Human trafficking in Ireland
Ireland is one of many destination countries for women, men, and children trafficked for the purposes of commercial sexual exploitation and forced labor. In 2018, the annual Trafficking in Persons Report, highlighted that Ireland had been downgraded to a tier 2 country, meaning it is no longer deemed to be meeting the minimum standards required in the fight against human trafficking, owing, in particular, to its ongoing failure to address shortcomings in the treatment of victims.
(1) A person who trafficks a child for the purposes of the exploitation of the child shall be guilty of an offence.
(2) A person who—
(a) sells a child, offers or exposes a child for sale or invites the making of an offer to purchase a child, or
(b) purchases or makes an offer to purchase a child,
shall be guilty of an offence.
(3) A person who causes an offence under subsection (1) or (2) to be committed shall be guilty of an offence.
(4) A person who attempts to commit an offence under subsection (1), (2) or (3) shall be guilty of an offence.
(5) A person guilty of an offence under this section shall be liable upon conviction on indictment—
(a) to imprisonment for life or a lesser term, and
(b) at the discretion of the court, to a fine.
(6) In this section “exploitation” does not include sexual exploitation.
US State Department Annual Human Trafficking Report 2015
The US Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA), as amended, requires the US Secretary of State to submit an Annual Report to the US Congress assessing the actions of various countries across the world in the fight against trafficking in persons.
The US State Department on Thursday released a report showing a 73 per cent increase in the number of detected cases of human trafficking in Ireland since 2014 Ireland still retains Tier 1 Status in US State Department Annual Human Trafficking Report as of 2015. Ireland having a Tier 1 status means they meet the minimum standard for the elimination of severe forms of trafficking.
As the Republic of Ireland has been assessed by the State Department as meeting the minimum standard for the elimination of severe forms of trafficking as set out in the US Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA), (as amended) it has retained its top Tier 1 rating in 2015. Ireland has been classified as Tier 1 for the past six years.
As is the norm for all countries, including Tier 1 countries, the Report on Ireland contains a number of recommendations to be implemented going forward. These recommendations are addressed within the context of the development of the Second National Action Plan to Prevent and Tackle Human Trafficking across the world.
U.S. State Department's Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons placed the country in "Tier 1" in 2017. However, in 2018 the country was placed in "Tier 2"
- "Ireland". Trafficking in Persons Report 2008. U.S. Department of State (June 4, 2008). This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- "Criminal Law (Human Trafficking) Act 2008". Irish Statute Book. Government of Ireland. This article contains quotations from this source, which is released under the Oireachtas Open Data PSI Licence, which applies the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
- "National Action Plan". Blue Blindfold.
- "Trafficking in Persons Report 2017: Tier Placements". www.state.gov. Retrieved 2017-12-01.