Hullavington

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Hullavington
Hullavington1 19y07.JPG
The Street, Hullavington
Hullavington is located in Wiltshire
Hullavington
Hullavington
Hullavington shown within Wiltshire
Population 1,223 (in 2011)[1]
OS grid reference ST894820
Civil parish
  • Hullavington
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Chippenham
Postcode district SN14
Dialling code 01666
Police Wiltshire
Fire Dorset and Wiltshire
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament
Website www.hullavingtonparishcouncil.org.uk
List of places
UK
England
Wiltshire
51°32′10″N 2°09′14″W / 51.536°N 2.154°W / 51.536; -2.154Coordinates: 51°32′10″N 2°09′14″W / 51.536°N 2.154°W / 51.536; -2.154

Hullavington is a village and civil parish in Wiltshire, England, just to the north of the M4 motorway. The village lies about 4 miles (6 km) southwest of Malmesbury and 5 12 miles (9 km) north of Chippenham.

The Fosse Way, a Roman road, forms the western boundary of the parish. The Gauze Brook, a tributary of the Bristol Avon, crosses the parish from southwest to northeast.

History[edit]

A settlement of 35 households at Hunlavintone was recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086, and at that time the land was held by Ralf de Mortimer.[2][3] The place-name means 'the town of Hunlaf's people'.[4] The spelling Hunlavyngton is recorded in 1418.[5]

Hullavington church and manor belonged to the abbey of Saint-Victor-en-Caux (Saint-Victor-l'Abbaye, Seine-Maritime) in the early Middle Ages. The establishment also had Clatford manor, some 18 miles (29 km) to the southeast, and was known as Clatford Priory or Hullavington Priory.[6] In 1443 its land was given to Eton College, who retained it until 1958.[7]

The monastic house was presumably northwest of the church; Court House was built on that site in the 16th century, with alterations and extension in the 17th and later centuries.[7][8]

Bradfield (north of Hullavington village) and Surrendell (in the west of the modern parish) were recorded in the Domesday Book[9][10] and became medieval hamlets, then declined to single farmsteads. Bradfield had 21 poll-tax payers in 1377 but by the later 15th century there were no buildings beyond the manor house and its farm.[7] Bradfield Manor Farmhouse, now Grade I listed,[11] is described by Pevsner as a "rare survival of a C15 hall".[12]

Surrendell had a church in 1249, and 37 poll-tax payers in 1377.[7] A manor house was built in the 16th century[7] and Surrendell farmhouse was begun c. 1620-40.[13][14] The church was in ruins in the late 17th century and the manor house was demolished c. 1871.[7] A pillow mound rabbit warren, some 36 metres in length, survives near Surrendell Farm.[15]

Schooling began in a small way in the village in 1690. Two small schools, which became National Schools, were built in 1832 and 1833; the larger of them, on the east side of The Street, was enlarged in 1873 and became the sole school in 1879. A new school was built on the northern edge of the village in 1970.[16] In 1903 the Great Western Railway opened the South Wales Main Line which passes to the north of Hullavington village, and had a station on the road towards Norton. The station closed to passengers in 1961 and to goods traffic in 1965; the line remains in use but there are no longer any local stations on this stretch between Swindon and Bristol Parkway.[17]

The parish population at the beginning of the nineteenth century was 395 (1801 census), rising to 823 in 1901 and was 1,223 in 2011.[1]

Parish church[edit]

St Mary's Church

The Church of England parish church of St Mary was begun in the 12th century. The three-bay north arcade is from the late 12th while the south arcade and northeast Bradfield chapel are from the 13th.[18] The timber roof of the north aisle is 15th century, and there are pew ends from the same period.[19] Restoration took place in the early 1870s and the tower was rebuilt in 1880, both to designs of A.W. Blomfield[20] or his nephew Reginald Blomfield.[19]

At one time the church had a plaque commemorating the death at Malmesbury in 1703 of Hannah Twynnoy, believed to be the first person in Britain to have been killed by a tiger.[21]

The church was designated as Grade I listed in 1959.[19] The parish is now one of eight served by the Gauzebrook group ministry.[22]

Governance[edit]

The village falls within the By Brook electoral ward. The ward starts in the north east at Hullavington then stretches south west through Grittleton and Nettleton to Biddestone in the south. The ward population taken at the 2011 census was 4,523.[23]

Amenities[edit]

Hullavington has a garage, a shop, a pub and two churches, one of which meets in the village hall. The village school continues as Hullavington CofE Primary School, where pupils include those from families posted to Buckley Barracks.[24] There are three Girlguiding units in Hullavington: Brownies, Rainbows and a Guide unit which opened in September 2007.

Military connections[edit]

Hullavington Airfield, formerly RAF Hullavington, is next to the village. Most of the airfield is in the neighbouring parish of Stanton St Quintin, along with the associated barracks which were renamed Buckley Barracks in 2003.

Notable residents[edit]

Jazz vocalist and pianist Jamie Cullum was brought up in Hullavington. The former MP Neil Hamilton and his wife Christine moved to Hullavington in October 2004.[25]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Wiltshire Community History - Census". Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 15 February 2015. 
  2. ^ Hullavington in the Domesday Book
  3. ^ Henry Alworth Merewether, Archibald John Stephens (1835). The History of the Boroughs and Municipal Corporations of the United Kingdom (pdf). Stevens and sons. p. 154. Retrieved 2008-09-22. 
  4. ^ Eilert Ekwall, Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-names, p. 256.
  5. ^ Plea Rolls of the Court of Common Pleas; National Archives; CP 40/629, dated 1418; http://aalt.law.uh.edu/H5/CP40no629/aCP40no629fronts/IMG_0115.htm; second entry, line 1, home of Ralph Heyne, husbandman
  6. ^ Pugh, R.B.; Crittall, Elizabeth, eds. (1956). "Victoria County History - Wiltshire - Vol 3 pp393-394 - Alien houses: Priory of Clatford or Hullavington". British History Online. University of London. Retrieved 27 September 2017. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f Baggs, A.P.; Freeman, Jane; Stevenson, Janet H, eds. (1991). "Victoria County History: Wiltshire: Vol 14 pp104-118 - Parishes: Hullavington". British History Online. University of London. Retrieved 20 September 2017. 
  8. ^ Historic England. "Court House (1198935)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 26 September 2017. 
  9. ^ Bradfield in the Domesday Book
  10. ^ Surrendell in the Domesday Book
  11. ^ Historic England. "Bradfield Manor Farmhouse, Hullavington (1198808)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 15 February 2015. 
  12. ^ Pevsner, Nikolaus; Cherry, Bridget (revision) (1975) [1963]. Wiltshire. The Buildings of England (2nd ed.). Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. p. 275. ISBN 0-14-0710-26-4. 
  13. ^ Historic England. "Surrendell Farmhouse (1198980)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 September 2017. 
  14. ^ Historic England. "Barn to the east of Surrendell Farmhouse (1023212)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 September 2017. 
  15. ^ Historic England. "Pillow mound 280m south west of Surrendell Farm (1018610)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 September 2017. 
  16. ^ "Hullavington Church of England School". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 27 September 2017. 
  17. ^ Oakley, Mike (2004). Wiltshire Railway Stations. Wimborne: The Dovecote Press. pp. 70–71. ISBN 1-904349-33-1. 
  18. ^ "St Mary, Hullavington". Corpus of Romanesque Sculpture. King's College London. Retrieved 20 September 2017. 
  19. ^ a b c Historic England. "Church of St Mary (1356040)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 September 2017. 
  20. ^ "Church of St. Mary, Hullavington". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 20 September 2017. 
  21. ^ "Hannah Twynnoy". Athelstan Museum, Malmesbury. Retrieved 20 September 2017. 
  22. ^ "Hullavington: St Mary Magdalene". Gauzebrook Group Ministry. Retrieved 20 September 2017. 
  23. ^ "By Brook ward 2011". UKCensusdata.com. Retrieved 18 September 2017. 
  24. ^ "About Us". Hullavington CofE Primary and Nursery School. Retrieved 27 September 2017. 
  25. ^ Williams, James. "At home with the Hamiltons". Wiltshire Times. Retrieved 15 February 2015. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Hullavington at Wikimedia Commons