Hulikal

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Map showing the annual rainfall in the Western Ghats.
The hills in the Western Ghats

Hulikal is a village located in the Hosanagara taluk of the Shimoga district in the Indian state of Karnataka and is known for its heavy rainfall. The Hulikal village lies in western ghat ( Paschima ghatta in Kannada ) region of Karnatak state. The range of ghat is known by the name Hulikal ghat or Balebare ghat. The road running between Hosangadi and Mastikatte through Hulikal ghati connects coastal district of Udupi with Shivamogga ( Shimoga ) district. The Mani dam reservoir and Savehoklu reservoir are nearby. KPCL has its colony at Mastikatte near to Hulikal.

Climate[edit]

Hulikal experiences a Tropical monsoon climate under the Köppen climate classification.

Climate data for Hulikal
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.3
(84.7)
30.5
(86.9)
31.9
(89.4)
32.0
(89.6)
30.9
(87.6)
26.7
(80.1)
25.0
(77)
25.2
(77.4)
26.4
(79.5)
27.8
(82)
28.5
(83.3)
28.7
(83.7)
28.58
(83.43)
Average low °C (°F) 16.3
(61.3)
17.3
(63.1)
19.5
(67.1)
21.5
(70.7)
21.9
(71.4)
20.8
(69.4)
20.4
(68.7)
20.3
(68.5)
20.0
(68)
19.9
(67.8)
18.2
(64.8)
16.5
(61.7)
19.38
(66.88)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
18
(0.71)
142
(5.59)
1,728
(68.03)
2,835
(111.61)
2,230
(87.8)
674
(26.54)
290
(11.42)
73
(2.87)
15
(0.59)
8,005
(315.16)
Source #1: Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Karnataka[1]
Source #2: Climate-Data.org[2]

Rainfall[edit]

It is situated in the dense forests of the Western Ghats. Over the past few years it has surpassed the rainfall record held by Agumbe in Tirthahalli taluk, also in Shimoga district to be arguably called the 'rain capital' of Karnataka.[3]

However, rainfall in Amagaon of the Khanapur taluk of Belgaum district has reached the figure of 10,000 mm annual rainfall twice from 2006 to 2011. Also, Amagaon has received more rain than Agumbe and Hulikal three times from 2006 to 2011.[4]

Comparisons[edit]

According to the Guinness Book of Records in 2012, Cherrapunji in north India was once the wettest place on earth. The table below is comparison of rainfalls for between Agumbe, Hulikal and Amagaon to show which one can be called the "Cherrapunji of South India".[5]

Year Hulikal Rainfall (mm) Agumbe Rainfall (mm) Amagaon Rainfall (mm)[6]
2013 9,383 8,770 8,440
2012 8,409 6,933 5,987
2011 8,523 7,921 9,368
2010 7,717 6,929 10,068
2009 8,357 7,982 -
2008 7,115 7,199 -
2007 9,038 8,255 -
2006 8,656 8,457 -

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "DES" (PDF). DES. Retrieved 7 July 2016. 
  2. ^ "CLIMATE: HULIKAL". Retrieved 18 February 2016. 
  3. ^ Hulikal is the new Agumbe from DeccanHerald.com accessed 23 March 2013
  4. ^ Amagaon is now Cherrapunji of South from DeccanHerald.com accessed 23 March 2013
  5. ^ Hulikal in Shimoga district is wettest in State from TheHindu.com accessed 23 March 2013
  6. ^ Amagaon has got over 10,000 mm annual rainfall twice in the five years (2006-2010). The exact amount of rainfall is not available. See Amagaon is now Cherrapunji of South from DeccanHerald.com accessed 23 March 2013