Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford

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Arms of Bohun: Azure, a bend argent cotised or between six lions rampant of the last

Humphrey IV de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, 1st Earl of Essex (1204 – 24 September 1275) was Hereditary Constable of England.

Origins[edit]

He was the eldest son and heir of Henry de Bohun, 1st Earl of Hereford (1176–1220) by his wife Maud de Mandeville (alias Maud FitzGeoffrey), daughter and heiress of Geoffrey Fitz Peter, 1st Earl of Essex.

Career[edit]

He was one of the nine godfathers of Prince Edward, the future King Edward I of England. He served as Sheriff of Kent for 1239–40. In 1258 after returning from a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, Humphrey fell away, like his father, from the royal cause to that of the barons. He served as a nominee of the opposition on the "committee of twenty-four" which was appointed in the Oxford Parliament of that year, to create the Provisions of Oxford to reform the administration. The alliance of Simon de Montfort with Llywelyn ap Gruffudd of North Wales brought Bohun back to royal allegiance. He headed the first secession of the Welsh Marchers from the party of the opposition (1263), and was amongst the captives whom the Montfortians took at the Battle of Lewes in 1264.[1] He was amongst the victors at the Battle of Evesham in 1265, which extinguished the power of de Montfort, at which however his eldest son Humphrey V de Bohun was mortally wounded. Humphrey was selected as one of the twelve arbitrators to draw up the Dictum of Kenilworth (1266), by which the disinherited rebels were allowed to make their peace.

Marriages and issue[edit]

He married twice:

Death and burial[edit]

He died in 1275 in Warwickshire and was buried at Llanthony Secunda in Gloucester. He was succeeded by his grandson Humphrey VI de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford, 2nd Earl of Essex (c.1249-1298).[1]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bohun". Encyclopædia Britannica. 4 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 137.
  2. ^ Pollock 2015, p. 101.

References[edit]

  • Pollock, M. A. (2015). Scotland, England and France After the Loss of Normandy, 1204-1296. The Boydell Press.
  • Complete Peerage
Peerage of England
Preceded by Earl of Hereford
1220–1275
Succeeded by
New creation Earl of Essex
1239–1275
Political offices
Preceded by Lord High Constable
1220–1275
Succeeded by