Human hunting refers to humans being hunted and killed for other persons' revenge, pleasure, entertainment, or sustenance. There have been historical incidents of the practice being carried out during times of social upheaval. A 2016 report by Daniel Wright, senior lecturer in tourism at the University of Central Lancashire, predicts the hunting of the poor will become a hobby of the superrich in a future plagued by economic and ecological disasters and overpopulation.
- In Ancient Greece, the upper class of Sparta regularly practiced the stalking and murder of members of their servile helot population; such murders were carried out both by the secret police (Crypteia) as a means of keeping the helots cowed and unlikely to revolt, and as part of the military training (agoge) for Spartiate youths.
- During the Spanish Civil War, a real-world version of this practice became popular among the sons of wealthy landowners. The hunts took place on horseback and targeted landless peasants as an extension of the White Terror. They were jokingly referred to as "Reforma agraria" referencing both the grave their quarry would eventually be dumped into, and the land reforms the lower classes had been attempting to attain.
- Serial killer Robert Hansen abducted and then let his victims loose to hunt them.
- Blood sport
- Death games in fiction
- Premeditated murder
- Sexual sadism disorder
- Thrill killing