Two Hunannese men counting brass coins in Changde, circa 1900-1919.
|Regions with significant populations|
parts of Guizhou
|Republic of China on Taiwan||As a small part of Mainlander population of Taiwan island|
|Mahayana Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism, and Chinese folk religion|
The Xiang-speaking Chinese or Hunanese people (Chinese: 湖湘民系; pinyin: Huxiang minxi; Xiang Chinese: 湘語人 Shiāen'ỳ nin) are a Xiang-speaking Han ethnic subgroup originating from Hunan province in Southern China, but Xiang-speaking people are also found in the adjacent provinces of Guangxi and Guizhou.
Hunanese people are often associated with political revolutions.
The 19th and 20th century renaissance of Hunan centered around the revival in the ideas of Wang Fuzhi, a seventeenth-century scholar who had advocated for "Western" ideas of progress, humanism, and nationalism. Local reformers considered themselves as successors of Wang Fuzhi's ideas, and the movement culminated in the 1920s with the Hunanese independence movement, led by future Communist Party of China General Secretary Mao Zedong.
The Xiang Army, commanded Zeng Guofan, was instrumental in defeating the Taiping Rebellion. Hunan-born Huang Xing was the leader of the Wuchang Uprising, the first successful uprising against the Qing dynasty and the first army commander-in-chief of the Republic of China. Three of the "Big Five" original Politburo Standing Committee of the Communist Party of China members were from Hunan.
Xiang is a subdivision of spoken Chinese that originates from Hunan. According to Yang Xiong's Fangyan, people in what is the Xiang River region spoke the Southern Chu language, which is considered to be the ancestor of Xiang Chinese today.
This is a list of people with either full or partial Hunanese ancestry.
- Wang Fuzhi - Ming loyalist and philosopher.
- Zeng Guofan - leader of the Xiang Army who crushed the Taiping Rebellion.
- Qi Baishi - regarded as one of the best Chinese painters in Chinese style.
- Huang Xing - leader of the Wuchang Uprising and the first army commander-in-chief of the Republic of China
- Chen Tianhua - Han nationalist.
- Mao Zedong - founder and first Paramount leader of the People's Republic of China.
- Liu Shaoqi - second President of the People's Republic of China.
- Peng Dehuai - considered one of the most successful and highly respected generals in the early Chinese Communist Party.
- James Soong - founder and current chairman of the People First Party.
- "Han Chinese, Xiang in China" Joshua Project
- Original from the University of Michigan Digitized Dec 21, 2006 Levinson, David; Christensen, Karen (2002). Encyclopedia of modern Asia, Volume 6. Charles Scribner's Sons. p. 174. ISBN 0-684-31247-6. Retrieved February 29, 2012.
XIANG The term "Xiang" refers to the people and the local sublanguage used in Hunan, a province in southeast-central China; Xiang is derived from the older literary name of Hunan. It is estimated that more than 25 million Chinese (most of them living in Hunan
- Platt, Stephen R. (2007). Provincial Patriots: The Hunanese and Modern China. Harvard University Press.
- 袁家骅 (1983). 汉语方言槪要. p. 333. ISBN 9787801264749.
- Distefanoy, Joe. "A Song of Spice and Fire: The Real Deal With Hunan Cuisine".
- Shi-Zheng Chen (1995). "TDR (1988-) Vol. 39, No. 1". The Tradition, Reformation, and Innovation of Huaguxi: Hunan Flower Drum Opera. The MIT Press. pp. 129–149.
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