Humblot's flycatcher

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Humblot's flycatcher
Naturalis Biodiversity Center - RMNH.AVES.139388 1 - Humblotia flavirostris Milne-Edwards and Oustalet, 1885 - Muscicapidae - bird skin specimen.jpeg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Muscicapidae
Genus: Humblotia
Milne-Edwards & Oustalet, 1885
Species: H. flavirostris
Binomial name
Humblotia flavirostris
Milne-Edwards & Oustalet, 1885

Humblot's flycatcher or the Grand Comoro flycatcher (Humblotia flavirostris) is a small passerine bird belonging to the Old World flycatcher family. It is the only member of the its genus. Humblot's flycatcher is endemic to the island of Grand Comoro in the Comoros where it inhabits forest on the slopes of Mount Karthala.[1] The scientific name commemorates the French naturalist Léon Humblot.[2]

Description[edit]

The upperparts are grey-brown while the underparts are pale with dark streaks. It has a dark crown with pale streaks and the bill and feet are yellow-orange. The bird is 14 cm long. It is often silent but has a soft trilling call. It differs from Muscicapa and other flycatchers in having plumage with a very soft and fluffy texture, and by having distinctive feathers on the crown that are a modification that represents the beginnings of the formation of a crest.[3]

Ecology[edit]

Humblot's flycatcher feeds on insects which it catches by making short flights from a perch low in a tree or bush. Often, it will feed in groups of two or three. Little is known about its breeding habits; the only known nest was a cup built high in a tree which contained at least two young.[3]

Status[edit]

Humblot's flycatcher has a very restricted range and is threatened because of destruction and degradation of the forest and the spread of introduced species such as the strawberry guava (Psidium cattleyanum), which could overwhelm native species, the common myna (Acridotheres tristis) and rats which may raid the nests. The population of 10,000-19,000 individuals is decreasing and the species is classed by the International Union for Conservation of Nature as endangered.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Humblotia flavirostris". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Jobling, James A. (2010). Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4. 
  3. ^ a b Roger Safford; Frank Hawkins (2013). The Birds of Africa: Volume VIII: The Malagasy Region: Madagascar, Seychelles, Comoros, Mascarenes. A&C Black. pp. 702–703. ISBN 978-0-7136-6532-1.