Humber Ferry

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Humber Ferry
The Humber Ferry commemoration - geograph.org.uk - 836870.jpg
Locale England
Waterway Humber
Began operation 1315
Ended operation 24 June 1981

The Humber Ferry was a ferry service on the Humber between Kingston upon Hull and New Holland in Lincolnshire which operated until the completion of the Humber Bridge in 1981.

History[edit]

PS Wingfield Castle on the Humber

The first record of a ferry across the Humber dates from 1315 when the Warden and Burgesses of Hull were granted a charter by King Edward II to run a ferry between Hull and Barton in Lincolnshire.[1] Pedestrians were halfpenny each, horses one penny and a cart with two horses twopence.

The Corporation of Hull purchased the leases for £3,000 in 1796 (£266,020 in 2015)[2] and both were relet in 1815.

In 1826 a new service started by the New Holland Proprietors between Hull and New Holland. In 1832 they launched a paddle steamer called Magna Charta.[3] In his Picturesque Tour to Thornton Monastery, John Greenwood writing in 1835 records that the steam packet leaves Hull at seven, a quarter past eleven and four o’clock, and leaves New Holland at nine, two and seven o’clock in the evening.[4]

In 1845 the Great Grimsby and Sheffield Junction Railway bought out the ferry services for £10,000 (£892,207 in 2015).[2] The Barton upon Humber service was withdrawn in 1851.

The railway company built a new pier at New Holland some 1,500 feet (460 m) in length with the railway station, allowing direct connection with the ferry service. New Holland Pier railway station opened on 1 March 1848.[5]

The management transferred to the British Transport Commission in 1948 and on 1 January 1959 management of transferred to Associated Humber Lines.

The Hull to New Holland ferry service finished on 24 June 1981 with the opening of the Humber Bridge.

Ships[edit]

The vessels operated by the Humber Ferry service – all paddle steamers to cope with the shallow shifting sands of the Humber – were:

Ship Launched Tonnage
(GRT)
Notes and references
PS Magna Charta 1832 Two ships have been named the Magna Charta. The first was launched in 1832 and disposed of in 1873[6] and the second ordered in 1873 and in use until 1920[7]
PS Falcon unknown Converted to a goods boat in 1849.[6]
PS Prince of Wales 1842 81 Built by Ditchburn and Mare in 1842. Purchased from the Greenwich Steam Packet Company in 1848. Sold in 1855.[6]
PS Queen 1842 78 Built by Ditchburn and Mare in 1842. Purchased from the Greenwich Steam Packet Company in 1848. Sold in 1857.[6]
PS Manchester 1849 291 Built in 1849 by Robinson and Russell, Milwall. Entered service in 1849. Superseded by another ship of the same name in 1855. Renamed Old Manchester in 1855. Sailed between Garston and Liverpool in 1858-1859. Sold 1864.[6]
PS Sheffield 1849 244 Built in 1849 by H.E Smith, Gainsborough. Entered service in 1849. Superseded by another ship of the same name in 1855. Renamed Old Sheffield in 1855. Sold 1863.[6]
PS Manchester unknown 174 Former Clyde Steamer. Purchased in August 1854. Entered service in 1855 on the Humber Ferry. Scrapped in 1874.[6]
PS Sheffield 1855 149 Built by Martin Samuelson and Company in 1855.[8] Entered service in 1855 on the Humber Ferry. Laid up in 1864. Sold in 1865.[6]
PS Royal Albion 1855 Built in 1855 as a tug, occasionally used on ferry services. Out of service by 1888.[6]
PS Liverpool 1855 220 Built in 1855 by M. Samuelson and Company, Hull. Passed to the Great Central Railway. Sold for scrap in 1905.[6]
PS Doncaster 1856 216 Built in 1856 by M. Samuelson and Company, Hull. Passed to the Great Central Railway. Sold for scrap in 1913.[6]
PS Magna Charta 1873 116 Built as a relief steamer. Passed to the Great Central Railway in 1897 and the LNER in 1923. Scrapped in 1924.[6]
PS Manchester 1876 221 Built in 1876 by the Goole Engineering and Shipbuilding Company. Passed to the Great Central Railway. Scrapped in 1914.[6]
PS Grimsby 1888 351 Built in 1888 by Earle's Shipbuilding in Hull. Passed to the Great Central Railway. Scrapped in 1923.[6]
PS Cleethorpes 1903 302 Built by Gourlay Brothers of Dundee. Sold around 1934 to the Redcliffe Shipping Company and renamed Cruising Queen. Scrapped shortly afterwards.[6]
PS Brocklesby 1912 508 Built by Earle's Shipbuilding in Hull. Sold in 1935 to the Redcliffe Shipping Company and renamed Highland Queen. Scrapped in 1936.[6]
PS Killingholme 1912 508 Built by Earle's Shipbuilding in Hull. Withdrawn in 1934.[6]
PS Tattershall Castle 1934 556 Built by William Gray & Company in Hartlepool. Withdrawn in 1974.
PS Wingfield Castle 1934 550 Built by William Gray & Company in Hartlepool. Withdrawn in 1974.
PS Lincoln Castle 1941 598 Built by A. & J. Inglis in Glasgow. Withdrawn in 1978.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bridge farewell for Humber ferry boats". Yorkshire Post. England. 21 October 2014. Retrieved 11 November 2015 – via Yorkshire Post website.
  2. ^ a b UK Retail Price Index inflation figures are based on data from Clark, Gregory (2017). "The Annual RPI and Average Earnings for Britain, 1209 to Present (New Series)". MeasuringWorth. Retrieved 6 November 2017.
  3. ^ "New Holland Ferry". Stamford Mercury. England. 14 September 1832. Retrieved 11 November 2015 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  4. ^ Greenwood, John (1853). A picturesque tour to Thornton monastery. p. 43.
  5. ^ "New Holland Pier". Subterranean Britannia. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Duckworth, Christian Leslie Dyce; Langmuir, Graham Easton (1968). Railway and other Steamers. Prescot, Lancashire: T. Stephenson and Sons.
  7. ^ "Crossing the River Humber by Ferry and Other Means". inbarton.atwebpages.com. Retrieved 21 August 2017.
  8. ^ "The Directors of the Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway..." Hull Packet. England. 29 June 1855. Retrieved 11 November 2015 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).