Human Head Studios
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|Defunct||November 13, 2019|
Human Head Studios was founded in October 1997 by a group of six developers formerly from Raven Software: Ben Gokey, Chris Rhinehart, Paul MacArthur, Ted Halsted, James Sumwalt, and Shane Gurno—later joined by game producer Tim Gerritsen as co-owner in June 1998. Regarding the origin of the studio's name, Gerritsen explained: "When the guys were thinking of leaving Raven Software, someone posted a message via e-mail that they had lost some money. This started people saying they had lost all sorts of things. One person posted that they had misplaced a bag of human heads and this gave the inspiration for the name." Their first game was Rune, a third-person Viking action game. The company also worked on the long-anticipated first-person shooter Prey, a game that was executive produced by 3D Realms.
On April 20, 2007, a news report indicated that the company's headquarters were partially destroyed in a fire. No injuries were reported. On October 1, 2007, the company moved back into their newly renovated offices. In 2014, Human Head announced that they have revived a multiplayer video game called Minimum from TimeGate Studios, which filed for bankruptcy in 2013. Their final major release was the infamous The Quiet Man, an action-adventure beat-em-up published by Square Enix which features full-motion video cutscenes.
On November 13, 2019, the studio announced its closure, immediately after the release of Rune 2. The whole team subsequently formed a new studio, Roundhouse Studios, under Bethesda Softworks. Chris Rhinehart of Human Head/Roundhouse stated that "Sadly, we had to wind down the business of Human Head Studios and close its doors", but had been able to reach out to Bethesda to establish this new studio.
|2000||Blair Witch Volume II: The Legend of Coffin Rock||Gathering of Developers||Microsoft Windows|
|2000||Rune||Microsoft Windows, macOS, Linux|
|2001||Rune: Halls of Valhalla||Microsoft Windows|
|2001||Rune: Viking Warlord||Take-Two Interactive||PlayStation 2|
|2004||Dead Man's Hand||Atari, SA||Xbox, Microsoft Windows|
|2006||Prey||2K Games||Microsoft Windows, Xbox 360, macOS, Linux|
|2011||Brink||Bethesda Softworks||Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3, Xbox 360|
|2012||Fort Courage||Human Head Studios||iOS|
|2013||Defiance||Trion Worlds||Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3, Xbox 360|
|2014||Minimum||Atari, SA||Microsoft Windows|
|2015||Lost Within||Amazon Game Studios||iOS, Android|
|2015||Dungeon Defenders II||Trendy Entertainment||PlayStation 4|
|2018||The Quiet Man||Square Enix||Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 4|
|2018||Survived By||Digital Extremes||Microsoft Windows|
|2019||Rune 2||Ragnarok Game, LLC||Microsoft Windows|
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- "Massive Fire Destroys East Side Building". Channel3000. April 20, 2007. Archived from the original on February 5, 2012. Retrieved April 7, 2015.
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- Ivan, Tom (November 13, 2019). "New Bethesda studio formed as Human Head Studios closes". Video Games Chronicle. Retrieved November 13, 2019.
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- Phillips, Tom (March 3, 2015). "Prey developer Human Head announces survival horror Lost Within". Eurogamer. Retrieved April 7, 2015.
- Crecente, Brian (June 11, 2015). "Dungeon Defenders 2 coming to PS4 this year with help from Prey developer". Polygon. Retrieved June 11, 2015.
- Minotti, Mike (June 11, 2018). "The Quiet Man may be Square Enix's first deaf hero". VentureBeat. Retrieved June 11, 2018.
- Pitcher, Jenna (October 30, 2014). "Bethesda officially confirms Prey 2 cancellation". IGN. Retrieved April 7, 2015.