Human Traces is a 2005 novel by Sebastian Faulks, best known as the British author of Birdsong and Charlotte Gray. The novel took Faulks five years to write. It tells of two friends who set up a pioneering asylum in 19th-century Austria, in tandem with the evolution of psychiatry and the start of the First World War.
Tracing the intertwined lives of Doctors Thomas Midwinter, who is English, and Jacques Rebière, from Brittany, France, Human Traces explores the development of psychiatry and psychoanalysis in the late 19th century, by way of excursions into first alienism then metaphysics, human evolution and neuroscience, before the search for what it means to be human takes us into a brief foray into the First World War. Central to the plot is the theory of bicameralism.
Whilst some have criticised Human Traces as excessively expository, detailed and didactic, it has also been considered wide-ranging, ambitious and well written. It has enjoyed commercial success, having been a bestseller in the United Kingdom.
Faulks himself says of his novel:
'Human Traces was a Sisyphean task. After spending five years in libraries reading up on madness, psychiatry and psychoanalysis (my office had charts and timelines and things plastered all over the walls), the act of finishing it felt like a bereavement.
Human trace (Human-trace, Homme-Trace) is title of scientific works written by Beatrice Galinon Mélénec
In this work, B. Galinon-Mélénec explains that confusing the sign and the trace is an anthropocentric view and that "if any sign is, in fact, a "signe-trace", a trace is not necessarily a sign".
The latest scientific discoveries have led the author to propose a new anthropological definition spanning time: the Homme-Trace (Human-trace). Having observed that the notion of trace is used in disciplines whose subjects and methods often stand far apart, Béatrice Galinon-Mélénec has put forward some definitions from anthroposemiotic research (signe-trace, signe-signal, "echoing of traces" etc.). The propositions result from her own findings in professional situations of communication.
E-laboratory on "Human Trace"
The first part of the 21st century has been marked by the exacerbation of issues relating to the proliferation of traces associated with human activities (sustainable development, digital traces, health risks, protection of personal data and identity, cybercrime, etc.). The e-laboratory on Human Trace (founded by Galinon-Mélénec) brings together researchers who respond to these societal issues.
The question of the trace as an object of research in the context of complex systems therefore comes naturally in terms of multidisciplinarity. To articulate all these approaches without confusion, it is proposed to gradually build an innovative form of research networks on the subject of "Trace", taking advantage of the framework established by CS-DC UNESCO UniTwin. The scientific objective is to show how the issue of the trace and its interpretation refers to complex processes. In the focus of CS-DC UNESCO UniTwin, this scientific objective leads to a strengthening of prevention of multiscale risks and contributes to the development of cooperation between different regions of the world. Consideration of inter-cultural and inter-consistent discipline is likely to support research for a long time and for the individual and social protection of the human species.
- Galinon-Melenec, Béatrice (2015). "From "TRACES" and "HUMAN TRACE" to "HUMAN-TRACE PARADIGM"". In Parrend, Pierre; Bourgine, Paul; Collet, Pierre. First Complex systems Digital Campus World E-Conference. Tempe Arizona USA: Springer.
- Galinon-Melenec, Béatrice (2014). "The future of the "Homme-trace", A substantial societal challenge". 28-1/2. NETCOM: 107–130.
- Faulks, Sebastian (2006). Human Traces. Vintage books. ISBN 0-09-945826-8.
- Video on the CS-DC’15 first world conference Galinon-Melenec Béatrice, The Explosion of questions posed by the traces: an answer in the paradigm of the HumanTrace (Arizona, USA, 2015)