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|Founder||Nick Bostrom |
Humanity+ (also Humanity Plus; formerly the World Transhumanist Association) is an international non-profit organization which advocates the ethical use of emerging technologies to enhance human capacities.
The Board of Directors of Humanity+ are Ben Goertzel, José Cordeiro, Amy Li, Gabriel Rothblatt, Didier Coeurnelle, Paul Spiegel, and Nell Watson. The Executive Director is Natasha Vita-More. Advisers to Humanity+ are Max More, Sonia Arrison, Aubrey de Grey, Martine Rothblatt, David Orban, David Pearce, Anders Sandberg, James Hughes, and Luke Robert Mason.
In 1998, the World Transhumanist Association (WTA) was founded as a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization by Nick Bostrom and David Pearce. It began working toward the recognition of transhumanism as a legitimate subject of scientific inquiry and public policy.
At its inception, WTA officials considered that social forces could undermine their futurist visions and needed to be addressed. A particular concern is the equal access to human enhancement technologies across classes and borders.
In 1998, the WTA established the Journal of Transhumanism. In 2004, it renamed its journal the Journal of Evolution and Technology and transferred it to the Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technologies and launched a webzine/blog called Transhumanity.
In 2006, William Saletan reported a political struggle within World Transhumansit Association that erupted in 2004 largely between the libertarian right and the liberal left resulting in a centre-leftward positioning of Humanity+ under its former executive director James Hughes.
In 2006, the WTA adopted the following programs of activity:
- Campaign for the Rights of the Person: A campaign to modify national laws and international human rights conventions to establish (a) that bodily autonomy, reproductive rights, and cognitive liberty should be explicitly recognized and protected, (b) that universal access to enabling technologies (including such things as education and medicine) is a right in itself, and a precondition for all other rights, (c) personhood, sentience, and capacity for having morally relevant interests are the bases of rights-bearing, not humanness or the human genome.
- Campaign for Longer Better Lives: A campaign for a multinational research program to develop therapies to slow aging.
- Campaign for Future Friendly Culture: A campaign to encourage balanced and constructive portrayals of longevity, human enhancement and emerging technologies in popular culture.
Transhumanists organized the global TransVision conferences, where many WTA members attended. The TransVision conferences continue to be supported by Humanity+. Earliest conferences include:
- TransVision98, June 5–7: Weesp, The Netherlands, Europe
- TransVision99, June 4–6: Stockholm, Sweden, Europe
- TransVisionMM, July 15–16: London, England, Europe
- TransVision01, June 22–24: Berlin, Germany, Europe
- TransVision03, June 27–29: Yale University, USA, North America
- TransVision04, August 6–8: University of Toronto, Canada, North America, with nearly 125 participants including Steve Mann, Robert K. Logan and Robin Hanson.
- TransVision05, July 22–24: Caracas, Venezuela, South America
- TransVision06, August 17–19: University of Helsinki, Finland, Europe, with a simultaneous virtual online conference. The theme of the conference was Emerging Technologies of Human Enhancement.
- TransVision07, July 24–26: Chicago, USA, North America. The theme of the conference was Transforming Humanity: Innerspace to Outerspace.
In 2008, as part of a rebranding effort, the WTA changed its name to "Humanity+" in order to disassociate from political turmoil and to project a more humane image. Its Articles of Incorporation were amended in 2011.
Humanity+ has become less focused on politics and more focused on longevity, social issues including diversity and plurality, the larger issues concerning the ecosystem, and has developed conferences under the title of H+ Summit and Humanity+ @ Beijing, Harvard, Parsons The New School of Design and CalTech and the 2020 H+ Summit online.
The objectives of Humanity+ are:
- to support discussion and public awareness of emerging technologies;
- to defend the right of individuals in free and democratic societies to adopt technologies that expand human capacities;
- to anticipate and propose solutions for the potential consequences of emerging technologies;
- to actively encourage and support the development of emerging technologies judged to have sufficiently probable positive benefit.
Programs and activities
Humanity+ have organised a series of conferences. The most recent Humanity+ conference was on December 1–2, 2012, at the Seven Hills Conference Center at San Francisco State University, in California.
Humanity+ has dozens of formed or forming local groups—one on virtually every continent. A dozen transhumanist groups in the United States, London Futurists in the United Kingdom, Europe, South America, Australia and Asia have also formally affiliated with Humanity+.
Humanity+ also administers the $20,000 Gada Prize, which will be awarded to the team which can design, build and demonstrate a more advanced 3D printer on the base of RepRap by the end of 2012.[needs update]
"Humanity+", as a newly branded organization, it launched H+ Magazine, a quarterly magazine on transhumanist news and ideas that has since changed its organization, leadership, and format several times. The magazine produced five issues from 2008 through 2009, each released as PDF-based digital editions, and one released also as a print edition available in retail stores. The publisher changed from Humanity+ to Betterhumans LLC beginning with the second issue, with R. U. Sirius the editor of all five issues. In 2010, with R. U. Sirius continuing as editor, the magazine transitioned into a web-only publication not based around complete issues, and its publisher was switched back to Humanity+. The website is currently managed by Peter Rothman. Notable contributors include Michael Moorcock, Rudy Rucker, Woody Evans, John Shirley, James Hughes, and Douglas Rushkoff.
- "Management - Humanity+". Humanity+. Retrieved 2018-08-22.
- Sutherland, John (2006-05-09). "The ideas interview: Nick Bostrom". The Guardian.
- Hughes, James (2004). Citizen Cyborg: Why Democratic Societies Must Respond to the Redesigned Human of the Future. Westview Press. ISBN 0-8133-4198-1.
- Ford, Alyssa (May–June 2005). "Humanity: The Remix". Utne Magazine. Archived from the original on 13 March 2006. Retrieved 2007-03-03.
- Saletan, William (2006-06-04). "Among the Transhumanists". Slate.com. Archived from the original on 2006-12-31. Retrieved 2007-03-03.
- "Programs of the World Transhumanist Association". Archived from the original on 2007-02-07.
- Bailey, Ronald (2004-08-11). "The Transhumans Are Coming!". Reason Online. Retrieved 2007-03-02.
- Daly, Bernard (2004-10-25). "Transhumanism". America: The National Catholic Weekly. 191 (12). Archived from the original on May 10, 2006.
- TransVision 2006 - Emerging Technologies of Human Enhancement Archived 2007-12-13 at the Wayback Machine
- Blackford, Russell (2008). "WTA changes its image". Retrieved 2008-11-18. Cite journal requires
- "WTA Constitution and By-Laws".
- Newitz, Annalee (2008). "Can Futurism Escape the 1990s?". Retrieved 2008-11-18. Cite journal requires
- "Magazine Issues". H+ Magazine.
- "H+ Magazine" (PDF). Fall 2008.
- "H+ Magazine". Spring 2009.
- "H+ Magazine". Summer 2009.
- "H+ Magazine". Fall 2009.
- "H+ Magazine". Winter 2009.
- "Print Issue on Sale Now!". H+ Magazine. 24 September 2009. Retrieved 2012-11-29.
- "A new publisher for H+ Magazine". H+ Magazine. 18 July 2010. Retrieved 2012-11-29.
- "About Us". H+ Magazine. Retrieved 2012-11-29.