Human rights in Romania are generally respected by the government. However, there have been controversies regarding a number of issues, including during the 2004 and 2009 elections. Romania was ranked 56th out of 167 countries in the 2010 Democracy Index and is described as a "flawed democracy", similar to other countries in Eastern Europe.
There were reports in 2003 and 2004 of police brutality, in particular against Roma, and concerns raised about the failure of the government to fully investigate and prosecute alleged cases of police brutality.
There has been a growing awareness of human trafficking as a human rights issue in Europe (see main article: trafficking in human beings). The end of communism has contributed to an increase in human trafficking, with the majority of victims being women forced into prostitution. Romania is a country of origin and country of transit for persons, primarily women and children, trafficked for the purpose of sexual exploitation. The Romanian government has shown some commitment to combat trafficking but has been criticized for failing to fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking.