Humphrey Ridley

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Humphrey Ridley
Born 1653 (1653)
Mansfield, Nottinghamshire
Died 1708 (aged 54–55)
Nationality British
Education Merton College, Oxford
Leiden University
Occupation Physician
Known for His studies of neuroanatomy
His Goulstonian Lecture
Medical career
Field Neuroanatomy
Notable works The Anatomy of the Brain

Dr Humphrey Ridley (1653 – April 1708) was a British physician, who followed the research done by Willis, Vieussens, and Galen, and is most noted for his studies of neuroanatomy.[1][2]

An illustration from The Anatomy of the Brain


Ridley was born the son of Thomas Ridley, in Mansfield, Nottinghamshire. In 1671, aged 18, he began his studies in medicine at Merton College, Oxford, but from there didn't get a degree. Instead, Ridley graduated as a doctor of medicine from Leiden University in 1679, after which in 1688 he was incorporated as MD at Cambridge. After settling in London, he became a Candidate of the College of Physicians on 30 September 1691, and then admitted as a fellow on the same day the following year. In 1693/4, he gave the Gulstonian lectures.[3]

Ridley died in April 1708, and was buried at St Andrew's, Holborn on 9 April.


  • The Anatomy of the Brain, containing its Mechanism and Physiology; together with some new Discoveries and Corrections of Ancient and Modern Authors upon that subject [a]
  • Observationes Medico-Practicæ et Physiologicæ de Asthmate et Hydrophobiâ [b][4]


^ 8 volumes, London, 1695. This was also the first book to be written about the brain in the English language.[5]

^ 8 volumes, London, 1703


  1. ^ Veith, Philip; Watanabe, Koichi; Shoja, Mohammadali M.; Blaak, Christa; Loukas, Marios; Tubbs, R. Shane (2013-01-29). "Humphrey Ridley (1653-1708)". Clinical Anatomy. 28 (1): 12–15. doi:10.1002/ca.22228. ISSN 0897-3806. 
  2. ^ Thakur, Jai Deep; Sonig, Ashish; Chittiboina, Prashant; Khan, Imad Saeed; Wadhwa, Rishi; Nanda, Anil. "Humphrey Ridley (1653-1708): 17th century evolution in neuroanatomy and selective cerebrovascular injections for cadaver dissection". Neurosurgical Focus. 33 (2): E3. doi:10.3171/2012.6.FOCUS12139. ISSN 1092-0684. PMID 22853834. 
  3. ^ Moore, Norman. "Ridley Humphrey". Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900. 48. 
  4. ^ "Munks Roll Details for Humphrey Ridley". Retrieved 2018-05-30. 
  5. ^ Veith, Philip; Watanabe, Koichi; Shoja, Mohammadali M.; Blaak, Christa; Loukas, Marios; Tubbs, R. Shane. "Humphrey Ridley (1653-1708): forgotten neuroanatomist and neurophysiologist". Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.). 28 (1): 12–15. doi:10.1002/ca.22228. ISSN 1098-2353. PMID 23362140.