Humanist Society Scotland
|Purpose||Promotion of secular humanism|
|Headquarters||Playfair House, Edinburgh|
|Part of a Philosophy series on|
History and aims
The Humanist Society of Scotland was formed in 1989 out of an association of local humanist groups around Scotland, the Society's objective is "to represent the views of people in Scotland who wish to lead good and worthwhile lives guided by reason and compassion rather than religion or superstition", and to provide a distinct Scottish voice in complement to the British Humanist Association. In 2018, the Society reported having over 15,000 members.
The Society also claims to have a representative role for the 28% of Scots (at the 2001 census) who identify themselves as having no religion. The Society believes that the wording of the census question tends to inflate the numbers of people identifying themselves as religious who were brought up in a tradition of religious belief but who either no longer believe or who have significant doubts. The Society has campaigned to persuade the Registrar General to amend the question for the 2011 census.
The official symbol of the Society is an adaptation of the Happy Human symbol which incorporates the Saltire. The author Christopher Brookmyre previously held the post of President between 2008 and 2015.
The Society campaigns for a secular state in Scotland, and to abolish religious privilege.
In January 2001, the Society lodged a petition with the Scottish Parliament calling for the Marriage (Scotland) Act 1977 to be amended to allow legal humanist wedding ceremonies, alongside religious and civil ones. Although the Act was not amended, section 12 of the Act allows the Registrar General for Scotland to authorise temporary additional celebrants. In 2005, the Registrar agreed to authorise 12 celebrants from the Humanist Society, in part because of a concern that allowing legal religious weddings but not legal humanist ones might not be consistent with the right to "freedom of thought, conscience and religion", which includes non-religious belief, in Article 9 of the European Convention on Human Rights. The first legal humanist wedding took place at Edinburgh Zoo on 18 June 2005 between Karen Watts (from Ireland) and Martin Reijns (from the Netherlands).
Humanist weddings have since becoming increasingly popular and, in 2010, with over 70 celebrants authorised to conduct them 2,092 legal humanist weddings took place in Scotland, becoming the third most popular form of Wedding in Scotland after Registrars and the Church of Scotland. The Society organises training, mentoring and performance reviews of celebrants, and submits names of celebrants to the Registrar General annually for authorisation. Prior to the Marriage and Civil Partnership (Scotland) Act 2014, the Society performed a similar role for celebrants to conduct same-sex commitment ceremonies and weddings, although formal authorisation by the Registrar is not required for these ceremonies since they had no effect on the legal status of individuals concerned. Since the legalisation of same-sex marriages, both sets of same-sex and opposite-sex marriages are treated the same way.
In 2017 the society received official status from the Scottish Parliament as the first non-religious body that could solemnise weddings. Scotland was from 2005 until 2018 the only part of the United Kingdom where humanist celebrants can solemnise marriages (Northern Ireland became the second in 2018 following a Humanists UK legal case). In 2017, the Society announced that it had married 50,000 people in legal ceremonies since their recognition in 2005. In 2017, the Society conducted more weddings than the Church of Scotland or the Scottish Catholic Church, prompting media discussions about the high profile of humanism in Scotland.
In 2018 official statistics obtained by BBC Radio 4 from the Scottish Courts and Tribunals Service showed that those who opted for a Humanist wedding were three time less likely to end in divorce than a Roman Catholic marriage and four times less likely to end in divorce than a civil marriage.
In 2016 the Society took a judicial review of the decision to not allow children and young people to opt out of compulsory religious observance in Scottish schools, after a UN Committee called for a change in practice in Scotland.
They were also part of the campaign for equal marriage in Scotland to allow same sex couples to be legally married as an alternative to civil partnerships as well as allowing opposite sex couples access to civil partnerships.
- "About HSS". Humanist Society Scotland. Retrieved 17 May 2017.
- "How Humanists changed Scottish Marriage". BBC News. BBC News.
- Petition to the Scottish Parliament to End Discrimination in the Marriage Law of Scotland Archived 6 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine
- Marriage (Scotland) Act 1977 (c.15)
- "Holyrood gives Humanist Society fantastic news over appointing celebrants". Aberdeen Evening Express. 14 February 2017. Retrieved 26 May 2017.
- "50,000 married in Humanist Society Scotland weddings". Humanist Society Scotland. Humanist Society Scotland.
- Carrel, Severin (14 August 2018). "What God has not joined together: the rise of the humanist wedding". The Guardian. Retrieved 18 November 2018.
- Farley, Harry (10 March 2019). "Humanists 'less likely to divorce'". Retrieved 4 October 2019.
- "Campaigners call for end to religious 'interference' in schools". STV. 19 May 2013. Archived from the original on 3 November 2013. Retrieved 20 August 2013.
- "Humanists' legal challenge to school religious observance". BBC News.
- End of Life Assistance (Scotland) Bill, Humanist Society Scotland website.
- "Support for equal marriage". Humanist Society Scotland.
- "It's time for equal civil partnerships to be made available". Humanist Society Scotland.
- Learmonth, Andrew. "MSPs will hear plea to abolish 300-year-old blasphemy and heresy laws". The National. The National.
- Freeman, Tom. "Fresh calls to scrap homeopathy referrals in Scotland after NHS England calls it 'a misuse of funds'". Holyrood Magazine. Holyrood Magazine.