Humphrey de Vieilles
Humphrey (or Honfroy, Onfroi or Umfrid) de Vieilles (died c. 1050) was the first holder of the "grand honneur" of Beaumont-le-Roger, one of the most important groups of domains in eastern Normandy and the founder of the House of Beaumont. He was married to Albreda or Alberée de la Haye Auberie.
His early life and origins are the subject of much discussion. As reported by later Norman chronicler Robert of Torigni, he was son of Thorold de Pont-Audemer and grandson of a Torf, from whose name derived that of the village of Tourville-sur-Pont-Audemer. Humphrey's mother, according to Robert of Torigni, was Duvelina, sister of Gunnora, concubine of Richard I, Duke of Normandy. Thus Humphrey and his Beaumont descendants were kinsmen of the Norman Dukes and other members of the early Anglo-Norman nobility similarly descended from Gunnora's kindred. His ancestry remains controversial. Whatever the truth, there is no doubt that Humphrey is descended from a Scandinavian family.
Besides Beaumont-le-Roger, he had lands dispersed through the whole of Normandy, in Cotentin, in Hiémois, in the Pays d'Auge, in Basse Seine (Vatteville-la-Rue), in Évrecin (Normanville) and in Vexin normand (Bouafles). These lands originated in the favour of the dukes Richard II and Robert II, from confiscated church lands. The "honneur" of Beaumont was, for example, constituted from the remains of the lands of the abbey of Bernay. The abbot of Bernay, Raoul, parent of Humphrey, would have entrusted to him between 1027 and 1040, part of the heritage of his]]. monastery. Like other lords of the beginning of the 11th century, like the family of Bellême, he increased the family's power by recovering or winning of ecclesiastical lands</ref> On the other hand, the possessions around Pont-Audemer came to him by family inheritance.
During the minority of Duke William the Bastard, Roger I of Tosny, holder of the "honneur" of Conches, attacked Humphrey's domains. But around 1040, Humphrey's son, Roger de Beaumont, met and defeated Roger in battle, during which Roger of Tosny was killed.
His descendants were:
His known children by his wife Albreda or Alberée de la Haye Auberie:
- Robert, the elder, assassinated by Roger de Clères after 1066 and buried at the abbey of Saint-Pierre de Préaux;
- Roger de Beaumont, known as le Barbe († 1094), who succeeded his father.
- Henri de Beaumont fights Roger de Toesny with his brother Roger sent by his father in 1040.
- Dunelma (perhaps a corrupted form of Duvelina, the name of her grandmother) sister of Roger of Beaumont and mother of a daughter who was a Nun at Saint-Léger de Préaux
One other possible child :
- Guillaume de Beaumont, Monk at the abbey of Saint-Pierre de Préaux
Notes and references
- Vieilles is the name of a former village, now merged with Beaumont-le-Roger
- Pierre Bauduin, La première Normandie (Xe-XIe siècles), Presses Universitaires de Caen, 2004, p.216-217. Among the other grands honneurs of the Pays d'Ouche, were those of Breteuil and of Conches
- Robert of Torigni relates that Thorold was brother of Turquetil, the father of Harcourt family founder Ansketil de Harcourt.
- Veronica Gazeau, Monachisme et aristocratie au XIe siècle : l'exemple de la famille de Beaumont,, PhD thesis, University of Caen, 1986-1987 (dactyl.), p.67–73.
- Véronique Gazeau, Monachisme et aristocratie au XIe siècle : l'exemple de la famille de Beaumont, thèse de doctorat de troisième cycle, Université de Caen, 1986-1987 (dactyl.), p.67-73. L'abbé de Bernay, Raoul, parent de Onfroi, lui aurait confié entre 1027 et 1040, une partie du patrimoine de son monastère. D'autres seigneurs du début du XIe siècle, comme ceux de Bellême, ont accru leur puissance en récupérant ou en s'octroyant des biens ecclésiastiques
- Orderic Vitalis, History of Normandy, Éd. Guizot, 1826, vol. III, livre VIII, p. 373. Charpillon et Caresme, Dictionnaire historique des communes de l'Eure, vol I, 1879, art. Beaumont-le-Roger
- Orderic Vital, Histoire de la Normandie, Éd. Guizot, 1826, vol. III, livre VIII, p. 373. Louis-Étienne Charpillon et Anatole Caresme, Dictionnaire historique des communes de l'Eure, vol I, 1879, art. Beaumont-le-Roger
- Davy, André, 1940-, La véritable histoire des ducs de Normandie (ISBN 9782355931444,
- (in French) Pierre Bauduin, La première Normandie (Xe-XIe siècles), Presses Universitaires de Caen, 2004
- (in French) Véronique Gazeau, Monachisme et aristocratie au XIe siècle : l'exemple de la famille de Beaumont, doctoral thesis, Université de Caen, 1986-1987 (dactyl.)
- Cawley, Charles, Normandy, Nobility, Medieval Lands database, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy
- [S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume VII, page 521. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.