economic and Technological Development Zone[edit]

Huizhou Daya Bay Economic and Technological Development Zone (DBETDZ) was approved by the State Council in 1993. It had an initial area of 9.98 km2 (3.85 sq mi), and in 2006, the State Council expanded the zone to 23.6 km2 (9.1 sq mi) in three phases.

Industries encouraged in the zone include Automobile Production/Assembly, Chemical Production and Processing, Electronics Assembly & Manufacturing, and others.[6]

Huizhou Export Processing Zone[edit]

Huizhou Export Processing Zone was approved by Guangdong Provincial Government as a subzone of DBETDZ in June 2005. The planned area was 3 km2 (1.2 sq mi). The zone was considered suitable for companies focusing on electronics, auto parts, textiles and chemicals.[7]

Huizhou Zhongkai High-tech Industrial Development Zone[edit]

Huizhou Zhongkai High-tech Industrial Development Zone is connected with Shenzhen, Guangzhou and Dongguan by Huizhou-Shenzhen Highway, Guangzhou-Huizhou Highway and Dongguan-Huizhou Highway. Beijing-Kowloon Railway and Huizhou-Aotou Railway also run through the zone, linking it with Beijing, Hong Kong, and other cities along the railway. Shenzhen Bao'an International Airport is a one-and-a-half hour drive from the zone.

Huizhou Zhongkai HIDZ has established electronics, information technology and optical-, mechanical- and electronic-integration as its major industries. It also encourages investment in new materials, telecommunications, and other high-tech industries. The zone is one of the National Electronic Information Industry Bases and National Video and Audio Products Parks in China.

Administration[edit]

The prefecture-level city of Huizhou administers 5 county-level divisions, including 2 districts and 3 counties.

Map
Name Simplified Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Population
(2010 census)
Area
(km2)
Density
(/km2)
Huicheng District 惠城区 Huìchéng Qū 1,579,818 1,488.45 1,061
Huiyang District 惠阳区 Huìyáng Qū 764,816 1,205.44 664
Boluo County 博罗县 Bóluó Xiàn 1,038,198 2,855.11 364
Huidong County 惠东县 Huìdōng Xiàn 908,390 3,526.73 258
Longmen County 龙门县 Lóngmén Xiàn 307,180 2,267.2 135
Huizhou
HZ name.svg
"Huizhou", as written in Chinese
Chinese惠州
PostalWaichow
Literal meaningBenefit prefecture

Transport[edit]

Huizhou is served by the Jingjiu Railway (also known as the Guangmeishan Railway in Guangdong) with two stations: Huizhou West and Huizhou.

Huizhou Airport reopened in 2015.[citation needed] Additionally the town is about a one and one half-hour drive by bus from Shenzhen Baoan International Airport.[8] There are also coach bus services connecting Huizhou with Hong Kong International Airport (HKIA).[9]

A mass rapid transit linking it to Shenzhen was under construction as of 2011.

Language[edit]

The main languages spoken in Huizhou is Hakka Chinese (Fuiyong Dialect ), Huizhou Dialect, Hokkien Dialect, Cantonese and so on.

Military[edit]

Huizhou is headquarters of the 42nd Group Army of the People's Liberation Army, one of the two group armies that comprise the Guangzhou Military Region responsible for the defense of China's southern coast and its border with Vietnam.

Education[edit]

Educational facilities in Huizhou include:

Sport[edit]

Huizhou is a well-known city of sports in China with the opening of Huizhou Olympic Stadium in 2010.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Huizhou (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 18.6
(65.5)
19.3
(66.7)
22.2
(72)
26.1
(79)
29.3
(84.7)
31.3
(88.3)
32.7
(90.9)
32.5
(90.5)
31.2
(88.2)
28.6
(83.5)
24.2
(75.6)
20.4
(68.7)
26.4
(79.5)
Average low °C (°F) 10.2
(50.4)
11.7
(53.1)
14.9
(58.8)
19.2
(66.6)
22.5
(72.5)
24.7
(76.5)
25.4
(77.7)
25.2
(77.4)
24.0
(75.2)
20.7
(69.3)
15.8
(60.4)
11.6
(52.9)
18.8
(65.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 37.3
(1.469)
62.8
(2.472)
87.0
(3.425)
202.0
(7.953)
226.7
(8.925)
323.6
(12.74)
255.1
(10.043)
276.1
(10.87)
173.0
(6.811)
66.6
(2.622)
28.2
(1.11)
33.4
(1.315)
1,771.8
(69.755)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 6.3 10.6 12.6 14.5 18.3 18.7 17.2 18.4 13.0 6.6 5.1 4.8 146.1
Source: Weather China

Tourism[edit]

South and West Lake in Linghu

Daya Bay[edit]

Daya Bay is located to the southeast of Huizhou City, on the South China Sea, with waters covering an area of nearly 500 km2 (190 sq mi). There are nearly 100 islands and reefs in the bay. The climate is described as a typical subtropical oceanic climate, with temperatures averaging 21.8 degrees over the year.

  • Beach Spa Huizhou's seashore hot springs are filled with geothermal minerals, and boast a temperature of nearly 70 degrees Celsius.
  • Sea-level city The Sea city was built in the 18th year of the Ming dynasty, under the Hongwu Emperor (AD 1385), giving it a history of over 600 years. It is found south of the Five Ridges.
  • Elephant Head Mountain Elephant head mountain scenic area is located in the south of Boluo County, 18 kilometres from the Huizhou city area, and covers an area of 33 km2 (13 sq mi). It was formed of igneous rock in the Cretaceous period and has a main peak of 1023 meters above sea level. The mountain bedrock forms a unique "stone egg" landscape.[citation needed]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Huizhou is twinned with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "China: Administrative Division of Guăngdōng / 广东省". Retrieved 26 February 2016.
  2. ^ nan, Zhong (2 May 2018). "Automated railways being tested". China Daily. Retrieved 2 May 2018.
  3. ^ Ezra F. Vogel (October 1990). One Step Ahead in China: Guangdong Under Reform. Harvard University Press. pp. 225–226. ISBN 978-0-674-63911-9.
  4. ^ 黄建萍 (1997). 东坡到处有西湖. 江苏政协 (3): 32–32.
  5. ^ "China's Villages Are Dying. A New Film Asks If They Can Be Saved". NPR.
  6. ^ "Huizhou Dayawan Economics Technology Development Zone". Retrieved 26 February 2016.
  7. ^ "Guangdong Huizhou Export Processing Zone". Retrieved 26 February 2016.
  8. ^ "Guangdong Traffic." Shenzhen Bao'an International Airport. Retrieved on May 9, 2018.
  9. ^ "Mainland Coaches." Hong Kong International Airport. Retrieved on May 8, 2018.
  10. ^ Wainwright, Oliver (7 January 2013). "Seeing double: what China's copycat culture means for architecture". The Guardian. London: Guardian News and Media Limited. Retrieved 2014-11-15.
  11. ^ "Sister Cities". Retrieved 26 February 2016.

External links[edit]