Humboldt County, California
County of Humboldt
Aerial view of Humboldt Bay
Location in the state of California
California's location in the United States
|Region||California North Coast|
|Incorporated||May 12, 1853|
|Named for||Humboldt Bay, which was named after Alexander von Humboldt|
|• Total||4,052 sq mi (10,490 km2)|
|• Land||3,568 sq mi (9,240 km2)|
|• Water||484 sq mi (1,250 km2)|
|Highest elevation||6,956 ft (2,120 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||33/sq mi (13/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−8 (Pacific Time Zone)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−7 (Pacific Daylight Time)|
|Area codes||707, 530|
Its primary population centers of Eureka, the site of College of the Redwoods main campus, and the smaller college town of Arcata, site of Humboldt State University, are located adjacent to Humboldt Bay, California's second largest natural bay. Area cities and towns are known for hundreds of ornate examples of Victorian architecture.
Humboldt County is a densely forested mountainous and rural county with about 110 miles (177 km) of coastline (more than any other county in the state), situated along the Pacific coast in Northern California's rugged Coast (Mountain) Ranges. With nearly 1,500,000 acres (6,100 km2) of combined public and private forest in production, Humboldt County alone produces twenty percent of total volume and thirty percent of the total value of all forest products produced in California. The county contains over forty percent of all remaining old growth Coast Redwood forests, the vast majority of which is protected or strictly conserved within dozens of national, state, and local forests and parks, totaling approximately 680,000 acres (1,060 sq mi).
The original inhabitants of the area now known as Humboldt County include the Wiyot, Yurok, Hupa, Karuk, Chilula, Whilkut, and the Eel River Athapaskan peoples, including the Wailaki, Mattole and Nongatl. Andrés de Urdaneta found the coast near Cape Mendocino then followed the coast south to Acapulco in 1565. Spanish traders made unintended visits to California with the Manila Galleons on their return trips from the Philippines beginning in 1565. Humboldt County was formed in 1853 from parts of Trinity County. The first recorded entry by people of European origin was a landing by the Spanish in 1775 in Trinidad.
The first recorded entry of Humboldt Bay by non-natives was an 1806 visit from a sea otter hunting party from Sitka employed by the Russian American Company. The hunting party included Captain Jonathan Winship, an American, and some Aleut hunters. The bay was not visited again by people of European origin until 1849 when Josiah Gregg's party visited. In 1850, Douglas Ottinger and Hans Buhne entered the bay, naming it Humboldt in honor of the great naturalist and world explorer, Alexander von Humboldt, and the name was later applied to the county as a whole.
The area around Humboldt Bay was once solely inhabited by the Wiyot Indian tribe. One of the largest Wiyot villages, Tolowot, was located on Indian Island in Humboldt Bay. Founded around 900 BC, it contains a shell midden 6 acres (2.4 ha) in size and 14 feet (4.3 m) deep. It was the site of the February 26, 1860 massacre of the Wiyot people that was recorded by Bret Harte, then living in Union, now called Arcata. Between 60 and 200 Wiyot men, women, and children were murdered that night in the midst of religious ceremony. Tolowot is now a restricted site and a National Historic Landmark. In 2019, the island was restored to the Wiyot tribe, and is now known as Tuluwat or Duluwat island.
State historic landmarks in Humboldt County include Arcata and Mad River Railroad, California's First Drilled Oil Wells in Petrolia, Camp Curtis, Centerville Beach Cross, the city of Eureka, the town of Ferndale, Fort Humboldt, Humboldt Harbor Historical District, the Jacoby Building, The Old Arrow Tree, Old Indian Village of Tsurai, the Town of Trinidad, and Trinidad Head.
On February 5 and 6, 1885, Eureka's entire Chinese population of 300 men and 20 women were expelled after a gunfight between rival Chinese gangs (tongs) resulted in the wounding of a 12-year-old boy and the death of 56-year-old David Kendall, a Eureka City Councilman. After the shooting, an angry mob of 600 Eureka residents met and informed the Chinese that they were no longer wanted in Eureka and would be hanged if they were to stay in town longer than 3 p.m. the next day. They were put on two steamships and shipped to San Francisco. No one was killed in the expulsion. Another Chinese expulsion occurred during 1906 in a cannery on the Eel River, in which 23 Chinese cannery workers were expelled after objections to their presence. However, some Chinese remained in the Orleans area, where some white landowners sheltered and purchased food for the Chinese mineworkers until after racial tension passed. Chinese did not return to the coastal cities until the 1950s.
According to the United States Census Bureau, Humboldt County encompasses 4,052 square miles, 3,568 square miles of which is land and 484 square miles is water. Cape Mendocino is the westernmost point in California (longitude 124 degrees, 24 minutes, 30 seconds). Humboldt Bay, the only deep water port between San Francisco and Coos Bay, Oregon, is located on the coast at the midpoint of the county.
Humboldt County contains a diversity of plant and animal species, with significant forest and coastal habitats. In coastal areas there are extensive amounts of redwood forests. A prominent understory shrub is the toyon, whose northern range limit is in Humboldt County.
Humboldt County's major rivers include (in order of flow-cubic meters per second-from largest to smallest):
The smaller rivers include Redwood Creek, significant due to amount of its flow; the Van Duzen; the Eel River syncline group composed of the South Fork, the North Fork, and the Salt River; the Mattole, Salmon, Elk, Bear, and Little rivers.
Historically, Humboldt County and the entire far north coast have had many earthquakes over 6.0 magnitude.
The 1992 Cape Mendocino earthquakes were a series of three major earthquakes that occurred off the coast of Cape Mendocino, California on April 25 and 26, 1992, the largest being a 7.2. Ninety-five people were injured and property in the county sustained considerable damage.
The coastal zone of the county experiences very wet, cool winters and dry, mild foggy summers. In the winter, temperatures range from highs of 40–59 °F (4–15 °C) to lows of 32–49 °F (0–9 °C). Coastal summers are cool to mild, with average highs of 60–69 °F (16–21 °C) and frequent fogs. Coastal summer temperatures range from highs of 64–70 °F (18–21 °C) to lows of 46–55 °F (8–13 °C). In the populated areas and cities near the coast, the highest temperatures tend to occur at locations just a few miles inland from Eureka and Arcata, in towns like Fortuna, Rio Dell, and smaller unincorporated communities located somewhat further away from Humboldt Bay. In these locations summer highs are 70–75 °F (21–24 °C). The coastal zone experiences a number of frosty nights in winter and early spring, though snowfall and hard freezes are rare. Coastal winters are cool and wet. Winter rainstorms are frequent, with averages from 30 inches (760 mm) to 100 inches (2,500 mm) a year varying with elevation.
Inland areas of the county also experience wet, cool winters. Snowfall is common at elevations over 3,000 ft (910 m) throughout the winter months, and is even deep enough at higher elevations to have inspired the opening (now defunct) of a small ski lift operation on Horse Mountain, near Willow Creek, for several decades in the late 1900s. Summer displays the sharpest difference between the coastal and inland climates. Inland regions of Humboldt County experience highs of 80–99 °F (27–37 °C) depending on the elevation and distance from the ocean. Occasional summer highs of 100 °F (38 °C) are common in eastern and southern parts of the county including Orleans, Hoopa, Willow Creek, Garberville, Honeydew, and inland river valleys.
|Location||Month||Temp (°F)||Temp (°C)||Month||Temp (°F)||Temp (°C)|
As of the 2000 census, the population of Humboldt County was 126,518. As of that census, there were 51,238 households in Humboldt County, and the population density was 35 people per square mile (14/km2). By 2006, the population was projected to have increased to 131,361 by the California Department of Finance. There were 55,912 housing units at an average density of 16 per square mile (6/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 84.7% White, 0.9% Black or African American, 5.7% Native American, 1.7% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 2.5% from other races, and 4.4% from two or more races. In 2017, 11.7% of the population were Hispanic or Latino according to the United States Census Bureau. 13.3% were of German, 10.7% Irish, 10.3% English, 7.4% American and 5.7% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000. 92.1% spoke English and 4.6% Spanish as their first language.
There were 51,238 households, out of which 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.1% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.2% were non-families. 28.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.95.
In the county, the population was spread out, with 23.2% under the age of 18, 12.4% from 18 to 24, 27.4% from 25 to 44, 24.5% from 45 to 64, and 12.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 97.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.6 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $31,226, and the median income for a family was $39,370. Males had a median income of $32,210 versus $23,942 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,203. About 12.9% of families and 19.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.5% of those under age 18 and 7.2% of those age 65 or over.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
The 2010 United States Census reported that Humboldt County had a population of 134,623. The racial makeup of Humboldt County was 109,920 (81.7%) White, 1,505 (1.1%) African American, 7,726 (5.7%) Native American, 2,944 (2.2%) Asian, 352 (0.3%) Pacific Islander, 5,003 (3.7%) from other races, and 7,173 (5.3%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13,211 persons (9.8%).
|Population reported at 2010 United States Census|
(of any race)
(of any race)
(of any race)
(of any race)
|All others not CDPs (combined)||26,145||20,082||185||3,807||292||41||482||1,256||1,750|
|Population, race, and income|
|Black or African American||1,590||1.2%|
|American Indian or Alaska Native||7,718||5.8%|
|Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander||452||0.3%|
|Some other race||3,959||3.0%|
|Two or more races||6,317||4.7%|
|Hispanic or Latino (of any race)||12,771||9.6%|
|Per capita income||$24,209|
|Median household income||$40,376|
|Median family income||$52,317|
Places by population, race, and income
|Places by population and race|
|Asian||Black or African
|Hispanic or Latino|
(of any race)
|Places by population and income|
|Place||Type||Population||Per capita income||Median household income||Median family income|
|Bayview (Humboldt County)||CDP||2,818||$21,146||$31,828||$37,604|
Humboldt County children are at greater risk of dangerously elevated blood lead levels than Flint, Michigan's - and almost double that of any other California county measured. The cases are concentrated in Eureka's Old Town and downtown areas.
Humboldt County is known for its impressive redwood trees, and many acres of private redwood timberland make Humboldt the top timber producer in California. The lush river bottoms adjacent to the ocean are for producing rich, high-quality dairy products. Somewhat more inland the warmer valleys have historically produced abundant apples and other fruit. More recently vineyards have been planted in the Trinity, Klamath, Mattole and upper Eel river.
Locally based companies
|Company||Location||Years Operated||Current Statue|
|Kokatat||Arcata, CA||since 1971||locally owned|
|Cypress Grove Chevre||Arcata, CA||since 1983||bought by Emmi AG, still in Arcata|
|Humboldt Creamery||Fortuna, CA||since 1929||bought by Foster Farms Dairy, still in Fortuna|
|Lost Coast Brewery||Eureka, CA||since 1989||locally owned|
|Wildwood Manufacturing||Arcata, CA||since 1970s||locally owned|
|Moonstone Guitars||Eureka, CA||since 1974||locally owned|
|Coast Seafood||Eureka, CA||since 1941||bought by Pacific Seafood, still in Eureka|
|Holly Yashi||Arcata, CA||since 1981||locally owned|
|Eel River Brewing Company||Fortuna, CA||since 1994||locally owned|
|Six Rivers Brewery||McKinleyville, CA||since 1996||locally owned|
|Mad River Brewing||Blue Lake, CA||since 1989||locally owned|
|The Sun Valley Group||Arcata, CA||since 1969||locally owned|
|Yakima Racks||Arcata, CA||1979-2005||bought out and moved to Portland, Oregon|
|Restoration Hardware||Eureka, CA||1979-2010||moved to Corte Madera, California|
|Moonstone Mountaineering||Arcata, CA||1977-2006||bought out and closed by Columbia Sportswear in 2006|
|Fire and Light Originals||Arcata, CA||1995-2019||closed in 2019|
|Loleta Cheese Factory||Loleta, CA||1982-2019||closed in 2019|
|Pacific Lumber Company||Scotia, CA||1863-2007||declared bankruptcy and bought by Mendocino Redwood Company|
Humboldt County is known for its quality family operated dairy farms. The Humboldt Creamery, a significant producer of high grade ice cream and other dairy products, still operates from the original headquarters located at Fernbridge adjacent to the Eel River.
As part of the Emerald Triangle, Humboldt County is known for its cultivation of Cannabis, estimated to be worth billions of dollars. Proposition 215 allows patients and caregivers who are given a doctor's recommendation to legally (State level only) grow up to 99 plants in Humboldt County. However, in the years before Prop 215 (early 1970s – late 1980s), Humboldt County saw a large migration of the Bay Area counter-culture to the region. Many came looking to purchase cheap land, and ended-up growing marijuana to pay for their land. Especially around Garberville and Redway, the rural culture and hippie scene eventually collaborated to create a rural hippie community in which marijuana became the center of the economy and the culture. Many people prospered by producing marijuana for California and other states because of its reputation for quality. A Redway radio station, KMUD, in the past has issued warnings and alerts to the region with information on whereabouts of law enforcement on their way to raid marijuana gardens.
The Campaign Against Marijuana Planting is the multi-agency law enforcement task force managed by the California Department of Justice, formed with the prime purpose of eradicating illegal cannabis production in California. The operations began in the late 70s, but the name CAMP became used after its official establishment in 1983. While the influence of CAMP in Humboldt County has waned with decriminalization of marijuana, there is a renewed interest at the state level regarding valid growing permits and environmental concerns. As a result, CAMP is today still utilized as a policing body, in accordance with the DEA. Yearly CAMP reports, published by the California Department of Justice, Bureau of Narcotic Enforcement (BNE) are available online through Humboldt State University's Special Collections. Starting in 1983, the annual reports detail the organizational structure and names of individual participants, a summary of the season's activities, tactics, and mention of special successes, trends and hazards.
County officials and the industry have encountered challenges in the transition from an illegal, underground economy to legal recreational cannabis sales that began in California in 2018.
Parks and recreation
National protected areas
- National Park
- Conservation area
- Recreation area
- Samoa Dunes Recreation Area – Bureau of Land Management
- Headwaters Forest Reserve – Bureau of Land Management
- Six Rivers National Forest – U.S. Forest Service
- Trinity National Forest – U.S. Forest Service
- Wildlife refuge
- Humboldt Bay National Wildlife Refuge – Bureau of Land Management and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
State protected areas
- Fort Humboldt State Historic Park
- Grizzly Creek Redwoods State Park
- Humboldt Lagoons State Park
- Humboldt Redwoods State Park
- Patrick's Point State Park
- Prairie Creek Redwoods State Park
- Richardson Grove State Park
- Sinkyone Wilderness State Park
- Tide pools
- Recreation areas
Arts and culture
- The Sequoia Park Zoo is the oldest zoo in California operating on a 7 acres (2.8 ha) facility operated by the City of Eureka in 60 acres (24 ha) Sequoia Park.
- The Clarke Historical Museum in Eureka, displays North Coast regional and cultural history in the repurposed Historic Register Bank of Eureka building.
- The Morris Graves Museum of Art conserves and displays the works of local artists in a restored Carnegie Library building.
- The Ferndale Repertory Theatre is the county's oldest theater company; it has been in operation since 1972 at the Hart Theater building in Ferndale.
- The Humboldt Crabs, founded in 1945, are the oldest continuously-operated summer collegiate, wood-bat baseball team in the country.
- See also the List of museums in the North Coast (California).
Election audits in the county since 2008 have used a distinctive system which has not spread elsewhere. They scan all ballots and release a file of the images with a digital signature, so candidates and the public can recount by hand or electronically to find if the official totals are correct. The first time they did this they found the official software omitted 200 ballots.
|Population and registered voters|
|Registered voters[note 3]||79,708||59.7%|
|Peace and Freedom||342||0.4%|
|No party preference||19,357||24.3%|
Cities by population and voter registration
|Cities by population and voter registration|
|Democratic||Republican||D–R spread||Other||No party preference|
From 1920 to 1984, the county voted for the national winner of each Presidential election held within these years. Since 1988, Humboldt has been a Democratic county in Presidential and congressional elections. The last Republican presidential candidate to win a majority in the county was Ronald Reagan, a Californian, in 1984. In the late 1990s and early 2000s, Humboldt also had a substantial number of people affiliated with the Green Party, but that number has declined in recent years; however, the Green Party has had its best performance by presidential and gubernatorial candidates of any county in the United States in Humboldt County, with Jill Stein gaining her largest county-level number of votes in Humboldt in 2016.
The following table includes the number of incidents reported and the rate per 1,000 persons for each type of offense.
|Motor vehicle theft||475||3.56|
Cities by population and crime rates
|City||Population||Violent crimes||Violent crime rate
per 1,000 persons
|Property crimes||Property crime rate|
per 1,000 persons
The List of schools in Humboldt County, California shows the many school districts, including charter and private schools, at the elementary and high school level. Post-secondary education is offered locally at the College of the Redwoods and Humboldt State University. Blue Lake's Dell'Arte International School of Physical Theatre offers accredited three-year Masters of Fine Arts in Ensemble Based Physical Theatre.
The Times-Standard is the only daily newspaper in the region; in continuous publication since 1854, and owned by Media News Group since 1996, they also print three weeklies: the Redwood Times, the Tri-City Weekly, and Northcoast 101. Other local publications include The Independent, the North Coast Journal, the Ferndale Enterprise, the Two Rivers Tribune, the Isis Scrolls, and The Lumberjack. The Arcata Eye and the McKinleyville Press merged in August 2013 to form the Mad River Union.
Humboldt County's locally produced television stations, NBC station KIEM and PBS station KEET, are based in Eureka. KIEM produces the only local TV newscast and KEET is the only PBS station in the region. Since 2017, CBS affiliate KVIQ has been a low-powered station operated as part of a duopoly with KIEM, sharing the same studios.
Fox affiliate KBVU, a semi-satellite of KCVU, is based in Chico and ABC affiliate KAEF, a semi-satellite of KRCR-TV, is based in Redding. In previous decades all major networks had production capacity in Eureka.
Local internet media
Locally internet based media include:
- Lost Coast Outpost
- Red Headed Black Belt
Community broadband networks and public, educational, and government access (PEG) cable tv channels provide air time for local voices on Access Humboldt. Cable TV channels are carried by Suddenlink Communications and local programs are provided online through the Community Media Archive. The Digital Redwoods initiative of Access Humboldt is developing local networks to meet comprehensive community needs, including public, education and government purposes.
- Humboldt Transit Authority operates two fixed route transit bus systems:
- Redwood Transit System provides intercity service to and within communities between Trinidad and Garberville, including Manila, King Salmon, Field's Landing, Loleta, Fernbridge and Fortuna. HTA also offers service between McKinleyville or Arcata and Willow Creek and an express bus between Arcata and College of the Redwoods when classes are in session.
- Eureka Transit Service, operated in the City of Eureka, provides local service on four scheduled routes (one hour headway) in Eureka and its adjacent unincorporated communities. Connections can be made to the Redwood Transit System at several places in Eureka.
- Arcata and Mad River Transit System, operated by the City of Arcata with funding from Humboldt State University. A&MRTS provides fixed route local bus service on two scheduled routes (one hour headway) in Arcata and an additional route between the Valley West Neighborhood and the university when classes are in session.
- The city of Blue Lake and the Blue Lake Rancheria operates the Blue Lake Rancheria Transit Authority. This provides fixed route intercity transit bus service (one hour headway) between Arcata and the Blue Lake Rancheria Indian Reservation and casino and local service within the city of Blue Lake.
- Del Norte County's Redwood Coast Transit operates fixed route intercity transit bus service between Arcata and Crescent City or Smith River.
- Amtrak Thruway bus has stops in many towns in the region, including Eureka, Arcata, and Fortuna. These stops are not managed by Amtrak and therefore have no services beyond serving passengers. Full service is only provided at the train station in Martinez, near San Francisco.
Arcata-Eureka Airport is located in McKinleyville (north of Arcata). Commercial flights are available. Other general aviation airports are located at Dinsmore, Garberville, Kneeland, Murray Field (Eureka), Samoa Field and Rohnerville (Fortuna).
Port of Humboldt Bay is on Humboldt Bay, California's second largest natural bay.
|Apple Harvest Festival||October||Fortuna|||
|Arcata Oyster Festival||June||Arcata Plaza|||
|Azalea Festival||June||McKinleyville|||
|Avenue of the Giants Marathon||May||Humboldt Redwood State Park|||
|Blues by the Bay||July||Eureka|||
|Brew at the Zoo||May||Eureka|||
|College of the Redwoods Wood Fair||June||Eureka|||
|Fourth of July Festival||July 4||Old Town Eureka|||
|Godwit Days (Birding festival)||April||Arcata|||
|Humboldt Arts Festival||May||Arcata/Blue Lake|||
|Humboldt County Cup||November||Eureka|||
|Humboldt County Fair||August||Ferndale|||
|Humboldt Film Festival||March & April||Arcata|||
|Humboldt Juggling Festival||April/May||Arcata (HSU)|||
|Humboldt Redwoods Marathon||October||Southern Humboldt|||
|North Country Fair||September||Arcata|||
|Organic Planet Festival||September||Eureka|||
|Raggae on the River||August||French's Camp|||
|Redwood Acres Fair||June||Eureka|||
|Redwood Coast Jazz Festival||March||Eureka|||
|Redwood Run||June||Southern Humboldt|||
|Rhododendron Festival and Parade||April||Eureka|||
|Roll on the Mattole||Summer||Mattole Grange|||
|Summer Arts and Music Festival||June||Benbow|||
|Swauger's Station Day||July||Loleta|||
|Tour of Loleta (by Bicycle)||July||Loleta|||
|Tour of the Unknown Coast (by Bicycle)||May||Southern Humboldt|||
|Trinidad Fish Festival||June||Trinidad|||
|Trinidad to Clam Beach Run||February||Trinidad|||
|Truckers Christmas Parade||December||Eureka|||
|Two Rivers Harvest Festival||October||Willow Creek|||
|World-Championship Kinetic Sculpture Race||May||Arcata to Ferndale|||
|Redwood Coast Up in Smoke BBQ Competition||June||Blue Lake|||
In popular culture
Return of the Jedi, The Lost World: Jurassic Park, After Earth, The Tree of Life, Outbreak, Swiss Army Man, The Majestic, Halloween III: Season of the Witch, A Wrinkle in Time, The Call of the Wild, Salem's Lot, Almost Heroes, Jennifer 8, The Love Witch, Willow Creek, An Evening with Beverly Luff Linn, Humboldt County, The Gnome-Mobile, Woodshock, Gun Glory, A Death in Canaan, The Enchanted Forest, Valley of the Giants, The Valley of the Giants (1919 film), The Valley of the Giants (1927 film), The Immigrants, A Lass in the Lumberlands, Jezebel's Kiss, Bigfoot: The Lost Coast Tapes, She's in Portland, and more.
Much of The WB's Hyperion Bay and the CBS show Blue Skies as well as an episode of Moonlighting were filmed in Humboldt County. The infamous Patterson-Gimlin film was filmed on Bluff Creek near Orleans, California.
Humboldt County has also been featured in episodes of On the Case with Paula Zahn, The Profit, Hamilton's Pharmacopeia, Top Gear, The Tonight Show with Jay Leno, Survivorman, Diners, Drive-ins and Dives, Finding Bigfoot, Treehouse Masters, Rescue 911, Walking With Dinosaurs, Somebody's Gotta Do It, Monsters Resurrected, Weediquette, Dan Rather Reports, Monster Fish, Beachfront Bargain Hunt, and many more.
Humboldt County has also been the filming location for countless national television advertisements, including many major car commercials.
In the book Lolita by Vladimir Nabokov there is a possible pun using the county's name (Humboldt) in connection to the main character's name (Humbert Humbert). This appears on page 108: "With the help of a guidebook I located [The Enchanted Hunters inn] in the secluded town of Briceland." This 'secluded town' could very well be a reference to the unincorporated Briceland of Humboldt County, making The Enchanted Hunters in 'Humboldt Land', continuing the novel's grotesque fairy-tale veneer.
- Big Lagoon
- Fields Landing
- Humboldt Hill
- Myers Flat
- Pine Hills
- Shelter Cove
- Willow Creek
Other unincorporated communities
- Cooks Valley
- Elk River
- Fort Seward
- Freshwater Corners
- King Salmon
- Maple Creek
- Patricks Point
- Pine Hill
- Port Kenyon
- Ridgewood Heights
- Riverside Park
- Sunny Brae
Humboldt County has eight Indian reservations lying within its borders. Only four other counties in the United States have more: San Diego County, California; Sandoval County, New Mexico; Riverside County, California; and Mendocino County, California. The Hoopa Valley Indian Reservation is the largest in the state of California, a state that generally has very small reservations (although very numerous) relative to those in other states.
- Big Lagoon Rancheria
- Blue Lake Rancheria
- Hoopa Valley Indian Reservation
- Karuk Indian Reservation (partly in Siskiyou County)
- Rohnerville Rancheria
- Table Bluff Rancheria
- Cher-Ae Heights Indian Community of the Trinidad Rancheria
- Yurok Indian Reservation (partly in Del Norte County)
† county seat
|Rank||City/town/etc.||Municipal type||Population (2010 Census)|
|10||Hoopa Valley Reservation||AIAN||3,041|
|15||Yurok Reservation (partially in Del Norte County)||AIAN||1,238|
|38||Table Bluff Reservation||AIAN||103|
|41||Blue Lake Rancheria||AIAN||58|
|43||Big Lagoon Rancheria||AIAN||17|
- Sara Bareilles
- Lloyd Bridges
- Hobart Brown
- Wesley Chesbro
- David Cobb
- Alexander Cockburn
- Trevor Dunn
- Guy Fieri
- Michael John Fles
- Brendan Fraser
- Robert A. Gearheart
- James Gillett
- Ulysses S. Grant
- Steven Hackett
- Bret Harte
- Dan Hauser
- El Hefe
- Julia Butterfly Hill
- Christa Johnson
- Howard B. Keck
- Seth Kinman
- Naomi Lang
- Rey Maualuga
- Pamela McGee
- Tim McKay
- Mike Patton
- Maurice Purify
- Nate Quarry
- Eric Rofes
- Stephen W. Shaw
- Steve Sillett
- Trey Spruance
- Greg Stafford
- Robert M. Viale
- Don Van Vliet
- Stephen Girard Whipple
- Ned Yost
- Arcata and Eureka Community Recycling Centers
- Arcata - Jacoby Creek Community Forests
- Arcata Marsh and Wildlife Sanctuary
- HSU First Street Gallery
- Humboldt Arts Council
- Humboldt County Historical Society
- Humboldt Crabs
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Humboldt County, California
- Operation Green Sweep
- Humboldt State University
- Lost Man Creek Dam
- Other = some other race + two or more races
- Native American = Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander + American Indian or Alaska Native
- Percentage of registered voters with respect to total population. Percentages of party members with respect to registered voters follow.
- Only larceny-theft cases involving property over $400 in value are reported as property crimes.
- Kerr, J. M. (1905). The Codes of California. p. 1043.
- "Salmon Mountain". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved May 22, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". Archived from the original on February 14, 2020. Retrieved April 19, 2019.
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 24, 2016. Retrieved April 11, 2018.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- Discover Humboldt Bay. - Humboldt Bay Harbor, Recreation and Conservation District. - Retrieved: July 13, 2008
- "California Coastal Trail.info". Retrieved September 3, 2013.
- Forestry, Forest Industry, and Forest Products Consumption in California Archived February 21, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. University of California, Davis: Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources. - (Adobe Acrobat *.PDF document). - Retrieved: March 30, 2008
- Area of Old-Growth Forests in California, Oregon, and Washington. - United States Forest Service - USDA. - (Adobe Acrobat *.PDF document). - Retrieved: November 18, 2007
- Humboldt County Public Lands. - Humboldt County Community Development Services. - (Adobe Acrobat *.PDF document). - Retrieved: November 19, 2007
- Van Kirk, Susie, Humboldt County: A Briefest of Histories Archived August 27, 2008, at the Wayback Machine, Humboldt County Historical Society, May 1999
- Humboldt County State Designated Historical Landmarks Archived March 23, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. - California Historical Landmarks
- Gabrielle, Vincent. June 24, 2016. Our City Forest. Why is Everything named Humboldt? 
- Easthouse, Keith. - "The Chinese Expulsion: Looking Back on a Dark Episode". - North Coast Journal. - February 27, 2003. - Retrieved: November 26, 2006
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved September 26, 2015.
- Neil G. Sugihara, Jan W. Van Wagtendonk, Kevin E. Shaffer, JoAnn Fites-Kaufman, Andrea E. Thode (2006) Fire in California's Ecosystems, University of California Press, 596 pages ISBN 0-520-24605-5
- C. Michael Hogan (2008) Toyon: Heteromeles arbutifolia, GlobalTwitcher.com, ed. N. Stromberg "Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 6, 2009. Retrieved December 16, 2008.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Cape Mendocino, California Earthquakes Archived December 1, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, U.S.G.S. (April 25, 1992)
- Magnitude 6.5 - OFFSHORE NORTHERN CALIFORNIA Archived October 11, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, U.S.G.S. (January 9, 2010)
- Thompson, Jerry (March 10, 2012). Cascadia's Fault. Counterpoint Press. p. 352. ISBN 978-1582438245.
"The towns of Eureka and Arcata were built on top of it..." (the accretionary wedge)
- "California climate averages". Weatherbase. Retrieved October 31, 2015.
- "California State Statistical Abstract 2007". Dof.ca.gov. Archived from the original on March 4, 2012. Retrieved March 6, 2012.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 26, 2015.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 26, 2015.
- Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 26, 2015.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved September 26, 2015.
- "2010 Census P.L. 94-171 Summary File Data". United States Census Bureau.
- U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B02001. U.S. Census website . Retrieved October 26, 2013.
- U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B03003. U.S. Census website . Retrieved October 26, 2013.
- U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19301. U.S. Census website . Retrieved October 21, 2013.
- U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19013. U.S. Census website . Retrieved October 21, 2013.
- U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19113. U.S. Census website . Retrieved October 21, 2013.
- U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. U.S. Census website . Retrieved October 21, 2013.
- U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B01003. U.S. Census website . Retrieved October 21, 2013.
- Data unavailable
- "Audit Reveals Failure to Test Millions of Babies for Lead". North Coast Journal.
- "(UPDATED) Lead Poisoning Rate in Eureka Children is Higher Than Among Kids in Flint, Michigan". Lost Coast Outpost.
- "California Local Health Jurisdictions,by Percent of Children Under 6 Years Old with a Blood Lead Level of 4.5 mcg/dL or Greater, in Descending Order, with Estimates of Children in Medi-Cal and Total Population, 2018" (PDF). www.cdph.ca.gov.
- Wilson, Emily (November 2, 2006). "On ice cream, organic milk and avoiding corporate takeovers". The North Coast Journal. Retrieved December 29, 2008.
- California to Let Voters Decide on Marijuana Legalization, PBS News Hour, aired October 13, 2010.
- Heart of the Emerald Triangle Archived July 1, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, The Believer, June 2014
- "Humboldt County Medical Marijuana Guidelines". Safeaccessnow.net. Archived from the original on February 27, 2012. Retrieved March 6, 2012.
- Samuels, David. - A Reporter at Large: "Dr. Kush: How medical marijuana is transforming the weed industry". The New Yorker, July 28, 2008.
- Witt, Emily (May 20, 2019). "How Legalization Changed Humboldt County Marijuana". The New Yorker. ISSN 0028-792X. Retrieved May 21, 2019.
- Anderson, Glenda (April 25, 2010). "Garberville's KMUD radio alerts: Helpful or dangerous?". PressDemocrat.com. Archived from the original on March 7, 2012. Retrieved March 6, 2012.
- Marijuana Research Collection, Series: CAMP Reports collection =. Arcata, CA: Humboldt State University Special Collections, Humboldt State University.
- Lucia, Bill. "Heaps of Cash, Strong Odors and Other Challenges With Local Pot Regulation". Route Fifty. Archived from the original on July 20, 2019. Retrieved July 20, 2019.
- A.W. Way Park Archived October 29, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, Humboldt County Parks, 2013
- Big Lagoon Park Archived October 29, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, Humboldt County Parks, 2013
- Centerville Beach Archived October 29, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, Humboldt County Parks, 2013
- Clam Beach Archived October 29, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, Humboldt County Parks, 2013
- Crab Park Archived October 29, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, Humboldt County Parks, 2013
- Freshwater Park Archived October 29, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, Humboldt County Parks, 2013
- Hammond Trail Archived October 29, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, Humboldt County Parks, 2013
- Luffenholtz Beach Archived October 29, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, Humboldt County Parks, 2013
- Mad River Archived October 29, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, Humboldt County Parks, 2013
- Margarite Lockwood Archived October 29, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, Humboldt County Parks, 2013
- Moonstone Beach Archived October 29, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, Humboldt County Parks, 2013
- Van Duzen Pamplin Grove Archived October 29, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, Humboldt County Parks, 2013
- Sequoia Park Zoo, 2013
- "Ferndale Repertory Theatre". 2013. Archived from the original on December 15, 2011. Retrieved December 10, 2011.
- "Team - Humboldt Crabs". humboldtcrabs.com. Archived from the original on November 7, 2017. Retrieved October 30, 2017.
- "California's 2nd Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 1, 2013.
- "Senators". State of California. Retrieved March 10, 2013.
- "Members Assembly". State of California. Retrieved March 2, 2013.
- Zetter, Kim (December 8, 2008). "Unique Transparency Program Uncovers Problems with Voting Software". WIRED. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
- "The Elections Transparency Project". The Elections Transparency Project. Archived from the original on April 6, 2018. Retrieved April 24, 2018.
- Trachtenberg, Mitch. "Humboldt County Election Transparency Project" (PDF). San Francisco Elections Commission. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
- Trachtenberg, Mitch (July 29, 2013). "The Humboldt County Election Transparency Project and TEVS" (PDF). Report for Elections Advisory Commission. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
- California Secretary of State. February 10, 2013 - Report of Registration Archived July 27, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved October 31, 2013.
- United States Historical Election Returns Series Archived October 19, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, University of Michigan, 2013
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved August 31, 2018.
- Leon, Melissa (January 1, 2019). "Netflix's 'Murder Mountain': Where Marijuana Can Kill". The Daily Beast. Retrieved January 4, 2019.
- Office of the Attorney General, Department of Justice, State of California. Table 11: Crimes – 2009 Archived December 2, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved November 14, 2013.
- United States Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation. Crime in the United States, 2014, Table 8 (California). Retrieved April 14, 2016.
- Honoring the 150th Anniversary of the Times-Standard, Congressional Record, November 18, 2004
- "Times-Standard - History". Archived from the original on September 17, 2012. Retrieved March 22, 2013.
- "Redwood Times". Redwood Times. Archived from the original on February 3, 2019. Retrieved January 5, 2019.
- . June 21, 2000 https://web.archive.org/web/20000621221620/http://www.tricityweekly.com/. Archived from the original on June 21, 2000. Missing or empty
- "North Coast 101". August 28, 2008. Archived from the original on August 28, 2008.
- "North Coast Journal | Humboldt County". North Coast Journal. Retrieved January 5, 2019.
- "The Ferndale Enterprise". The Ferndale Enterprise. Retrieved January 5, 2019.
- "TWO RIVERS TRIBUNE ~ ONLINE| Serving Klamath & Trinity River Communities". Archived from the original on December 24, 2018. Retrieved January 5, 2019.
- "Isis Scrolls". Archived from the original on March 16, 2016. Retrieved January 5, 2019.
- "The Lumberjack". The Lumberjack. Archived from the original on January 5, 2019. Retrieved January 5, 2019.
- "The Arcata Eye | The mildly objectionable weekly newspaper for Arcata, California". Retrieved January 5, 2019.
- "McKinleyville Press". McKinleyville Press. Retrieved January 5, 2019.
- "Mad River Union". Mad River Union.
- "Home". 1340 KATA - ESPN Humboldt County.
- "KEKA 101 FM - Classic Country Hits, Giants Baseball, NFL".
- "Home". Power 96.3 - KFMI FM.
- "Home". 1480 AM KGOE - News Talk Sports.
- "KHUM - Freeform Radio, Humboldt County". KHUM - Freeform Radio, Humboldt County.
- "KINS 106.3 FM".
- "Home". Cool 105.5 KKHB-FM.
- "Humboldt's Home Of Syncopation And Style".
- "Home - KCNR 1460 AM Free Fire Radio - Call in at 530-605-4567". KCNR 1460.
- "Home". 92.3 KRED - Big Red Country - Eureka, Humboldt County, California.
- "KSLG -- New Bands, New Songs, New Sounds". KSLG -- New Bands, New Songs, New Sounds. Archived from the original on January 22, 2019. Retrieved January 5, 2019.
- "Home". www.kwptfm.com.
- "KWSW 980 AM – The Songs You Love to Hear".
- KIDE Archived August 31, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
- "KHSU - Diverse Public Radio". www.khsu.org.
- Blue Ox Radio
- Frech, Simon. "Redwood Community Radio, Humboldt County, California • KMUD - KMUE - KLAI". www.kmud.org.
- KMUE upgraded and moved to new frequency Archived October 29, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, Humboldt Beacon, April 10, 2012
- "Jefferson Public Radio - NPR News and Music for Southern Oregon and Northern California". www.ijpr.org.
- "KRFH 1O5.1 FM". KRFH 1O5.1 FM.
- "Access Humboldt - Local Voices through Community Media". www.accesshumboldt.net. Archived from the original on January 14, 2019. Retrieved January 5, 2019.
- "Suddenlink Communications - High Speed Internet and Cable TV Provider". suddenlink.com.
- "Community Media Archive - Access Humboldt". www.accesshumboldt.net. Archived from the original on January 5, 2019. Retrieved January 5, 2019.
- "Site not found · DreamHost". digitalredwoods.net.
- http://www.bluelakerancheria-nsn.gov/boTransit.html[permanent dead link] Blue Lake Rancheria Transit]
- Apple Harvest Festival October 6 and 7, 2012, accessed March 22, 2013
- Arcata Oyster Festival Archived May 5, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, Humboldt County Convention & Visitors Bureau, 2013, accessed March 22, 2013
- Avenue of the Giants Marathon Website, accessed March 22, 2013
- Blackberry Festival Archived April 28, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, Humboldt County Convention & Visitors Bureau, 2013, accessed March 22, 2013
- Blues by the Bay Archived May 25, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, Humboldt County Convention & Visitors Bureau, 2013, accessed March 22, 2013
- "Sequoia Park Zoo". Retrieved January 5, 2019.
- "Businesses Against Meth Use". Chicken Wing Fest. Archived from the original on February 27, 2012. Retrieved July 26, 2012., accessed March 22, 2013
- Craftsman's Days Archived May 25, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, Humboldt County Convention & Visitors Bureau, 2013, accessed March 22, 2013
- Community and Economic Development Wood Fair 2012 Archived May 27, 2010, at the Wayback Machine, College of the Redwoods, accessed March 22, 2013
- 4th of July Festival Archived May 17, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, Eureka Main Street, accessed March 22, 2013
- Humboldt Pride Website Archived April 22, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, accessed March 22, 2013
- Godwit Days website, accessed March 22, 2013
- Humboldt Arts Festival Archived November 13, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, Humboldt County Convention & Visitors Bureau, 2013, accessed March 22, 2013
- Humboldt County Cup, Humboldt County Cup, accessed October 29, 2017
- Humboldt County Fair Archived May 25, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, Humboldt County Convention & Visitors Bureau, 2013, accessed March 22, 2013
- "Reel Revolution". Humboldt Magazine. Retrieved March 22, 2013.
- Humboldt Juggling Society Archived March 24, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, 2012, accessed November 25, 2013
- Humboldt Redwoods Marathon Archived May 25, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, Humboldt County Convention & Visitors Bureau, 2013, accessed March 22, 2013
- Humboldt Bay Mycological Society, accessed November 13, 2018
- North Country Fair Website, accessed March 22, 2013
- "Organic Planet Festival!". February 7, 2007. Archived from the original on February 7, 2007. Retrieved January 5, 2019.
- "Raggae on the River Website". Archived from the original on October 31, 2017. Retrieved October 29, 2017.
- Redwood Acres Fair Website Archived March 22, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, accessed March 22, 2013
- Redwood Coast Jazz Fest Archived March 4, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, Humboldt County Convention & Visitors Bureau, 2013, accessed March 22, 2013
- Kiwanis Redwood Run Website, accessed March 22, 2013
- Rhododendron Parade Archived February 1, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, Humboldt County Convention & Visitors Bureau, 2013, accessed March 22, 2013
- NCJ Calendar, accessed March 22, 2013
- The 37th Annual Summer Arts and Music Festival, accessed March 22, 2013
- Loleta Archived September 20, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, Humboldt County Convention & Visitors Bureau, 2013, accessed March 22, 2013
- "Tour of Loleta Bike Race & Fun Ride". Tourofloleta.com. July 8, 2012. Retrieved March 22, 2013.
- Tour of the Unknown Coast Website, accessed March 22, 2013
- Trinidad Fish Festival Archived May 25, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, Humboldt County Convention & Visitors Bureau, 2013, accessed March 22, 2013
- Trinidad to Clam Beach Run Website, accessed March 22, 2013
- Truckers Christmas Parade Archived May 25, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, Humboldt County Convention & Visitors Bureau, 2013, accessed March 22, 2013
- 1st Annual Two Rivers Harvest Festival, North Coast Journal, 2009, accessed March 22, 2013
- Kinetic Grand Championship Archived May 4, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, Humboldt County Convention & Visitors Bureau, 2013, accessed March 22, 2013
- "12th Annual Zootini (2018-08-04)". Archived from the original on January 5, 2019. Retrieved January 5, 2019.
- "Clarke Historical Museum". Clarke Historical Museum.
- Nabokov, Vladimir Vladimirovich. Lolita. ISBN 9780141182537. OCLC 990688197.
- "2010 U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 10, 2013.
- https://www.census.gov/2010census/popmap/ipmtext.php?fl=1490[permanent dead link]
- https://www.census.gov/2010census/popmap/ipmtext.php?fl=4760[permanent dead link]
- https://www.census.gov/2010census/popmap/ipmtext.php?fl=1750[permanent dead link]
- https://www.census.gov/2010census/popmap/ipmtext.php?fl=4275[permanent dead link]
- https://www.census.gov/2010census/popmap/ipmtext.php?fl=4095[permanent dead link]
- https://www.census.gov/2010census/popmap/ipmtext.php?fl=0325[permanent dead link]
- https://www.census.gov/2010census/popmap/ipmtext.php?fl=3220[permanent dead link]
- https://www.census.gov/2010census/popmap/ipmtext.php?fl=0240[permanent dead link]
- History of Humboldt County California - Historic Record Co., Los Angeles, 1915, Transcribed by Kathy Sedler, CHAPTER VII. Grant's Career in Humboldt County, California Genealogy & History Archives transcription, Internet Archive, page 52
- "Fort Humboldt SHP". CA State Parks.
- "Historic California Posts: Fort Humboldt". www.militarymuseum.org.
- California. Adjutant General's Office, Records of California men in the war of the rebellion 1861 to 1867, SACRAMENTO: State Office, J. D. Young, Supt. State Printing, 1890, pp. 11, 826-831
- Emerson, F. W. (July 1903). "Among the Redwoods of Humboldt County". Overland Monthly. XLII (1): 69–96.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Humboldt County.|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Humboldt County, California.|