Hungaria (train)

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Hungaria
ČSD E 499.3 Hungaria EuroCity Budapest Keleti.jpg
ES 499.0 locomotive with the Hungaria
at Budapest Keleti, 2009.
Overview
Service typeInterexpress (IEx)
(1986–ca. 1991)
EuroCity (EC)
(since 1993)
StatusOperational
Locale Hungary
 Slovakia
 Czech Republic
 Germany
First service29 May 1960 (1960-05-29)
Current operator(s)ČD, DB, MÁV, ZSSK
Former operator(s)ČSD, DR, MÁV
Route
StartBudapest Nyugati
EndHamburg - Altona
Service frequencyDaily
Train number(s)EC 170/171
(1997 - 2015)
EC 172/173
(2015 - 2018)
On-board services
Catering facilitiesUtasellátó
Technical
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Electrification25 kV AC, 50 Hz
15 kV AC, 16.7 Hz

Hungaria (Hungária) is a EuroCity train which runs between Budapest Nyugati and Hamburg - Altona, currently running with coaches of MÁV. It is numbered as EC 172-173 and runs daily, mainly with MÁV owned rolling stocks.

History[edit]

Earlier numbering included EC 170-171, EC 174-175, IEx 74/75 and Ex 154/155.

The Hungaria international express train is one of the oldest express trains still in operation. Its first run between Budapest and Berlin via Prague was on 29 May 1960 with a diesel locomotive. It was the first train in the former Czechoslovakia which reached a speed of 130 km/h.

During the 1970s it ran as an express train between the capitals of Hungary and East Germany under train numbers Ex 154/155. Electric locomotives were introduced in this period. The capacity of these locomotives just reached the necessary level.

There were further improvements in the 1980s. MÁV planned to introduce a high level, international rail service with other railway companies of the Eastern Bloc. The Interexpress alliance was founded with the membership of the Czechoslovakian ČSD, Polish PKP, Hungarian and East German DR. The contract was signed in 1986, one year before the establishment of the Western European EuroCity network. In the timetable year of 1986 the Hungaria became an interexpress train with train numbers IEx 74/75. At this time the train terminated in East Berlin, at Berlin-Lichtenberg station, the main railway station of the city. During the next two years it had direct rolling stocks to and from Vienna and in the summer period to Malmö. [1] During this period and usually on Hungarian territories it used the MÁV V63 locomotives.

The Interexpress network was dissolved after the regime change in Eastern Europe, so Hungaria was operated out of this system’s scope.

EuroCity[edit]

The route before 2018. The current route remains mostly unchanged with the exception of the Hungarian terminal and an extension to Hamburg - Altona.

The current system was implemented together with the EuroCity system in 1993.[2] Its termination in Hungary was the Keleti Railway Station in Budapest until this was changed in 2018 alongside all EuroCity trains from this direction - the new terminus is the Nyugati Railway Station. The train has also been extended from Berlin to Hamburg with a total travel time of 13:56 for EC172 and 13:44 for EC173.

As of 2018 the train is pulled by a Class 380 from Budapest to Prague and by Class 193 from Prague to Hamburg. The train has ten carriages: 3 Apmz carriages - first two are first class carriages and the third is the bistro, 1 Bmvz carriage, 4 Bpmz carriages, 1 Bbdpmz carriage and 1 Bpmbdz 294.1 carriage. This arrangement is switched when the train arrives in Prague, due to the placement of the railway lines there requiring the locomotive to change sides (the train has a 25 minute period in the timetable for this purpose). The train has carriages with wi-fi and allows for the transport of bicycles in the Bbdpmz carriage. All carriages are equipped with seats, all of them are able to run in a 200 km/h speed, they are air conditioned and it is possible to reserve a seat for an extra charge[3].

Current Route[edit]

EC 172[4] km Country Train station km EC 173[5]
7:40 0  Hungary Budapest Nyugati pályaudvar 1296 20:20
8:05

8:06

34 Vác 1262 19:54

19:53

8:18

8:19

51 Nagymaros - Visegrád 1245 19:41

19:41

8:28

8:29

64 Szob 1232 19:32

19:31

8:40

8:43

79  Slovakia Štúrovo 1217 19:20

19:17

9:08

9:11

123 Nové Zámky 1173 18:52

18:49

10:03

10:10

214 Bratislava hlavná stanica 1082 17:57

17:50

10:47

10:49

278 Kúty 1018 17:13

17:11

11:01

11:07

296  Czech Republic Břeclav 1000 16:59

16:52

11:36

11:38

355 Brno hlavní nádraží[6] 941 16:25

16:23

11:35

11:37

355 Brno dolní nádraží[6] 941 16:24

16:22

11:42

11:42

357 Brno - Židenice[6] 939 16:16

16:16

13:09

13:11

506 Pardubice hlavní nádraží 790 14:48

14:46

13:30

13:31

548 Kolín 748 14:27

14:26

14:07

14:32

610 Praha hlavní nádraží 686 13:50

13:26

14:39

14:42

613 Praha - Holešovice 683 13:17

13:15

15:41

15:43

716 Ústí nad Labem hlavní nádraží 580 12:15

12:13

15:58

16:02

739 Děčín hlavní nádraží 557 11:58

11:53

16:17

16:18

762  Germany Bad Schandau 534 11:37

11:36

16:43

16:45

802 Dresden Hauptbahnhof 494 11:10

11:07

16:50

16:52

806 Dresden - Neustadt 490 11:02

11:00

18:34

18:36

1001 Berlin Südkreuz 295 9:05

9:03

18:41

19:06

1007 Berlin Hauptbahnhof 289 8:59

8:55

19:15

19:17

1019 Berlin - Spandau 277 8:46

8:44

20:00

20:02

1133 Wittenberge 163 8:02

8:00

20:19

20:20

1177 Ludwigslust 119 7:41

7:40

20:47

20:48

1242 Büchen 54 7:14

7:13

21:02

21:04

1273 Hamburg - Bergedorf 23 7:00

6:58

21:15

21:24

1289 Hamburg Hauptbahnhof 7 6:48

6:45

21:36 1296 Hamburg - Altona 0 6:36

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Die "InterExpress"-Züge der DR - Das EuroCity / EuroNight-System in Osteuropa (in German)
  2. ^ EuroCity vonatok Magyarországon, Gigant Klub
  3. ^ "Řazení vlaků - ŽelPage [www.zelpage.cz]". ŽelPage.cz. Retrieved 2019-05-03.
  4. ^ "Train: EC 172 Hungaria (Itinerary, Schedule)". czech-transport.com. Retrieved 2019-05-03.
  5. ^ "Train: EC 173 Hungaria (Itinerary, Schedule)". czech-transport.com. Retrieved 2019-05-03.
  6. ^ a b c Due to ongoing reconstruction at Brno hlavní nádraží, Hungaria does not stop there, but instead stops at Brno dolní nádraží and Brno - Židenice as an alternative. See: https://www.bmhd.cz/vyluky/vyluka.php?vyluka=1927 (in Czech)

Bibliography[edit]

  • Bogula, Rico (2007). Internationale Schnellzüge in der DDR [International Express Trains in the GDR]. Freiburg i.B.: EK-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-88255-720-6. (in German)

External links[edit]