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Ahmed in 2010
|Native name||হুমায়ূন আহমেদ|
13 November 1948|
Mohanganj, Netrokona, East Bengal (now Bangladesh)
|Died||19 July 2012
New York City, United States
|Resting place||Nuhash Polli, Pirujali union, Gazipur District, Bangladesh|
|Occupation||Writer, film director, professor of Chemistry, Dramatist|
|Education||PhD in polymer chemistry|
|Alma mater||University of Dhaka
North Dakota State University
|Notable works||Jostnya O Jononeer Golpo (The Story of a Mother and a Moonlit Night)|
|Notable awards||Bangla Academy Award
Humayun Ahmed (pronounced: [ɦumae̯un aɦmed̪]; 13 November 1948 – 19 July 2012) was a Bangladeshi writer, dramatist, screenwriter, and filmmaker. His breakthrough was his debut novel Nondito Noroke published in 1972. He wrote over 200 fiction and non-fiction books, all of which were bestsellers in Bangladesh. Ahmed's writing style is characterized as magical realism. His books were the top sellers at the Ekushey Book Fair during the 1990s and 2000s. He won the Bangla Academy Award and the Ekushey Padak award for his contribution to Bengali literature.
In the early 1990s, Ahmed emerged as a filmmaker. He went on to make a total of eight films - each based on his own novels. He received six Bangladesh National Film Awards in different categories for the films Daruchini Dwip, Aguner Poroshmoni and Ghetuputra Komola.
Early life and background
Ahmed was born in Kutubpur, Mymensingh to Foyzur Rahman Ahmed (1921–1971) and Ayesha Foyez (née Khatun) (1930–2014). Foyzur served as a sub-divisional police officer in Pirojpur District and was killed in 1971 during the Bangladesh Liberation War. In 2011, politician Delwar Hossain Sayeedi was put on trial for the killing but was acquitted of the charge in 2013 due to a lack of evidence. Humayun's brother, Muhammad Zafar Iqbal, is a writer and academician. Another brother, Ahsan Habib, became a cartoonist. He had three sisters – Sufia Haider, Momtaz Shahid and Rukhsana Ahmed.
Education and early career
Ahmed studied in Chittagong Collegiate School. He eventually passed his Secondary School Certificate (SSC) examination from Bogra Zilla School in 1967 and was listed as second in merit by the Rajshahi Education Board. He passed his Higher Secondary School Certificate (HSC) examination from Dhaka College in 1969.
Ahmed then attended the University of Dhaka and graduated with a Bachelor of Science in Chemistry and later with a Master of Science degree. He then worked as a lecturer at the Bangladesh Agricultural University for six months following which he joined Dhaka College to teach Chemistry. Soon after, he went to the United States to earn his Ph.D. in Polymer Chemistry from North Dakota State University.
Ahmed’s debut novel Nondito Noroke (In Blissful Hell) was published in 1972 while he was still a university student. From his very first novel, his themes included the aspirations of average middle-class urban families and portrayed quintessential moments of their lives. His second novel was Shonkhonil Karagar.
Ahmed wrote fictional series featuring recurring characters such as Himu (15 novels), Misir Ali (10 novels) and less frequently, Shubhro. He wrote several novels based on the Bangladesh Liberation War – Aguner Poroshmoni, Srabon Megher Din, and Jyotsna O Jononir Golpo. His romantic novels included: Badol Diner Prothom Kodom Phool, Noboni, Aj Dupure Tomar Nimontran, and Tumi Amai Dekechhile Chhutir Nimontrane.
Television and film
Ahmed's first television drama was Prothom Prohor (1983), directed by Nawazesh Ali Khan. His first drama serial was Ei Shob Din Ratri (1985). This was followed by the comedy series Bohubrihi (1988), the historical drama series Ayomoy (1988), the urban drama series Kothao Keu Nei (1990), Nokkhotrer Raat (1996), and Aaj Robibar (1999). In addition, he made single episode dramas, most notably Nimful.
Ahmed directed films based on his own stories. His first film, Aguner Poroshmoni, based on the Bangladesh Liberation War, won the National Film Award in a total of eight categories, including the award for Best Picture and Best Director. Another film Shyamal Chhaya was also based on the same war. His last directed film, Ghetuputra Kamola, the story of a teenage boy, was set in the colonial period.
Ahmed also wrote songs for some of his own films and plays including "Ami Aaj Bhejabo Chokh Somudrer Joley", "Chadni Poshor Ratey", and "Amar Achey Jol".
Nobel laureate economist Muhammad Yunus assessed Ahmed's overall impact saying: "Humayun's works are the most profound and most fruitful that literature has experienced since the time of Tagore and Nazrul." Similarly, according to poet Al Mahmud, “one golden age of Bengali literature ended with Tagore and Nazrul and another began" with Ahmed. Writer Imdadul Haq Milon considered him to be "the almighty lord of Bengali literature, controlling all their actions and thoughts". Dawn, Pakistan's oldest and most widely read English-language newspaper, referred to him as the cultural legend of Bangladesh. Sunil Gangopadhyay described him as the most popular writer in the Bengali language for a century and according to him, Ahmed was even more popular than Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay.
Ahmed married Gultekin Khan in 1976. Together they had three daughters, Nova, Shila and Bipasha, and one son, Nuhash. Shila Ahmed went on to become a television and film actress. In 2003, Ahmed divorced Gultekin. He then married actress Meher Afroz Shaon in 2005. He had two sons from the second marriage, Nishad and Ninit.
Cancer and death
Ahmed had open heart surgery at Mount Elizabeth Hospital in Singapore. A few years later, during a routine checkup, doctors found a cancerous tumor in his colon. On September 14, 2011, he was flown to Memorial Sloan–Kettering Cancer Center in New York City for treatment. During his stay there, he wrote a novel, Deyal, based on the life of the first President of Bangladesh Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. In January 2012, he was appointed as a senior special adviser of the Bangladesh Mission to the United Nations.
On May 12, 2012, he returned to Bangladesh for two weeks. He died on July 19, 2012 at 11.20 PM BST at Bellevue Hospital in New York City. There was some tension in the family over the selection of his burial site, but eventually his estate, Nuhash Polli was selected.
In 1987, Ahmed founded an estate called Nuhash Polli near Pijulia village, in Gazipur Sadar Upazila of Gazipur District, which grew to cover 40 bigha (approximately 14 acres). He would spend much of his time at the estate when he was in Bangladesh. He formed a collection of statues there by local artist Asaduzzaman Khan and another of plants from around the world, particularly medicinal and fruit-bearing trees.
Exim Bank, a commercial bank and Anyadin, an entertainment magazine jointly introduced an award program, Humayun Ahmed Sahitya Puruskar, which awarded to two writers every year on November 12.
|1992||Shonkhonil Karagar||Yes||Bangladesh National Film Award for Best Story|
|1994||Aguner Poroshmoni||Yes||Yes||Bangladesh National Film Award for Best Film
Bangladesh National Film Award for Best Story
Bangladesh National Film Award for Best Dialogue
|1999||Srabon Megher Din||Yes||Yes||Bachsas Awards for Best Lyrics
Bachsas Awards for Best Story
|2004||Shyamol Chhaya||Yes||Yes||Bangladeshi submission for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film|
|Noy Number Bipod Sanket||Yes||Yes|
|2007||Daruchini Dwip||Yes||Bangladesh National Film Award for Best Screenplay|
|2008||Amar Ache Jol||Yes||Yes|
|2012||Ghetuputra Komola||Yes||Yes||Bangladeshi submission for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film
Bangladesh National Film Award for Best Director
Bangladesh National Film Award for Best Screenplay
Meril Prothom Alo Awards - Best Film
Meril Prothom Alo Awards - Best Director
Meril Prothom Alo Awards - Best Screenplay
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- In Bengali
- Aaj Ami Kothao Jabo Naa 
- Aaj Chitrar Biye
- Aaj Dupurey Tomar Nimontron
- Aaj Himur Biye
- Adbhut Sob Golpo
- Akash Jora Megh
- Amar Ache Jol
- Amar Chelebela
- Amar Priyo Voutic Golpo
- Ami Abong Koakti Projapoti
- Ami Ebong Amra
- Ami-ee Misir Ali
- Andhokarer Gaan
- Angul Kata Jaglu
- Anonto Nakhotro Bithi
- Asmanira Tin Bon
- Ayna Ghor
- Badol Diner Ditiyo Kadam Ful
- Badhshah Namdar
- Baghbondi Misir Ali
- Botol Vut
- Brishti Bilash
- Bristi O Meghomala
- Chander Aloy Koekjon Jubok
- Chokkhe Amar Trishna
- Chole Jay Bosonter Din
- Choto golpo
- Daruchinir Dip
- Dekha Na Dekha
- Dighir Jole Kaar Chayago
- Ditiyo Manob
- Dorjar Opashe
- Dui Duari
- Ebong Hemu
- Ei Ami
- Ei Megh Roudro Chaya
- Ei Shubro Ei!
- Eki Kando!
- Ekjon Himu Koekti Jhin Jhin Poka
- Ekjon mayaboti
- Fiiha Somikoron
- Gouripur Jongshon
- Grihotyagi Josna
- Hartan Ishkapon
- Himu Mama
- Himu Remand-E
- Himur Ditiyo Prohor
- Himur Ekanto Sakkhatkar
- Himur Hate Koekti Nilpodmo
- Himur Madhyadupur
- Himur Rupali Ratri
- Holud Himu Kalo Rab
- Hotel Graver Inn
- Humayun Ahmed-er Premer Golpo
- Jalil Shaheber Petition
- Jibonkrishno Memorial High School
- Jochna O Jononir Golpo
- Jodiyo Sandhya
- Jol Jochona
- Kalo JAdukor
- Ke Kotha Koy
- Kichu Shoishob
- Kohen Kobi Kalidas
- Kothao Keu Nei
- Kutu Mia
- Lilua Batash
- Magic Munshi
- Matal Haowa
- Megh Boleche Jabo Jabo
- Megher Chaya
- Mirar Gramer Bari
- Misir Ali Aapnii Kothay
- Misir Alir Amimangsito Rahasya
- Misir Alir Choshma
- Misir Ali Unsolved
- Mojar Bhoo
- Moyurakkhir Tire Prothom Himu
- Mrinmoyir Mon Bhalo Nei
- Nalini Babu BSc
- Nandito Noroke
- Neel Hati
- Neel Manush
- Neel Oporajita
- Neel Poddo
- Nirbachito Bhooter Golpo
- Nokkhotrer Raa
- Nondito Noroke
- Omega Poin
- Onno Vubon
- Pakhi Amar Ekla Pakhi
- Parul O Tinti Kukur
- Pilkhana Hottakando
- Putro Nishad
- Rakkhoss Khokkhoss Ebong Bhokkhoss
- Rodonbhora E Boshonto
- Rupar Palanko
- Sanaullar Mohabipod
- Se Ashe Dhire
- Se O Nortoki
- Sedin Choitramas
- Sheet O Onnanno Golpo
- Shonkhonil Karagar
- Shuvro Gechhe Bone
- Shyamol Chaya
- Sobai Gechhe Bone
- Sokol Kata Dhonno Kore
- Tara Tin Jon
- Tetul Bone Jochna
- The Exorcis
- Tithir Neel Toale
- Tomader Jonyo Bhalobasa
- Tumi Amai Dekechile Chutir Nimontrone
- Uthon Periye Dui Paa
- Nabiji (incomplete)
- In English
- 1971: A Novel. Dhaka, Bangladesh: Mowla Bros. 1993. ISBN 9789844100138.
- In Blissfull Hell. Dhaka, Bangladesh: Somoi Prokashan. 1993. ISBN 9789844580459.
- Gouripur Junction. Dhaka, Bangladesh: Anyaprokash. 2007. ISBN 9789848684382.
- Lekhak Shibir Prize (1973)
- Bangla Academy Award (1981)
- Shishu Academy Award
- Jainul Abedin Gold Medal
- Michael Madhusudan Medal (1987)
- Bacsas Prize (1988)
- Humayun Qadir Memorial Prize (1990)
- Bangladesh National Film Award for Best Story (1994)
- Bangladesh National Film Award for Best Film (1994)
- Bangladesh National Film Award for Best Dialogue (1994)
- Ekushey Padak (1994)
- Sheltech Award (2007)
- Bangladesh National Film Award for Best Screenplay (2007)
- Bangladesh National Film Award for Best Director (2012)
- Bangladesh National Film Award for Best Screenplay (2012)
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- "Hindus attacked, raped". The Daily Star. November 22, 2011. Retrieved December 28, 2015.
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- "সাঈদীর বিরুদ্ধে রায়ের সারসংক্ষেপ পড়তে ক্লিক করুন". Prothom Alo. February 28, 2013. Retrieved November 24, 2015.
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- "Amar Boi: Hotel Graver Inn". Retrieved April 19, 2015.
- "হুমায়ূন আহমেদ স্বপ্নকারিগরের স্বপ্নগাথা". Jai Jai Din. November 15, 2013.
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- "Humayun Ahed".
- Culture Desk. "Humayun Ahmed's first death anniversary today". The Daily Sun. Retrieved 2013-11-29.
- New York Correspondent. "Humayun Ahmed passes away". BanglaNews24.com. Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 2013-11-29.
- Shukla Mirza (10 December 2004). "Kudos to Humayun Ahmed". The Daily Star.
- Yusuf Banna (July 19, 2013). "TOP 10: Humayun Ahmed’s works". Dhaka Tribune. Retrieved December 29, 2015.
- "Humayun's 'Ghetuputra Kamola' to compete for Oscar". Daily Star. 18 September 2012. Retrieved 18 September 2012.
- Ershad Kamol (September 15, 2005). "Shyamol Chhaya going to the Oscars". The Daily Star. Retrieved December 24, 2015.
- "Humayun Ahmed's musical creations under spotlight". thedailystar.net. Retrieved 16 July 2016.
- "‘Meridian Channel i Khudey Gaanraaj’ to go on air soon". The Daily Star. October 26, 2009. Retrieved December 28, 2015.
- Rashidul Bari (August 16, 2012). "Tears for Humayun Ahmed: The Shakespeare of Bangladesh". The Times of India. Retrieved December 16, 2015.
- AFP (20 July 2012). "Bangladesh mourns death of cultural legend Humayun Ahmed". Dawn.Com. Retrieved 2013-07-20.
- Mustafa, Sabir (20 July 2012). "BBC News – Bangladesh's most enduring storyteller". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-07-20.
- "'End of a new era in Bengali literature'". Web.archive.org. 22 July 2012. Archived from the original on 25 August 2012. Retrieved 2013-07-20.
- Tanvir Sohel (February 5, 2016). "লেখালেখিতে অনুপ্রেরণা শুধুই দাদা: গুলতেকিন". Prothom Alo. Retrieved February 5, 2016.
- "Humayun Ahmed's life history | History of Famous people's lifestyles". Zahid.x10.mx. Retrieved 2013-07-20.
- "Humayun Ahmed flies to New York for cancer treatment". The Daily Star. September 15, 2011. Retrieved December 24, 2015.
- Shah Alam Shazu (February 10, 2012). "Still Going Strong". The Daily Star. Retrieved December 25, 2015.
- "Humayun Ahmed made UN Bangladesh mission adviser". bdnews24.com. January 13, 2012. Retrieved January 18, 2016.
- Shah Alam Shazu (May 12, 2012). "Humayun Ahmed back in town". The Daily Star. Retrieved December 24, 2015.
- "Tears for Humayun Ahmed". New Age. 27 July 2012. Retrieved 2013-02-25.
- "Humayun Laid to Rest At Nuhash Polli". Tazakhobor. July 24, 2012. Retrieved December 29, 2015.
- Shah Alam Shazu (25 July 2012). "Home was his heart: Humayun Ahmed and his Nuhash Polli". The Daily Star.
- "Literary award after Humayun introduced". May 18, 2015. Retrieved January 18, 2016.
- "1971 by Humayun Ahmed". Bangla Books. Retrieved 16 July 2016.
- "আজ আমি কোথাও যাব না". rokomari. অন্যপ্রিকাশ.
- "Aj Chitrar Buye Humayun Ahmed". Amazon.com. Retrieved 16 July 2016.
- "Aj Dupure Tomar Nimontron". Amazon.ca. Retrieved 16 July 2016.
- "Aj Himur Biye". Amazon.com. Retrieved 16 July 2016.
- "Achinpur By Humayun Ahmed". Bangla PDF eBooks. Retrieved 16 July 2016.
- "Adbhut sob golpo(অদ্ভুত সব গল্প)". digitallibraryonline.com. Retrieved 16 July 2016.
- "Ahok(অঁহক)". digitallibraryonline.com. Retrieved 16 July 2016.
- amarboi.com:nabiji – humayun ahmed (incomplete writing)
- "Humayun Ahmed, Mainul receive Sheltech awards". The Daily Star. September 10, 2008. Retrieved December 29, 2015.
- "Humayun Ahmed, 1948–". The South Asian Literary Recordings Project. The Library of Congress. 6 October 2010. Retrieved 12 March 2012.
- Tamanna Khan (27 July 2012). "People's Writer". TheStar:Stories Behind the News 11 (30).
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