Hujr ibn 'Adi

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Hujr ibn 'Adi
حجر بن عدي  (Arabic)
Hujr ibn Adi's Shrine.jpg
His shrine before being desecrated in 2013
Died 660 CE
Cause of death Death sentence ordered by Umayyad Caliph Muawiyah I
Resting place Adra, Syria
33°36′27″N 36°31′3″E / 33.60750°N 36.51750°E / 33.60750; 36.51750
Known for being a Companion of the Prophet
Children Humaan ibn Hujr

Hujr ibn 'Adi al-Kindi (died 660 CE) was a companion of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad.[citation needed][dubious ] He was sentenced to death by the Umayyad Caliph Muawiyah I for his unwavering support and praise for Ali, the fourth Rashidun Caliph of Islam and the first Imam of the Shias,[2] when he objected to the tradition of publicly cursing Ali. He belonged to the tribe of Kindah.

Hujr's titles[edit]

Hujr was given two title: al-Kindi and al-Adbar. The first title given to Hujr was al-Kindi. Al-Kindi in English means the person from Kindah, an Arabian tribe. The second title that was given to Hujr was al-Adbar.[3]

Character and life[edit]

Hujr ibn Uday was a pious companion of Muhammad[citation needed][dubious ] and played a vital role in the correction of the ummah. During Muawiya's reign, when the custom of cursing Imam Ali(as) from the pulpits of mosques began, but Hujr could not remain silent and he began to praise Imam Ali(as) and condemn Muawiya in Kufa. Serious altercations arose when Ziyad's governorship of Basra was extended to include Kufa. Ziyad would curse Imam Ali(as) during sermons and Hujr would refute him. On one occasion, Hujr warned Ziyad for being late for Jummah prayers. Ziyad then had him arrested along with 12 of his companions on the false claims of forming an opposition group to overthrow the Khalifa. He also gathered witnesses to testify against them. The accused were sent to death, unless they cursed Imam Ali(as) and showed their hatred to him. Ultimately, Hujr and his companions refused and they were thus killed.[citation needed]

According to some narrations, his last wish was that his son should be executed before him lest death terrifies him (his son) and therefore accede to the condition of cursing Ali.[4]

Desecration of shrine[edit]

Mosque Minaret

Hujr, his son Humaam ibn Hajar, and some other companions are buried in Adra, in the outskirts of the Syrian capital Damascus. A mosque has been built around his grave and is a pilgrimage site for Muslims.[citation needed]

On 2 May 2013, extremists (allegedly from the Wahhabi movement) attacked the mausoleum and exhumed his remains.[5] His body was taken to an unknown location by the rebels.[6] According to a report published in the NY Times, a widely distributed Facebook photo of the desecration of the pilgrimage site gives credit for the exhumation to a man named Abu Anas al-Wazir, or Abu al-Baraa, a leader of a military group called the Islam Brigade of the Free Army.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b ERDBRINK, THOMAS (6 May 2013). "Iran Warns Syrian Rebels After Report of Shrine Desecration". New York Times. Retrieved 7 May 2013. 
  2. ^ "Hujr bin Adi al-Kindi:The Great Martyr". imamreza.net. Retrieved 5 May 2013. 
  3. ^ Ibn Muḥammad (Ibn-ʻAbd-Rabbihī), Aḥmad. The Unique Necklace "al-ʻIqd Al-Farīd" Trans. Issa J. Boullata. Vol. 3. Reading, UK: Garnet Publishing Limited, 2007. Print. ISBN 1859642403 Pg. 289
  4. ^ "Shrine of the great companion Hijr ibn Adi destroyed and body reportedly exhumed". aimislam.com. 2 May 2013. 
  5. ^ "Syria militants exhume grave of Prophet's companion". Press TV. 2 May 2013. Retrieved 5 May 2013. 
  6. ^ Press TV, May 3rd 2013

History of Tabari - Hujr ibn Adi

External links[edit]