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Arabic: الحميمة
Humayma is located in Jordan
Shown within Jordan
RegionAqaba Governorate
Coordinates29°57′0″N 35°20′49″E / 29.95000°N 35.34694°E / 29.95000; 35.34694Coordinates: 29°57′0″N 35°20′49″E / 29.95000°N 35.34694°E / 29.95000; 35.34694

Humayma (Arabic: الحميمة, romanizedal-Humayma) also spelled Humeima and Humaima, is the modern name of ancient Hawara.[1][2][3] Hawara was a trading post in southern Jordan that was founded by the Nabataean king Aretas III in the early first century BC.[1] It is located 45 km to the south of the Nabataean capital Petra and 55 km to the north of the Red Sea port town of Aqaba.[4]


Humeima was occupied from about 90 BC until the Early Islamic period,[5] and has Nabataean, Roman, Byzantine and Islamic remains, including a Roman bath and fort, five Byzantine churches, and a qasr or fortified palace from the Umayyad Period.[1][3]

Nabataean and Roman periods[edit]

Landscape south of Humayma

The settlement was founded by Aretas III as a stop on the trade route from Petra to Gulf of Aqaba.[6] During the Greco-Roman era, it was called "Auara" (Greek: Αὔαρα), derived from "Hawara", which means "white" in Aramaic.[7]

Abbasid period[edit]

The town was the home of the Abbasid, or Banu Abbas family, around AD 700, who eventually overthrew the Umayyad dynasty and took over the title of caliph, and as such it was the birthplace of the first three Abbasid caliphs: As-Saffah (r. 750–754), Al-Mansur (r. 754–775) and Al-Mahdi (r. 775–785). The family residence of the Abbasids was a large qasr a roughly square plan, approximately 61 by 50 m, with a recessed entrance facing east, and a large central court, arguably one of the so-called desert castles, of which very little remains today.[8][9] [10]


As rainfall is only 80 mm[11] annually, an extensive water storage and irrigation works lies in the ruins.[2][12]

Notable residents[edit]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c John Peter Oleson. "The history and goals of the Humayma Excavation ProjectT". University of Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  2. ^ a b Humeima at (copyright 2002)
  3. ^ a b Ghazi Bisheh , 2018. 2018."Humayma" in Discover Islamic Art, Museum With No Frontiers.
  4. ^ Oleson, J. P., "Humaima" in: The Oxford Encyclopaedia of Archaeology in the Near East, E. M. Meyers (ed), Oxford, 1997, Vol. 3, pp.121–2.
  5. ^ Humaima Attraction in Aqaba Humayma.
  6. ^ Ghazi Bisheh , 2018. "Humayma" in Discover Islamic Art, Museum With No Frontiers.
  7. ^ "Auara, Humayma". Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire.
  8. ^ Bisheh, Ghazi (2021). "Humayma". Discover Islamic Art, Museum With No Frontiers (MWNF). Retrieved 8 March 2021.
  9. ^ Humeima at, CanBooks, accessed 8 March 2021.
  10. ^ Humeima Abbas House at, CanBooks, accessed 8 March 2021.
  11. ^ "JMD English Site".
  12. ^ Trekking from Petra to Wadi Rum.

External Links[edit]