Hong Xiguan

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Hong Xiguan
Born1745 (1745)
Hua County, Guangdong Province, Qing Empire
Died1825 (aged 79–80)
Native name洪熙官
StyleChinese martial arts
Teacher(s)Jee Sin Sim See
OccupationMartial artist
Notable studentsLuk Ah-choi
Lei Jou-fun
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese洪熙官
Simplified Chinese洪熙官

Hong Xiguan (1745–1825) was a Chinese martial artist who lived in the Qing dynasty. He was also an influential figure in the Southern Shaolin school of Chinese martial arts. His name is also alternatively romanised as Hung Hei-gun, Hung Hei-koon, Hung Hei-kwun, Hung Hsi-kuan, and similar renditions. He was believed to be the creator and founder of Hung Ga Kuen.


Hong was originally a tea merchant. He escaped to the Southern Shaolin Monastery in Fujian province after having an argument with Manchus elites. The abbot, Jee-sin, accepted him into the monastery and soon found out how talented and hardworking he was in Southern Shaolin martial arts. Jee-sin was impressed by these qualities and soon began to teach Hong the Black Tiger Fist that he specialised in. After six years, Hong became the best among the "lay" members of Southern Shaolin Monastery. These "lay" members refer to people who learnt Southern Shaolin martial arts but were not ordained as monks in the monastery. However, Qing government forces destroyed Southern Shaolin Monastery later because the monastery provided refuge for many rebels seeking to overthrow the Qing dynasty.


Hong had two notable students: Luk Ah-choi (陸阿采) and Lei Jou-fan (李祖寬). Luk learnt Southern Shaolin martial arts from both Hong and Hong's master, Reverend Jee-sin. He founded the Hung Ga style of martial arts, which he named after the Hung-mun, a Chinese fraternal organisation that was associated with the anti-Qing revolutionary movement. Lei founded the Hung Fut style of martial arts.

Cultural references[edit]

Donnie Yen portrayed Hong in the 1994 Hong Kong television series The Kung Fu Master, which was produced by ATV and based on legends about Hong and Fong Sai-yuk. Jet Li also portrayed Hong in the 1994 Hong Kong film The New Legend of Shaolin, which was loosely based on Hong's life and incorporated elements from the Japanese manga Lone Wolf and Cub.

Chen Kuan-tai portrayed Hong in the 1977 Shaw Brothers film, Executioners from Shaolin, directed by Lau Kar-leung.

See also[edit]


  • Beginning Shaolin Hung-Gar Kung Fu - John Leong
  • Hung Gar Kung Fu: Chinese art of self defense - Bucksam Kong and Eugene H. Ho, copyright 1973 Ohara Publications Inc.
  • The Tiger/Crane Form of Hung Gar Kung Fu - Bucksam Kong, copyright 1983 Ohara Publications Inc.
  • Kung Fu Magazine - Sept.1999, Pacific Rim publications, Arnaldo Ty Nunez