Hogan in 2005
|Born||Terry Gene Bollea
August 11, 1953
Beverly Hills, California,
|Occupation||Professional wrestler, actor, television personality, entrepreneur, musician|
|Years active||1976 (musician)
|Television||Hogan Knows Best|
|Spouse(s)||Linda Hogan (m. 1983; div. 2007)
Jennifer McDaniel (m. 2010)
|Family||Horace Hogan (nephew)|
|Professional wrestling career|
|Ring name(s)||Hollywood Hulk Hogan
The Super Destroyer
|Billed height||6 ft 8 in (2.03 m)|
|Billed weight||303 lb (137 kg; 21.6 st)|
|Billed from||Venice Beach, California
(as Hulk Hogan)
(as Mr. America)
(as Hollywood Hogan)
|Trained by||Hiro Matsuda|
Terry Gene Bollea (born August 11, 1953), better known by his ring name Hulk Hogan, is a retired American professional wrestler, actor, television personality, entrepreneur and rock bassist. Hogan is regarded by many as the greatest pro wrestler of all time; according to IGN, he is "the most recognized wrestling star worldwide and the most popular wrestler of the 1980s".
Hogan enjoyed considerable mainstream popularity between the mid 1980s and early 1990s in the World Wrestling Federation (WWF, now WWE), which continued for the remainder of the 1990s in World Championship Wrestling (WCW), where he often performed as villainous nWo leader "Hollywood" Hulk Hogan. A regular pay-per-view main-eventer in both organizations, he headlined the premier annual events of the WWF and WCW, WrestleMania and Starrcade, multiple times. Aside from those promotions, Hogan has notably performed for the American Wrestling Association (AWA), New Japan Pro Wrestling (NJPW) and Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (TNA).
Hogan is a twelve-time world champion: a six-time WWF World Heavyweight Champion (with his sixth reign being as Undisputed WWF/E Champion) and a six-time WCW World Heavyweight Champion. He was the first wrestler to win consecutive Royal Rumbles, in 1990 and 1991. Hogan was inducted into the WWE Hall of Fame in 2005.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Professional wrestling career
- 2.1 Early years (1977–1979)
- 2.2 World Wrestling Federation (1979–1980)
- 2.3 New Japan Pro Wrestling (1980–1985)
- 2.4 American Wrestling Association (1981–1983)
- 2.5 Return to WWF
- 2.6 Return to NJPW (1993–1994)
- 2.7 World Championship Wrestling
- 2.8 Post-WCW endeavors (2001)
- 2.9 Second return to WWF/E
- 2.10 Second return to NJPW (2003)
- 2.11 Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (2003–2004)
- 2.12 WWE Hall of Famer (2005–2007)
- 2.13 Memphis Wrestling (2007–2008)
- 2.14 Return to TNA
- 2.15 Fourth return to WWE
- 3 Endorsements and business ventures
- 4 Other media
- 5 Personal life
- 6 Awards and honors
- 7 In wrestling
- 8 Championships and accomplishments
- 9 Notes
- 10 References
- 11 Sources
- 12 External links
Hogan was born Terry Eugene Bollea in Augusta, Georgia in 1953, the son of construction foreman Pietro "Peter" Bollea (December 6, 1913 – December 18, 2001), and his wife Ruth V. (néea`A Moody; 1922 – January 1, 2011), a homemaker and dance teacher. He has Italian, French, Scottish, and Panamanian heritage. When he was one and a half years old, his family moved to Port Tampa, Florida.
As a boy, he was a pitcher in Little League Baseball. He attracted scouts from the New York Yankees and the Cincinnati Reds, but an injury ended his baseball career. He began watching professional wrestling at 16 years old. While in high school, he revered Dusty Rhodes, and he regularly attended cards at the Tampa Sportatorium. It was at one of those wrestling cards where he first turned his attention towards Superstar Billy Graham and looked to him for inspiration; since he first saw Graham on TV, Hogan wanted to match his "inhuman" look.
Hogan was also a musician, spending ten years playing fretless bass guitar in several Florida-based rock bands. He went on to study at Hillsborough Community College and the University of South Florida. After music gigs began to get in the way of his time in college, Hogan decided to drop out of the University of South Florida before receiving a degree. Eventually, Hogan and two local musicians formed a band called Ruckus in 1976. The band soon became popular in the Tampa Bay region.
During his spare time, Hogan worked out at Hector's Gym in the Tampa Bay area, where he began lifting. Many of the wrestlers who were competing in the Florida region visited the bars where Ruckus was performing. Among those attending his performances were Jack and Gerald Brisco, two brothers who wrestled together as a tag team in the Florida region. Impressed by Hogan's physical stature, the Brisco brothers asked Hiro Matsuda – the man who trained wrestlers working for Championship Wrestling from Florida (CWF) – to make him a potential trainee. In 1976, the two brothers asked Hogan to try wrestling. Having been a wrestling fan since childhood, Hogan eventually agreed. At first, however, Mike Graham, the son of CWF promoter Eddie Graham, refused to put Hogan in the ring; according to Hogan, he met Graham while in high school and the two did not get along. However, after Hogan quit Ruckus and started telling people in town that he was going to be a wrestler, Graham finally agreed to accept the Brisco Brothers' request.
Professional wrestling career
Early years (1977–1979)
In mid-1977, after training for more than a year with Matsuda, the Brisco brothers dropped by Matsuda's gym to see Hogan. During this visit, Jack Brisco handed Hogan a pair of wrestling boots and informed him that he was scheduled to wrestle his first match the following week. In his professional wrestling debut, Eddie Graham booked him against Brian Blair in Fort Myers, Florida on August 10, 1977, in Championship Wrestling from Florida (CWF). A short time later, Bollea donned a mask and assumed the persona of "The Super Destroyer", a hooded character first played by Don Jardine and subsequently used by other wrestlers.
Hogan eventually could no longer work with Hiro Matsuda, whom he felt was an overbearing trainer, and left Championship Wrestling from Florida. After declining an offer to wrestle for the Kansas City circuit, Hogan took a hiatus from wrestling and managed The Anchor club, a private club in Cocoa Beach, Florida, for a man named Whitey Bridges. Eventually, Whitey and Hogan became close friends, and decided to open a gym together; the gym became known as Whitey and Terry's Olympic gym.
Soon after, Hogan's friend Ed Leslie (later known as Brutus Beefcake) came to Cocoa Beach to help Hogan and Bridges manage both the Anchor Club and the Whitey and Terry's Olympic Gym. On his spare time, he and Leslie worked out in the gym together, and eventually, Beefcake developed a muscular physique; Hogan was impressed by Beefcake's physical stature and became convinced that the two of them should wrestle together as tag team partners. Depressed and yearning to return to wrestling, Hogan called Superstar Billy Graham in 1978 with hopes that Graham could find him a job wrestling outside of Florida; Graham agreed and Hogan soon joined Louie Tillet's Alabama territory. Hogan also convinced Leslie, who had yet to become a wrestler, to come with him and promised to teach him everything he knew about the sport.
In Alabama, Bollea and Leslie wrestled as Terry and Ed Boulder, known as the Boulder Brothers. These early matches as a tag team with the surname Boulder being used by both men prompted a rumor among wrestling fans unaware of the inner workings of the sport that Hogan and Leslie were brothers, as few people actually knew their real names outside of immediate friends, family, and of course the various promoters the two worked for. After wrestling a show for Continental Wrestling Association (CWA) in Memphis, Jerry Jarrett, the promoter for the (CWA), approached Hogan and Leslie and offered them a job in his promotion for $800.00 a week; this was far more than the $175.00 a week they would make working for Tillet. Hogan and Leslie accepted this offer and left Tillet's territory.
During his time in Memphis, Hogan appeared on a local talk show, where he sat beside Lou Ferrigno, star of the television series The Incredible Hulk. The host commented on how Terry, who stood 6 ft 7 in (201 cm) and weighed 295 pounds with 24 inch biceps, actually dwarfed "The Hulk". Watching the show backstage, Mary Jarrett noticed that Hogan was actually bigger than Ferrigno, who was well known at the time for having large muscles. As a result, Bollea began performing as Terry "The Hulk" Boulder and sometimes wrestled as Sterling Golden.
In May 1979, Bollea had an early shot at the NWA World Heavyweight Championship, which at the time was generally recognized as the highest honor in wrestling, against Harley Race. On December 1, 1979, Bollea won his first professional wrestling championship, the NWA Southeastern Heavyweight Championship (Northern Division), recognized in Alabama and Tennessee, when he defeated Bob Roop in Knoxville, Tennessee. Bollea would drop the title in January 1980 to Bob Armstrong. Bollea briefly wrestled in the Georgia Championship Wrestling (GCW) territory from September thru December 1979 as Sterling Golden.
World Wrestling Federation (1979–1980)
Later that year, former NWA World Heavyweight Champion Terry Funk introduced Bollea to the company head Vincent J. McMahon, who was impressed with his charisma and physical stature. McMahon, who wanted to use an Irish name, gave Bollea the last name Hogan, and also wanted him to dye his hair red. Hogan claims his hair was already beginning to fall out by that time, and he refused to dye it, simply replying, "I'll be a blond Irish". Hogan wrestled his first match in the World Wrestling Federation (WWF) on November 17 defeating Harry Valdez on Championship Wrestling. He made his first appearance at Madison Square Garden, defeating Ted DiBiase after a bearhug. McMahon gave Hogan former tag team champion Tony Altomare as chaperone and guide. At this time, Hogan wrestled Bob Backlund for the World Championship, and he started his first big feud with André the Giant, which culminated in a match with André at Shea Stadium in August 1980. During his initial heel run in the WWF, Hogan was paired with "Classy" Freddie Blassie, a wrestler-turned-manager.
New Japan Pro Wrestling (1980–1985)
In 1980, Hogan began appearing in New Japan Pro Wrestling (NJPW) where Japanese wrestling fans nicknamed him "Ichiban" (which translates to "Number One"). Hogan first appeared on May 13, 1980, while he was still with the WWF. He occasionally toured the country over the next few years, facing a wide variety of opponents ranging from Tatsumi Fujinami to Abdullah the Butcher. When competing in Japan, Hogan used a vastly different repertoire of wrestling moves, relying on more technical, traditional wrestling holds and maneuvers as opposed to the power-based, brawling style American fans became accustomed to seeing from him. In addition, Hogan used the Axe Bomber, a crooked arm lariat, as his finisher in Japan instead of the running leg drop that has been his standard finisher in America. Hogan still made appearances for the WWF, even unsuccessfully challenging Pedro Morales for the Intercontinental Championship on March 26, 1981. On June 2, 1983, Hogan became the first International Wrestling Grand Prix (IWGP) tournament winner (although he held the IWGP Heavyweight Championship belt, this was not the beginning of the actual championship), defeating Antonio Inoki by knockout in the finals of a 10-man tournament. Hogan and Inoki also worked as partners in Japan, winning the MSG Tag League tournament two years in a row: in 1982 and 1983. In 1984, Hogan returned to NJPW to wrestle Inoki in the finals of the IWGP League, in which he lost the belt by countout, thanks to interference from Riki Choshu. Hogan also defended his WWF World Heavyweight Championship against Inoki, Seiji Sakaguchi, and Tatsumi Fujinami among others, until the WWF ended their relationship with New Japan in October 1985.
American Wrestling Association (1981–1983)
After filming his scene for Rocky III against the elder McMahon's wishes, Hogan made his debut in the American Wrestling Association (AWA), owned by Verne Gagne. Hogan started his AWA run as a heel, taking on "Luscious" Johnny Valiant as his manager. This didn't last for long as the AWA fans fell in love with Hogan's presence and Hogan became the top face of the AWA, battling the Heenan Family and Nick Bockwinkel.
Hogan's turn as a face came at the end of July 1981. During a television taping that aired in August, Jerry Blackwell, after suffering a pinfall loss to Brad Rheingans, began beating down Rheingans and easily fighting off anyone who tried to run in for the save; however, Hogan ran in, got the upper hand and ran Blackwell from the ring. Hogan was eventually victorious in his feud with Blackwell and by the end of 1981, gained his first title matches against Bockwinkel, and as word began spreading about Hogan's prolific role in the soon-to-be-released Rocky III, Hogan's star power only grew.
It was through those encounters that Hogan began matching wits with Heenan, a man that he would feud with throughout the remainder of the 1980s.
Return to WWF
The crowning of Hulkamania (1983–1984)
After purchasing the company from his father in 1982, Vincent K. McMahon had plans to expand the territory into a nationwide promotion, and he handpicked Hulk Hogan to be the company's showpiece attraction due to his charisma and name recognition. Hogan made his return at a television taping in St. Louis, Missouri on December 27, 1983 defeating Bill Dixon.
On the January 7, 1984, episode of Championship Wrestling, Hogan confirmed his face status for the WWF fans by saving Bob Backlund from a three-way assault by The Wild Samoans. Hogan's turn was explained simply by Backlund: "He's changed his ways. He's a great man. He's told me he's not gonna have Blassie around". The storyline shortcut was necessary because less than three weeks later on January 23, Hogan won his first WWF World Heavyweight Championship, pinning The Iron Sheik (who had Blassie in his corner) in Madison Square Garden. The storyline accompanying the victory was that Hogan was a "last minute" replacement for the Sheik's original opponent Bob Backlund, and became the champion by way of being the first man to escape the camel clutch (the Iron Sheik's finishing move). The backstage story was that then champion Bob Backlund had refused to let Hogan win the title from him, demanding that any wrestler to whom he lost the belt have a legitimate wrestling background. As a consequence, The Iron Sheik won the title from Backlund first and then dropped it to Hogan. This was mostly made however, to not make two faces (Backlund was a face at the time) face each other.
Immediately after the title win, commentator Gorilla Monsoon proclaimed "Hulkamania is here!". Hogan frequently referred to his fans as "Hulkamaniacs" in his interviews and introduced his three "demandments": training, saying prayers, and eating vitamins. Eventually, a fourth demandment (believing in oneself) was added during his feud with Earthquake in 1990. Hogan's ring gear developed a characteristic yellow-and-red color scheme; his ring entrances involved him Ritualistically ripping his shirt off his body, flexing, and listening for audience cheers in an exaggerated manner. The majority of Hogan's matches during this time involved him wrestling heels who had been booked as unstoppable monsters, using a format which became near-routine: Hogan would deliver steady offense, but eventually lose momentum, seemingly nearing defeat. After being hit with his opponent's finishing move, he would then experience a sudden second wind, fighting back while "feeding" off the energy of the audience, becoming impervious to attack – a process described as "Hulking up". His signature maneuvers – pointing at the opponent (which would later be accompanied by a loud "you!" from the audience), shaking his finger to scold him, three punches, an Irish whip, the big boot and running leg drop – would follow and ensure him a victory. That finishing sequence would occasionally change depending on the storyline and opponent; for instance, with "giant" wrestlers, the sequence might involve a body slam.
Over the next year, Hulk Hogan became the face of professional wrestling as McMahon pushed the WWF into a pop culture enterprise with The Rock 'n' Wrestling Connection on MTV, drawing record houses, pay-per-view buyrates, and television ratings in the process. The centerpiece attraction for the first WrestleMania on March 31, 1985, Hogan teamed with legit friend, TV and movie star Mr. T, to defeat his archrival "Rowdy" Roddy Piper and "Mr Wonderful" Paul Orndorff. On the first episode of Saturday Night's Main Event, Hogan successfully defended the WWF title against Cowboy Bob Orton in a match which Hogan won by a disqualification (Orton had been in the corner of Piper and Orndorff at WrestleMania and had accidentally caused his team's defeat by knocking out Orndorff after he jumped from the top turnbuckle and hit him in the back of the head with his arm cast in a shot meant for Hogan).
Hogan was named the most requested celebrity of the 1980s for the Make-a-Wish Foundation children's charity. He was featured on the covers of Sports Illustrated (the first and as of 2013, only professional wrestler to do so), TV Guide, and People magazines, while also appearing on The Tonight Show and having his own CBS Saturday morning cartoon titled Hulk Hogan's Rock 'n' Wrestling. Hogan, as the premier WWF icon, headlined seven of the first eight WrestleMania events. He also co-hosted Saturday Night Live on March 30, 1985 during this lucrative run. AT&T reported that the 900 number information line he ran while with the WWF was the single biggest 900 number from 1991 to 1993. Hogan continued to run a 900 number after joining World Championship Wrestling.
International renown (1985–1988)
On the October 5, 1985 episode of Saturday Night's Main Event, he successfully defended the title against Nikolai Volkoff in a flag match. He met long-time rival Roddy Piper in a WWF title match at the Wrestling Classic pay-per-view (PPV) event. Hogan retained the title by disqualification after Bob Orton interfered and hit Hogan with his cast. Hogan had many challengers in the way as the new year began. Throughout 1986, Hogan made successful title defenses against challengers such as Terry Funk, Don Muraco, King Kong Bundy (in a steel cage match at WrestleMania 2), Paul Orndorff, and Hercules Hernandez.
In the fall of 1986, Hogan occasionally wrestled in tag matches with The Machines as Hulk Machine under a mask copied from New Japan Pro Wrestling gimmick "Super Strong Machine". At WrestleMania III in 1987, Hogan was booked to defend the title against André the Giant, who had been the sport's premier star and was pushed as undefeated for the previous fifteen years. A new storyline was introduced in early 1987; Hogan was presented a trophy for being the WWF Champion for three consecutive years. André the Giant, a good friend came out to congratulate him. Shortly afterward, André was presented a slightly smaller trophy for being "undefeated in the WWF for 15 years". Hogan came out to congratulate André, who walked out in the midst of Hogan's speech. Then, on an edition of Piper's Pit, Hogan was confronted by Bobby Heenan, who announced that André was his new protégé, and Andre challenged Hogan to a title match at WrestleMania III. At WrestleMania III, Hogan successfully defended the WWF World Heavyweight Championship against André the Giant. During the match, Hogan bodyslammed the 520-pound Frenchman (which was dubbed "the bodyslam heard around the world") and won the match after a leg drop.
The Mega Powers (1988–1989)
Hogan remained WWF Champion for four years (1,474 days). In front of 33 million viewers, however, Hogan finally lost the title to André on the February 5 episode of The Main Event after a convoluted scam involving "The Million Dollar Man" Ted DiBiase and Earl Hebner (who assumed the place of his twin brother Dave Hebner, the match's appointed referee). After André delivered a belly to belly suplex on Hogan, Hebner counted the pin while Hogan's left shoulder was clearly off the mat. After the match, André handed the title over to DiBiase to complete their business deal. As a result, the WWF Championship was vacated for the first time in its 25-year history because WWF President Jack Tunney decreed the championship could not be sold from one wrestler to another. At WrestleMania IV, Hogan participated in a tournament for the vacant WWF title to regain it; he and André were given a bye into quarter-finals, but their match resulted in a double disqualification. Later that night in the main event, Hogan came to ringside to stop André interfering which helped "Macho Man" Randy Savage defeat Ted DiBiase to win the title.
Together, Hogan, Savage, and manager Miss Elizabeth formed a partnership known as The Mega Powers. After Savage became WWF Champion at WrestleMania IV, they feuded with The Mega Bucks (Ted DiBiase and André the Giant) and defeated them at the main event of the first SummerSlam. They then went on to feud with Slick's Twin Towers: Akeem and Big Boss Man.
In mid-1988, Hogan wrestled at house shows in singles competition with his "War Bonnet", a red and yellow gladiator helmet with a fist-shaped crest. This was notably used to give Bad News Brown his first WWF loss at a Madison Square Garden house show before it was discarded altogether. The War Bonnet gimmick was revisited in the WWE's online comedy series Are You Serious? in 2012.
The Mega Powers began to implode due to Savage's burgeoning jealousy of Hogan and his paranoid suspicions that Hogan and Elizabeth were more than friends. At the Royal Rumble in 1989, Hogan eliminated Savage from the Royal Rumble match while eliminating Bad News Brown, which caused tension, only to be eliminated by the Twin Towers himself. The duo broke up while wrestling The Twin Towers on the February 3, 1989 episode of The Main Event. During the match, Savage accidentally collided with Miss Elizabeth. Hogan took her backstage to receive medical attention, temporarily abandoning Savage. When he returned to the ring, Savage slapped Hogan and left the ring, where Hogan eventually won the match by himself. After the match, Savage attacked Hogan backstage, which started a feud between the two. Their feud culminated in Hogan beating Savage for his second WWF Championship at WrestleMania V.
WWF World Heavyweight Champion (1989–1992)
Hogan's second run lasted a year, during which time he starred in the movie No Holds Barred. The film was the inspiration of a feud with Hogan's co-star Tom Lister, Jr., who appeared at wrestling events as his movie character, Zeus. Zeus was a monster heel who was "jealous" over Hogan's higher billing and wanted revenge. Hogan, however, was easily able to defeat Zeus in a series of matches across the country during late 1989, beginning with a tag team match at SummerSlam, in which Hogan and Brutus Beefcake topped Zeus and Savage. Hogan and Zeus would later meet at the Survivor Series where the "Hulkamaniacs" faced the "Million Dollar Team". In the early part of the match, Hogan put Zeus over by hitting him with everything to no effect before Zeus then dominated Hogan until Zeus was disqualified by referee Dave Hebner. Hogan and Beefcake then defeated Zeus and Savage in a rematch at the No Holds Barred pay-per-view to end the feud. Hogan also had defeated Savage to retain his WWF World Heavyweight Championship in their WrestleMania rematch on October 10, 1989, at United Kingdom-only pay-per-view First WWF UK Event at London Arena.
During his second run, Hogan won the 1990 Royal Rumble match. He dropped the title to then Intercontinental Champion The Ultimate Warrior in a title versus title match at WrestleMania VI on April 1, 1990.
Hogan soon became embroiled in a heated feud with the 468-pound Earthquake, who had crushed Hogan's ribs in a sneak attack on The Brother Love Show in May 1990. On television, announcers explained that Hogan's injuries and his WrestleMania VI loss to Warrior both took such a huge toll on his fighting spirit that he wanted to retire. Viewers were asked to write letters to Hogan and send postcards asking for his return (they got a postcard-sized picture in return, autographed by Hogan, as a "thank-you"). Hogan returned by SummerSlam and for several months, dominated Earthquake in a series of matches across the country. His defeat of this overwhelmingly large foe caused Hogan to add a fourth demandment: believing in yourself. He also became known as "The Immortal" Hulk Hogan. Hogan then became the first wrestler to win two Royal Rumble matches in a row, as he won the 1991 Royal Rumble match.
At WrestleMania VII, Hogan stood up for the USA against Sgt. Slaughter, defeating him for his third WWF Championship, and then defeating him again in the rematch at United Kingdom-only pay-per-vew UK Rampage at London Arena. In the fall of 1991, Hogan was challenged by Ric Flair, the former NWA champion who recently arrived in the WWF. The feud remained unresolved, as Hogan lost the WWF title to The Undertaker at Survivor Series, and he won it back at This Tuesday in Texas six days later. Flair had interfered in both matches and due to the resulting controversy, the title was again declared vacant.
The WWF Championship was decided at the 1992 Royal Rumble in the Royal Rumble match. Hogan failed to regain the championship as he was eliminated by friend Sid Justice and in turn caused Sid to be eliminated, leaving Ric Flair the winner and new champion. Hogan and Sid patched things up and teamed together on the February 8, 1992 episode of Saturday Night's Main Event against Flair and Undertaker, but during the match Sid abandoned Hogan, starting their feud. At WrestleMania VIII, Hogan defeated Sid via disqualification due to interference by Sid's manager Harvey Wippleman. Hogan was then attacked by Papa Shango and was saved by the returning Ultimate Warrior.
At this time, news sources began to allege that Dr. George Zahorian, a doctor for the Pennsylvania State Athletic Commission, had been selling steroids illegally to wrestlers in general and Hogan in particular. Hogan appeared on an episode of The Arsenio Hall Show to deny the allegations. Due to intense public scrutiny, Hogan took a leave of absence from the company.
Brief comeback (1993)
Hogan returned to the WWF in February 1993, helping out his friend Brutus Beefcake in his feud with Money Inc. ("The Million Dollar Man" Ted DiBiase and Irwin R. Schyster), and officially renaming themselves The Mega-Maniacs, taking on Money Inc.'s former manager "The Mouth of the South" Jimmy Hart (a long time friend of Hogan's outside of wrestling) as their manager in what was the first time WWF audiences had seen Hart as a face. At WrestleMania IX, Hogan and Beefcake took on Money Inc. for the WWF Tag Team Championship. Hogan went into the match sporting a cut above a black eye. The WWF used Hogan's injury in a storyline that had DiBiase allegedly paying a group of thugs in a failed attempt to take Hogan out before WrestleMania. Later that night, Hogan won his fifth WWF Championship by pinning Yokozuna only moments after Yokozuna had defeated Bret Hart.
McMahon then planned that Hogan and Bret Hart would eventually fight in a big match at SummerSlam in which Hogan would drop the title to Hart. Hogan did not want to drop the title in a clean loss to Hart, due to Hart's size and doubts over whether he could draw. He opted to lose the title to the heel Yokozuna instead. At the first annual King of the Ring pay-per-view on June 13, 1993, Hogan defended the championship against the former champion, Yokozuna, in his first title defense since defeating Yokozuna at WrestleMania IX. Yokozuna kicked out of Hogan's signature leg drop and scored the pinfall after Hogan was blinded by a fireball shot by a "Japanese photographer" (actually a disguised Harvey Wippleman). This was Hogan's idea as he did not want Yokozuna to gain a clean victory over him. The victorious Yokozuna proceeded to give Hogan a Banzai Drop. This was Hogan's last WWF pay-per-view appearance until 2002, as both he and Jimmy Hart were preparing to leave the promotion. Hogan continued his feud on the international house show circuit with Yokozuna until August 1993. After that, Hogan sat out the rest of his contract which expired later that year.
Return to NJPW (1993–1994)
On May 3, 1993, Hulk Hogan returned to NJPW as WWF Champion, defeating IWGP Heavyweight Champion The Great Muta in a dream match at Wrestling Dontaku 1993. Hogan wrestled against Muta again, under his real name, Keiji Mutoh on September 26, 1993. Hogan also wrestled The Hell Raisers with Muta and Masahiro Chono as his partners. His last match in Japan was on January 4, 1994, at Battlefield, when he defeated Tatsumi Fujinami.
World Championship Wrestling
WCW World Heavyweight Champion (1994–1996)
In June 1994, Hogan signed with Ted Turner's World Championship Wrestling (WCW) and began appearing on television the next month. He won the WCW World Heavyweight Championship in his debut match, defeating Ric Flair in a dream match at Bash at the Beach. He held the title for the next fifteen months before dropping it to The Giant at Halloween Havoc via disqualification. Following the controversial loss (which was due to a "contract clause"), the WCW title became vacant.
In early 1996, Hogan continued his feud with The Giant, before teaming with Randy Savage in a feud with the Alliance to End Hulkamania. After coming out victorious from his feuds, Hogan began to only appear occasionally on WCW programming.
New World Order (1996–1999)
At Bash at the Beach in 1996, during a six-man tag team match pitting The Outsiders (Kevin Nash and Scott Hall) against WCW loyalists, Hogan interfered on behalf of Nash and Hall, attacking Randy Savage, thereby becoming a villainous character for the first time in nearly fifteen years. After the match, Hogan delivered a promo, accosting the fans and WCW for under-appreciating his talent and drawing power, and announcing the formation of the New World Order (nWo). The new stable gained prominence in the following weeks and months. Hogan grew a beard alongside his famous mustache and dyed it black, traded his red and yellow garb in for black and white clothing, often detailed with lightning bolts, and renamed himself "Hollywood" Hulk Hogan (often shortened to Hollywood Hogan).
Hogan won his second WCW World Heavyweight Championship at Hog Wild defeating The Giant for the title. He spray painted "nWo" across the title belt, scribbled across the nameplate, and referred to the title as the "nWo title". Hogan then started a feud with Lex Luger after Luger and The Giant defeated Hogan and Dennis Rodman in a tag team match at Bash at the Beach. On the August 4, 1997, episode of Nitro, Hogan lost the WCW title to Luger by submission. Five days later, at Road Wild, Hogan defeated Luger to regain the WCW title. Hogan then lost the title to Sting in a match at Starrcade. In the match, WCW's newly contracted Bret Hart accused referee Nick Patrick of fast-counting a victory for Hogan and had the match restarted – with himself as referee. Sting later won by submission. After a rematch the following night, where Sting controversially retained the title, the WCW World Heavyweight Championship became vacant. Sting then went on to win the vacant title against Hogan at SuperBrawl VIII.
Hogan then developed a rivalry with former friend (and recent nWo recruit) Randy Savage, who had just cost Hogan the title match at SuperBrawl by hitting him with a spray can. The feud culminated in a steel cage match at Uncensored, which ended in a no contest. Savage took the WCW World Heavyweight Championship from Sting at Spring Stampede, while Hogan teamed with Kevin Nash to take on Roddy Piper and The Giant in the first-ever Bat match. Hogan betrayed Nash by hitting him with the bat and then challenged Savage the following night for his championship. In the no disqualification match for Savage's newly won title, Nash entered the ring and powerbombed Hogan as retribution for the attack the previous night. Bret Hart interfered moments later and jumped in to attack Savage and preserve the victory for Hogan, who won his fourth WCW World Heavyweight Championship. However, Nash's attack on him signified a split of the nWo into two separate factions – Hogan's became nWo Hollywood and Nash's became nWo Wolfpac – that feuded with each other for the remainder of the year.
Hogan defended the title until July of that year, when WCW booked him in a match against newcomer and then WCW United States Heavyweight Champion Goldberg, who had yet to lose a match in the company. Late in the match, Hogan was distracted by Karl Malone, and Goldberg pinned Hogan to win the WCW World Heavyweight Championship.
Hogan spent the rest of 1998 wrestling celebrity matches. His second tag team match with Dennis Rodman pitted them against Diamond Dallas Page and Karl Malone at Bash at the Beach and at Road Wild, he and Eric Bischoff lost to Page and Jay Leno thanks to interference from Kevin Eubanks. Hogan also had a critically panned rematch with The Warrior at Halloween Havoc, where his nephew Horace aided his victory.
On the Thanksgiving episode of The Tonight Show with Jay Leno, Hogan officially announced his retirement from professional wrestling, as well as his candidacy for President of the United States. Campaign footage aired on Nitro of Hogan and Bischoff holding a press conference, making it appear legitimate. In the long run, however, both announcements were false and merely done as a publicity stunt attempting to draw some of the hype of Jesse Ventura's Minnesota gubernatorial win back to him.
After some time off from WCW, Hogan returned on the January 4, 1999, episode of Nitro to challenge Kevin Nash for the WCW title. Hogan won the match for his fifth WCW World Heavyweight Championship, but many people found the title change to be "scandalous". As a result, the warring factions of the nWo reunited into one group, which began feuding with Goldberg and The Four Horsemen.
Conflicts with Vince Russo (1999–2000)
He then lost the title to Ric Flair at Uncensored in a Steel Cage First Blood match. Later, Hogan was severely injured in a Texas tornado match for the world championship featuring him, Sting, Diamond Dallas Page, and Flair at Spring Stampede
On the July 12 episode of Nitro, Hogan made his return as a fan favorite for the first time in three years and accepted an open challenge from Savage, who had gained the world title at Bash at the Beach the night before in a tag team match by pinning Kevin Nash. Thanks to interference from Nash, Hogan defeated Savage to win his sixth and final WCW World Heavyweight Championship. Nash turned on him the next week, however, and the two began a feud that lasted until the next pay-per-view.
On August 9, 1999, he started the night dressed in the typical black and white, but after a backstage scene with his son, Hogan came out dressed in the traditional red and yellow for his main-event 6-man tag team match. He then defeated Nash in a retirement match at Road Wild to retain his title. Injuries and frustrations were mounting up however, and he was absent from television from October 1999 to February 2000. In his book Hollywood Hulk Hogan, Bollea said that he was asked to take time off by newly hired head of creative booking Vince Russo and was not told when he would be brought back at the time. Despite some reservations, he agreed to do so. On October 24 at Halloween Havoc, Hogan was to face Sting for the WCW World Heavyweight Championship. Hogan, however, came to the ring in street clothes, laid down for the pin, and left the ring.
Soon after his return in February 2000, at Bash at the Beach on July 9, Hogan was involved in a controversial work with Vince Russo. Hogan was scheduled to challenge Jeff Jarrett for the WCW World Heavyweight Championship. Before the match, there was a backstage dispute between Hogan and Russo; Hogan wanted to take the title, but Russo was going to have Jarrett win, and lose it to Booker T. Russo told Hogan that he was going to have Jarrett lay down for him, simulating a conflict, although Jarrett wasn't told it was a work. When the bell rang, Jarrett laid down in the middle of the ring while Russo threw the WCW World Heavyweight Championship belt in the ring and yelled at Hogan from ringside to pin Jarrett. A visibly confused Hogan complied with a foot on Jarrett's chest after getting on the microphone and telling Russo, "Is this your idea, Russo? That's why this company is in the damn shape it's in, because of bullshit like this!". After winning and being announced as the new WCW World Heavyweight Champion, Hogan immediately took the WCW title. Moments later, Russo returned to the ring, angrily proclaiming, "I can guarantee you that this is the last time you will ever see that piece of shit in a WCW stadium!". This is also when the public discovered, through Russo, the "creative control" clause that Hogan had, which meant that Hogan was able to control what would happen with his own character and be able to do so without anyone else being able to tell him no. In his Bash at the Beach shoot promo, Russo said that he was arguing with Hogan all day prior to the event in the back because he wanted to use the clause in the Jarrett match, saying, "That means that, in the middle of this ring, when [Hogan] knew it was bullshit, he beats Jeff Jarrett!".
Since Hogan refused to job to Jeff Jarrett, a new WCW World Heavyweight Championship was created, setting the stage for a title match between Booker T and Jarrett later that night. As a result, Hogan filed a defamation of character lawsuit against Russo soon after, which was eventually dismissed in 2002. Russo claims the whole thing was a work, and Hogan claims that Russo made it a shoot. Eric Bischoff agreed with Hogan's side of the story when he wrote that Hogan winning and leaving with the title was a work (devised by Bischoff rather than Russo), and that he and Hogan celebrated after the event over the success of the angle, but that Russo coming out to fire Hogan was an unplanned shoot which led to the lawsuit filed by Hogan. It was the last time he was seen in WCW.
Post-WCW endeavors (2001)
In the months following the eventual demise of WCW in March 2001, Hogan underwent surgery on his knees in order for him to wrestle again. As a test, Hogan worked a match in Orlando, Florida for the Xcitement Wrestling Federation (XWF) promotion run by his longtime handler Jimmy Hart. Hogan defeated Curt Hennig in this match and felt healthy enough to accept an offer to return to the WWF in February 2002.
Second return to WWF/E
Undisputed WWF/E Champion (2002–2003)
At No Way Out in 2002, Hogan returned to the WWF. Returning as leader of the original nWo with Scott Hall and Kevin Nash, the three got into a confrontation with The Rock and cost Stone Cold Steve Austin a chance at becoming the Undisputed WWF Champion against Chris Jericho in the main event. The nWo feuded with both Austin and The Rock, and Hogan accepted The Rock's challenge to a match at WrestleMania X8. At the event, Hogan asked Hall and Nash not to interfere, wanting to defeat The Rock by himself. Despite the fact that Hogan was supposed to be the heel in the match, the crowd cheered for him heavily. The Rock cleanly won the contest, but befriended Hogan at the end of the bout and helped him fight off Hall and Nash, who were upset by Hogan's conciliatory attitude. After the match, Hogan was a definite face again, siding with The Rock, though he continued wearing black and white tights for a few weeks after WrestleMania X8 until he resumed wearing his signature red and yellow tights. During this period, the "Hulk Rules" logo of the 1980s was redone with the text "Hulk Still Rules", and Hogan also wore the original "Hulk Rules" attire 12 years earlier, when he headlined WrestleMania VI at the same arena, in the SkyDome. For a time, he was still known as "Hollywood" Hulk Hogan, notably keeping the Hollywood Hogan style blond mustache with black beard while wearing Hulkamania-like red and yellow tights and using the "Voodoo Child" entrance theme music he used in WCW. On April 4, Hogan feuded with Triple H and defeated him for the Undisputed WWF Championship and sixth and final WWF Championship at Backlash, thus becoming the last ever WWF Champion before the initials dispute against the World Wildlife Fund For Nature. On May 19 at Judgment Day, he lost the title to The Undertaker. After losing a number one contender match for the WWE Undisputed Championship to Triple H on June 6, Hogan began feuding with Kurt Angle resulting in a match between the two at the King of the Ring, which Angle won by submission.
On the July 4, 2002, episode of SmackDown!, Hogan teamed with Edge to defeat Billy and Chuck and capture the WWE Tag Team Championship for the first time. They celebrated by waving the American flag as the overjoyed audience sang along to Hogan's theme song "Real American". They later dropped the titles to The Un-Americans (Lance Storm and Christian), at Vengeance. In August 2002, Hogan was used in an angle with Brock Lesnar, culminating in a main event singles match. Lesnar won by submission (the match was called after Hogan became unconscious from a bear hug hold). Lesnar became only the second WWE wrestler to defeat Hogan by submission (after Kurt Angle), and the first to defeat Hogan by having the match called. Following the match, Lesnar continued to beat on Hogan, leaving him bloody and unconscious in the ring. As a result of Lesnar's assault, Hogan went on hiatus and was not able to return until early 2003, shaving off his black beard and dropping "Hollywood" from his name in his return. He battled The Rock (who had turned heel) once again at No Way Out and defeated Mr. McMahon at WrestleMania XIX in a match billed as "20 years in the making".
Mr. America (2003)
Later, he had a run as the masked Mr. America, who was supposed to be Hogan in disguise, wearing a mask. He used Hogan's Real American theme music and all of Hogan's signature gestures, moves, and phrases. He was the subject of a storyline that took place after Hogan was forced by Mr. McMahon to sit out the rest of his contract. A WWE pre-debut push took place with mysterious Mr. America promos airing for weeks during SmackDown!. There was also on-screen discussion on SmackDown! between then General Manager Stephanie McMahon and other players concerning her hiring Mr. America "sight unseen". On May 1, Mr. America debuted on SmackDown! on a Piper's Pit segment. McMahon appeared and claimed that Mr. America was Hogan in disguise; Mr. America shot back by saying, "I am not Hulk Hogan, brother!" (lampooning Hogan's use of "brother" in his promos). The feud continued through the month of May, with a singles match between Mr. America and Hogan's old rival Roddy Piper at Judgment Day.
Mr. America's last WWE appearance was on the June 26 episode of SmackDown! when Big Show and The World's Greatest Tag Team (Shelton Benjamin and Charlie Haas) defeated Brock Lesnar, Kurt Angle, and Mr. America in a six-man tag team match. After the show went off the air, Mr. America unmasked to show the fans that he was indeed Hogan, putting his finger to his lips telling the fans to keep quiet about his secret. The next week, Hogan quit WWE due to frustration with the creative team. On the July 3 episode of SmackDown!, McMahon showed the footage of Mr. America unmasking as Hogan and "fired" him, although Hogan had already quit in real life. The Mr. America gimmick came under fire briefly from Marvel Comics, who anointed it a rip-off of Captain America, citing costume similarity. It was later revealed that Hogan was unhappy with the payoffs for his matches after his comeback under the Mr. America gimmick. McMahon decided to terminate Hogan's contract, and Hogan left WWE in 2003.
Second return to NJPW (2003)
Hogan returned to NJPW in October 2003. On October 13, he defeated Masahiro Chono at Ultimate Crush II in the Tokyo Dome.
Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (2003–2004)
Shortly after Hogan left WWE, Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (TNA) began making overtures to Hogan, culminating in Jeff Jarrett, co-founder of TNA and then NWA World Heavyweight Champion, launching an on-air attack on Hogan in Japan in October 2003. The attack was supposed to be a precursor to Hogan battling Jarrett for the NWA title at TNA's first three-hour pay-per-view. However, due to recurring knee and hip problems, Hogan did not appear in TNA. Still, the incident has been shown several times on TNA broadcasts, and was included in the TNA DVD TNA's Fifty Greatest Moments.
WWE Hall of Famer (2005–2007)
On April 2, 2005 Hogan was inducted into the WWE Hall of Fame by actor and friend Sylvester Stallone. At WrestleMania 21 on April 3, Hogan came out to rescue Eugene, who was being attacked by Muhammad Hassan and Khosrow Daivari. The build-up to Hogan's Hall of Fame induction and preparation for his WrestleMania angle was shown on the first season of Hogan Knows Best. The next night on Raw, Hassan and Daivari came out to confront and assault fan favorite Shawn Michaels. The following week, Michaels approached Raw General Manager Eric Bischoff demanding a handicap match with Hassan and Daivari. Bischoff refused, but told Michaels if he found a partner he would be granted a tag team match. Michaels then made a plea for Hogan to team with him. On the April 18 episode of Raw, Hassan again led an attack on Michaels until Hogan appeared, saving Michaels and accepting his offer. At Backlash, Hassan and Daivari lost to Hogan and Michaels.
Hogan then appeared on July 4 episode of Raw, as the special guest of Carlito on his talk-show segment Carlito's Cabana. After being asked questions by Carlito concerning his daughter Brooke, Hogan attacked Carlito. Kurt Angle then also appeared, making comments about Brooke, which further upset Hogan. Hogan was eventually double teamed by Carlito and Angle, but was saved by Shawn Michaels. Later that night, Michaels and Hogan defeated Carlito and Angle in a tag match; during the post-match celebration, Michaels performed the Sweet Chin Music on Hogan and walked off. The following week on Raw, Michaels appeared on Piper's Pit and challenged Hogan to face him one-on-one for the first time. Hogan appeared on Raw one week later and accepted the challenge. The match took place at SummerSlam. After the match, Michaels extended his hand to him, telling him that he "had to find out for himself", and Hogan and Michaels shook hands as Michaels left the ring to allow Hogan to celebrate with the crowd.
Prior to WrestleMania 22, Hogan inducted friend and former announcer "Mean" Gene Okerlund into the WWE Hall of Fame. Hogan returned on the July 15, 2006 episode of Saturday Night's Main Event with his daughter Brooke. During the show, Randy Orton kayfabe flirted with Brooke and later attacked Hogan in the parking lot. He later challenged Hogan to a match at SummerSlam, which Hogan won. After SummerSlam, Hogan spoke out publicly about his dissatisfaction with his payment from the pay-per-view.
Memphis Wrestling (2007–2008)
After a brief fall out with McMahon and WWE, Hogan was lured to Memphis Wrestling with the proposal of wrestling Jerry Lawler. The match had been promoted on Memphis Wrestling Prime Time for several months. On April 12, 2007, however, Lawler announced in a news conference that WWE had barred him from wrestling Hogan on the basis that NBC performers (including Lawler, on the basis of co-hosting the NBC-owned USA Network's Raw and his appearances on the biannual WWE's Saturday Night's Main Event) are contractually prohibited from appearing on VH1, the channel on which Hogan Knows Best airs. The situation resulted in a lawsuit being filed against WWE by event promoter Corey Maclin. Lawler was replaced with Paul Wight. Hogan defeated Wight at Memphis Wrestling's PMG Clash of Legends on April 27, 2007 when he picked up and bodyslammed Wight and pinned him following his signature running leg drop.
Return to TNA
Dixie Carter's business partner (2009–2010)
On October 27, 2009, it was announced that Hogan had signed a contract to join Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (TNA) on a full-time basis. The footage of his signing and the press conference in the Madison Square Garden following it were featured on the October 29 episode of TNA Impact!.
On November 21, 24, 26 and 28, Hogan performed with a group of wrestlers including Spartan-3000, Heidenreich, Eugene, Brutus "The Barber" Beefcake and Orlando Jordan across Australia in a tour titled Hulkamania: Let the Battle Begin. The main event of each show was a rematch between Hogan and Ric Flair – the wrestler who defeated Hogan more times than any other. Hogan defeated Flair in all four matches.
On December 5, 2009, Hogan announced on Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC)'s The Ultimate Fighter that he would be making his official TNA debut on January 4, 2010, in a special live three-hour Monday night episode of Impact! to compete with WWE's Raw (which featured the return of Bret Hart). Carter revealed Hogan's role in the company in an interview with The UK Sun stating when his job came to question, "he is involved with everything from looking at the talent to how we shoot the show".
On the January 4 episode of Impact!, Hogan debuted, reuniting briefly with former nWo partners Kevin Nash, Scott Hall, and Sean Waltman, the latter two of whom made their returns to the company. He, however, refused to join them for a full-fledged reunion of their group claiming, "it's a different time", and stuck to his business relations with Bischoff, who made his appearance to declare that, the two of them would "flip the company upside down" and everyone would have to earn their spot. Hogan also encountered TNA founder Jeff Jarrett on the broadcast, appearing via video wall and interrupting Jarrett's company success speech, stating that Carter was instrumental to the company's survival, and that just like the rest, Jarrett would have to (kayfabe) earn his spot in TNA.
On the February 18 episode of Impact!, Hogan took Abyss under his wing, and during this sequence, gave him his Hall of Fame ring and claimed it would make him a "god of wrestling". Hogan made his in-ring return on March 8, teaming with Abyss to defeat A.J. Styles and Ric Flair when Abyss scored a pinfall over Styles. Afterwards, the returning Jeff Hardy saved Hogan and Abyss from a beat down at the hands of Styles, Flair and Desmond Wolfe. The storyline became a Team Flair versus Team Hogan situation, with Jarrett and the debuting Rob Van Dam joining Team Hogan and Beer Money and Sting joining Team Flair. At Lockdown, Team Hogan (Hulk Hogan, Abyss, Jeff Jarrett, Jeff Hardy and Rob Van Dam) defeated Team Flair (Ric Flair, Sting, Desmond Wolfe, Robert Roode and James Storm) in a Lethal Lockdown match.
On the June 17 episode of Impact!, Hogan's alliance with Abyss came to an abrupt end when Abyss turned heel. Abyss later claimed that he was controlled by some entity, that was coming to TNA. The next month, Hogan worked with Bischoff, Jeff Jarrett and Samoa Joe against Sting and Kevin Nash, who claimed that they knew that Hogan and Bischoff were up to something. During this time, Abyss went on a rampage, attacking Rob Van Dam to the point that he was forced to vacate the TNA World Heavyweight Championship and eventually put his hands on TNA president Dixie Carter, which led to her signing the paperwork, presented by Bischoff, that would have Abyss fired from TNA following his match with Van Dam at Bound for Glory. Hogan was set to wrestle with Jarrett and Joe against Sting, Nash and D'Angelo Dinero at Bound for Glory, but was forced to miss the event due to a back surgery. However, he would make a surprise appearance at the end of the event, turning heel, helping Jeff Hardy win the vacant TNA World Heavyweight Championship and aligning himself with Hardy, Bischoff, Abyss and Jarrett. This was also Hogan's first working as a heel since he reunited with the nWo in WWE. On the following episode of Impact!, it was revealed that Bischoff had tricked Carter and the paperwork she had signed a week earlier, were not to release Abyss, but to turn the company over to him and Hogan. Meanwhile, Bischoff's and Hogan's new stable, now known as Immortal, formed an alliance with Ric Flair's Fortune. Dixie Carter returned on the November 25 episode of Reaction, informing Hogan and Bischoff that a judge had filed an injunction against the two on her behalf over not having signatory authority, indefinitely suspending Hogan from TNA. During his absence, Hogan underwent a potentially career–ending spinal fusion surgery on December 21, 2010.
Hogan returned to TNA on the March 3, 2011 episode of Impact!, declaring himself as the new owner of TNA, having won the court battle against Dixie Carter. In April, he began hinting at a possible return to the ring to face the TNA World Heavyweight Champion, Sting. On the May 12 episode of the newly renamed Impact Wrestling, Hogan lost control of the program to Mick Foley, who revealed himself as the Network consultant who had been causing problems for Immortal ever since Hogan and Bischoff took over the company; however, this angle was cut short just three weeks later, when Foley left the promotion. During the following months, Hogan continued to interfere in Sting's matches, costing him the TNA World Heavyweight Championship first at Hardcore Justice, recruiting Kurt Angle to Immortal in the process, on the September 1 episode of Impact Wrestling and finally at No Surrender. On the September 15 episode of Impact Wrestling, Sting defeated Immortal member Ric Flair to earn the right to face Hogan at Bound for Glory. On October 4, it was reported that Hogan had signed a contract extension with TNA. After feigning retirement from professional wrestling, Hogan accepted the match at Bound for Glory on the October 6 episode of Impact Wrestling, while also agreeing to hand TNA back to Dixie Carter, should Sting win the match.
General Manager (2011–2013)
Hogan was defeated by Sting at Bound For Glory, ending his storyline as the president of TNA. After the match, Immortal attacked Sting. On the following episode of Impact Wrestling, Hogan, wearing his trademark yellow and red again, admitted to his mistakes, and put over Sting for winning.
On January 26, 2012, Hogan returned to the ring at a house show in Nottingham, England, where he, James Storm and Sting defeated Bobby Roode, Bully Ray and Kurt Angle in a six-man tag team main event. Hogan returned to Impact Wrestling on February 2, when he was revealed as Garett Bischoff's trainer. On the March 29 episode of Impact Wrestling, Hogan returned and accepted Sting's offer to replace him as the new General Manager.
In July, Hogan, alongside Sting, began feuding with a mysterious group of masked men, who had dubbed themselves the "Aces & Eights". The group's attack on Hogan on the July 12 episode of Impact Wrestling was used to write Hogan off television as he was set to undergo another back surgery.
In November, Hogan moved into a storyline with Bully Ray after Austin Aries revealed a secret relationship between Ray and Hogan's daughter Brooke. After seeing them kissing in a parking garage on the December 20 episode of Impact Wrestling, Hogan suspended Ray indefinitely. The following week, after Ray saved Brooke from a kidnapping by the Aces & Eights, Brooke accepted his marriage proposal. Despite Hogan's disapproval, he still walked Brooke down the aisle for her wedding on the next episode of Impact Wrestling. During the ceremony, Ray's groomsmen Taz interrupted and revealed himself as a member of the Aces & Eights, leading the group to attack Hogan, Ray, and the rest of the groomsmen.
On the January 31 episode of Impact Wrestling, Hogan reinstated Ray so he could take on the Aces & Eights. Hogan named Ray the number one contender to the TNA World Heavyweight Championship on the February 21 episode of Impact Wrestling. However, at Lockdown, Ray betrayed Hogan, after Aces & Eights helped him win the title, and he revealed himself as the President of the Aces & Eights. Following Lockdown, Hogan blamed Sting for Ray winning the title as it was Sting who encouraged Hogan to give Ray the title shot. Sting returned and saved Hogan from an attack by Aces & Eights on the April 25 episode of Impact Wrestling. The following week, Hogan and Sting managed to reconcile their differences. On the October 3 episode of Impact Wrestling, Hogan refused an offer from Dixie Carter to become her business partner and quit. Hogan was officially written off, as a result of his contract expiring with TNA.
Fourth return to WWE
On February 24, 2014 on Raw, Hogan made his first WWE in-ring appearance since December 2007 to hype the WWE Network. On the March 24 episode of Raw, Hogan came out to introduce the guest appearances of Arnold Schwarzenegger and Joe Manganiello; this was to promote the guests' new movie Sabotage.
At WrestleMania XXX in March, Hogan served as the host, coming out at the start of the show to hype up the crowd. During his promo, he mistakenly referred to the Superdome, the venue the event was being held at, as the Silverdome, which became the subject of jokes throughout the night. Hogan was later joined by Stone Cold Steve Austin and The Rock, and they finished their promo by drinking beer together in the ring. Later in the show, Hogan shared a moment with Mr. T, Paul Orndorff, and Roddy Piper, with whom he main-evented the first WrestleMania.
On February 27, 2015, Hogan was honored at Madison Square Garden during a WWE live event dubbed "Hulk Hogan Appreciation Night" with a special commemorative banner hanging from the rafters, honoring his wrestling career and historic matches he had in the arena.
On the March 23 episode of Raw, Hogan, along with Snoop Dogg confronted Curtis Axel – who at the time had been "borrowing" Hogan's Hulkamania gimmick with Axel referring to himself as "AxelMania". On March 28, the night before WrestleMania, Hogan posthumously inducted longtime partner and rival "Macho Man" Randy Savage into the WWE Hall of Fame. The next night at WrestleMania 31, Hogan reunited with Scott Hall and Kevin Nash to reform the nWo, appearing in Sting's corner in his match against Triple H, who himself was joined by D-Generation X members Road Dogg, Billy Gunn, X-Pac and Shawn Michaels.
Scandal and departure
On July 24, 2015, WWE terminated their contract with Hogan, stating that they are "committed to embracing and celebrating individuals from all backgrounds", although Hogan's lawyer said Hogan chose to resign. A day prior, WWE removed virtually all references to Hogan from their website, including his listing as a judge for Tough Enough, his merchandise from WWE Shop, and his entry from its WWE Hall of Fame page. The termination coincided with the publication by the National Enquirer and Radar Online of an anti-black rant made by Hogan on his controversial leaked sex tape in which he is heard expressing disgust with the notion of his daughter with any black man, referenced by repeated use of the racial slur "nigger". Hogan also admitted to being "a racist, to a point".
Once the recordings went public erupting in a media scandal, Hogan apologized for the remarks, which he said is "language that is offensive and inconsistent with [his] own beliefs". Three black wrestlers who worked in the WWF and WCW with Hogan made supportive comments. Virgil commented "Hogan has never given me a reason to believe he is a racist" while Dennis Rodman said he "most certainly is not a racist" and Kamala added "I do not think Hogan meant harm by saying that. Hogan is my brother until he decides not to be". Black wrestlers working in the WWE made different comments. Mark Henry said he was pleased by WWE's "no tolerance approach to racism" response, and that he was hurt and offended by Hogan's manner and tone. Booker T said he was shocked and called the statements unfortunate.
In response to the controversy, Mattel stopped producing Hogan action figures, while Hogan's merchandise was taken down from online stores of Target, Toys "R" Us, and Walmart. On July 28, Radar Online reported that Hogan had also used homophobic slurs on the leaked sex tape. Days later, it was reported that Hogan had used racist language in a 2008 call to his then-imprisoned son, Nick, and also said that he hoped they would not be reincarnated as black males.
Hogan gave an interview with ABC on August 31 in which he pleaded forgiveness for his racist comments, attributing these to a racial bias inherited from his neighborhood while growing up. Hogan claimed that the term "nigger" was used liberally among friends in Tampa; former neighbors of his, however, have disputed this claim.
Endorsements and business ventures
Hogan created and financed a restaurant called Pastamania located in the Mall of America in Bloomington, Minnesota. It opened on the Labor Day weekend of 1995 and was heavily promoted on World Championship Wrestling's live show Monday Nitro. The restaurant, which remained in operation for less than a year, featured such dishes as "Hulk-U's" and "Hulk-A-Roos".
In an interview on the The Tonight Show and Late Night with Conan O'Brien, Bollea claimed that the George Foreman Grill was originally offered to him, but he failed to respond in time, so Foreman endorsed the grill instead. Instead, Bollea endorsed a blender, known as the Hulk Hogan Thunder Mixer. He has since endorsed a grill known as "The Hulk Hogan Ultimate Grill".
In 2006, Bollea unveiled his own energy drink Hogan Energy, distributed by Socko Energy. His name and likeness are also applied to a line of microwavable hamburgers, cheeseburgers, and chicken sandwiches sold at Wal-Mart called "Hulkster Burgers". On November 1, 2011, Bollea launched a new website called Hogan Nutrition, which features many nutritional and dietary products.
In September 2008, Bollea's net worth was revealed to be over $30 million. In September 2011, Bollea revealed that his lavish lifestyle, and divorce had cost him hundreds of millions of dollars and nearly bankrupted him.
During an interview with The Sun in 2007, Bollea claimed to be planning his own federation to compete against Vince McMahon. Bollea says he has raised $40 million of the $80–$100 million goal and his venture is something that will eventually revolutionize the sport of professional wrestling. In October 2007, Bollea transferred all trademarks referring to himself to his liability company named "Hogan Holdings Limited". The trademarks include Hulk Hogan, "Hollywood" Hulk Hogan, Hulkster, Hogan Knows Grillin, Hulkamania.com, and Hulkapedia.com.
In April 2008, Bollea announced that he would lend his license to video game developer Gameloft to create "Hulkamania Wrestling" for mobile phones. Hogan stated in a press release that the game would be "true to [his] experiences in wrestling" and use his classic wrestling moves like the Doublehand Choke Lift and Strong Clothesline. As of 2010, Hogan stars alongside Troy Aikman in commercials for Rent-A-Center. On March 24, 2011, Hogan made a special appearance on American Idol, giving a big surprise to wrestling fans Paul McDonald and James Durbin. On October 15, 2010, Endemol Games UK (a subsidiary of media production group Endemol UK) announced a partnership with Bischoff Hervey Entertainment to produce "Hulk Hogan's Hulkamania", an online gambling game featuring video footage of Hogan.
In October 2013, Bollea partnered with Tech Assets, Inc. to open a web hosting service called "Hostamania". To promote the service, a commercial video was released, featuring Hogan parodying Jean-Claude Van Damme's GoDaddy.com commercials and Miley Cyrus' "Wrecking Ball" music video. On November 21, 2013, Hulk Hogan and GoDaddy.com appeared together on a live Hangout On Air on Google Plus, where Hulk Hogan had a casual conversation about Hostamania, fans, and business.
Hogan became a distributor for multi-level marketing company ViSalus Sciences after looking for business opportunities outside of wrestling. Hogan supports the American Diabetes Association.
Hogan's crossover popularity led to several television and movie roles. Early in his career Bollea played the part of Thunderlips in Rocky III (1982). He also appeared in No Holds Barred (1989), before starring in the family films Suburban Commando (1991), Mr. Nanny (1993), Santa with Muscles (1996), and 3 Ninjas: High Noon at Mega Mountain (1998). Hogan also appeared in 1992 commercials for Right Guard deodorant. He starred in his own television series, Thunder in Paradise, in 1994. He is the star of The Ultimate Weapon (1997), in which Brutus Beefcake also appears in a cameo.
Bollea also starred in a pair of television movies, originally intended as a pilot for an ongoing series for TNT, produced by Eric Bischoff. The movies, Shadow Warriors: Assault on Devil's Island and Shadow Warriors: Hunt for The Death Merchant, starred Hogan alongside Carl Weathers and Shannon Tweed as a freelance mercenary team. In 1995, he appeared on TBN's Kids Against Crime. Bollea made cameo appearances in Muppets from Space, Gremlins 2: The New Batch (the theatrical cut) and Spy Hard as himself. Hogan also played the role of Zeus in Little Hercules in 3D. Hogan also made two appearances on The A-Team (in 1985 and 1986), along with Roddy Piper. He also appeared on Suddenly Susan in 1999. In 2001, Hogan guest-starred on an episode of Walker, Texas Ranger.
Reality television and hosting
On July 10, 2005, VH1 premiered Hogan Knows Best a reality show which centered around Hogan, his then-wife Linda, and their children Brooke and Nick. In July 2008, a spin-off entitled Brooke Knows Best premiered, which focused primarily on Hogan's daughter Brooke.
Bollea hosted the comeback series of American Gladiators on NBC in 2008. He also hosted and judged the short-lived reality show, Hulk Hogan's Celebrity Championship Wrestling. Hogan had a special titled Finding Hulk Hogan on A&E on November 17, 2010.
Music and radio
Bollea released a music CD, Hulk Rules, as Hulk Hogan and The Wrestling Boot Band. Also, Green Jellÿ released a single, a duet with Hogan, performing Gary Glitter's classic song "I'm the Leader of the Gang (I Am)". He has also made cameos in several music videos. From her self-named show, Dolly the music video for Dolly Parton's wrestling-themed love song "Headlock on my Heart" features Hogan as "Starlight Starbright". In the music video "Pressure" by Belly ft. Ginuwine, Bollea and his daughter Brooke both made brief cameo appearances.
Bollea was a regular guest on Bubba the Love Sponge's radio show. He also served as the best man at Bubba's January 2007 wedding. On March 12, 2010, Bollea hosted his own radio show, titled Hogan Uncensored, on Sirius Satellite Radio's Howard 101.
Bollea provided his voice for the game Saints Row: The Third as Angel de la Muerte, a member of the Saints. In October 2011, Bollea released a video game called Hulk Hogan's Main Event. Hogan also was featured in games such as WCW/nWo Revenge, WCW Mayhem (video game), WWF Royal Rumble, WWE WrestleMania X8, Legends of Wrestling, Legends of Wrestling 2, Showdown: Legends of Wrestling, WWE Day of Reckoning 2, WWE SmackDown! vs. Raw 2006, WWE SmackDown! vs. Raw 2007, WWE Legends of WrestleMania, WWE All Stars, WWE 2K14 and WWE 2K15.
|1983||Bimini Code||Rick, Blond Henchman||Uncredited|
|1984||Goldie and the Bears||Mac McKenna|
|1985||The A-Team||Himself||1 episode: ("Body Slam")|
|1989||No Holds Barred||Rip Thomas|
|1990||Gremlins 2: The New Batch||Himself|
|1991||Suburban Commando||Shep Ramsey|
|1993||Mr. Nanny||Sean Armstrong|
|1993||Thunder in Paradise||Randolph J. Hurricane Spencer||Direct-to-video|
|1994||Thunder in Paradise||TV series|
|1995||Space Ghost Coast to Coast||Himself||Episode: "Sleeper"|
|1996||Baywatch||Himself||Episode: "Bash at the Beach"|
|The Secret Agent Club||Ray Chase|
|Spy Hard||Steele's other Tag-Team Member||Cameo|
|Santa with Muscles||Blake|
|1997||The Ultimate Weapon||Cutter|
|Assault on Devil's Island||Mike McBride|
|1998||McCinsey's Island||Joe McGrai|
|3 Ninjas: High Noon at Mega Mountain||Dave Dragon|
|1999||Assault on Death Mountain||Mike McBride|
|Muppets from Space||Himself|
|2001||Walker, Texas Ranger||Boomer Knight||1 episode: ("Division Street")|
|2011||Gnomeo & Juliet||Terrafirminator V.O.|
|Saints Row: The Third||Angel de la Muerte||Video game|
|2011–15||China, IL||The Dean||Main cast|
|2012||American Dad!||Himself||1 episode: ("Stanny Tendergrass")|
On March 27, 1985, just days prior to the inaugural WrestleMania, Richard Belzer requested on his cable TV talk show Hot Properties that Hogan demonstrate one of his signature wrestling moves. After consistently refusing but being egged on by Belzer, Hogan put Belzer in a modified Guillotine choke, which caused Belzer to pass out. When Hogan released him, Belzer hit his head on the floor, sustaining a laceration to the scalp that required a brief hospitalization. Belzer sued Hogan for $5 million and later settled out of court. On October 20, 2006, on the Bubba the Love Sponge Show, it was claimed (with Hogan in the studio) that the settlement totaled $5 million, half from Hogan and half from Vince McMahon. During his June 23, 2008, appearance on Sirius Satellite Radio's The Howard Stern Show, Belzer suggested that the real settlement amount was actually closer to $400,000.
Testimony in McMahon trial
In 1994, Hogan, having received immunity from prosecution, testified in the trial of Vince McMahon relating to shipments of steroids received by both parties from WWF physician Dr. George T. Zahorian. Under oath, Hogan admitted that he had used anabolic steroids since 1976 to gain size and weight, but that McMahon had neither sold him the drugs, nor ordered him to take them. The evidence given by Hogan proved extremely costly to the government's case against McMahon. Due to this and jurisdictional issues, McMahon was found not guilty.
In April 2012, a sex tape between Hogan and Heather Clem, the estranged wife of radio personality Bubba the Love Sponge, emerged online. On October 4, 2012, Gawker released a short clip of the video. In the video, Bubba can be heard saying that the couple can "do their thing" and he will be in his office. At the end of the video, he can also be heard telling Heather, "If we ever need to retire, here is our ticket". Hogan later told Howard Stern on his satellite radio show that, "it was a bad choice and a very low point" and "I was with some friends and made a wrong choice. It has devastated me, I have never been this hurt". On October 15, 2012, Hogan filed a lawsuit against Bubba and Heather Clem for invading his privacy. A settlement with Bubba was announced on October 29, 2012. Afterwards, Clem publicly apologized to Hogan. In December 2012, a federal court, the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit, found that Gawker's publication of the video snippet did not violate U.S. copyright law. Hogan then joined Gawker to the ongoing action against Heather Clem in state court in Florida, alleging invasion of privacy, negligent and intentional infliction of emotional distress and seeking $100 million in damages.
On October 1, 2015, the New York Post reported that a Florida Judge granted Hogan access to Gawker's computer system for a forensic expert to search Gawker's computers and office.
Hogan sued Gawker for $100 million for defamation, loss of privacy, and emotional pain, and on March 18, 2016, was awarded $115 million. Also, on August 11, 2016, a Florida judge gave Hogan control of the assets of A.J. Daulerio, former Gawker editor-in-chief, who was involved in the posting of Hogan's sex tape.
On December 18, 1983, Bollea married Linda Claridge. They have a daughter Brooke (born May 5, 1988) and a son Nick (born July 27, 1990). Bollea made his personal life the centerpiece of the television show Hogan Knows Best, which included his wife and two children.
According to an interview in the National Enquirer, Christiane Plante claimed that Bollea had an affair with her in 2007 while the Hogan family was shooting Hogan Knows Best. Plante was 33 years old at the time and had worked with Brooke Hogan on her 2006 album.
On November 20, 2007, Linda filed for divorce in Pinellas County, Florida. Hogan told St. Petersburg Times that he was unaware of the filing when the paper called for a comment. The Graziano family's lawyer believed the divorce might have been an attempt to divide the family's assets from a planned civil suit against the Bolleas regarding their son, Nick. In November 2008, Linda claimed to the public that she made the decision to end her marriage after finding out about Hogan's affair. In his 2009 autobiography, Hogan acknowledged that Linda on numerous occasions suspected he was having infidelities whenever he developed friendships with other women, but denied allegations that he ever cheated on her. Bollea only retained around 30% of the couple's liquid assets totaling around $10 million in the divorce settlement. Hogan considered committing suicide after the divorce and credits Laila Ali, his co-star on American Gladiators, with preventing him from doing so.
Bollea is a Christian. Bollea has spoken about his faith in his life saying, "[I've] leaned on my religion. I was saved when I was 14. I accepted Christ as my savior. He died on the cross and paid for my sins... I could have went [sic] the wrong way. I could have self-destructed, but I took the high road".
Bollea has suffered numerous health problems, particularly with his back since retiring as a wrestler following the years of heavyweight training and jolting as a wrestler.
On January 2013, Bollea filed a medical malpractice lawsuit against the Laser Spine Institute for $50 million, citing that the medical firm persuaded him to undergo a half-dozen "unnecessary and ineffective" spinal operations that worsened his back problems. He claimed that the six procedures he underwent over a period of 19 months only gave him short-term relief. After the procedures failed to cure his back problems, Bollea underwent a traditional spinal fusion surgery on December 2010, which enabled him to return to his professional activities. In addition, the Laser Spine Institute used his name on their advertisements without his permission.
Awards and honors
Bollea was honored as the 2008 King of the Krewe of Bacchus, a New Orleans carnival organization. Hogan visited the Children's Hospital of New Orleans and rode in the parade where he threw doubloons with his likeness. Hogan received the honor in part because meeting Hogan is one of the most requested "wishes" of the terminally ill children benefited by the Make-A-Wish Foundation.
|2006||Teen Choice Awards||TV – Choice Reality Star (Male)||Nominated||Hogan Knows Best|
- Finishing moves
- Signature moves
- Entrance themes
- "Eye of the Tiger" by Survivor (AWA/WWF/TNA; used at TNA house shows)
- "Battlestar Galactica Theme" by Maynard Ferguson (NJPW)
- "Real American" performed by Rick Derringer and composed by Jim Johnston (WWF/E/NJPW)
- "Ravishing (Instrumental)" by Bonnie Tyler (WWF)
- "American Made" by The Wrestling Boot Band (WCW)
- "Voodoo Child (Slight Return)" by The Jimi Hendrix Experience (WCW/WWF/E/NJPW)
- "Rockhouse" by Frank Shelley (WCW/WWF; used while a part of the New World Order)
- "Kevin Nash/Wolfpac Theme" performed by C-Murder and composed by Jimmy Hart and H. Helm (WCW; Used while a part of the nWo Elite)
- "Our House" by Jimmy Hart and Dale Oliver (TNA)
- "Immortal Theme" by Dale Oliver (TNA; used while a part of Immortal)
Championships and accomplishments
- New Japan Pro Wrestling
- Professional Wrestling Hall of Fame and Museum
- Pro Wrestling Illustrated
- Comeback of the Year (1994, 2002)
- Feud of the Year (1986) vs. Paul Orndorff
- Match of the Year (1985) with Mr. T vs. Roddy Piper and Paul Orndorff at WrestleMania I
- Match of the Year (1988) vs. André the Giant at The Main Event
- Match of the Year (1990) vs. The Ultimate Warrior at WrestleMania VI
- Match of the Year (2002) vs. The Rock at WrestleMania X8
- Most Hated Wrestler of the Year (1996, 1998)
- Most Inspirational Wrestler of the Year (1983, 1999)
- Most Popular Wrestler of the Year (1985, 1989, 1990)
- Wrestler of the Year (1987, 1991, 1994)
- Ranked No. 1 of the top 500 singles wrestlers in the PWI 500 in 1991
- Ranked No. 1 of the top 500 singles wrestlers of the "PWI Years" in 2003
- Ranked No. 44 and No. 57 of the top 100 tag teams of the "PWI Years" with Antonio Inoki and Randy Savage, respectively, in 2003
- Southeastern Championship Wrestling
- Tokyo Sports
- World Championship Wrestling
- World Wrestling Federation/Entertainment
- Wrestling Observer Newsletter
- Best Babyface (1982–91)
- Best Box Office Draw (1997)
- Feud of the Year (1986) vs. Paul Orndorff
- Most Charismatic (1985–87, 1989–91)
- Least Favorite Wrestler (1985, 1986, 1991, 1994–99)
- Most Embarrassing Wrestler (1995, 1996, 1998–2000)
- Most Obnoxious (1994, 1995)
- Most Overrated (1985–87, 1994–98)
- Most Unimproved (1994, 1995)
- Worst Feud of the Year (1991) vs. Sgt. Slaughter
- Worst Feud of the Year (1995) vs. The Dungeon of Doom
- Worst Feud of the Year (1998) vs. The Warrior
- Worst Feud of the Year (2000) vs. Billy Kidman
- Worst Wrestler (1997)
- Worst Worked Match of the Year (1987) vs. André the Giant at WrestleMania III
- Worst Worked Match of the Year (1996) with Randy Savage vs. Arn Anderson, Meng, The Barbarian, Ric Flair, Kevin Sullivan, Z-Gangsta, and The Ultimate Solution in a Towers of Doom match at Uncensored
- Worst Worked Match of the Year (1997) vs. Roddy Piper at SuperBrawl VII
- Worst Worked Match of the Year (1998) vs. The Warrior at Halloween Havoc
- Wrestling Observer Newsletter Hall of Fame (Class of 1996)
- Hogan's last reign was as Undisputed WWF Champion. The title was renamed the Undisputed WWE Championship on May 6, 2002 after World Wrestling Federation Entertainment, Inc. settled a lawsuit with the World Wide Fund for Nature, and became simply World Wrestling Entertainment.
- "Hulk Hogan's profile". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved December 10, 2007.
- Patrick Jones (2002). "Hulk Hogan". St. James Encyclopedia of Pop Culture. Retrieved October 25, 2007.
- Wrestling Classics, Jan 1992 issue, P.16.
- "Hulk Hogan bio". WWE. Archived from the original on July 17, 2015. Retrieved July 24, 2015.
- Judgment Day 2003 (DVD). WWE Home Video. 2003.
- "$40,000 a month not enough for Hogan's wife". UPI.com. November 23, 2008. Retrieved June 26, 2009.
- "Hulk Hogan's son in car crash". Stuff.co.nz. August 29, 2007. Retrieved September 13, 2016.
- "Top 50 Wrestlers of All Time". ign.com. Retrieved April 10, 2014.
- "Canal record". ufl.edu. Retrieved July 18, 2015.
- Hogan, Hulk (2009). My Life Outside the Ring. St. Martin's Press. p. 11. ISBN 9780312588892.
- Hulk Hogan (2009). My Life Outside the Ring. St. Martin's Press. p. 45. ISBN 9780312588892.
- Hulk Hogan (2009). My Life Outside the Ring. St. Martin's Press. p. 41. ISBN 9780312588892.
- Hulk Hogan (2009). My Life Outside the Ring. St. Martin's Press. p. 44. ISBN 9780312588892.
- Hulk Hogan (2009). My Life Outside the Ring. St. Martin's Press. p. 42. ISBN 9780312588892.
- "Gerald Brisco's profile". WWE. Retrieved June 4, 2012.
- Hulk Hogan (2009). My Life Outside the Ring. St. Martin's Press. p. 47. ISBN 9780312588892.
- Hulk Hogan (2009). My Life Outside the Ring. St. Martin's Press. p. 51. ISBN 9780312588892.
- Hulk Hogan (2009). My Life Outside the Ring. St. Martin's Press. p. 56. ISBN 9780312588892.
- "Old School Wrestling – Florida results 1977 (August 10)".
- Hulk Hogan (2009). My Life Outside the Ring. St. Martin's Press. p. 57. ISBN 9780312588892.
- Hulk Hogan (2009). My Life Outside the Ring. St. Martin's Press. pp. 61–62. ISBN 9780312588892.
- Hulk Hogan (2009). My Life Outside the Ring. St. Martin's Press. p. 67. ISBN 9780312588892.
- Hulk Hogan (2009). My Life Outside the Ring. St. Martin's Press. p. 73. ISBN 9780312588892.
- Hulk Hogan (2009). My Life Outside the Ring. St. Martin's Press. p. 75. ISBN 9780312588892.
- Hulk Hogan (2009). My Life Outside the Ring. St. Martin's Press. p. 76. ISBN 9780312588892.
- Hulk Hogan (2009). My Life Outside the Ring. St. Martin's Press. p. 77. ISBN 9780312588892.
- Fifteen Greatest Superstars of the '80s DVD
- Albano, Lou (2008). Often Imitated, Never Duplicated: Captain Lou Albano. GEAN Publishing. p. 104. ISBN 978-0-615-18998-7.
- "WWF Show Results 1980". The History of WWE. 1980. Retrieved May 18, 2015.
- "WWF Show Results 1980". The History of WWE. August 9, 1980. Retrieved May 18, 2015.
- Alexander Trujillo (October 24, 2012). "Reportaje Especial". Pedro Morales: 70 años del pionero Latinoamericano (in Spanish). El Diario Culebrense. p. 39.
- "The 1st International Wrestling Grand Prix Championship Tournament". Wrestling-Titles.com. Retrieved October 21, 2007.
- "WWF Show Results 1983". The History of WWE. Retrieved February 27, 2008.
- "WWF Show Results 1984". The History of WWE. January 7, 1984. Retrieved May 18, 2015.
- "Hulk Hogan's first WWE Championship reign". WWE. Retrieved April 12, 2008.
- "WWF Show Results 1984". The History of WWE. January 23, 1984. Retrieved February 27, 2008.
- ""Mr. Wonderful" Paul Orndorff & "Rowdy" Roddy Piper w/ Cowboy Bob Orton vs. Hulk Hogan & Mr. T w/ "Superfly" Jimmy Snuka". WWE. March 31, 1985. Retrieved February 27, 2008.
- "Saturday Night's Main Event I results". WWE. May 11, 1985. Retrieved April 12, 2008.
- "List This! Greatest Match-ups That Haven't Happened". WWE. Archived from the original on April 12, 2016. Retrieved April 22, 2016.
- Alvarez, Bryan (September 21, 2012). "FRI UPDATE: McMahons to make good on $1 million owed from 70s, huge weekend schedule, UFC notes, Cena update, Orton doing stunts, Jones vs. Dana, tons more". Figure Four Wrestling. Retrieved September 6, 2015.
- Bessman, Jim (June 3, 1995). "Select's Hulk Hogan Sings Between Bouts". Billboard. BPI Communications. 107 (22): 69. ISSN 0006-2510.
- "Saturday Night's Main Event II results". WWE. October 5, 1985. Retrieved April 12, 2008.
- "WWF Show Results 1985". The History of WWE. November 7, 1985. Retrieved May 18, 2015.
- "Saturday Night's Main Event IV results". WWE. January 4, 1986. Retrieved April 12, 2008.
- "Saturday Night's Main Event V results". WWE. March 1, 1986. Retrieved April 12, 2008.
- "King Kong Bundy vs. Hulk Hogan – WWE Championship Steel Cage Match". WWE. April 2, 1986. Retrieved April 12, 2008.
- "Saturday Night's Main Event VII results". WWE. October 4, 1986. Retrieved April 12, 2008.
- "Saturday Night's Main Event VIII results". WWE. November 29, 1986. Retrieved April 12, 2008.
- "The Machines Profile". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved April 12, 2008.
- "Andre the Giant". WWE.
- McAvennie, Mike (March 30, 2007). "The Big One". WWE. Retrieved October 19, 2007.
- Shields, Brian (2006). Main Event: WWE in the Raging 80s. Simon and Schuster. p. 38. ISBN 1-4165-3257-9.
- Eck, Kevin (December 2002). "The main events: ladies and gentlemen, may we present the 25 most memorable matches in the last 25 years". Wrestling Digest. Archived from the original on October 15, 2007. Retrieved October 14, 2007.
- Powell, John. "Steamboat – Savage rule WrestleMania 3". SLAM! Wrestling. Retrieved October 14, 2007.
- Shields, Brian (2006). Main Event: WWE in the Raging 80s. Simon and Schuster. p. 26. ISBN 1-4165-3257-9.
- Loverro, Thom (2006). The Rise & Fall of ECW: Extreme Championship Wrestling. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 1-4165-1058-3.
- "WWE World Heavyweight Championship History". Complete WWE. Retrieved April 12, 2008.
- "The Main Event results – February 5, 1988". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved April 12, 2008.
- "Mega Powers Profile". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved June 4, 2012.
- "Hulk Hogan & "Macho Man" Randy Savage w/ Elizabeth vs. "Million Dollar Man" Ted DiBiase & André the Giant w/ Virgil and Bobby "The Brain" Heenan". WWE. August 29, 1988. Archived from the original on July 24, 2008. Retrieved April 12, 2008.
- "The Rarely Seen Hulk Hogan Fist Helmet – Boston, MA 9/10/88". Drop Toehold. April 2, 2011. Retrieved March 22, 2013.
- "John Cena Debuting New Attire Tonight, Hulk Hogan's Fist Helmet On "AYS?", Mick Foley". PWMania. November 18, 2012. Retrieved March 22, 2013.
- "Hulk Hogan's Bio". Accelerator's Wrestling Rollercoaster. Retrieved April 13, 2008.
- "The Main Event results – February 3, 1989". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved April 13, 2008.
- "Hulk Hogan & Brutus "The Barber" Beefcake w/ Elizabeth vs. "Macho Man" Randy Savage & Zeus w/ Sensational Sherri". WWE. Archived from the original on August 10, 2008. Retrieved May 15, 2015.
- "Mega-Maniacs Profile". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved April 13, 2008.
- "No Holds Barred: The Match/The Movie results". Wrestling and Tournaments. December 27, 1989. Retrieved April 13, 2008.
- "Past Rumble Winners". WWE. Archived from the original on October 20, 2007. Retrieved October 21, 2007.
- "Ultimate Warrior vs. Hulk Hogan – Intercontinental and WWE Championship Match". April 1, 1990. Retrieved April 13, 2008.
- "Hulk Hogan w/ Big Bossman vs. Earthquake w/ Jimmy Hart and Dino Bravo". WWE. August 27, 1990. Retrieved April 13, 2008.
- "Hulk Hogan (spot No. 24) wins the Royal Rumble Match". WWE. January 19, 1991. Retrieved April 13, 2008.
- "Hollywood Hogan vs. Sgt. Slaughter – WWE Championship". WWE. March 24, 1991. Retrieved April 13, 2008.
- "Undertaker def. Hulk Hogan to become new WWE Champion". wwe.com. November 27, 1991. Retrieved April 13, 2008.
- "George Forman Grill Article". YourBarbecue.com.
- "Hulk Hogan's fourth WWE Championship reign". WWE. Retrieved April 13, 2008.
- "Ric Flair (spot No. 3) wins the Royal Rumble Match to become new WWE Champion". WWE. January 19, 1992. Retrieved April 13, 2008.
- "Saturday Night's Main Event XXX results". WWE. February 8, 1992. Retrieved April 13, 2008.
- "Sycho Sid vs. Hulk Hogan". WWE. April 5, 1992. Retrieved April 13, 2008.
- "Incredible Hulk?". People. March 23, 1992. Retrieved August 9, 2009.
- "WrestleMania IX official results". WWE. April 4, 1993. Retrieved April 14, 2008.
- "Hulk Hogan's fifth WWE Championship reign". WWE. Retrieved April 14, 2008.
- "King of the Ring 1993 results". Wrestling Supercards and Tournaments. June 13, 1993. Retrieved April 14, 2008.
- "Hulk Hogan's first WCW Championship reign". WWE. Retrieved April 14, 2008.
- "Halloween Havoc 1995 results". Wrestling Supercards and Tournaments. October 29, 1995. Retrieved April 14, 2008.
- "SuperBrawl VI results". Wrestling Supercards and Tournaments. February 11, 1996. Retrieved April 14, 2008.
- "Uncensored 1996 results". Wrestling Supercards and Tournaments. March 24, 1996. Retrieved April 14, 2008.
- "WCW Show Results 1996". The History of WCW. July 7, 1996. Retrieved April 14, 2008.
- "new World order (nWo) Profile". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved April 14, 2008.
- "Hulk Hogan's second WCW Championship reign". WWE. Retrieved April 14, 2008.
- "WCW Monday Night Nitro – Monday 08/04/97". DDT Digest. August 4, 1997. Retrieved April 14, 2008.
- "Hulk Hogan's third WCW Championship reign". WWE. Retrieved April 14, 2008.
- Powers, Kevin (December 29, 2011). "A brief history of WCW Starrcade". WWE.com. Retrieved October 16, 2015.
- "SuperBrawl VIII results". Wrestling Supercards and Tournaments. February 22, 1998. Retrieved April 14, 2008.
- "Uncensored 1998 results". Wrestling Supercards and Tournaments. March 15, 1998. Retrieved April 14, 2008.
- "Spring Stampede 1998 results". Wrestling Supercards and Tournaments. April 19, 1998. Retrieved April 14, 2008.
- "Hulk Hogan's fourth WCW Championship reign". WWE. Retrieved April 16, 2008.
- "WCW Monday Nitro – Monday, 07/06/98". DDT Digest. July 6, 1998. Retrieved April 16, 2008.
- "Bash at the Beach 1998 results". Wrestling Supercards and Tournaments. July 12, 1998. Retrieved April 16, 2008.
- "Road Wild 1998 results". Wrestling Supercards and Tournaments. August 8, 1998. Retrieved April 16, 2008.
- "Halloween Havoc 1998 results". Wrestling Supercards and Tournaments. October 25, 1998. Retrieved April 16, 2008.
- John Powell (November 27, 1998). "Hollywood Hogan retires". SLAM! Sports. Retrieved October 24, 2007.
- "Hulk Hogan's fifth WCW Championship reign". WWE. Retrieved April 16, 2008.
- "Uncensored 1999 results". Wrestling Supercards and Tournaments. March 14, 1999. Retrieved April 16, 2008.
- "Spring Stampede". Thehistoryofwwe.com. Retrieved May 21, 2010.
- "Hulk Hogan's sixth WCW Championship reign". WWE. Retrieved April 16, 2008.
- "Fall Brawl 1999 results". Wrestling Supercards and Tournaments. September 12, 1999. Retrieved April 16, 2008.
- "Halloween Havoc 1999 results". Wrestling Supercards and Tournaments. October 24, 1999. Retrieved April 16, 2008.
- Blackjack Brown (July 16, 2000). "No more Hulkamania? No way". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved October 22, 2007.[dead link]
- Eric Bischoff (2006). Eric Bischoff: Controversy Creates Cash. Simon and Schuster. pp. 344–346. ISBN 1-4165-2729-X.
- "Hogan Speaks on Work-shoot". Wrestling Digest. December 2000. Archived from the original on November 11, 2007. Retrieved October 25, 2007.
- "No Way Out 2002 review". Gerweck.net. February 17, 2002. Archived from the original on March 27, 2008. Retrieved April 16, 2008.
- "WrestleMania X8 official results". WWE. March 17, 2002. Retrieved April 16, 2008.
- "WrestleMania 18 review". Gerweck.net. March 17, 2002. Archived from the original on March 24, 2008. Retrieved April 16, 2008.
- "Hulk Hogan defeats Triple H to become new WWE Undisputed Champion". WWE. April 21, 2002. Retrieved April 16, 2008.
- "Hulk Hogan's sixth WWE Championship reign". WWE. Retrieved April 16, 2008.
- "Undertaker vs. Hulk Hogan for the WWE Championship". WWE. May 19, 2002. Retrieved April 16, 2008.
- "Hollywood Hogan and Edge's first World Tag Team Championship reign". WWE. Retrieved April 16, 2008.
- "Vengeance 2002 official results". WWE. July 21, 2002. Archived from the original on March 31, 2008. Retrieved April 16, 2008.
- "The Rock vs. Hulk Hogan". WWE. February 23, 2003. Retrieved April 16, 2008.
- "WrestleMania XIX official results". WWE. March 30, 2003. Retrieved April 16, 2008.
- "Judgment Day 2003 official results". WWE. May 18, 2003. Retrieved April 16, 2008.
- "SmackDown! results – June 26, 2003". Online World of Wrestling. June 26, 2003. Retrieved April 16, 2008.
- Blackjack Brown (July 6, 2003). "No Hulk means no chance of 20th anniversary rematch". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved October 23, 2007.[dead link]
- "Stallone set to induct Hulk Hogan into hall". Deseret News (Salt Lake City). March 22, 2005. Retrieved October 25, 2007.[dead link]
- Zerr, Scott (May 1, 2005). "Hogan thrilled to be retro". SLAM! Sports. Retrieved October 22, 2007.
- "Heartbreaker". WWE. July 4, 2005. Retrieved October 22, 2007.
- "HBK challenges Hogan for SummerSlam". WWE. July 11, 2005. Retrieved October 22, 2007.
- "Cena overcomes the odds". WWE. July 18, 2005. Retrieved October 22, 2007.
- "Legend vs. Icon: Shawn Michaels vs. Hulk Hogan". WWE. August 21, 2005. Retrieved April 16, 2008.
- Hunt, Jen (July 15, 2006). "Summer slammed". WWE. Retrieved April 16, 2008.
- Zeigler, Zack (August 20, 2006). "The Legend lives on". WWE. Retrieved April 16, 2008.
- Simon, By (August 16, 2007). "Hulk: I'll defeat desperate Vince | The Sun |Sport|Wrestling". London: The Sun. Retrieved May 21, 2010.
- Blackjack Brown (March 25, 2007). "Hogan pitches old-timers' tour". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved October 25, 2007.[dead link]
- Blackjack Brown (April 15, 2007). "WWE derails Lawler vs. Hogan". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved October 24, 2007.[dead link]
- Dries, Bill (January 11, 2008). "Memphis Promoter Files Suit Against WWE". Memphis Daily News. Retrieved January 11, 2008.
- "Hulk Hogan Joins TNA Wrestling!". Total Nonstop Action Wrestling. October 27, 2009. Archived from the original on October 29, 2009. Retrieved October 27, 2009.
- Keller, Wade (November 3, 2009). "Keller's TNA Impact Report 10/29: Examining the Hulk Hogan announcement, Sabin controversy, Wolfe vs. Angle, Joe-Styles-Daniels hype". PWTorch. Retrieved December 18, 2009.
- "Hulkamania: Let the Battle Begin". Tickettek. Retrieved November 5, 2009.
- Elborough, Brad (November 25, 2009). "Hulk Hogan downs Ric Flair in Burswood bout". Perth Now.
- "Watch The Video Of Hulk Hogan On UFC". Total Nonstop Action Wrestling. Archived from the original on December 7, 2009. Retrieved December 6, 2009.
- Rothstein, Simon (January 3, 2010). "Hulk's job is to get TNA over". The UK Sun.
- Keller, Wade (January 4, 2010). "KELLER'S TNA IMPACT LIVE REPORT 1/4: Jeff Hardy, NWO reunion, Hulk Hogan, TNA Knockout Title match, more surprises – ongoing coverage". PWTorch. Retrieved January 5, 2010.
- Wilkenfeld, Daniel (February 18, 2010). "Wilkenfeld's TNA Impact report 2/18: Ongoing "virtual time" coverage of Spike TV broadcast". PWTorch. Retrieved February 12, 2010.
- Keller, Wade (March 8, 2010). "TNA IMPACT RESULTS 3/8: Keller's live ongoing report covering the historic beginning of Monday Night War II". PWTorch. Retrieved March 9, 2010.
- Caldwell, James (April 18, 2010). "Caldwell's TNA Lockdown Results 4/18: Ongoing "virtual time" coverage of PPV – Styles vs. The Pope, Team Hogan vs. Team Flair, Angle vs. Anderson". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved April 18, 2010.
- Caldwell, James (June 17, 2010). "Caldwell's TNA Impact results 6/17: Ongoing "virtual time" coverage of Impact on Spike TV". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved June 18, 2010.
- Wilkenfeld, Daniel (June 24, 2010). "Wilkenfeld's TNA Impact report 6/24: Ongoing "virtual time" coverage of Spike TV broadcast". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved October 11, 2010.
- Boutwell, Josh (July 8, 2010). "Impact Results – 7/22/10". WrestleView. Retrieved October 11, 2010.
- Bishop, Matt (August 12, 2010). "TNA's 'The Whole F'n Show': Beer Money, Machine Guns put on match of year candidate; Fortune makes statement". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. Retrieved October 11, 2010.
- Wilkenfeld, Daniel (August 19, 2010). "Wilkenfeld's TNA Impact report 8/19: Ongoing "virtual time" coverage of Spike TV broadcast". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved October 11, 2010.
- Caldwell, James (October 7, 2010). "Caldwell's TNA Impact report 10/7: Ongoing "virtual time" coverage of live Spike TV show – Foley vs. Flair, battle royal, Bound for Glory hype". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved October 11, 2010.
- Caldwell, James (October 10, 2010). "Caldwell's TNA Bound for Glory PPV results 10–10–10: Ongoing "virtual time" coverage of live PPV – Angle vs. Anderson vs. Hardy, "they" reveal". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved October 10, 2010.
- Wilkenfeld, Daniel (October 14, 2010). "Wilkenfeld's TNA Impact report 10/14: Complete "virtual time" coverage of Spike TV's live broadcast". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved October 15, 2010.
- Boutwell, Josh (November 26, 2010). "TNA Impact Results – 11–25–10". WrestleView. Retrieved November 26, 2010.
- Caldwell, James (December 22, 2010). "Hogan News: Health update on Hulk Hogan – E! reports on Hogan's ten-hour back procedure". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved December 23, 2010.
- Martin, Adam (December 23, 2010). "Update: Hulk Hogan recovering after new surgery". WrestleView. Retrieved December 23, 2010.
- Caldwell, James (March 3, 2011). "Caldwell's TNA Impact report 3/3: Ongoing "virtual-time" coverage of Impact on Spike TV – Hogan, wedding, 3 March 2011 reveal, Tag Title match, retirement match, celebrities". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved March 3, 2011.
- Caldwell, James (April 17, 2011). "TNA News: Lockdown PPV results – Fortune member returns, one title change, Sting-Hogan hype continues, Angle uses RKO, No.1 contender". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved April 18, 2011.
- Caldwell, James (May 12, 2011). "Caldwell's TNA Impact report 5/12: Ongoing "virtual-time" coverage of big reveals, final PPV hype, battle royal main event". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved May 12, 2011.
- Caldwell, James (June 2, 2011). "Caldwell's TNA Impact report 6/2: Complete "virtual-time" coverage of Impact Wrestling on Spike TV – Angle & Morgan vs. Jarrett & Steiner". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved June 11, 2011.
- Caldwell, James (August 7, 2011). "Caldwell's TNA Hardcore Justice PPV results 8/7: Ongoing "virtual time" coverage of live PPV – Sting vs. Angle, five title matches, BFG Series matches". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved September 13, 2011.
- Bishop, Matt (September 2, 2011). "Impact: Sting looks to regain title in rematch with Angle". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. Retrieved September 13, 2011.
- Caldwell, James (September 11, 2011). "Caldwell's TNA No Surrender PPV results 9/11: Ongoing "virtual time" coverage of live PPV – three-way TNA Title match, BFG Series finals". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved September 13, 2011.
- "Impact spoiler – double main event at Bound for Glory". Pro Wrestling Torch. September 13, 2011. Retrieved September 13, 2011.
- Caldwell, James (September 15, 2011). "Caldwell's TNA Impact Wrestling report – Flair vs. Sting 9/15: Blog on this week's TV main event". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved September 16, 2011.
- "Breaking News: Hulk Hogan renews with TNA". Pro Wrestling Torch. October 4, 2011. Retrieved October 4, 2011.
- Keller, Wade (October 6, 2011). "Keller's TNA Impact Wrestling report 10/6: Hulk Hogan's "retirement" ceremony, Storm vs. Roode, Kaz vs. Gunner in Knoxville". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved October 6, 2011.
- Caldwell, James (October 16, 2011). "Caldwell's TNA Bound for Glory PPV results 10/16: Ongoing "virtual time" coverage of live PPV – Angle-Roode, Hogan-Sting". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved October 16, 2011.
- Caldwell, James (October 20, 2011). "Caldwell's TNA Impact Wrestling report 10/20: Complete "virtual-time" coverage Bound for Glory fall-out, TNA World Title match". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved January 26, 2012.
- McNichol, Rob (January 26, 2012). "1/26 TNA results Nottingham, U.K.: Hogan & Sting in main event, Joe vs. Crimson, Styles vs. Ray". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved January 26, 2012.
- Keller, Wade (February 2, 2012). "TNA Impact Wrestling report 2/2: Wembley Arena Edition – Ongoing "virtual time" coverage of TV show". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved February 3, 2012.
- Turner, Scott (March 30, 2012). "Turner's TNA Impact Wrestling results 3/29: Will Hulk Hogan accept the GM position?, Jeff Hardy vs. Mr. Anderson, Morgan vs. Crimson, and more". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved March 30, 2012.
- Caldwell, James (July 12, 2012). "Caldwell's TNA Impact Wrestling results 7/12: Ongoing "virtual-time" coverage of live Impact – Aries's first show as champ, BFG Series matches". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved July 12, 2012.
- Alvarez, Bryan (July 13, 2012). "Fri update: Big weekend schedule, Batista fighting, 148 drug tests, another TRT, Hogan update, Kharma, new radio show upgrades, Chael quotes, DirecTV and Impact, tons more". Wrestling Observer Newsletter. Retrieved July 13, 2012.
- "CALDWELL'S TNA IMPACT RESULTS 11/22: Thanksgiving Edition features Gut Checks, Turkeys, more".
- "CALDWELL'S TNA IMPACT RESULTS 11/29: Complete "virtual-time" coverage of Championship Thursday – X Title in main event, Hogan Knows Best?".
- "CALDWELL'S TNA IMPACT RESULTS 12/20: Complete "virtual-time" coverage of Champ. Thursday – Aries vs. Hardy, 1.3.13 reveal".
- "CALDWELL'S TNA IMPACT RESULTS 1/3: Complete "virtual-time" coverage of live show – Sting casually returns, cage main event & unmasking (updated w/Box Score)".
- "CALDWELL'S TNA IMPACT RESULTS 1/10: Complete "virtual-time" coverage of Sting-Knox, wedding angle, and, oh yeah, a PPV on Sunday (updated w/Box Score)".
- Keller, Wade (January 17, 2013). "KELLER'S TNA IMPACT REPORT 1/17: The Bully Ray-Brooke Hogan Wedding Episode – What happened? Did Hulk accompany Brooke? Did the wedding end without a hitch?". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved January 17, 2013.
- "CALDWELL'S TNA IMPACT RESULTS 1/31: Complete "virtual-time" coverage of Impact in the U.K. – Angle-Anderson, Wes & Garett turn heel, Wes's hair tells the story".
- "CALDWELL'S TNA IMPACT RESULTS 2/7: Complete "virtual-time" coverage of Impact in the U.K. – Tag Title change, Sting & Bully main event, Aces & Eights lose again, Nash weighs in".
- "CALDWELL'S TNA IMPACT REPORT 2/21: Complete "virtual-time" coverage of Impact in the U.K. – new KO champ, Hogan's "decision" early contender for worst angle of the year (updated w/Box Score)".
- "CALDWELL'S TNA LOCKDOWN PPV RESULTS 3/10: Live, in-person coverage from San Antonio – Hardy vs. Ray TNA Title match, Lethal Lockdown, more".
- "CALDWELL'S TNA IMPACT RESULTS 3/14: Complete "virtual-time" coverage of live Impact – Lockdown PPV fall-out from Chicago".
- "CALDWELL'S TNA IMPACT RESULTS 3/21: Complete "virtual-time" coverage of Impact from Chicago – new #1 contender to TNA Title, two title matches, Lockdown fall-out".
- "CALDWELL'S TNA IMPACT RESULTS 3/28: Complete "virtual-time" coverage of Open Fight Night – Hardy vs. Anderson, more".
- "CALDWELL'S TNA IMPACT RESULTS 4/25 (Hour 2): Ongoing "virtual-time" coverage of live Impact – Bully-Hogan, title matches".
- "CALDWELL'S TNA IMPACT RESULTS 5/2 (Hour 1): Ongoing "virtual-time" coverage of Impact – Sabin returns to TV".
- "Hulk Hogan no longer under contract with TNA Wrestling". Philly.com. October 2, 2013. Retrieved July 18, 2015.
- "CALDWELL'S WWE RAW RESULTS 2/24: Complete "virtual-time" coverage of live Raw – Chamber PPV fall-out, Hogan's return, Taker's return, stage set for WM30, more". Pro Wrestling Torch. February 24, 2014. Retrieved February 25, 2014.
- "Arnold Schwarzenegger and Joe Manganiello join Hulk Hogan in the ring: photos". WWE. Retrieved July 18, 2015.
- Kimble, Lindsay. "Hulk Hogan Apologizes for 'Unacceptable' Racist Rant as He Is Scrubbed from WWE Hall of Fame". People. Retrieved 25 July 2015.
- "WWE has terminated its contract with Terry Bollea (aka Hulk Hogan)". WWE. Retrieved July 24, 2015.
- Caldwell, James. "Hulk Hogan removed from all-things WWE, including Tough Enough, plus Hogan posts cryptic tweet". pwtorch.com. Retrieved July 24, 2015.
- Montag, Ali (July 24, 2015). "WWE splits with Hulk Hogan amid reported comments". CNBC.com. Archived from the original on July 24, 2015.
- Matt Bonesteel (July 24, 2015). "WWE terminates Hulk Hogan's contract, erases him from Web site (updated)". Washington Post. Retrieved July 24, 2015.
- "Hulk Hogan Racist Scandal — Pro Wrestling Icon Caught On Tape Saying N-Word In Bigoted Rant About Daughter Brooke's Dating – Radar Online". Radar Online. Retrieved July 24, 2015.
- "WWE Legend Virgil – The Hulk Hogan I Knew Was Not Racist". TMZ. July 24, 2014.
- dennisrodman (July 24, 2015). "I've known @HulkHogan for 25 years. Here he is hanging with Kylin in NJ. There isn't a racist bone in that mans body." (Tweet) – via Twitter.
dennisrodman (July 24, 2015). "Lets lend our support to the Hulkster @HulkHogan who most certainly is not a racist" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- Jonathen Jansen (July 28, 2015). "Kamala Supports Hulk Hogan". WrestleZone.
- Paglino, Nick (July 24, 2015). "Mark Henry Issues Statement on Hulk Hogan Comments". WrestleZone.Com.
TheMarkHenry (July 24, 2015). "I'm disappointed in the comments made by Terry Bollea (Hulk Hogan). I've known Terry a long time as both a work colleague and as someone I consider a friend. I'm hurt and offended that he expressed his feelings in the manner and tone that was presented on the tape. I am however, pleased that the WWE took swift action in response to his comments and I support the position the organization is taking in this matter: a no tolerance approach to racism." (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- Gilman, Greg (July 24, 2015). "Hulk Hogan N-Word Scandal: Wrestler Booker T Is 'Shocked By the Statements'". TheWrap.Com.
bookert5x (July 24, 2015). "I am shocked by the statements made by Hulk Hogan. It's unfortunate, but that's something that he's going to have to deal with." (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- Moore, Michael. "Hulk Hogan Fall-Out – Major Retailers Pull Merchandise, Update – Mattel halting production". pwtorch.com. Retrieved July 29, 2015.
- Howard, Dylan; Cronin, Melissa; Cartwright, Lachlan (July 28, 2015). "A New Low! Hulk Hogan Spits Vile Homophobic Slurs In Latest Rant From Leaked Audiotape — The Last Straw For Fans?". Retrieved July 29, 2015.
- Rigby, Sam (July 30, 2015). "Hulk Hogan is under fire again after more racially-charged comments emerge". Digital Spy. Retrieved August 2, 2015.
- "Hulk Hogan on Racial Slur Scandal: 'Please Forgive Me ... People Get Better'". Yahoo. August 31, 2015.
- "Hulk Hogan under fire after slamming neighborhood on national TV". 10NEWS. August 31, 2015.
- "Triple H Hopes Hulk Hogan Will Return To WWE And 'Make Amends With The World'". uproxx.com. September 20, 2015.
- Reynolds, R.D. (2003). Wrestlecrap: The Very Worst of Pro Wrestling. ECW Press. p. 140. ISBN 978-1-55022-584-6.
- "Hogan Energy Powered By Socko". BeverageWorld.com. September 27, 2006. Retrieved November 3, 2006.
- "Hulkster Cheesburger. JPG Image". Retrieved May 30, 2013.
- "Hulk Hogan Nutrition". Hogannutrition.com. Retrieved May 30, 2013.
- Paula Forbes (January 2, 2013). "Hogan's Beach, Hulk Hogan's Florida Restaurant, Opens: 'The Drinking Has Begun' – Hulk Hogan Wire – Eater National". Eater.com. Retrieved May 30, 2013.
- "Welcome to Hogan's Beach Tampa". hogansbeachtampa.com. Retrieved July 18, 2015.
- "HOGAN RESTAURANT CLOSES – PWInsider.com".
- "Hulk Hogan's Net Worth Revealed In Divorce Papers". Huffington Post. September 6, 2008. Retrieved May 21, 2010.
- "Divorce Papers Reveal Hulk Hogan's Net Worth". Starpulse.com. September 5, 2008. Retrieved May 21, 2010.
- "Divorce papers reveal Hulk Hogan's net worth". USA Today. September 5, 2008. Retrieved May 4, 2010.
- "Hogan lost 'hundreds of millions'". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. September 29, 2011. Retrieved October 4, 2011.
- Simon Rothstein (August 16, 2007). "I will defeat desperate Vince". London: The Sun. Retrieved October 21, 2007.
- Moniz, Shawn (November 1, 2007). "Hogan Transfers Trademarks To Liability Company". Wrestle-Complex.com. Retrieved November 1, 2007.
- "Gameloft Announces Licensing Deal With Wrestling Superstar Hulk Hogan". Reuters (April 21, 2008). Retrieved November 3, 2008.
- on YouTube. Retrieved on May 8, 2011.
- "Endemol signs Hulk Hogan". Retrieved August 9, 2011.
- Nesmeth, Eliot. "Endemol and hulk hogan team up for online gaming deal". Retrieved August 9, 2011.
- "Hulk Hogan Announces Launch of Website Hosting Company, "Hostamania"". PRWeb. October 4, 2013. Retrieved October 15, 2013.
- "Hulk Hogan MAN THONGIN' In Miley Cyrus Spoof Video". TMZ. October 4, 2013. Retrieved October 15, 2013.
- Eby, Margaret (October 4, 2013). "Hulk Hogan wears thong, straddles wrecking ball in Miley Cyrus spoof video for new ad". New York Daily News. Retrieved October 15, 2013.
- Brault, Stephane (October 15, 2013). "GoDaddy vs. Hostamania: Why It May Not Be Go Time for the Hulkster". Web Hosting Hero. Retrieved November 10, 2013.
- "Hulk Hogan Adapt or Become Irrelevant". YouTube. November 21, 2013. Retrieved November 21, 2013.
- Dan Schawbel (August 22, 2011). "Hulk Hogan on Personal Branding, Family Life and Reality TV". Forbes. p. 3. Retrieved August 23, 2011.
- "American diabetic association celebrity supporters".
- "Hulk Hogan". IMDb. Retrieved October 24, 2007.
- "The Ultimate Weapon (1997)". IMDb. Retrieved October 24, 2007.
- Hogan, Hulk (2002). Hollywood Hulk Hogan. Simon and Schuster. p. 85. ISBN 0743475569.
- "Hulk Hogan Knows Best: About the Series". VH1.
- "Brooke Knows Best". VH1.
- "Wrestling Legend Hulk Hogan To Host The Return Of Popular Competition Series "American Gladiators" Coming To NBC Midseason". Sports Features Communications. October 3, 2007. Retrieved October 3, 2007.
- "Former celebrities compete in CMT wrestling show". Reuters. June 5, 2008. Retrieved June 6, 2008.
- "A&E Presents Finding Hulk Hogan". Reuters. October 27, 2010. Retrieved November 1, 2010.
- "Hulk Hogan, Chris Jericho, Paige and Daniel Bryan headline new season of WWE Tough Enough". WWE.com. May 7, 2015. Retrieved May 7, 2015.
- "Bubba's staff profile". Bubba the Love Sponge.com. Retrieved April 20, 2010.
- Caldwell, James (April 9, 2010). "TNA News: Hulk Hogan to begin weekly satellite radio show on Monday nights before TNA Impact". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved April 20, 2010.
- Feltham, Jamie (July 20, 2011). "Hulk Hogan Joins Saints Row Cast". Retrieved October 12, 2012.
- "Hulk Hogan's Main Event". GameSpot.com. October 11, 2011. Retrieved May 22, 2012.
- The Masked Man. "Wrestling's Greatest Shoots, 'WrestleMania' Edition: Hulk Hogan vs. Richard Belzer «". Grantland. Retrieved August 11, 2015.
- Keller, Wade (July 18, 1994). Pro Wrestling Torch. Missing or empty
- Daulerio, A. J. (October 4, 2012). "Even for a Minute, Watching Hulk Hogan Have Sex in a Canopy Bed is Not Safe For Work but Watch it Anyway". Gawker. Retrieved February 17, 2013.
- "Hulk Hogan Sex Tape". SexTape.com. February 4, 2013. Retrieved February 12, 2013.
- Amelia Proud (October 9, 2012). "Hulk Hogan sex tape with Heather Clem: Wrestler 'devastated' that Bubba the Love Sponge plotted leak". Daily Mail. London. Retrieved May 30, 2013.
- "Hulk Hogan 'devastated' by leak of sex tape filmed six years ago with friend's wife Heather Clem; Lawyer says wrestler suffered the 'ultimate betrayal'". NY Daily News. New York. Retrieved May 30, 2013.
- "Hulk Hogan to sue former friend Bubba the Love Sponge, sex tape partner Heather Clem for invasion of privacy". The New York Daily News. Retrieved October 15, 2012.
- "Hulk Hogan Settles Sex Tape Lawsuit With DJ". The New York Times.
- Gicas, Peter (October 29, 2012). "Hulk Hogan Settles Sex Tape Lawsuit With Bubba the Love Sponge". E! Online. Retrieved February 12, 2013.
- Krayewski, Ed (July 2, 2015). "Gawker Media is Fighting for Free Speech—and Its Life". Reason. Retrieved July 18, 2015.
- "Hulk Hogan gains access to Gawker computer system". New York Post. October 1, 2015.
- "Hogan suing for $100 million". The Observer. November 3, 2015.
- "Hulk Hogan Awarded $115 Million in Privacy Suit Against Gawker". The New York Times. March 18, 2016.
- Angeles, Edward Helmore Nicky Woolf in Los (2016-03-19). "Hulk Hogan awarded $115m in Gawker sex tape lawsuit". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2016-03-19.
- Bixenspan, David (August 11, 2016). "Judge rules Hogan control of Former Gawker Editor's Assets". Retrieved August 13, 2016.
- McBride, Sarah; Somerville, Heather (May 25, 2016). "Tech billionaire Thiel helps Hulk Hogan". Yahoo Tech. Retrieved May 26, 2016.
- Hines, Ree (February 28, 2008). "Hulk Hogan cheated with Brooke's BFF". MSNBC. Retrieved June 6, 2009.
- "Hulk Hogan Cheated On His Wife With Daughter's Pal!". Anythinghollywood.com. Retrieved May 21, 2010.
- "Hulk and Wife Headed for Divorce Court". TMZ.com. November 23, 2007. Retrieved November 23, 2007.
- Rothstein, Simon (November 28, 2007). "Lawyer: Hulk divorce is a ruse". The Sun. UK. Retrieved December 3, 2007.
- "Linda Hogan: Hulk's Affair Killed Our Marriage". E! Online. November 6, 2008. Retrieved May 21, 2010.
- De Leon, Chris (November 7, 2008). "Linda Hogan Blames Christiane Plante for Failed Marriage with Hulk". E!News. BuddyTV. Retrieved February 23, 2009.
- Hulk Hogan (2009). My Life Outside the Ring. St. Martin's Press. p. 159. ISBN 978-0-312-58889-2.
- "Details of Hulk Hogan's costly divorce become public". USA Today. November 23, 2011. Retrieved September 22, 2014.
- France, Lisa Respers (October 21, 2009). "Hulk Hogan says he considered suicide after breakup". CNN. Retrieved April 2, 2011.
- Everett, Cristina (December 2, 2009). "From the wrestling ring to the diamond ring! Hulk Hogan engaged to Jennifer McDaniel". Daily News. New York. Retrieved July 7, 2010.
- Meltzer, Dave (November 21, 2010). "Sun. update: Survivor Series preview; New PPV main; Is Hogan married: UFC cut;Rock promo last night". Wrestling Observer Newsletter. Archived from the original on February 16, 2011. Retrieved November 22, 2010.
- Caldwell, James (December 14, 2010). "Hogan News: Hogan wedding update – TMZ reports on brawl during Hogan's wedding ceremony tonight in Florida". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved December 15, 2010.
- "Hulk Hogan Leans on His Faith".
- "Hulk Hogan's painful decline". TheWeek.com. May 15, 2009. Retrieved May 13, 2009.
- Armstrong, David (January 15, 2013). "Hulk Hogan Wrestles with Laser Spine Center in Lawsuit". Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved November 23, 2013.
- "Hulk Hogan to reign as king of Bacchus". Mardi Gras blog. New Orleans: The Times-Picayune. December 18, 2007. Retrieved February 23, 2009.
- "Hulk Hogan to reign as King of Bacchus". New Orleans: The Times-Picayune. Associated Press. December 18, 2007. Archived from the original on December 25, 2007. Retrieved February 23, 2009.
- "Finishing Moves List". Other Arena. Retrieved August 28, 2009.
- "Mega Powers profile". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved September 4, 2009.
- "Just for Kicks: WWE's top 10 kicks". WWE. January 3, 2014. Retrieved January 5, 2014.
- The Masked Man. "Dead Wrestler Of The Week: Captain Lou Albano". Deadspin. Retrieved August 8, 2015.
- "Jimmy Hart profile". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved September 4, 2009.
- Wrestling Classics, Jan 1992 issue, p.17.
- Dave Meltzer. "WWE Vintage Collection TV report – Hulk Hogan The Early Days". Wrestling Observer/Figure Four Weekly. Retrieved August 8, 2015.
- "When Hulk Hogan and Marvel Collided". Red-Headed Mule. Retrieved August 8, 2015.
- "WWE Top 24 Matches". WWE. Retrieved November 2, 2011.
- "Entrance themes".
- "WWE Anthology at Allmusic".
- "The History of Rock & Pop Vol. 1".
- "WCW Mayhem: The Music at Allmusic".
- "Immortal Theme". Total Nonstop Action Wrestling. Retrieved May 12, 2011.
- "Pro Wrestling Illustrated Award Winners Inspirational Wrestler of the Year". Wrestling Information Archive. Retrieved July 27, 2008.
- "Pro Wrestling Illustrated Top 500–1991". Wrestling Information Archive. Retrieved March 14, 2009.
- "Pro Wrestling Illustrated's Top 500 Wrestlers of the PWI Years". Wrestling Information Archive. Retrieved March 14, 2009.
- The Great Hisa's Puroresu Dojo: Puroresu Awards: 1990s. Puroresu.com. Retrieved on May 8, 2011.
- The Great Hisa's Puroresu Dojo: Puroresu Awards: 1980s. Puroresu.com. Retrieved on May 8, 2011.
- "History of the WCW World Championship". WWE.com. Retrieved October 21, 2007.
- "World Tag Team Championship official title history". WWE. Retrieved October 21, 2007.
- "History of the WWE World Heavyweight Championship". WWE. Retrieved October 21, 2007.
- FULL-LENGTH MATCH – SmackDown – Hulk Hogan vs. Chris Jericho – WWE Undisputed Championship Match. September 21, 2013 – via YouTube.
- "Hulk Hogan Statement on Racist Rant : People.com". PEOPLE.com. Retrieved July 25, 2015.
- Meltzer, Dave (January 19, 1998). "Jan. 19, 1998 Wrestling Observer Newsletter: 18th Annual Newsletter Awards Issue". Wrestling Observer Newsletter.
- Meltzer, Dave (January 22, 1996). "Jan. 22, 1996 Wrestling Observer Newsletter: Results of the 1995 Wrestling Observer Newsletter Awards, 1995 Record Book, Tons More". Wrestling Observer Newsletter.
- Milner, John. "Hulk Hogan". SLAM! Wrestling. Retrieved February 5, 2009.
- Bischoff, Eric (2006). Eric Bischoff: Controversy Creates Cash. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 1-4165-2729-X.
- Hogan, Hulk (2002). Hollywood Hulk Hogan. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 0-7434-7556-9.
- Loverro, Thom (2006). The Rise & Fall of ECW: Extreme Championship Wrestling. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 1-4165-1058-3.
- Shields, Brian (2006). Main Event: WWE in the Raging 80s. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 1-4165-3257-9.
- Hogan, Hulk; Dagostino, Mark (2009). My Life Outside the Ring. St. Martin's. ISBN 0-312-58889-5.
Find more about
at Wikipedia's sister projects
|Media from Commons|
|Quotations from Wikiquote|