Human Life International

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Father Shenan J. Boquet during the Parisian March for Life in 2017.

Human Life International (HLI) is a Roman Catholic, U.S.-based anti-abortion organization.[1][2][3] It is one of the largest anti-abortion organizations in the United States.[2] It describes itself as "the largest international pro-life organization in the world", saying that it has affiliates and associates in over 80 nations worldwide and has sent representatives to approximately 160.[4][5] The group is led by clergy.[6] It has been based in Front Royal, Virginia since 1996.[7][8]

Human Life International was established in 1981 in Gaithersburg, Maryland by Paul Marx,[9][8][10] as a continuation of the Human Life Center founded by Marx at Saint John's University, Minnesota in 1972.[5] Its mission is to train and organize anti-abortion movement leaders — priests, crisis pregnancy centers, civic leaders, radio and television programmers, and family counselors. HLI bases its activism on Catholic anti-abortion beliefs, which propose that life begins at conception.[11] The group also advocates against contraceptives.[5][12][13] It has supported the criminalization of homosexuality in Uganda.[14]

In the mid-1990s, Jennifer Gonnerman described HLI's anti-abortion campaign as more influential than that of the Operation Save America.[15] In 1997, Human Life International supported the founding of the Center for Family and Human Rights.[16][17] The group is affiliated with the Population Research Institute.[17] From 2000 to 2014, the group used $7.9 million for anti-abortion causes.[2]

Shenan J. Boquet became president of HLI in November 2011.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Ferris-Rotman, Amie (20 September 2018). "Putin the Pro-Choice Champion". Coda Story. Coda Media. Retrieved 26 November 2021. ...Human Life International, a U.S.-based anti-abortion group.
  2. ^ a b c Warren, Rossalyn (12 March 2019). "How US organizations support anti-abortion laws in Mexico and elsewhere". CNN. Retrieved 26 November 2021.
  3. ^ "US groups pour millions into anti-abortion campaign in Latin America and Caribbean". The Guardian. 26 October 2017. Retrieved 26 November 2021. ...Human Life International (HLI), a Catholic not-for-profit group from Virginia...
  4. ^ "Our Mission". Human Life International.
  5. ^ a b c d "A Short History of Human Life International". Human Life International.
  6. ^ Diamond, Anna (23 January 2017). "Trump Strikes at Abortion With a Revived Foreign-Aid Rule". The Atlantic. Retrieved 26 November 2021.
  7. ^ Levintova, Hannah (2020). "The Trump Official Who Failed to Reunify Dozens of Separated Children Is Getting a New Role". Mother Jones. Retrieved 27 November 2021.
  8. ^ a b Murphy, Caryle (8 April 2000). "Family Values Feud". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2021-11-27.
  9. ^ Lemaitre, Julieta; Sieder, Rachel (June 2017). "The Moderating Influence of International Courts on Social Movements". Health and Human Rights. 19 (1): 149–160. ISSN 1079-0969. PMC 5473045. PMID 28630548.
  10. ^ Miller, Patricia (2014-05-20). "Playing Politics". Good Catholics: The Battle Over Abortion in the Catholic Church. University of California Press. p. 209. doi:10.1525/9780520958272-011. ISBN 978-0-520-95827-2. S2CID 226767853.
  11. ^ "Our Mission - Human Life International".
  12. ^ Abbasi, Kamran (2001-07-21). "Oral contraceptives". The BMJ. 323 (7305): 172. doi:10.1136/bmj.323.7305.172/a. ISSN 0959-8138. S2CID 71880529.
  13. ^ Ryan, Carol (7 May 2013). "Anniversary of family planning case brings a sense of déjà vu". The Irish Times. Retrieved 26 November 2021. ...Human Life International which is the only pro-life group in Ireland that explicitly opposes contraception...
  14. ^ Cauterucci, Christina (27 July 2017). "A U.S. Nonprofit Is Funding the Fight to Imprison Women for Abortions in El Salvador". Slate. Retrieved 26 November 2021. ...Human Life International, which also supported Uganda's far-reaching criminalization of gay people...
  15. ^ Gonnerman, Jennifer (31 October 1996). "The Anti-Abortion Stealth Campaign: Human Life International makes Operation Rescue look like child's play". On The Issues. 5 (4) – via ProQuest.
  16. ^ Tétreault, Mary Ann; Denemark, Robert Allen (2004). Gods, Guns, and Globalization: Religious Radicalism and International Political Economy. Lynne Rienner Publishers. p. 74. ISBN 978-1-58826-253-0.
  17. ^ a b Buss, Doris (2003). Globalizing Family Values: The Christian Right in International Politics. University of Minnesota Press. pp. xxviii, 63. ISBN 978-0-8166-4208-3.

External links[edit]