|• Total||7,063 km2 (2,727 sq mi)|
|• Density||59/km2 (150/sq mi)|
|Telephone code||(+40) 254 or (+40) 354|
|ISO 3166 code||RO-HD|
In 2011, the county had a population of 396,253 and the population density was 56.1/km².
Hunedoara's Jiu River Valley is traditionally a coal-mining region, and its high level of industrialisation drew many people from other regions of Romania in the period before the fall of the communist regime.
This county has a total area of 7,063 km².
Mainly, the relief is made up of mountains, divided by the Mureș River valley which crosses the county from East to West. To the North side there are the Apuseni Mountains and to the South side there are mountains from the Southern Carpathians group, Parâng Mountains group and Retezat-Godeanu Mountains group: Orastie and Surianu Mountains (South-East), Retezat Mountains (South), Poiana Ruscai Mountains (South-West).
Except from the Mureș River with its tributaries Strei, Râul Mare and Cerna which forms wide valleys, in the North side Crișul Alb River also forms a valley in the Apuseni Mountains - Zarand region. In the South side along the Jiu River with its two branches Jiul de Vest and Jiul de Est, there is a large depression, and an accessible route towards Southern Romania - Oltenia..
- Alba County in the East and North.
- Arad County, Timiș County and Caraș-Severin County in the West.
- Gorj County in the South.
The industry in the Hunedoara county is linked with the mining activity in the region. In the mountains, from ancient times, metals and coal have been exploited. Nowadays, there is one large industrial complex at Hunedoara owned by Mittal Steel. Also energy related enterprises are located in the county - one of the biggest thermoelectric plant is located at Mintia.
The Jiu Valley, located in the south of the country, has been a major mining area throughout the second half of the 19th century and the 20th century, but many mines were closed down in the years following the collapse of the communist regime.
The metallurgical industry is an important part of the economy, particularly in in Deva, Călan, and Hunedoara. Production of chemicals and building materials takes place especially in Sântuhalm. There are also agricultural activities in the county, which include livestock raising, and fruit and cereal cultivation.
The predominant industries in the county are:
- Construction materials.
- Textile industry.
- Mining equipment.
- Food industry.
In the 1990s, a large amount of mines were closed down, leaving Hunedoara county with the highest unemployment rate in Romania, of 9.6%, in comparison to the national average of 5.5%.
The main tourist attractions in the county are:
- The Dacian Fortresses of the Orăștie Mountains - nowadays part of UNESCO World Heritage.
- Colonia Augusta Ulpia Traiana Dacica Sarmizegetusa - the capital of the Roman province of Dacia.
- The medieval edifices of Densuș, Deva, Hunedoara, Santămaria-Orlea, Strei.
- The Medieval Castle from Hunedoara
Hunedoara County has 7 municipalities, 7 towns and 55 communes
- Brad - population: 13,909 (as of 2011)
- Deva - capital city; population: 56,647 (as of 2011)
- Hunedoara - population: 55,384 (as of 2011)
- Lupeni - population: 21,986 (as of 2011)
- Orăștie - population: 17,255 (as of 2011)
- Petroșani - population: 34,331 (as of 2011)
- Vulcan - population: 22,906 (as of 2011)
- Baia de Criș
- Bretea Română
- Bulzeștii de Sus
- Certeju de Sus
- General Berthelot
- Lăpugiu de Jos
- Lunca Cernii de Jos
- Luncoiu de Jos
- Orăștioara de Sus
- Pestișu Mic
- Rapoltu Mare
- Râu de Mori
- Sălașu de Sus
- Teliucu Inferior
- Vața de Jos
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hunedoara County.|
- The number used depends on the numbering system employed by the phone companies on the market.
- National Institute of Statistics, "Populația după etnie"
- National Institute of Statistics, "Populația la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 și 2002"