Hula, Lebanon

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Hula
حولا
Village
A view of the village of Hula, situated in Southern Lebanon
Map showing the location of Hula within Lebanon
Map showing the location of Hula within Lebanon
Hula
Location within Lebanon
Coordinates: 33°13′N 35°31′E / 33.217°N 35.517°E / 33.217; 35.517Coordinates: 33°13′N 35°31′E / 33.217°N 35.517°E / 33.217; 35.517
Grid position 198/290 PAL
Country  Lebanon
Governorate Nabatieh Governorate
District Marjeyoun District
Elevation 750 m (2,460 ft)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Dialing code +961
Website http://houla.net

Hula (Hule, Houla, Arabic: حولا‎)[1] is a small Shia Muslim village in southern Lebanon on the southern side of the Litani river near the Lebanese-Palestinian borders. It is located 750 meters above the sea-level. The largest family known there is from the family name of Yassine (Arabic: ياسين).

During the 1948 Arab-Israeli war two officers from the IDF carried out the Hula massacre in the village, killing over 80 civilians of ages 15-60.[2]

History[edit]

Several lintels, two wine-presses and one olive-press have been found here.[3]

In 1875 Victor Guérin found 300 Shia here.[4]

In 1881, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described it as: A village, built of stone, containing about 500 Shia, one of the most prominent objects in which is a Sheikh's tomb. It is situated on the hill-top, and is surrounded by olives, vines, and arable land. There are several cisterns, two birkets (one rock-cut), and a spring.[5]

Modern era[edit]

During the 2006 Israel-Lebanon conflict, on July 15, Israel killed 2 young women in an air-strike against a home in Hula.[6]

On August 7, 2006, an Israeli airstrike on Houla killed another civilian.[7][8]

The first Lebanese businessman (Abdel-Karim Yassine عبد الكريم ياسين) to establish a clothing business in Kuwait was from Hula, Lebanon.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Meaning: "properly dark green herbage", according to Palmer, 1881, p. 21
  2. ^ Journal of Palestine Studies, vol. VII, no. 4 (summer 1978), no. 28, pp. 143-145
  3. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 116
  4. ^ Guerin, 1880, pp. 382-383
  5. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 87
  6. ^ HRW, 2007, p. 91
  7. ^ HRW, 2007, p. 136
  8. ^ Booth, Jenny; agencies (August 7, 2006). "Israel threatens to widen offensive in Lebanon". The Times. 
  9. ^ "اول تاجر يبيع اللؤلؤ في دول اوربا - تاريخ الكويت". www.kuwait-history.net (in Arabic). Retrieved 2017-12-28. 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]