Human Rights League (Belgium)

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The Human Rights League (French: Ligue des Droits de l'Homme, in Dutch Liga voor de Rechten van de Mens) was founded in Belgium on 8 May 1901, after the in 1898 established Ligue des Droits de l'Homme in France. The Belgian initiative came from a professor at the Université Libre de Bruxelles, Eugène Monseur.[1]

In the First World War, the organisation was dissolved. It reappeared several years after the war, as the Ligue Belge pour la Défense des Droits de l’Homme et du Citoyen, or Belgian League for the Defense of Human and Civil Rights. In the 1930s, its president Emile Vandervelde emphasized on concerting with both the International Federation of Human Rights Leagues (FIDH) at Paris and the government at Brussels.[1]

The Nazi-German invaders put a halt to the organization's activities and ceased its archives in 1940. The German Occupation and the following Repression claimed their toll in absence of a Belgian human rights organisation. Not until 1954, the appearance of the Ligue Belge pour la Défense des Droits de l’Homme (LBDH), or Belgian League for the Defense of Human Rights, demonstrated emphasis on independence from government so as to allow protecting human rights of each and all individuals from totalitarianism or society's contemporary whims.[1]

In 1968 the Belgian League for the Defence of Human Rights officially became an 'Institution of Public Interest' by the names Ligue Belge pour la Défense des Droits de l’Homme and Belgische Liga voor de Verdediging van de Rechten van de Mens.[2]

In 1978 as a practical internal reorganisation of the 'Institution', and since 1982 also officially, the national organisation was split into the Dutch-speaking Liga voor Mensenrechten and the French-speaking Ligue des droits de l'homme. (See their respective articles.).[1][3]

  • The Dutch name still registered with the International Federation of Human Rights Leagues, shows an obsolete spelling and is no longer used: 'Liga voor Menschenrechten'. This FIDH does however show the correct Dutch name in the contact information.
  • The French name is identical to the one for the similar organisation in France, see Human Rights League (France)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d (French) Le prix Régine Orfinger-Karlin 2006 - Dossier de presse page 18 'Plus de cent ans de Ligue des Droits de l'Homme', Ligue des droits de l’Homme asbl, 7 December 2006 (retrieved 23 February 2009)
  2. ^ (French) Arrêté royal du 21 mai 1968 - Etablissement d'utilité publique - "Ligue belge pour la Défense des Droits de l'Homme" - Fondation - Statuts - Approbation, (Dutch) Koninklijk besluit van 21 mei 1968 - Instelling van openbaar nut "Belgische Liga voor de Verdediging van de Rechten van de Mens" - Stichting - Statuten - Goedkeuring Founding of the Belgian League for the Defence of Human Rights on 21 May 1968, lawfully published 21 June 1968, web site of the Council of State (retrieved 23 February 2010)
  3. ^ (Dutch) Em. prof. dr. Lode Van Outrive (1932-2009) overleden Paul Pataer, president of the Liga voor de Mensenrechten: "In 1982 werd de Belgische Liga voor de Verdediging van de Rechten van de Mens communautair opgesplitst en werd de Vlaamse Liga voor Mensenrechten boven de doopvont gehouden.", KUL, August 2009 (retrieved 23 February 2010)

External links[edit]